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80th United States Congress

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

80th United States Congress
79th ←
→ 81st
January 3, 1947 – January 3, 1949
Senate PresidentVacant
Senate President pro temArthur Vandenberg (R)
House SpeakerJoseph W. Martin Jr. (R)
Members96 senators
435 members of the House
3 non-voting delegates
Senate MajorityRepublican
House MajorityRepublican
1st: January 3, 1947 – December 19, 1947
Special: November 17, 1947 – December 19, 1947
2nd: January 6, 1948 – December 31, 1948
Special: July 26, 1948 – August 7, 1948

The 80th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1947, to January 3, 1949, during the third and fourth years of Harry Truman's presidency. The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Sixteenth Census of the United States in 1940. Republicans gained a majority in both chambers for this Congress having gained thirteen Senate seats and fifty-seven House seats. Although the 80th Congress passed a total of 906 public bills,[1] President Truman nicknamed it the "Do Nothing Congress" and, during the 1948 election, campaigned as much against it as against his formal opponent, Thomas E. Dewey. The 80th Congress passed several significant pro-business bills, most famously the Marshall Plan and the Taft–Hartley Act, but it opposed most of Truman's Fair Deal bills. Truman's campaign strategy worked, and the Republicans lost nine Senate seats and seventy-three seats in the House, allowing the Democrats to begin the 81st Congress with twenty-one more seats than they had at the end of the 79th Congress. It also allowed Truman to win a term of his own right as President, having become President after the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1945.

Major events

Major legislation

Constitutional amendments

Party summary

House Chaplain Bernard Braskamp delivering the opening prayer for the 80th Congress, 1947
House Chaplain Bernard Braskamp delivering the opening prayer for the 80th Congress, 1947


(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
End of previous congress 53 1 42 96 0
Begin 45 0 51 96 0
Final voting share 46.9% 0.0% 53.1%
Beginning of next congress 54 0 42 96 0

House of Representatives

From the beginning to the end of this Congress, there was no net change in party power. The Democrats lost one seat, which remained vacant until the next Congress.

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Republican Democratic American Labor Progressive Vacant
End of previous Congress 191 236 1 1 429 6
Begin 245 187 1 0 433 2
End 242 186 2 430 5
Final voting share 56.7% 43.1% 0.2% 0.0%
Beginning of the next Congress 171 262 1 0 434 1


Section contents: Senate: Majority (R), Minority (D)House: Majority (R), Minority (D)


Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

House of Representatives

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership




Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election, In this Congress, Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1948; Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1950; and Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1952.

Percentage of members from each party by state at the opening of the 80th Congress, ranging from dark blue (most Democratic) to dark red (most Republican).
Percentage of members from each party by state at the opening of the 80th Congress, ranging from dark blue (most Democratic) to dark red (most Republican).

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide at-large, are preceded by an "At-Large," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.

The congressional district numbers are linked to articles describing the district itself. Since the boundaries of the districts have changed often and substantially, the linked article may only describe the district as it exists today, and not as it was at the time of this Congress.

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress


There were 3 deaths, 2 resignations, and one lost mid-term election.

Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[a]
Theodore G. Bilbo (D) Died August 21, 1947.
Successor was elected November 17, 1947.
John C. Stennis (D) November 17, 1947
John H. Overton (D) Died May 14, 1948.
Successor was appointed to continue the term.
William C. Feazel (D) May 18, 1948
South Dakota
Harlan J. Bushfield (R) Died September 27, 1948.
Successor was appointed to finish the term.
Vera C. Bushfield (R) October 6, 1948
South Dakota
Vera C. Bushfield (R) Interim appointee resigned December 26, 1948.
Successor was appointed to finish the term.
Karl E. Mundt (R) December 31, 1948
William C. Feazel (D) Interim appointee retired when successor elected.
Successor was elected December 31, 1948.
Russell B. Long (D) December 31, 1948
North Carolina
William B. Umstead (D) Interim appointee lost election to finish the term.
Successor was elected December 31, 1948.
J. Melville Broughton (D) December 31, 1948

House of Representatives

There were 9 deaths and 7 resignations.

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[a]
Vacant John Sparkman resigned in previous Congress after being elected to the US Senate Robert E. Jones Jr. (D) Seated January 28, 1947
Vacant Robert Kirkland Henry died during previous Congress Glenn Robert Davis (R) Seated April 22, 1947
Fred B. Norman (R) Died April 18, 1947 Russell V. Mack (R) Seated June 7, 1947
Charles L. Gerlach (R) Died May 5, 1947 Franklin H. Lichtenwalter (R) Seated September 9, 1947
Thomas D'Alesandro Jr. (D) Resigned May 16, 1947, after being elected Mayor of Baltimore Edward Garmatz (D) Seated July 15, 1947
Frederick Van Ness Bradley (R) Died May 24, 1947 Charles E. Potter (R) Seated August 26, 1947
Joseph J. Mansfield (D) Died July 12, 1947 Clark W. Thompson (D) Seated August 23, 1947
R. Ewing Thomason (D) Resigned July 31, 1947, after being appointed as a judge of the US District Court for the Western District of Texas Kenneth M. Regan (D) Seated August 23, 1947
Charles L. Gifford (R) Died August 23, 1947 Donald W. Nicholson (R) Seated November 18, 1947
Raymond S. Springer (R) Died August 28, 1947 Ralph Harvey (R) Seated November 4, 1947
Robert Franklin Jones (R) Resigned September 2, 1947, to become a member of the Federal Communications Commission William Moore McCulloch (R) Seated November 4, 1947
New York
Leo F. Rayfiel (D) Resigned September 13, 1947, having been appointed a judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York Abraham J. Multer (D) Seated November 4, 1947
George Evan Howell (R) Resigned October 5, 1947, after being appointed judge of the US Court of Claims Vacant until next Congress
Patrick H. Drewry (D) Died December 21, 1947 Watkins Moorman Abbitt (D) Seated February 17, 1948
New York
Benjamin J. Rabin (D) Resigned December 31, 1947 Leo Isacson (AL) Seated February 17, 1948
Earle Clements (D) Resigned January 6, 1948, to become Governor of Kentucky John A. Whitaker (D) Seated April 17, 1948
John M. Robsion (R) Died February 17, 1948 William Lewis (R) Seated April 24, 1948
Orville Zimmerman (D) Died April 7, 1948 Paul C. Jones (D) Seated November 2, 1948
J. Lindsay Almond (D) Resigned April 17, 1948, having been elected Attorney General of Virginia Clarence G. Burton (D) Seated November 2, 1948
Thomas L. Owens (R) Died June 7, 1948 Vacant until next Congress
Noble J. Johnson (R) Resigned July 1, 1948, after being appointed as judge of US Court of Customs & Patent Appeals Vacant until next Congress
Milton H. West (D) Died October 28, 1948 Lloyd Bentsen (D) Seated December 4, 1948
New York
John J. Delaney (D) Died November 18, 1948 Vacant until next Congress
South Dakota
Karl E. Mundt (R) Resigned December 30, 1948, after being appointed to the U.S. Senate Vacant until next Congress


Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members (House and Senate) of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link (4 links), in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.


House of Representatives

Joint committees


Legislative branch agency directors


House of Representatives

See also


  1. ^ a b This is the date the member was seated or an oath administered, not necessarily the same date her/his service began.

External links

  • House of Representatives Session Calendar for the 80th Congress (PDF).
  • Official Congressional Directory for the 80th Congress, 1st Session.
  • Official Congressional Directory for the 80th Congress, 1st Session (Revision).
  • Official Congressional Directory for the 80th Congress, 2nd Session.
  • Official Congressional Directory for the 80th Congress, 2nd Session (Revision).
This page was last edited on 31 July 2020, at 18:07
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