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California's 14th congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

California's 14th congressional district
California US Congressional District 14 (since 2013).tif
California's 14th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
  Jackie Speier
Median income$110,507[1]
Cook PVID+27[3]

California's 14th congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of California.

Jackie Speier, a Democrat, has represented the district since January 2013.

Currently, it contains most of San Mateo County and a sliver of southwestern San Francisco. Cities in the district include Belmont, Brisbane, Burlingame, Colma, Daly City, East Palo Alto, El Granada, Foster City, Half Moon Bay, Hillsborough, Millbrae, Montara, Moss Beach, Pacifica, Redwood City, San Bruno, San Carlos, San Gregorio, San Mateo, and South San Francisco.[4]

From 1993 to 2013, the 14th district lay further south, between San Francisco and San Jose. The district included portions of San Mateo, Santa Clara, and Santa Cruz counties. Cities in the district included Mountain View, Sunnyvale, Menlo Park, and Palo Alto. According to a 2006 report, the district was the third wealthiest in the nation.[5] Since redistricting by the California Citizens Redistricting Commission of 2011, most of that district is now the 18th District, while the current 14th covers most of what was the 12th District.

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  • ✪ Conversation with Congresswoman Jackie Speier
  • ✪ Political Upset Shocks Democrats - ENN 2018-06-27


>> From the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C. >> Robert Newlen: Good morning, everyone, and welcome to the Library of Congress. It's good to see so many people here today. Our program today is a continuation of our Congressional conversation series in which the library invites current and former members of Congress to discuss their careers in public service. It's a real honor and privilege for me to welcome Representative Jackie Speier today and to welcome her to the Library. Representative Speier has had a distinguished career in public service, from her time as a Congressional staffer, as a state legislator, and her current role as member of Congress. She represents the 14th District of California in the House. Everyone knows where that is -- San Francisco area, absolutely beautiful. She is the ranking member on the House Armed Services Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations and also serves on the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence. Among the issues that she has focused on: Ending sexual assault in the military; gender pay equity; consumer protection; cybersecurity; and student loan affordability. Representative Speier has a fascinating personal and professional story to share with us. She's overcome adversity numerous times in her life and channeled those experiences into an impressive and distinguished career in government service. Our conversation today will be led by Colleen Shogan, the Deputy Director of our National and International Outreach Service Unit here at the Library. Colleen is a political scientist by training and a self-described lover of Congress. I also want to commend to you this wonderful book, which Represent Speier co-authored. I think you'll all appreciate this title: <i>This is Not the Life I Ordered</i>. This is a great book to keep right at your desk when you're having those bad moments. I've already consulted it several times. So it's my pleasure to welcome Representative Speier. [ Applause ] >> Colleen Shogan: Terrific. Good morning and welcome to the Library of Congress. I think we're going to have a great conversation here this morning. At the conclusion of our conversation back and forth, Representative Speier is happy to take questions from the audience. But I'm going to kick us off. So you were interested in politics at a young age, but you didn't grow up in a particularly political family. For your confirmation you chose the name Jacqueline because of Jackie Kennedy. So can you tell us at a younger age what got you interested in politics and public service? >> Rep. Jackie Speier: I came from a very blue collar family -- first in my family to go to college. Not politically active, as you pointed out. I guess I was 10, 11, 12 years old during the Camelot Era of the Kennedy Administration. And I think everyone in the country was uplifted by this young couple who had taken Washington by storm and the sense of hope and aspiration that was, I think, so vividly there and palpable. And so I guess that's what first drew me in. And then I did take the name Jacqueline at the confirmation. I hated the name Karen because my mother would always yell Karen and it would just drive me nuts. So I took Jacqueline as a confirmation name. And then I when from a public elementary school to a Catholic girl's high school by choice, which was another interesting point in my life. And so I was meeting a whole new group of students. And so I just decided that I was going to take my nickname at that point and make it Jackie. That's how that involved. In terms of politics I think I just remember reading the local newspapers and I was drawn to this local mayor, who was young -- Leo Ryan, mayor of South San Francisco -- who then ran for the state assembly and got elected. And there's a plan for all us. And we don't always know the plan. But I'm 16 years of age; my parents get a solicitation in the mail for Assemblyman Ryan's reelection. I take it, fill it out, say I have no money but I would volunteer. And then Saturday morning my job was to vacuum the house. And so I'm vacuuming the house and the phone rings. The vacuum cleaner's still going. I hear this voice on the other end saying, "Would you come to be interviewed?" And it was Leo Ryan. And he was having a campaign meeting at his home in Millbrea. And I went up and was interviewed. And they were actually interviewing young women to be what they called that year Ryan Girls. And there's a picture of me in my office as a Ryan Girl. And it was at the height of the Beatles. So we all had boots, black tights, little miniskirts, a little kind of British hat on. And we went around the communities just campaigning for then Assemblyman Leo Ryan. And that's how it all started. >> Colleen Shogan: And you continued to work for Leo Ryan when you went to UC Davis and as you were going to law school as well in California. Can you tell us a little bit about Leo Ryan? He had a unique view of his job as a representative. He became your political mentor. So can you talk to us a little bit about what Leo Ryan was like? >> Rep. Jackie Speier: So he was -- I always said he ate bureaucrats for lunch. He had this inquisitive sense of wanting to know more. And he was, you know, a teacher by profession, so he taught history and government and English. And he, you know, told me that I didn't know how to write when he read my paper in college. And it was actually a critical analysis of his operation. And I had gotten an A-minus on it. He crossed the A-minus out and put C-minus and said I didn't know how to write and he was going to teach me. But he also had this sense of being experiential. Because he had a healthy sense of skepticism, he wanted to do things himself. So after the riots in Los Angeles, he went down there and taught school there for a week. He wanted to look at the criminal justice system in California, so he put himself in Folsom Prison for a week to evaluate that and actually wrote a play based on his experience there that never got published. But so he had by his very core this sense of wanting to see firsthand. There was nothing like being there as opposed to listening to some advisor tell you about a particular issue. >> Colleen Shogan: When you were working for Congressman Ryan as a senior legal counsel after you had graduated, after you had earned your law degree, in 1978 Congressman Ryan decided that he would lead a delegation to Guyana to visit the Peoples Temple commune that Jim Jones had assembled in Guyana. And you were a senior part of his Congressional staff at that time. Can you tell us about the decision that Congressman Ryan made to actually lead this delegation? Why did he decide to go to visit Jonestown and knowing that it was a dangerous -- could be a dangerous trip? >> Rep. Jackie Speier: Well, first of all, I don't think he thought it was dangerous. He presumed that he had a Congressional shield, that that would somehow protect him. Mind you, there were no military escorts that joined us on that trip. He had had a friend whose son had been involved in the Peoples Temple who was mysteriously killed at a railroad tracks. We had a number of constituents in the San Mateo part of the district whose young adult kids got involved in the Peoples Temple. It was a huge church in San Francisco. Jim Jones was very politically active and connected and served both on the human rights commission and then on the housing authority. So had it wired there. There was a group of family members that came about concerned about loved ones in Jonestown. There was a couple who had been part of the Peoples Temple who had their son who was still in Jonestown that they wanted to get out. And so this all kind of came together. We have lots of meetings. There was a member of the Peoples Temple who had fled through the embassy in Georgetown, Guyana and come back to San Francisco that we interviewed who talked about all of these horrendous activities going on -- the sexual assault, the physical assault, the gun running, the mind control. So it was on that basis -- he was chairing a subcommittee on oversight of American citizens abroad -- that he decided that he was going to do like he did before, and that was to go see firsthand. >> Colleen Shogan: So you traveled to Guyana, and you did get to go to Jonestown to see the Peoples Temple commune. You were there for a number of days and there was unrest. And there was even an assassination attempt on Congressman Ryan's life while you were there. And it was decided there was some people maybe wanted to leave Jonestown, there was defectors. And it was decided that you would vacate, that you would head to the airstrip and there would be planes that would be there to transport you. And when you were there, there was an ambush from people from the Peoples Temple, actually, and they shot and killed Congressman Ryan along with four other people and severely wounded you in the process. Since it was such a remote airstrip, you actually stayed there for 22 hours without medical attention or really any help. So can you take us back to that day and talk to us about what you were thinking when that happened and how this affected your future career path and your future career in public service? >> Rep. Jackie Speier: So just to take you back a little bit, we were in the commune for about 20, 24 hours, maybe a little bit less than that. We got there, we had a tour. We started meeting with family members. There was really a script that they were basically all reading in their minds. And it was, you know, pretty obvious that there was mind control. One of the reporters who was on the trip, Don Harris from NBC, was walking around the perimeter of the pavilion smoking a cigarette and two people slipped him notes. That's the first indication we had that people wanted to leave. So we were there overnight. The next morning I retrieved them and their belongings, and then word spread and more and more people wanted to leave. And then it became clear that we didn't have enough room in the plane. So we were going to do the first air lift and I was going to leave with them. And Congressman Ryan was going to stay behind with probably another 40 or 50 people that wanted to leave. There was then the knifing attempt on him. The truck was about to leave. We stopped, he got into the truck, we went to the airstrip. Unbeknownst to us, there was a tractor-trailer following behind us with seven gunmen on it. I'm coaxing a little Guyanese child out of the airplane because he had scampered up into it. And we didn't have enough seats as it was. So I was trying to coax him out so I could put people on the plane -- on the two planes. And all of a sudden this noise broke out. And at first, I had no understanding of what it was. People ran into the bush. Congressman Ryan ran under the plane. And so I followed suit and hid underneath a wheel. They came and they had ID'd who they wanted to kill. And so they shot us at point-blank range. Congressman Ryan was shot 45 times. And you could be helpful to me because I always say I think he's the only Congressman in the history of this country who's been assassinated in the line of duty. But I've never been able to absolutely confirm it. >> Colleen Shogan: That's, I think, true, actually. Because I remember when I worked at CRS this was an inquiry that we had, that we worked on. So I actually remember that. >> Rep. Jackie Speier: Okay. All right. And I was lying there, playing dead and was shot five times. The whole right side of my body was blown up. And I looked down and there was a bone shooting out of my arm and my leg was totally blown up. And so what happens in a moment like that is that you -- you know, you're in shock, of course. But it was almost like my mind was telling me that half my body was good and half my body wasn't, and I was just going to ignore the half of my body that, you know, wasn't relevant. I was lying there and literally what do you do when you think you're dying? I mean, I thought, "My God, this is it. I'm 28 years old. This is it. I'm not going to live to be 85. I'm not going to get married and have 2.5 kids and live happily ever after. This is it." So I was raised as a good Catholic girl. And the first thing I did was say the act of contrition and literally waited for the lights to go out. And when they didn't, my grandmother who is in her mid 80's kind of flashed in front of me. And she was this powerful matriarch in my family. And I said, "I'm not going to have her live through my funeral if I can avoid it." So I kind of dragged my body to the cargo hold of the plane because the engines were still running. And one of the reporters actually from the <i>Washington Post</i> came up behind me and said, "Hurry up, Jackie." I can't. So he shoves me into the cargo hold. And the plane wasn't going anywhere. There were bullet holes through the engine and one of the wheels. And eventually they took me out of the plane, put me on the side of the airstrip. Unfortunately, it was on an ant hill. But you don't sweat the small stuff when you're dying. So one of the reporters had a tape recorder nearby, and I asked him if I could leave a message for my parents. And so I tape recorded a message to my parents and kind of a last will. And then was on that airstrip for 22 hours without medical attention. There was a tent nearby, so they put me in the tent. And through the night the producer for the NBC affiliate would come over to the tent because they were now at a bar in Matthew's Ridge. He would bring a bottle of rum -- Guyanese rum -- for me to take swigs of. And it was very potent, Guyanese rum. So that's how I got through the night. But it was those moments that I decided if I survived, I would never take a never day for granted, and that I would live every day as fully as possible, and that I would commit my life to public service. And so that was kind of one of those defining moments. And it really provided me an extraordinary gift because at a very young age I learned that there were no tomorrows -- no tomorrows were guaranteed -- and how precious every moment was. And once you've almost died, you're not afraid nearly as much to do things that others might see as a little risky. >> Colleen Shogan: As you recovered, you decided to run for Congressman Ryan's seat. And you didn't win the primary, but you quickly pivoted after that and ran for a local supervisor's election and you did win that seat. And you went on to have a very distinguished career in local and state politics serving in the California legislature, both in the assembly and also in the Senate. Can you talk to us about your time in local and state politics? What lessons did you learn in state and local politics that prepared you to be a member of Congress? >> Rep. Jackie Speier: I think the lessons I learned really stemmed from Congressman Ryan. I mean, just not being afraid to go after something. And I remember one of the first issues I dealt with was a local utility had a transformer that spewed out PCB's in someone's backyard. And they said, "Oh, no, this is not a problem." And I took them on. It was Pacific Gas & Electric. It's no small utility, right? Ironically, I'd have another experience with them more recently. And so, you know, I learned early on that you can go up against very powerful interests and succeed. So it was, you know, a lesson that has held me in good stead. And you know, I like slaying dragons or at least trying to. >> Colleen Shogan: In 2007 -- we are the Library of Congress, so we like to talk about books. So in 2007 you published this book, <i>This is Not the Life I Ordered</i> with three other women. Can you tell us the story of this book, why did you write this book and how did you come to write it with three of your friends? >> Rep. Jackie Speier: So this book was five years in the making. A group of friends and I would get together once a month to help each other, to support each other. We'd all gone through traumatic experiences. I had lost my husband in an automobile accident when I was pregnant with our second child 14 years after Guyana happened. And I'd always thought everyone gets their fair share of grief, but then that happened and it was incredibly devastating. So we would get together and have lunch. And the rationale for getting together every month was that we were going to write a book. We never put pen to paper for the first four years and then eventually did and wrote the book. And it became a -- and we told stories, not just our own but those of other women who had gone through very difficult times. And it became kind of a how-to book of how do you get through it? What are the tips? You know, creating a gratitude journal was one of the tips that we suggested. And the first day it may be only that your dog didn't pee in the carpet, but, you know, the next day it may be something else. And we also suggested that what we had created was really key to our being able to survive. And that was what we called kitchen table. So getting a group of people together as a kitchen table that would support you. And that's the only reason it exists, is just to be together. And I've noticed in my life that I have a number of groups like that. I have -- we created a married widows club after I lost my husband and then a friend lost her husband. And she's actually one of the co-authors of the book. And so over the years there's been about 14 of us. No one wants to join this particular club. But it has been a great source of support. And then I have my yoga girlfriends. And for the longest time we actually did yoga, and now we just kind of go on trips together. [ Laughter ] >> Colleen Shogan: In 2008 you ran for Congress again; this time you won. You represent the home district where it all started from and the same district that Congressman Ryan once represented. You're a member of the minority party in the House of Representatives. You're a Democrat. Tell us about what motivates your service to Congress. You're the member of a minority party in a majoritarian institution. The House runs by -- typically by majority rules. So what motivates your service when serving in an institution that's not incredibly popular these days? But you love it. >> Rep. Jackie Speier: Yes, I'm part of the 10% or 11% that John McCain talks about. So the backdrop here is that I spent 18 years in the state legislature in California and had 300 bills signed into law by mostly Republican governors. So I come here wide eyed and bushy tailed thinking I'm going to take all I've learned in the state legislature and apply it here, except there's a lot of differences, right? You introduce a bill and you can dust it off every two or three years, but it's not necessarily ever going to be heard. That wasn't the case in California. Every bill got heard. Seniority here is as important as being in the majority, that you really have to wait your turn. And it is a very hierarchical environment. And since I've been here, we have been in the minority most of the time. The first two years I was in the majority, didn't know how lucky I had it. So I would say that I'm an optimist and I have the belief that we will be in the majority again and that we will be able to do good work. And I think my job now being in the minority is to say the emperor has no clothes when the emperor has no clothes, to be that voice that calls our colleagues out when they're not speaking on behalf of the American people. I brought some slides to show you. Maybe this is a good time to do that? >> Colleen Shogan: Right. Well, I'd like to talk about your approach to some of your House floor speeches, which is a bit unusual these days. A lot of times members come to the House floor, they use talking points that are provided to them by your party. But you have a different approach when you talk on the House floor; you draw from personal experience, you're not afraid necessarily to call out perceived double standards practiced by some of your colleagues. So tell us a little bit about your style. Is this sort of spontaneous when you go on the floor and you decide to make these types of speeches? And how has your frank rhetoric -- has it had an impact? Have you seen an effect by your approach? >> Rep. Jackie Speier: I so first realized the power of the floor one night when we were debating. The Republicans had just taken over in the House. And the very first bill they introduced was H.R. 1, which was to defund Planned Parenthood to the tune of $400 million or $500 million. And we were sitting on the floor. It was late in the evening. And I was going to get up and speak on the hypocrisy of somehow defunding Planned Parenthood because one clerk misspoke at a Planned Parenthood office and somehow that was reason to defund it. Meanwhile, Halliburton had bribed foreign countries and was still getting billion-dollar contracts from the US government. So that's what I was going to talk about. The member right before me on the Republican side started reading from a book about second term abortions. And he talked about the sawing off of legs. And I thought, "Oh my God. How can he be talking like this?" So I kind of threw away my script so to speak and ended up talking about a second term abortion I had. And I remember finishing and trembling. And then John Lewis came up to me and he had tears in his eyes. And he said, "Jackie that's the most powerful speech I've ever heard on the floor." Well, coming from John Lewis, you can imagine how I felt. He said, "It reminded me of when my aunt was living with us. And one day she walked down the stairs in a blood-stained gown. My mother took her to the hospital and she never came home again." And then, of course, it took off virally. And I realized for the first time the power of the floor. And as I got into the issue of sexual assault in the military, I started telling stories of men and women who were sexually assaulted in the military whose lives had been totally destroyed. So that's how it first evolved. And then I recognized that, you know, you can bore people to death with what you say on the House floor or you can try and have an impact. So these are some of the slides we're going to show you now. I do want to say at the outset I can't begin to tell you how important your service is to all of us as members of Congress. I've had many of you come in over the years to brief me on issues, and what you do on our behalf is really priceless. So I'm sure you are here because you believe in Congress and love Congress and are doing it for all the right reasons. And I just want to give you a shout out for being so very good at what you do. Okay. So let's start. This is -- is this a chamber of Congress or is this a doctor's office? And I actually wore a white doctor's coat onto the House floor to make that particular speech. >> Colleen Shogan: And these were props that you have in your [inaudible]. >> Rep. Jackie Speier: Yes. >> Colleen Shogan: These were next to you? >> Rep. Jackie Speier: Right. I'm big on doing posters. This was done -- I was very outraged when Ray Rice and Ray McDonald -- both big football players -- were not, you know, taken out of the games once it was disclosed that they had committed domestic violence. And so this was an effort to try and get some public engagement on that issue. And the point was, you know, put them on the bench. Whenever someone is charged with sexual harassment or domestic violence, I mean, they basically are sidelined. You know, they either fire typically or if you're a police officer and there's undue force used in a crime, potentially you're put on administrative leave. And that's what I was just suggesting with that one. This was a floor speech because the Republicans had decided to sue President Obama because of the Affordable Care Act. So my point was there was no standing. It's taxpayer money being wasted. It was useless, it was a political stunt, it was inconsistent, it was a distraction, and it was also stupid. This one I actually haven't done on the House floor yet. But I was pretty outraged when Burger King decided it was going to invert and join with Tim Horton in Canada. So I actually had an amendment to the National Defense Authorization Act so require that any company that inverts could not continue to have a government contract. Burger King has 187 installations at military bases across not just the United States but all over the world. And, you know, they get free space, free electricity. I don't think they pay for the employees there. It's just, you know, a great boondoggle. And here they are, they're renouncing for all intents and purposes their US citizenship so to speak and inverting. So this is a Whopper. And you probably can't see it there, but it shows the amount of money that the -- I think it's something like $356 million in subsidized services that taxpayers pay because they pay such low wages, their offshore profits, avoiding paying US capital gains -- $82 million -- and avoiding paying foreign earnings tax, $275 million. So the total is $1.6 billion. Now, ironically that amendment was in the NDAA last year on box. So it wasn't going to be taken up until one of the members pulled it and said, "Well, wait a minute. This is legal." And so it got taken out and we ended up not putting it in. So they're continuing to run their Burger Kings on military installations. This was another one from last year. They decided they were going after the sage grouse and the lesser prairie chicken and take them off the endangered species list. And it has no basis in the National Defense Authorization Act. So we decided that we'd mock it a little bit on the House floor. And so there's an RPG on that lesser prairie chicken, and we're commenting on the national security threat that it is. I've got very talented staff members [inaudible]. And this we've started doing. I was particularly incensed. I mean, I'm a victim of gun violence. I know what it's like to survive and, you know, overcome the trauma associated with it. That doesn't begin to deal with those who die and the family members who are left to somehow put their lives back together again. And so these moments of silence on the House floor had just got to the point where I couldn't take it anymore. And I actually walked out. And the <i>LA Times</i> reporter happened to see me. And I said, "You know, this is hypocritical. You have a moment of silence and then you're silent." And it's only these high celebrity almost shootings that we do a moment of silence. So I've started to go onto the House floor every month and talk about each and every person who's been murdered in a mass shooting. Now, a mass shoot is four or more people that have been injured or killed. And these are the pictures of those who were victims of mass shootings in April. And you can't necessarily tell it because some of them are individual pictures, but the number of families that get gunned down is extraordinary. There was a great piece in the <i>New York Times</i> on Monday that you probably saw that kind of talks about all of those who never get a moment of silence on the House floor. But what's the point? What is the point? And so that's what we've been doing. And we've now posted a wall outside my office. If you looked at the number of people who died since 1970 from gun violence and compared it to the Vietnam Memorial, it would be two and a half miles long. It would have 400,000 names on it. And there were, I think, 41 mass shootings in April -- more than there are days of the month. We had a lot of fun with this. We did a whole series on the price is wrong. And it was about spare parts in the military budget and how much money is wasted in the spare parts budget. We have a DLA -- it's a defense logistics agency -- it's like the big Home Depot that they're supposed to get their spare parts from. But then they end up buying them from contractors. And so an elbow, a plastic HVC elbow that would cost a dollar at Home Depot we paid $80 for. So this is one of those efforts where we did the price is wrong. How much does this really cost and how much did we pay for it? This one, you may wonder why I have a vodka bottle on the House floor. I was walking into the Speaker's Lobby with this bottle of vodka, a steak that had been cooked, and a phony jar of caviar on a silver plate. And the parliamentarian came up to me and said, "Ms. Speier, we can't have demonstrations on the floor." I said, "How is this a demonstration?" Or an exhibition -- he used some term of art. And he says, "It's the silver tray." I said okay. So I took the items on the House floor. And you're going to probably wonder what I was doing here. Well, I was offended because we were about to cut the food stamp budget by 50%. But just that month a number of my colleagues had taken trips -- codels -- around the world and were dining in Russia on vodka and caviar and in Argentina on steaks. And I thought that on the one hand, you know, it's okay for them to be -- have their food stamp program, but we're going to take food away from the poorest in our country. So this one, I don't know if it's going to be able to play, but this got to be kind of funny. And there was a piece that was a parody that was done on it. Thank you, [inaudible] California 14 we have about 4,000 families who are on food stamps. But some of my colleagues have thousands and thousands more. Yet they somehow feel like crusaders, like heroes when they vote to cut food stamps. Some of these same members travel to foreign countries under the guise of official business. They dine at lavish restaurants, eating steak, vodka, and even caviar. They receive money to do this. That's right, they don't pay out-of-pocket for these meals. Let me give you a few examples. One member was given $127.41 a day for food on his trip to Argentina. He probably had a fair amount of steak. Another member was given $3,588 for food and lodging during a six-day trip to Russia. He probably drank a fair amount of vodka and probably even had some caviar. That particular member has 21,000 food stamp recipients in his district. One of those people who is on food stamps could live a year on what this Congressman spent on food and lodging for six days. Another 20 members made a trip to Dublin, Ireland. They got $166 a day for food. These members didn't pay a dime. They received $50, $100, almost $200 for a single meal only for themselves. Yet for them the idea of helping fellow Americans spend less than $5 a day makes their skin crawl. The families of veterans, of farmers, of the disabled, of the working poor are not visible to them -- not even when they are their own constituents. Last week a man named Ron Shaich wrote in an article on his LinkedIn page about food stamps. Ron is the founder, chairman, and CEO of Panera Bread. In this article Ron admitted that despite wanting to fight poverty and hunger in America, he really didn't know what it was like to be truly hungry. And so this week Ron is taking the SNAP challenge -- the millionaire food mogul is living on $4.50 a day. I've taken the SNAP challenge in the past, and I can tell you it is a horrible experience. You think about food constantly. You are always hungry. But those on food stamps live on $4.50 every day -- not for one week -- for long into their future. That is soul crushing. Historically food stamps have been part of the farm bill. It's that same bill that 26 corporate farmers who remain nameless get $1 million each in subsidizes meant for real farmers. The taxpayers are giving $7 billion per year to large agribusiness, yet Republicans feel SNAP programs cost us too much money. They want to cut it. Mr. Speaker, I can stand here and say that my point is about saving food stamps from cuts -- that's true. But my larger point is about us as a country, as a society, as neighbors. I'm a member of the least-productive Congress in the history of this country. I'm ashamed of that. To be honest, if the federal government shut down for a couple of weeks as we keep hearing, would [inaudible] even notice? When a government of the people or for the people becomes a government in spite of the people, then who are we really serving? If we refuse to take care of those who are the most vulnerable at a tiny fraction of the costs of, say, our defense budget, don't we cease to be true public servants? Ron Shaich is putting himself in the worn-out shoes of 48 million fellow Americans. I'm ready to do the same again. I wonder how many of my Republican colleagues would want to cut food stamps if they had taken the SNAP challenge? After all, that means no more steak, no more caviar or vodka. Based on these members' eating habits, I wonder if they could survive. I yield back. So there was just one last one I wanted to show you. There it is. So this is another way that you can make public policy. This is a bill I introduced, never had a hearing, never got voted on but became law. And that's how sometimes we get things done, by introducing the bill, others recognize the importance of doing something about it. This was a bill introduced to tell the Treasury Department to stop minting the dollar coins because no one was using them and we were spending $300 million a year to store them. So I introduced the bill and three months later the Treasury Department decided that they were going to stop minting them. Okay. >> Colleen Shogan: Perfect. Our last question today is just a general question: What's next for you, both personally or professionally? What can we expect from you in the future? >> Rep. Jackie Speier: So my life has never been one that you could plan or predict. I was 29 years from the first time I ran for Congress to the second time I ran for Congress. That's a record in this Congress. I never had any intentions of coming back to Congress. Once I left, I was done. So I don't know what's next. We can't, I think, plan out our lives because there's always something that will intervene. So I'm going to just continue to make mischief. >> Colleen Shogan: Okay, terrific. We can now take some questions from the audience. [ Inaudible ] >> Rep. Jackie Speier: That's a very good question -- does it help me kind of respond to veterans? Absolutely it does. I mean, I was on an airstrip under fire for a couple of minutes, and yet, our men and women who serve are there day in, day out, enduring the most incredible atrocities. I spent the night -- and you can see where Congressman Ryan has kind of filtered through my life -- I spent the night at a homeless shelter in my district a couple years ago. And around 1:00 a.m. -- I'd been talking to lots of people. And it was very edifying. Because the first people I met were two people who were working. One was working at Safeway in the bakery and the other was working in the warehouse at Office Max. And working people living in a homeless shelter. But about 1:00 a.m. this one gentleman comes up to me and tells me his story. He was a veteran, he got out, he had a six-figure job at Oracle, and then he hit a downward spiral -- drugs and alcohol -- and was last at the rehab program at Menlo Park in my district. He looked me in the eye and he said, "You have no idea what my country forced me to do in Iraq." And we don't. We have no idea. So post-traumatic stress is real. For that nanosecond that I was under fire, I had repercussions of it for a very long time. Twenty-one gun salutes would send me into orbit. Firecrackers going off would make me twitch. So it is a very real result of war. And, you know, we now know that, what, 30% or 40% of those returning from war are suffering from PTSD [inaudible]. [ Inaudible ] >> Rep. Jackie Speier: Well, there's so many stories. I mean, and I experience them all the time. You know, I'll be at the grocery store and people will come up to me and thank me because [inaudible] after the Great Recession hit. What do you do when 10% of your population is out of a job? So we started posting these job hunters boot camps that were not just job fairs with the opportunity to match with an employer, but also how do you retrain yourself? If you're middle-aged, you lost your job, how do you avoid the discrimination that's so obvious? How do you use social media? So I've had lots of people that have come up to me and said, "I finally got a job." And you could see that their lives -- that they had been reborn. Or people with mortgages were [inaudible]. I keep a helmet on the shelf in my office that was signed by a number of victims -- survivors -- of sexual assault in the military. And that's just a constant reminder that the work is really important that we do and that sometimes it's a huge boulder that we're pushing up a hill and we never think we're going to get it up. I mean, that's a great example with sexual assault in the military. I mean, yes, it should be taken out of the chain of command. That's what my legislation would do. But we have gotten a number of significant improvements to the Uniform Code of Military Justice in the last five years by some of the amendments that we have gotten into the law that's improved the status of those who are sexually assaulted. I continue to be concerned about whistleblowers and the retaliation that they endure. And we're dealing with that kind of issue in the intelligence committee. So those are all issues that I feel very strongly about and intend to be here to see them through. >> Colleen Shogan: We have one question over here. Oh no, no, no. You over here and then over here. >> Hi. I want to thank you for your work on sexual assault in the military. And I'm wondering if you had done any studies -- and this is on behalf on a cousin of mine -- on the link between sexual assault in the military and our epidemic of military suicides? >> Rep. Jackie Speier: I have not done any studies, but I know that there is some link to that. Because you can just see the downward spiral that takes place. What I was astonished by as I got to meet more and more of these survivors is particularly the women were legacy. I mean, their fathers and grandfathers and uncles had all been in the military and this was a family commitment. And because it's an all volunteer military now, these are people who join because they want to make a career of it. And because they're sexually assaulted and they report it, they basically lose their jobs. They're labeled with personality disorder. Imagine a DD214 that you then take to a future employer and it says you have a personality disorder. I mean, that's what they were doing. So you could see how their lives could easily unravel and that suicide would be, you know, their alternative to continuing to live in a state that was unacceptable. But I have not actually done any kind of study on that [inaudible]. [ Inaudible ] >> Rep. Jackie Speier: Well, my schedule is not typical. I don't know what typical is. You know, the very first campaign I ran for after I lost for Congress, I was running for the board of supervisors and I was told "Make this call, you're going to get a $250 contribution." And I hemmed and hawed and then I made the call and I got $100 contribution. So I've never been good at this. So I'm not the type that will get on the phone and just raise money for the most part. I will do an event in my district. And people will come to the event. But I would say in terms of doing events back here, maybe four hours a month? Not what I would say is typical. >> Colleen Shogan: Other questions? Yes, right here [inaudible]. >> Last question. >> Colleen Shogan: Last question, okay. [ Inaudible ] >> Rep. Jackie Speier: That's a very good question. When we were about to make the trip, the State Department kept telling us, "You know, we can't force Jim Jones to meet with you. You have to get an invitation on your own. We have visited the commune. They seem very happy. Everyone seems to be glad to be there." Meanwhile, you know, we've already had some defectors who have come through the councilor office. We had a briefing in the embassy in Georgetown a day or two before we actually went to Jonestown. And they provided us with a slide show. Now mind you, the slide show had a picture of our two councilor officers with Jim Jones arm in arm. What kind of message was that sending? So I was pretty critical of State in terms of their lack of recognition that they had a responsibility to follow up on so many of these inquiries that had been made about people being held there against their will, Social Security checks being improperly handled. And I believe that the political trumped the councilor function in that regard. And bauxite was a very important component. We were importing a lot of bauxite from Guyana at the time. And I think those interests trumped the interests of Americans citizen that were being held there against their will. >> Colleen Shogan: Please join me in thanking -- >> Rep. Jackie Speier: I have one more comment. >> Colleen Shogan: Sorry. I should have had known. Right? I should have learned. >> Rep. Jackie Speier: I just want to leave you with you've got a sense of how my life has meandered, and I didn't touch on the loss of my husband when I was pregnant with our second child. But it was another traumatic experience in my life. But I've learned something that's very important. And the quotation I want to share with you is one that I hope you will keep in mind. "Life should not be a journey with the intention of arriving in a well-preserved body at the end of your life, but rather you should be totally worn out, totally used up -- martini in one hand, chocolate in the other, screaming, 'Woo hoo, what a ride.'" >> Colleen Shogan: All right. Thank you so much. [ Applause ] >> This has been a presentation of the Library of Congress. Visit us at



Recent election results from statewide races

Year Office Results
1992 President Clinton 53.5 – 26.7
Senator Boxer 59.5 – 32.2
Senator Feinstein 65.9 – 29.1%
1994 Governor[6] Brown 49.1 – 46.8
Senator[7] Feinstein 63.3 – 30.5%
1996 President[8] B. Clinton 57.8 – 30.8%
1998 Governor[9] Davis 65.8 – 30.3
Senator[10] Boxer 60.8 – 36%
2000 President[11] Gore 62.2 – 32.2
Senator[12] Feinstein 60.8 – 33.2%
2002 Governor[13] Davis 54.9 – 38.3%
2003 Recall[14][15] No 61.9 – 38.1
Bustamante 43.1 – 36.4%
2004 President[16] Kerry 67.6 – 28.6
Senator[17] Boxer 68.3 – 27.5%
2006 Governor[18] Schwarzenegger 50.9 – 42.7
Senator[19] Feinstein 72.2 – 22.1%
2008 President[20] Obama 73.1 – 24.9%
2010 Governor[21] Brown 63.9 – 32.7
Senator[22] Boxer 65.5 – 30.3%
2012 President Obama 74.2 – 23.6
Senator Feinstein 79.3 – 20.7%
2014 Governor Brown 77.5 – 22.5%
2016 President H. Clinton 76.9 – 18.2
Senator Harris 70.9 – 29.1%
2018 Governor Newsom 76.0 – 24.0
Senator Feinstein 63.5 – 36.5%

List of members representing the district

Member Party Dates Cong
Electoral history Counties
District created March 4, 1933
Thomas F. Ford Democratic March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1945
[Data unknown/missing.]
1933 – 1953
Los Angeles
Helen Gahagan Douglas.jpg

Helen Gahagan Douglas
Democratic January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1951
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired to run for US Senate

Sam Yorty
Democratic January 3, 1951 –
January 3, 1953
82nd [Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 26th district.
Harlan Hagen.jpg

Harlan Hagen
Democratic January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1963
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 18th district.
1953 – 1963
Kern, Kings, Tulare
John F. Baldwin.jpeg

John F. Baldwin Jr.
Republican January 3, 1963 –
March 9, 1966
Redistricted from the 6th district.
1963 – 1975
Contra Costa
Vacant March 9, 1966 –
June 7, 1966
Jerome R. Waldie.jpg

Jerome Waldie
Democratic June 7, 1966 –
January 3, 1975
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired to run for Governor of California
John J. McFall.jpg

John J. McFall
Democratic January 3, 1975 –
December 31, 1978
Redistricted from the 15th district.
Lost re-election and resigned.
1975 – 1983
Alameda, Amador, Calaveras, El Dorado, Mono, San Joaquin, Stanislaus, Tuolumne
Vacant December 31, 1978 –
January 3, 1979
Norman D. Shumway.jpg

Norman D. Shumway
Republican January 3, 1979 –
January 3, 1991
[Data unknown/missing.]
1983 – 1993
Alpine, Amador, El Dorado, Lassen, Modoc, Nevada, Placer, Plumas, San Joaquin, Sierra

John Doolittle
Republican January 3, 1991 - January 3, 1993 102nd [Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 4th district.
Anna Eshoo 113th Congress.jpg

Anna Eshoo
Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2013
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 18th district.
1993 – 2003
San Mateo, northwestern Santa Clara
2003 – 2013
Southern San Mateo, northwestern Santa Clara, Santa Cruz
Jackie Speier 113th Congress.jpg

Jackie Speier
Democratic January 3, 2013 –
Redistricted from the 12th district. 2013 – Present
San Mateo, southwestern San Francisco

Election results

193219341936193819401942194419461948195019521954195619581960196219641966 (Special)19661968197019721974197619781980198219841986198819901992199419961998200020022004200620082010201220142016


United States House of Representatives elections, 1932[23]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Thomas F. Ford 47,368 57.1
Republican William D. Campbell 35,598 42.9
Total votes 82,966 100.0
Democratic win (new seat)


United States House of Representatives elections, 1934[24]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Thomas F. Ford (incumbent) 52,761 61.0
Republican William D. Campbell 33,945 37.1
Progressive Lyndon R. Foster 2,487 2.7
Socialist Harry Sherr 1,130 1.2
Communist Lawrence Ross 1,086 1.2
Total votes 91,409 100.0
Democratic hold


United States House of Representatives elections, 1936[25]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Thomas F. Ford (incumbent) 63,365 61.0
Republican William D. Campbell 25,497 24.6
Progressive Albert L. Johnson 12,874 12.4
Communist Harold J. Ashe 1,329 1.3
Socialist Glen Trimble 770 0.7
Total votes 103,855 100.0
Democratic hold


United States House of Representatives elections, 1938[26]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Thomas F. Ford (incumbent) 67,588 68.3
Republican William D. Campbell 31,375 31.7
Total votes 98,963 100.0
Democratic hold


United States House of Representatives elections, 1940[27]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Thomas F. Ford (incumbent) 73,137 64.3
Republican Herbert L. Herberts 37,939 33.3
Communist Pettis Perry 2,732 2.4
Total votes 113,808 100.0
Democratic hold


United States House of Representatives elections, 1942[28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Thomas F. Ford (incumbent) 49,326 67
Republican Herbert L. Herberts 24,349 33
Total votes 73,675 100
Democratic hold


United States House of Representatives elections, 1944[29]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Helen Gahagan Douglas 65,729 51.6
Republican William D. Campbell 61,767 48.4
Total votes 127,496 100.0
Democratic hold


United States House of Representatives elections, 1946[30]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Helen Gahagan Douglas (inc.) 53,536 54.4
Republican Frederick M. Roberts 44,914 45.6
Total votes 98,450 100.0
Democratic hold


United States House of Representatives elections, 1948[31]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Helen Gahagan Douglas (inc.) 89,581 65.3
Republican W. Wallace Braden 44,611 32.5
Progressive Sidney Moore 2,904 2.2
Total votes 137,096 100.0
Democratic hold


United States House of Representatives elections, 1950[32]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Sam Yorty 47,653 49.4
Republican Jack W. Hardy 35,543 36.8
Progressive Charlotta A. Bass 13,364 13.8
Total votes 96,560 100.0
Democratic hold


United States House of Representatives elections, 1952[33]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Harlan Hagen 70,809 51
Republican Thomas H. Werdel (inc.) 68,011 49
Total votes 138,820 100
Democratic gain from Republican


United States House of Representatives elections, 1954[34]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Harlan Hagen 75,194 65
Republican Al Blain 40,270 35
Total votes 115,464 100
Democratic hold


United States House of Representatives elections, 1956[35]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Harlan Hagen (incumbent) 94,461 63
Republican Myron F. Tisdel 55,509 37
Total votes 149,970 100
Democratic hold


United States House of Representatives elections, 1958[36]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Harlan Hagen (incumbent) 120,347 100.0
Democratic hold


United States House of Representatives elections, 1960[37]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Harlan Hagen (incumbent) 97,026 56.5
Republican G. Ray Arnett 74,800 43.5
Total votes 171,826 100.0
Democratic hold


United States House of Representatives elections, 1962[38]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John F. Baldwin, Jr. (inc.) 99,040 62.9
Democratic Charles R. Weidner 58,469 37.1
Total votes 157,509 100.0
Republican hold


United States House of Representatives elections, 1964[39]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John F. Baldwin, Jr. (inc.) 117,272 64.9
Democratic Russell M. Koch 63,469 35.1
Total votes 180,741 100.0
Republican hold

1966 (Special)

1966 special election[40]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jerome R. Waldie 53.7
Republican Frank J. Newman 31.2
Republican John A. Richardson 10.5
Democratic Leo Antonio Costa 4.3
Republican Dooris G. "Duke" Johnston 1.6
Republican Tallak B. Wralstad 1.2
Total votes 100.0
Democratic gain from Republican


United States House of Representatives elections, 1966[41]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jerome R. Waldie (incumbent) 108,668 56.4
Republican Frank J. Newman 83,878 43.6
Total votes 192,546 100.0
Democratic hold


United States House of Representatives elections, 1968[42]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jerome R. Waldie (incumbent) 152,500 71.6
Republican David W. Schuh 56,598 26.6
American Independent Luis W. Hamilton 3,945 1.9
Total votes 213,043 100.0
Democratic hold


United States House of Representatives elections, 1970[43]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jerome R. Waldie (incumbent) 148,655 74.5
Republican Byron D. Athan 50,750 25.5
Total votes 199,405 100.0
Democratic hold


United States House of Representatives elections, 1972[44]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jerome R. Waldie (incumbent) 158,948 77.6
Republican Floyd E. Sims 45,985 22.4
Total votes 204,933 100.0
Democratic hold


United States House of Representatives elections, 1974[45]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John J. McFall (incumbent) 101,932 70.9
Republican Charles M. "Chuck" Gibson 34,679 24.1
American Independent Roger A. Blaine 7,367 4.9
Total votes 143,978 100.0
Democratic hold


United States House of Representatives elections, 1976[46]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John J. McFall (incumbent) 123,285 72.5
Republican Roger A. Blaine 46,674 27.5
Total votes 169,959 100.0
Democratic hold


United States House of Representatives elections, 1978[47]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Norman D. Shumway (inc.) 95,962 53.4
Democratic John J. McFall (incumbent) 76,602 42.6
American Independent George Darold Waldron 7,163 4.0
Total votes 179,727 100.0
Republican gain from Democratic


United States House of Representatives elections, 1980[48]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Norman D. Shumway (inc.) 133,979 60.7
Democratic Ann Cerney 79,883 36.2
Libertarian Douglas G. Housley 6,717 3.0
Total votes 220,579 100.0
Republican hold


United States House of Representatives elections, 1982[49]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Norman D. Shumway (inc.) 134,225 63.4
Democratic Baron Reed 77,400 36.6
Total votes 211,625 100.0
Republican hold


United States House of Representatives elections, 1984[50]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Norman D. Shumway (inc.) 179,238 73.3
Democratic Ruth Paula Carlson 58,384 23.9
Libertarian Fred W. Colburn 6,850 2.8
Total votes 244,472 100.0
Republican hold


United States House of Representatives elections, 1986[51]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Norman D. Shumway (inc.) 146,906 71.6
Democratic Bill Steele 53,597 26.1
Libertarian Bruce A. Daniel 4,658 2.3
Total votes 205,161 100.0
Republican hold


United States House of Representatives elections, 1988[52]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Norman D. Shumway (inc.) 173,876 62.6
Democratic Patricia Malberg 103,899 37.4
Total votes 277,775 100.0
Republican hold


United States House of Representatives elections, 1990[53]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Doolittle 128,309 51.5
Democratic Patricia Malberg 120,742 48.5
Total votes 249,051 100.0
Republican hold


United States House of Representatives elections, 1992[54]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Anna Eshoo 146,873 56.7
Republican Tom Huening 101,202 39.0
Libertarian Chuck Olson 7,220 2.8
Peace and Freedom David Wald 3,912 1.5
No party Sims (write-in) 12 0.0%
No party Maginnis (write-in) 3 0.0%
Total votes 259,232 100.0
Democratic gain from Republican


United States House of Representatives elections, 1994[55]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Anna Eshoo (incumbent) 130,713 60.60
Republican Ben Brink 78,475 39.40
Total votes 199,188 100.0
Democratic hold


United States House of Representatives elections, 1996[56]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Anna Eshoo (incumbent) 149,313 64.9
Republican Ben Brink 71,573 31.1
Peace and Freedom Timothy Thompson 3,653 1.6
Libertarian Joseph Dehn 3,492 1.5
Natural Law Robert Wells 2,144 0.9
Total votes 230,175 100.0
Democratic hold


United States House of Representatives elections, 1998[57]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Anna Eshoo (incumbent) 129,663 68.64
Republican Chris Haugen 53,719 28.44
Libertarian Joseph W. Dehn III 3,166 1.68
Natural Law Anna Currivan 2,362 1.25
Total votes 188,910 100.0
Democratic hold


United States House of Representatives elections, 2000[58]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Anna Eshoo (incumbent) 161,720 70.3
Republican Bill Quraishi 59,338 25.8
Libertarian Joseph W. Dehn III 4,715 2.0
Natural Law John Black 4,489 1.9
Total votes 230,262 100.0
Democratic hold


United States House of Representatives elections, 2002[59]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Anna Eshoo (incumbent) 117,055 68.2
Republican Joe Nixon 48,346 28.2
Libertarian Andrew B. Carver 6,277 3.6
Total votes 171,678 100.0
Democratic hold


United States House of Representatives elections, 2004[60]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Anna Eshoo (incumbent) 182,712 69.8
Republican Chris Haugen 69,564 26.6
Libertarian Brian Holtz 9,588 3.6
No party Dennis Mitrzyk (write-in) 24 0.0%
Total votes 262,088 100.0
Democratic hold


United States House of Representatives elections, 2006[61]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Anna Eshoo (incumbent) 141,153 71.1
Republican Rob Smith 48,097 24.3
Libertarian Brian Holtz 4,692 2.3
Green Carol Brouillet 4,633 2.3
Total votes 198,575 100.0
Democratic hold


United States House of Representatives elections, 2008[62]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Anna Eshoo (incumbent) 141,623 70.1
Republican Ronny Santana 44,902 22.2
Libertarian Brian Holtz 8,670 4.2
Green Carol Brouillet 7,090 3.5
Total votes 202,285 100.0
Democratic hold


United States House of Representatives elections, 2010[63]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Anna Eshoo (incumbent) 151,217 69.09
Republican Dave Chapman 60,917 27.83
Libertarian Paul Lazaga 6,735 3.08
Total votes 218,869 100.00
Democratic hold


United States House of Representatives elections, 2012[64]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jackie Speier 203,828 79%
Republican Deborah (Debbie) Bacigalupi 54,455 21%
Total votes 258,283 100.00%
Democratic hold


United States House of Representatives elections, 2014[65]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jackie Speier 114,389 77%
Republican Robin Chew 34,757 23%
Total votes 149,146 100.00%
Democratic hold


United States House of Representatives elections, 2016
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jackie Speier 231,630 81%
Republican Angel Cardenas 54,817 19%
Total votes 286,447 100%
Democratic hold

Living former Members

As of April 2015, there are three former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from California's 14th congressional district that are currently living. The most recent representative to die was Jerome R. Waldie (served 1966-1975) on April 3, 2009. The most recently serving representative to die was John J. McFall (served 1975-1979) on March 7, 2006.

Representative Term in office Date of birth (and age)
Norman D. Shumway 1979 - 1991 (1934-07-28) July 28, 1934 (age 84)
John Doolittle 1991 - 1993 (1950-05-14) May 14, 1950 (age 69)
Anna Eshoo 1993 - 2013 (1942-12-13) December 13, 1942 (age 76)

Historical district boundaries

2003 - 2013
2003 - 2013

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^ "California election results - 2012 election". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 24, 2013.
  3. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  4. ^ "Maps: Final Congressional Districts". Citizens Redistricting Commission. Archived from the original on 2013-03-10. Retrieved February 25, 2013.
  5. ^ Barr, Andy (February 28, 2006). "Washington Area Tops List for Income". The Hill. Capitol Hill Publishing Corp. Retrieved 2009-06-07.
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^ "Statement of Vote (2000 President)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on June 11, 2007. Retrieved September 17, 2008.
  12. ^ "Statement of Vote (2000 Senator)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on June 11, 2007. Retrieved September 17, 2008.
  13. ^ Statement of Vote (2002 Governor) Archived November 11, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ "Statement of Vote (2003 Recall Question)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on May 20, 2011. Retrieved October 8, 2007.
  15. ^ "Statement of Vote (2003 Governor)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on May 20, 2011. Retrieved October 8, 2007.
  16. ^ "Statement of Vote (2004 President)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 1, 2010. Retrieved August 8, 2007.
  17. ^ Statement of Vote (2004 Senator) Archived August 10, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ Statement of Vote (2006 Governor) Archived August 10, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ Statement of Vote (2006 Senator) Archived August 10, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ "(2008 President)". Archived from the original on February 12, 2009. Retrieved March 5, 2009.
  21. ^ "Statement of Vote (2010 Governor)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on June 1, 2011. Retrieved February 7, 2012.
  22. ^ "Statement of Vote (2010 Senator)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on June 1, 2011. Retrieved February 7, 2012.
  23. ^ 1932 election results
  24. ^ 1934 election results
  25. ^ 1936 election results
  26. ^ 1938 election results
  27. ^ 1940 election results
  28. ^ 1942 election results
  29. ^ 1944 election results
  30. ^ 1946 election results
  31. ^ 1948 election results
  32. ^ 1950 election results
  33. ^ 1952 election results
  34. ^ 1954 election results
  35. ^ 1956 election results
  36. ^ 1958 election results
  37. ^ 1960 election results
  38. ^ 1962 election results
  39. ^ 1964 election results
  40. ^ 1966 special election results
  41. ^ 1966 election results
  42. ^ 1968 election results
  43. ^ 1970 election results
  44. ^ 1972 election results
  45. ^ 1974 election results
  46. ^ 1976 election results
  47. ^ 1978 election results
  48. ^ 1980 election results
  49. ^ 1982 election results
  50. ^ 1984 election results
  51. ^ 1986 election results
  52. ^ 1988 election results
  53. ^ 1990 election results
  54. ^ 1992 election results
  55. ^ 1994 election results
  56. ^ 1996 election results
  57. ^ 1998 election results
  58. ^ 2000 election results
  59. ^ 2002 general election results Archived February 3, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  60. ^ 2004 general election results Archived 2008-08-21 at the Wayback Machine
  61. ^ 2006 general election results Archived November 27, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  62. ^ 2008 general election results Archived December 21, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  63. ^ 2010 general election results[permanent dead link]
  64. ^ 2012 general election results Archived October 19, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  65. ^ "2014 general election results". Archived from the original on 2014-12-21. Retrieved 2014-12-21.

External links

This page was last edited on 20 June 2019, at 09:20
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