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Arizona's 1st congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Arizona's 1st congressional district
Arizona US Congressional District 1 (since 2013).tif
Arizona's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013
  Tom O'Halleran
Area58,608 sq mi (151,790 km2)
  • 55.4% urban
  • 44.6% rural
Population (2019)782,088[1]
Median household
Cook PVIR+2[3]

Arizona's 1st congressional district is a congressional district located in the U.S. state of Arizona. Geographically, it is the eleventh-largest congressional district in the country and includes much of the state outside the Phoenix and Tucson metropolitan areas. Since 2013, it includes the Navajo Nation, the Hopi reservation and the Gila River Indian Community, with 25% of the population being Native American. The district has more Native Americans than any other congressional district in the United States.[4] It is currently represented by Democrat Tom O'Halleran.


When Arizona was first divided into congressional districts as a result of the 1950 Census, the 1st district comprised all of Maricopa County, home to Phoenix, while the rest of the state was in the 2nd district. In a mid-decade redistricting resulting from Wesberry v. Sanders in 1967, the 1st was cut back to eastern Phoenix and most of what became the East Valley.

Over the years, the 1st's share of Phoenix was gradually reduced due to the area's explosive growth in the second half of the 20th century. However, it remained based in the East Valley until Arizona picked up two seats in the 2000 U.S. Census. The old 1st essentially became the 6th district, while a new 1st district was created to serve most of the state outside of Phoenix and Tucson.

After the 2012 redistricting, the Hopi reservation was drawn into the 1st district; it had previously been included within the 2nd district. Also included were some northern suburbs of Tucson that had been in the 8th, as well as a tiny section of Phoenix itself near the Gila River Indian Community. Meanwhile, heavily Republican Prescott, the old 1st's largest city, and much of surrounding Yavapai County were drawn into the new, heavily Republican 4th district. The district is now considered to be significantly more competitive for Democrats.

External links

Areas covered

It covers the entirety of the following counties:

The district covers the majority of:

Small portions of the following counties are also covered:


This large congressional district covers the mainly rural areas of northern and eastern Arizona. Democrats perform well in Flagstaff, Sedona, and the Navajo Nation among Native Americans, while Republicans are strongest in the more rural white areas. Elections are usually decided by conservative "Pinto Democrats" throughout the rural areas. Due to its vast size, it is extremely difficult to campaign in and has few unifying influences.

George W. Bush received 54% of the vote in this district in 2004. John McCain also carried the district in 2008 with 54% of the vote while Barack Obama received 44%. In the 2012 presidential election Mitt Romney (R) won with 50% of the vote, with Obama receiving 48%. Due to intense competition, this is generally considered a swing district. The redistricting has increased the number of historically Democratic voters.

During the Super Tuesday, February 5, 2008 Arizona Democratic Primary, the district was won by Hillary Clinton with 49% of the vote, while Barack Obama received 42% and John Edwards took 5%. In the Arizona Republican Primary, the 1st district was won by McCain with 46% while Mitt Romney received 35% and Mike Huckabee took in 12% of the vote in the district.

Tom O'Halleran (D) won the congressional seat in 2016. The district was considered very competitive for both parties in the 2016 primaries and general election.


Election results from statewide races
Year Office Results
1996 President Dole 46 – 45 - 7%
2000 President Bush 51 – 44%
2004 President Bush 54 – 46%
2008 President McCain 54 – 44%
2012 President Romney 50 – 48%
2016 President Trump 48 – 47%
2020 President Biden 50 – 48%

List of members representing the district

Arizona gained a second congressional seat after the 1940 Census. It used a general ticket to elect its representatives until the 1948 elections, when candidates ran from each of the districts.

Member Party Term Cong
Electoral history Geographical area[5][6][7]
John Murdock.jpg

John R. Murdock
Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1953
Redistricted from the at-large district and re-elected in 1948.
Re-elected in 1950.
Lost re-election.
Maricopa County: Metro Phoenix

John J. Rhodes Jr.
Republican January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1983
Elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.
Re-elected in 1962.
Re-elected in 1964.
Part of Maricopa County: Metro Phoenix
John McCain 1983.jpg

John McCain
Republican January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1987
Elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Retired to run for U.S. senator.
Part of Maricopa County: Parts of Metro Phoenix (East Valley)
Rhodes III AZ-1.png

John J. Rhodes III
Republican January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 1993
Elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Lost re-election.
Sam Coppersmith.jpg

Sam Coppersmith
Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 1995
103rd Elected in 1992.
Retired to run for U.S. senator.
Congressional Portrait of Matt Salmon.jpg

Matt Salmon
Republican January 3, 1995 –
January 3, 2001
Elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Retired to run for Governor of Arizona.
Jeff Flake.jpg

Jeff Flake
Republican January 3, 2001 –
January 3, 2003
107th Elected in 2000.
Redistricted to the 6th district.
Rick Renzi, official 109th Congress photo.jpg

Rick Renzi
Republican January 3, 2003 –
January 3, 2009
Elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
United States House of Representatives, Arizona District 1 map.png

North and East Arizona: Apache County, Gila County, Graham County, Greenlee County, Yavapai County, and parts of Coconino County, Navajo County, and Pinal County
Ann Kirkpatrick.jpg

Ann Kirkpatrick
Democratic January 3, 2009 –
January 3, 2011
111th Elected in 2008.
Lost re-election.
Paul Gosar Official Portrait c. 2012.jpg

Paul Gosar
Republican January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2013
112th Elected in 2010.
Redistricted to the 4th district.
Ann Kirkpatrick.jpg

Ann Kirkpatrick
Democratic January 3, 2013 –
January 3, 2017
Elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Retired to run for U.S. senator.
Apache County, and parts of Coconino County, Gila County, Graham County, Greenlee County, Maricopa County (part Navajo County, Pima County, Pinal County
Tom O'Halleran official portrait.jpg

Tom O'Halleran
Democratic January 3, 2017 –
Elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.
Re-elected in 2020.

Recent election results


Arizona’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2002
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Rick Renzi 85,967 49.2%
Democratic George Cordova 79,730 45.6%
Libertarian Edwin Porr 8,990 5.2%
Majority 6,237 3.6%
Total votes 174,687 100.0
Republican hold


Arizona’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Rick Renzi (Incumbent) 148,315 58.5%
Democratic Paul Babbitt 91,776 36.2%
Libertarian John Crockett 13,260 5.2%
Majority 56,539 22.3%
Total votes 253,351 100.0
Republican hold


Arizona’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Rick Renzi (Incumbent) 105,646 53.2%
Democratic Ellen Simon 88,691 44.7%
Libertarian David Schlosser 4,205 2.1%
Majority 16,955 8.5%
Total votes 198,542 100.0
Republican hold


Arizona’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Ann Kirkpatrick 155,791 57.5%
Republican Sydney Ann Hay 109,924 40.5%
Independent Brent Maupin 4,124 1.5%
Libertarian Thane Eichenauer 1,316 0.5%
Majority 45,867 16.9%
Total votes 271,155 100.0
Democratic gain from Republican


Arizona's 1st Congressional District House Election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Paul Gosar 112,816 49.7%
Democratic Ann Kirkpatrick (Incumbent) 99,233 43.7%
Libertarian Nicole Patti 14,869 6.6%
Majority 13,583 6.0%
Total votes 226,918 100.0
Republican gain from Democratic


Arizona’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Ann Kirkpatrick 122,774 48.8%
Republican Jonathan Paton 113,594 45.2%
Libertarian Kim Allen 15,227 6.0%
Majority 9,180 3.7%
Total votes 251,595 100.0
Democratic gain from Republican


Arizona’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2014
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Ann Kirkpatrick (Incumbent) 97,391 52.6% +3.8%
Republican Andy Tobin 87,723 47.4% +2.3%
Majority 9,568 5.2% +1.6%
Total votes 185,114 100.0
Democratic hold


Arizona’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2016
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Tom O'Halleran 142,219 50.7%
Republican Paul Babeu 121,745 43.3%
Green Ray Parrish 16,746 6.0%
Majority 20,474 7.4%
Total votes 280,710 100.0
Democratic hold


Arizona’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2018
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Tom O'Halleran (Incumbent) 143,240 53.8%
Republican Wendy Rogers 122,784 46.2%
Majority 20,456 7.6%
Total votes 266,024 100.0
Democratic hold


Arizona’s 1st Congressional District House Election, 2020
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Tom O'Halleran (Incumbent) 188,469 51.6% -2.2
Republican Tiffany Shedd 176,709 48.4% +2.2
Total votes 365,178 100.0
Democratic hold

See also


  1. ^ Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census Bureau. "My Congressional District".
  2. ^ Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census Bureau. "My Congressional District".
  3. ^ "Introducing the 2021 Cook Political Report Partisan Voter Index". The Cook Political Report. April 15, 2021. Retrieved April 15, 2021.
  4. ^ "Can Navajo Nation help rescue endangered Dem Congresswoman?". ABC News. October 8, 2010.
  5. ^ Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts, 1789–1983. New York: Macmillan Publishing.
  6. ^ Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress, 1789–1989. New York: Macmillan Publishing.
  7. ^ Congressional Directory: Browse 105th Congress Archived February 17, 2011, at the Wayback Machine

External links

This page was last edited on 28 April 2021, at 09:06
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