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101st United States Congress

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

101st United States Congress
100th ←
→ 102nd

January 3, 1989 – January 3, 1991
Members100 senators
435 representatives
5 non-voting delegates
Senate majorityDemocratic
Senate PresidentGeorge H. W. Bush (R)
(until January 20, 1989)[a]
Dan Quayle (R)
(from January 20, 1989)
House majorityDemocratic
House SpeakerJim Wright (D)
(until June 6, 1989)
Tom Foley (D)
(from June 6, 1989)
1st: January 3, 1989 – November 22, 1989
2nd: January 23, 1990 – October 28, 1990

The 101st United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C., from January 3, 1989, to January 3, 1991, during the final weeks of Ronald Reagan's presidency and the first two years of George H. W. Bush's presidency.

The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the 1980 United States census. Both chambers maintained a Democratic majority.

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Major events

Major legislation



Treaties ratified

Party summary


Party standings in the Senate
  55 Democratic Senators
  45 Republican Senators
(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
End of previous congress 54 45 99 1
Begin 55 45 100 0
Final voting share 55.0% 45.0%
Beginning of next congress 56 44 100 0

House of Representatives

(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
End of previous congress 255 178 0 433 2
Begin 259 174 0 433 2
Final voting share 59.8% 40.2% 0.0%
Beginning of next congress 267 167 1 435 0



Senate President
George H. W. Bush (R),
until January 20, 1989
Dan Quayle (R),
from January 20, 1989
Senate President pro Tempore

Democratic majority

Republican minority

House of Representatives

House Speaker
Jim Wright (D),
until June 6, 1989
Tom Foley (D),
from June 6, 1989

Democratic majority

Republican minority



This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and representatives are listed by district.


Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress, In this Congress, Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, facing re-election in 1990; Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, facing re-election in 1992; and Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, facing re-election in 1994.

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership


Senate changes
Vacated by Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[b]
Dan Quayle (R) Resigned January 3, 1989, to become U.S. Vice President.
Successor was appointed and later elected to finish the term ending January 3, 1993.
Dan Coats (R) January 3, 1989
Spark Matsunaga (D) Died April 15, 1990.
Successor was appointed and later elected to finish the term ending January 3, 1995.
Daniel Akaka (D) May 16, 1990
New Hampshire
Gordon J. Humphrey (R) Retired and resigned early December 4, 1990, having been elected to the New Hampshire Senate.
Successor was appointed, having already elected to the next term.
Bob Smith (R) December 7, 1990

House of Representatives

House changes
District Vacated by Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[b]
Alabama 3 Vacant Rep. Bill Nichols died during previous congress.
New member elected April 4, 1989.
Glen Browder (D) April 4, 1989
Indiana 4 Dan Coats (R) Resigned January 3, 1989, to become U.S. Senator.
New member elected March 28, 1989.
Jill Long (D) March 28, 1989
Florida 2 James W. Grant
Changed party February 21, 1989. James W. Grant
February 21, 1989
Wyoming at-large Dick Cheney (R) Resigned March 17, 1989, to become U.S. Secretary of Defense.
New member elected April 26, 1989.[1]
Craig L. Thomas (R) April 26, 1989
Florida 18 Claude Pepper (D) Died May 30, 1989.
New member elected August 29, 1989.[2]
Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R) August 29, 1989
California 15 Tony Coelho (D) Resigned June 15, 1989.
New member elected September 12, 1989.
Gary Condit (D) September 12, 1989
Texas 12 Jim Wright (D) Resigned June 30, 1989.
New member elected September 12, 1989.[3]
Pete Geren (D) September 12, 1989
Arkansas 2 Tommy F. Robinson
Changed party July 28, 1989. Tommy F. Robinson
July 28, 1989
Texas 18 Mickey Leland (D) Died August 7, 1989.
New member elected December 9, 1989.[4]
Craig Washington (D) December 9, 1989
Mississippi 5 Larkin I. Smith (R) Died August 13, 1989.
New member elected October 17, 1989.[5]
Gene Taylor (D) October 17, 1989
New York 14 Guy Molinari (R) Resigned December 31, 1989.
New member elected March 20, 1990.
Susan Molinari (R) March 20, 1990
New York 18 Robert Garcia (D) Resigned January 7, 1990.
New member elected March 20, 1990.
José E. Serrano (D) March 20, 1990
New Jersey 1 James Florio (D) Resigned January 16, 1990, after being elected Governor of New Jersey.
New member elected November 6, 1990.
Rob Andrews (D) November 6, 1990
Hawaii 2 Daniel Akaka (D) Resigned May 15, 1990, to become U.S. Senator.
New member elected November 6, 1990.
Patsy Mink (D) November 6, 1990
Ohio 8 Donald "Buz" Lukens (R) Resigned October 24, 1990. Vacant Not filled this term
New Hampshire 1 Bob Smith (R) Resigned December 7, 1990, to become U.S. Senator.


Lists of committees and their party leaders for members of the House and Senate committees can be found through the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of this article. The directory after the pages of terms of service lists committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and, after that, House/Senate committee assignments. On the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.

Joint committees


Legislative branch agency directors


House of Representatives

See also


  1. ^ U.S. Vice President George H. W. Bush's term as President of the Senate ended at noon on January 20, 1989, when Dan Quayle's term began.
  2. ^ a b When seated or oath administered, not necessarily when service began.


  1. ^ "Wyoming's Election For U.S. House Seat Goes to Republican". April 26, 1989. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
  2. ^ "First Cuban-American Elected to Congress". August 29, 1989. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
  3. ^ Suro, Roberto (September 14, 1989). "Jim Wright As Speaker For Texans". Retrieved December 4, 2017.
  4. ^ "Texas State Senator Elected to Congress To Fill Leland Seat". December 9, 1989. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
  5. ^ "Democrat Wins a House Seat in Mississippi". October 17, 1989. Archived from the original on December 5, 2017. Retrieved December 4, 2017.

External links

This page was last edited on 17 September 2023, at 09:10
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