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4th United States Congress

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

4th United States Congress
3rd ←
→ 5th
Congress Hall exterior.jpg
March 4, 1795 – March 4, 1797
Senate PresidentJohn Adams (F)
Senate President pro temHenry Tazewell (F)
Samuel Livermore (F)
William Bingham (F)
House SpeakerJonathan Dayton (F)
Members30-32 senators
106-107 members of the House
1 non-voting delegates
Senate Majority Federalist
House Majority Democratic-Republican
Sessions
Special: June 8, 1795 – June 26, 1795
1st: December 7, 1795 – June 1, 1796
2nd: December 5, 1796 – March 3, 1797

The Fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met at Congress Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, from March 4, 1795, to March 4, 1797, during the last two years of George Washington's  presidency. The apportionment of seats in the  House of Representatives was based on the  First Census of the United States in 1790. The Senate had a  Federalist majority, and the House had a  Democratic-Republican majority.

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Transcription

Contents

Major events

Major legislation

Treaties ratified

States admitted

Party summary

President of the Senate John Adams
President of the Senate John Adams
President pro tempore Henry Tazewell
President pro tempore Henry Tazewell

This was the first Congress to have organized political parties. Details on changes are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

Party
(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic-
Republican

(DR)
Federalist
(F)
End of the previous congress (Anti-Administration)
13
(Pro-Administration)
17
30 0
Begin 10 20 30 0
End 11 21 32
Final voting share 34.4% 65.6%
Beginning of the next congress 9 22 31 1

House of Representatives

Party
(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic-
Republican

(DR)
Federalist
(F)
End of the previous congress (Anti-Administration)
54
(Pro-Administration)
49
103 2
Begin 59 46 105 1
End 60 1060
Final voting share 56.6% 43.4%
Beginning of the next congress 57 49 106 0

Leadership

Speaker of the HouseJonathan Dayton
Speaker of the House
Jonathan Dayton

Senate

House of Representatives

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed by class, and Representatives are listed by district.

Skip to House of Representatives, below

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring re-election in 1796; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring re-election in 1798; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring re-election in 1800.

House of Representatives

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress

Senate

There were 10 resignations, 2 new seats, and 1 election to replace an appointee. There was a 1-seat gain for both the Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans.

State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[a]
Georgia
(2)
James Jackson (DR) Resigned sometime in 1795 George Walton (F) Appointed November 16, 1795
Georgia
(2)
George Walton (F) Interim appointment expired February 20, 1796, with an election Josiah Tattnall (DR) Elected February 20, 1796
Connecticut
(1)
Oliver Ellsworth (F) Resigned March 8, 1796 James Hillhouse (F) Elected March 12, 1796
New York
(2)
Rufus King (F) Resigned May 23, 1796, having been appointed Minister to England John Laurance (F) Elected November 9, 1796
Massachusetts
(2)
Caleb Strong (F) Resigned June 1, 1796 Theodore Sedgwick (F) Elected June 11, 1796
Massachusetts
(1)
George Cabot (F) Resigned June 9, 1796 Benjamin Goodhue (F) Elected June 11, 1796
Connecticut
(3)
Jonathan Trumbull, Jr. (F) Resigned June 10, 1796 Uriah Tracy (F) Elected October 13, 1796
Tennessee
(1)
New seat Tennessee was admitted to the Union William Cocke (DR) Elected August 2, 1796
Tennessee
(2)
William Blount (DR)
Vermont
(1)
Moses Robinson (DR) Resigned October 15, 1796 Isaac Tichenor (F) Elected October 18, 1796
Maryland
(1)
Richard Potts (F) Resigned October 24, 1796 John E. Howard (F) Elected November 30, 1796
South Carolina
(2)
Pierce Butler (DR) Resigned October 25, 1796 John Hunter (DR) Elected December 8, 1796
New Jersey
(2)
Frederick Frelinghuysen (F) Resigned November 12, 1796 Richard Stockton (F) Elected November 12, 1796

House of Representatives

There were 9 resignations, 1 death of a Representative-elect, and 1 new seat. There was a 1-seat gain for both the Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans.

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[a]
Pennsylvania 4 Vacant Election was contested and then the apparent winner, James Morris, died July 10, 1795.
The House then declared the seat won by the challenger.
John Richards (DR) Seated January 18, 1796
Maryland 3 Jeremiah Crabb (F) Resigned sometime in 1796. William Craik (F) Seated December 5, 1796
Rhode Island at-large Benjamin Bourne (F) Resigned sometime in 1796. Elisha Potter (F) Seated December 19, 1796
Massachusetts 1 Theodore Sedgwick (F) Resigned sometime in June, 1796, having been elected U.S. Senator. Thomson Skinner (DR) Seated January 27, 1797
Maryland 2 Gabriel Duvall (DR) Resigned March 28, 1796, having been elected judge of the Supreme Court of Maryland. Richard Sprigg, Jr. (DR) Seated May 5, 1796
North Carolina 4 Absalom Tatom (DR) Resigned June 1, 1796. William Strudwick (F) Seated December 13, 1796
Massachusetts 10 Benjamin Goodhue (F) Resigned sometime in June 1796, having been elected U.S. Senator. Samuel Sewall (F) Seated December 7, 1796
Connecticut at-large James Hillhouse (F) Resigned July 1, 1796, having been elected U.S. Senator. James Davenport (F) Seated December 5, 1796
Territory South of the River Ohio James White Served until June 1, 1796, when Tennessee was admitted to the Union. District eliminated
Tennessee at-large New seat Tennessee was admitted to the Union June 1, 1796. Seat remained vacant until December 5, 1796. Andrew Jackson (DR) Seated December 5, 1796
Pennsylvania 5 Daniel Hiester (DR) Resigned July 1, 1796. George Ege (F) Seated December 8, 1796
Connecticut at-large Uriah Tracy (F) Resigned October 13, 1796, having been elected U.S. Senator. Samuel Dana (F) Seated January 3, 1797

Committees

Lists of committees and their party leaders.

Senate

House of Representatives

Joint committees

Officers

Senate

House of Representatives

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b This is the date the member was seated or an oath administered, not necessarily the same date her/his service began.

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

External links

This page was last edited on 18 June 2019, at 21:40
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