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Texas's 8th congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Texas's 8th congressional district
Texas US Congressional District 8 (since 2013).tif
Texas's 8th congressional district since January 3, 2013
Representative
  Kevin Brady
RThe Woodlands
Distribution
  • 67.55% urban[1]
  • 32.45% rural
Population (2019)895,861[2]
Median household
income
$78,615[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+28[4]

Texas's 8th congressional district of the United States House of Representatives includes Montgomery County, Walker County, as well as parts of Harris County. It includes much of the northern outlying areas of metro Houston, including the Montgomery County precincts of Houston itself. The current Representative from the 8th district is Kevin Brady and has been since 1997. In 2020, Brady fended off a primary challenge and won re-election against Democrat Elizabeth Hernandez and Libertarian Chris Duncan with 72.5% of the vote.

History

Texas received an eighth congressional district through reapportionment in 1881 as a result of population growth reflected in the 1880 Census and in 1883, James Francis Miller, a Democrat, was elected its first representative. From 1882-1892 the district was located in South Central Texas between Houston and San Antonio and was represented by Democrats. After 1893, the district was located in North Texas and was represented by a Republican representative from Fort Worth and then a Democrat from Weatherford. After the redistricting of 1902, the district shifted to Southeast Texas and the area outside of Houston and was represented by Congressmen from Huntsville, Hempstead and Richmond. From 1910-1959, the 8th district comprised all of Harris County and the city of Houston.

In 1958, part of southern Harris County became the 22nd district. The 8th and 22nd districts were separated by a boundary consisting roughly of what is now U.S. 290, the western and southern portions of Loop 610, and the portion of Buffalo Bayou east of downtown Houston including the Houston Ship Channel. Everything north of this boundary remained in the 8th.

The district was redrawn mid-decade in 1966 after the Supreme Court ruled in Wesberry v. Sanders two years earlier that congressional district populations had to be equal or close to equal in population. As a result, Houston was split between the 7th, 8th, 9th and 22nd districts. For the next 17 years, the 8th was anchored by northern Houston.

By the 1970s, the 8th district was beginning to move away from its traditional Democratic roots, and in 1980 it elected a Republican congressman, Jack Fields, over liberal seven-term incumbent Bob Eckhardt. After the 1980 Census, the 8th district was pushed further north to include conservative areas of northern Harris County (such as Fields' home in Humble) as well as the wealthier portions of Montgomery County, The 8th district's borders changed drastically in the 1990s round of redistricting, which was orchestrated by the Democratic-controlled state legislature as well as then-Congressman Martin Frost, the senior Democrat in the congressional delegation. The new 8th district was designed to pack in as many Republicans as possible and was described by some critics as the "dumbbell district" because of its strange shape. The western half of the district contained parts of Waller, Austin, and Washington counties, as well as much of Brazos County, which is home to the conservative bastion Texas A&M University. The eastern half of the district took in nearly all of now-heavily Republican Montgomery County, as well as Republican areas in northern Harris County. The two halves were joined together by a narrow tendril in Waller County. Fields continued to represent the district until his retirement in 1996, when he was succeeded by fellow Republican Kevin Brady.

The 8th district was made somewhat more compact after the 2000 census, taking in nearly all of Montgomery County and most of northern Harris County. However, it changed dramatically during the 2003 redistricting plan engineered by then-House Majority Leader Tom DeLay, a Republican from Texas's 22nd district. DeLay wanted to dislodge 4-term Democratic Congressman Jim Turner from the neighboring 2nd district, who represented a district located in East Texas that was predominantly rural and had begun moving away from its Democratic roots (Bush received 63% of the vote there in 2000). Brady's 8th district lost most of its share of Houston, instead absorbing nearly all of the southern portion of the old 2nd district. Although geographically the new 8th was more Turner's district than Brady's, half its population came from Brady's base in Montgomery County, which has as many people as the rest of the district combined. The new 8th district was so heavily Republican (Bush would have carried it in 2000 with 69% of the vote) that Turner declined to run for reelection. Brady has been reelected from this district four times with only nominal opposition.

2012 redistricting

Due to redistricting in 2012, Texas's 8th district lost its entire eastern half, with Orange, Newton, Jasper, Tyler, Hardin, Polk, and Liberty counties being removed from the district. Counties added include all of Trinity, Houston, Grimes, Madison, and the southern half of Leon County.[5]

List of members representing the district

District borders are periodically redrawn and some district residences may no longer be in the 8th district.

Member District residence Party Term Cong
ess
Electoral history
District created March 4, 1883
JamesFrancisMiller.jpg

James Francis Miller
Gonzales Democratic March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1887
48th
49th
[data unknown/missing]
Renominated but retired.
Littleton W. Moore (Texas Congressman).jpg

Littleton W. Moore
La Grange Democratic March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1893
50th
51st
52nd
[data unknown/missing]
Charles K. Bell.jpeg

Charles K. Bell
Fort Worth Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1897
53rd
54th
[data unknown/missing]
Swtlanham.jpg

Samuel W.T. Lanham
Weatherford Democratic March 4, 1897 –
January 15, 1903
55th
56th
57th
[data unknown/missing]
Resigned to become Governor of Texas.
Vacant January 15, 1903 –
March 3, 1903
57th
Thomas H. Ball (Texas Congressman).jpg

Thomas Henry Ball
Huntsville Democratic March 4, 1903 –
November 16, 1903
58th Redistricted from the 1st district.
Resigned.
Vacant November 16, 1903 –
November 17, 1903
John M. Pinckney.jpg

John M. Pinckney
Hempstead Democratic November 17, 1903 –
April 24, 1905
58th
59th
Elected to finish Ball's term.
Died.
Vacant April 24, 1905 –
June 6, 1905
59th
John Matthew Moore (Texas Congressman).jpg

John M. Moore
Richmond Democratic June 6, 1905 –
March 3, 1913
59th
60th
61st
62nd
Elected to finish Pinckney's term.
[data unknown/missing]
JoeHEagle.jpg

Joe H. Eagle
Houston Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1921
63rd
64th
65th
66th
[data unknown/missing]
DanielEGarrett.jpg

Daniel E. Garrett
Houston Democratic March 4, 1921 –
December 13, 1932
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
[data unknown/missing]
Died.
Vacant December 13, 1932 –
January 28, 1933
72nd
JoeHEagle.jpg

Joe H. Eagle
Houston Democratic January 28, 1933 –
January 3, 1937
72nd
73rd
74th
Elected to finish Garrett's term.
[data unknown/missing]
Albert Richard Thomas.jpg

Albert Thomas
Houston Democratic January 3, 1937 –
February 15, 1966
75th
76th
77th
78th
79th
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
[data unknown/missing]
Died.
Vacant February 15, 1966 –
March 26, 1966
89th
Lera Millard Thomas.jpg

Lera Millard Thomas
Houston Democratic March 26, 1966 –
January 3, 1967
Elected to finish her husband's term.
Retired.
Robert C. Eckhardt.jpg

Bob Eckhardt
Houston Democratic January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1981
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
96th
[data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
JackFields.jpg

Jack Fields
Humble Republican January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1997
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
103rd
104th
[data unknown/missing]
Retired.
Kevinbrady.jpeg

Kevin Brady
The Woodlands Republican January 3, 1997 –
present
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
114th
115th
116th
117th
Elected in 1996.

Election results

United States House of Representatives elections in Texas, 2020: District 8[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kevin Brady (incumbent) 277,327 72.5
Democratic Elizabeth Hernandez 97,409 25.5
Libertarian Chris Duncan 7,735 2.0
Total votes 382,471 100.0
Republican hold
United States House of Representatives elections in Texas, 2018: District 8
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Kevin Brady 200,619 73.44 -26.56
Democratic Steven David 67,930 24.87 +24.87
Libertarian Chris Duncan 4,621 1.69 +1.69
Majority 132,689 48.57 -51.43
Turnout 273,170
Republican hold Swing
United States House of Representatives elections in Texas, 2016: District 8
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Kevin Brady 236,379 100.00 +10.68
Majority 236,379 100.00 +21.36
Turnout 236,379
Republican hold Swing
United States House of Representatives elections in Texas, 2014: District 8
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Kevin Brady 125,066 89.32 +12.03
Democratic Ken Petty 14,947 10.68 -9.65
Majority 110,119 78.64 +21.68
Turnout 140,013
Republican hold Swing
United States House of Representatives elections in Texas, 2012: District 8
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Kevin Brady 194,043 77.29 -2.98
Democratic Neil Burns 51,051 20.33 +3.08
Libertarian Roy Hall 5,958 2.37 -0.11
Majority 142,992 56.96 -6.06
Turnout 251,052
Republican hold Swing
US House election, 2010: Texas District 8
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Kevin Brady 161,257 80.27 +7.71
Democratic Kent Hargett 36,566 17.25 -7.53
Libertarian Bruce West 4,988 2.48 -0.17
US House election, 2008: Texas District 8
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Kevin Brady 207,128 72.56 +5.3
Democratic Kent Hargett 70,758 24.78 -7.9
Libertarian Brian Stevens 7,565 2.65 +1.2
US House election, 2006: Texas District 8
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Kevin Brady 105,665 67.27 -1.63
Democratic James "Jim" Wright 51,393 32.72 +3.02
US House election, 2004: Texas District 8
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Kevin Brady 179,599 68.9 -24.2
Democratic James Wright 77,324 29.7 +29.7
Libertarian Paul Hansen 3,705 1.4 -5.4

See also

References

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/cd_state.html
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=48&cd=08
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=48&cd=08
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  5. ^ "DistrictViewer - Texas Legislative Council". Gis1.tlc.state.tx.us. Retrieved May 29, 2012.
  6. ^ "Texas Election Results - Official Results". Texas Secretary of State. Retrieved November 26, 2020.

This page was last edited on 4 May 2021, at 08:33
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