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Tennessee's 6th congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Tennessee's 6th congressional district
Tennessee US Congressional District 6 (since 2013).tif
Tennessee's 6th congressional district – since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  John Rose
RCookeville
Distribution
  • 48.23[1]% urban
  • 51.77% rural
Population (2016)761,538[2]
Median income$53,708[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+24[4]

The 6th Congressional District of Tennessee is a congressional district in Middle Tennessee. It has been represented by Republican John Rose since January 2019.

Current boundaries

The district is located in north-central Tennessee and borders Kentucky to the north. It is currently composed of the following counties: Cannon, Clay, Coffee, Cumberland, DeKalb, Fentress, Jackson, Macon, Overton, Pickett, Putnam, Robertson, Smith, Sumner, Trousdale, White, and Wilson. It also contains very small pieces of Cheatham and Van Buren.

Characteristics

Much of the Sixth District is rural and wooded. It is spread across the geographic regions known as the Cumberland Plateau, the Highland Rim, and the Central Basin. The area is known for its waterfalls, such as Burgess Falls and Cummins Falls.

With close access to interstates 24, 40, and 65, subdivisions are sprouting almost exponentially, fast filling with new economy managers. Recently, many companies have opened either manufacturing or distribution centers in the 6th District. This includes Amazon[5] and Bridgestone-Firestone[6] in Lebanon, gun manufacturer Beretta[7] in Gallatin, and clothing manufacturer Under Armour[8] in Mt. Juliet.

Politically speaking, the region was traditionally a "Yellow Dog Democrat" district. However, the district began shifting rightward as Nashville's suburbs bled into the district. It supported Bill Clinton in 1992, partly due to Gore's presence as Clinton's running mate. However, it has not supported a Democrat for president since. By the turn of the century, it was obvious that the Democrats would have a hard time holding onto the district once longtime Democratic incumbent Bart Gordon retired.

Gordon retired in 2010, and Republican state senator Diane Black won the seat in a landslide, proving just how Republican this district had become. The 2010 redistricting made the district even more Republican, with its longtime anchor, Murfreesboro, being drawn out of the district. Since then, no Democrat has won an entire county within the district in any presidential, gubernatorial, senate, or congressional election.[9][10] Indeed, no Democrat has crossed the 30 percent mark in the district since Gordon's retirement.

According to the 2010 census, the five largest cities are Hendersonville (51,372), Cookeville (30,425), Gallatin (30,278), Lebanon (26,190), and Mt. Juliet (23,671).[11]

Election results from presidential races

Year Office Result
2000 President George W. Bush 49% - Al Gore 49%
2004 President George W. Bush 60% - John Kerry 40%
2008 President John McCain 65% - Barack Obama 33.5%
2012 President Mitt Romney 70% - Barack Obama 29.5%
2016 President Donald Trump 72.6% - Hillary Clinton 23.7%

History

Prior to the 1980 census, when Tennessee picked up a district, most of what is now the 6th district was in the 4th district.

During the 1940s, this area was represented by Albert Gore, Sr. of Carthage. Gore was elected to the United States Senate in 1952, where he was instrumental in creating the Interstate Highway system.[12]

From 1953 to 1977, the area was represented by Joe L. Evins of Smithville. Evins's nephew, Dan Evins, was the founder of Cracker Barrel Old Country Store restaurant/retail chain.[13] Cracker Barrel's headquarters are still located in Lebanon.[14]

In 1976, Evins was succeeded by Al Gore, future Vice President and son of Albert Gore, Sr. He was representing the area when much of it was moved into the present 6th District.

Shortly following the redistricting into the 6th District, Gore was elected to the United States Senate. He was then succeeded by former Democratic State Chair Bart Gordon of Murfreesboro. Gordon held the post for the next twenty-six years, relatively unopposed. The only year he faced much opposition was 1994, when attorney Steve Gill ran against him. Gordon defeated Gill by only one percentage point.[15]

Diane Black was elected in the Republican landslide of 2010 when Democrat Bart Gordon decided to end a 26-year career in Congress. Black's victory marked the first time that much of the district had been represented by a Republican since 1921, and for only the second time since Reconstruction.

Following an eight-year stint in Congress, Black made an unsuccessful run for Governor of Tennessee in 2018. In the concurrent election, the district selected businessman and former Tennessee Agriculture Commissioner John Rose.

List of members representing the district

District created March 4, 1813.

Member
(Residence)
Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history District location
Parry W. Humpreys
(Nashville)
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1815
13th Elected in 1813.
Retired.
[data unknown/missing]
James B. Reynolds
([data unknown/missing])
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1815 –
March 3, 1817
14th Elected in 1815.
Lost re-election.
George W. L. Marr
([data unknown/missing])
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1819
15th Elected in 1817.
Lost renomination.
Henry H. Bryan
([data unknown/missing])
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1819 –
March 3, 1821
16th Elected in 1819.
Re-elected in 1821 but failed to qualify.
Vacant March 4, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
17th
James T. Sandford
([data unknown/missing])
Jackson Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
18th [data unknown/missing] [data unknown/missing]
James Polk restored.jpg

James K. Polk
(Columbia)
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1833
19th
20th
21st
22nd
[data unknown/missing]
Redistricted to the 9th district.
Balie Peyton
([data unknown/missing])
Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1835
23rd
24th
[data unknown/missing]
Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
Campbell-william-by-wb-cooper.jpg

William B. Campbell
(Carthage)
Whig March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1843
25th
26th
27th
[data unknown/missing]
Hon. Aaron V. Brown, Tenn - NARA - 528326.jpg

Aaron V. Brown
(Nashville)
Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
28th Redistricted from the 10th district and re-elected in 1843.
[data unknown/missing]
Barclay Martin
(Columbia)
Democratic March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
29th [data unknown/missing]
James H. Thomas
(Columbia)
Democratic March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1851
30th
31st
[data unknown/missing]
William-hawkins-polk.jpg

William H. Polk
(Columbia)
Independent Democratic March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
32nd [data unknown/missing]
Hon. Jones - NARA - 528402.jpg

George W. Jones
(Fayetteville)
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1859
33rd
34th
35th
Redistricted from the 5th district and re-elected in 1853.
[data unknown/missing]
James H. Thomas
(Columbia)
Democratic March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
36th [data unknown/missing]
American Civil War
Sanuel M. Arnell
(Columbia)
Unconditional Unionist July 24, 1866 –
March 3, 1867
39th
40th
41st
[data unknown/missing]
Republican March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1871
Washington C. Whitthorne - Brady-Handy.jpg

Washington C. Whitthorne
(Columbia)
Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1875
42nd
43rd
[data unknown/missing]
Redistricted to the 7th district.
John Ford House - Brady-Handy.jpg

John F. House
(Clarksville)
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1883
44th
45th
46th
47th
[data unknown/missing]
Andrew Jackson Caldwell (Tennessee Congressman).jpg

Andrew J. Caldwell
(Nashville)
Democratic March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1887
48th
49th
[data unknown/missing]
JosephEWashington.jpg

Joseph E. Washington
(Robertson County)
Democratic March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1897
50th
51st
52nd
53rd
54th
[data unknown/missing]
JohnWGaines.jpg

John W. Gaines
(Nashville)
Democratic March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1909
55th
56th
57th
58th
59th
60th
[data unknown/missing]
Joseph Byrns.jpg

Jo Byrns
(Nashville)
Democratic March 4, 1909 –
March 3, 1933
61st
62nd
63rd
64th
65th
66th
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
[data unknown/missing]
Redistricted to the 5th district.
ClarenceWTurner.jpg

Clarence W. Turner
(Waverly)
Democratic March 4, 1933 –
March 23, 1939
73rd
74th
75th
76th
[data unknown/missing]
Died.
Vacant March 23, 1939 –
May 11, 1939
76th
W. Wirt Courtney (Tennessee Congressman).jpg

W. Wirt Courtney
(Franklin)
Democratic May 11, 1939 –
January 3, 1943
76th
77th
Elected to finish Turner's term.
Redistricted to the 7th district.
James Percy Priest, Congressional portrait collection.jpg

Percy Priest
(Columbia)
Democratic January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1953
78th
79th
80th
81st
82nd
[data unknown/missing]
Redistricted to the 5th district.
James Patrick Sutton (US Congressman).jpg

James P. Sutton
(Lawrenceburg)
Democratic January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1955
83rd Redistricted from the 7th district and re-elected in 1952.
[data unknown/missing]
Ross Bass (1918-1993).jpg

Ross Bass
(Pulaski)
Democratic January 3, 1955 –
November 3, 1964
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
[data unknown/missing]
Resigned to become U.S. senator.
Vacant November 3, 1964 –
January 3, 1965
88th
Congressman William Anderson D-TN 06.jpg

William R. Anderson
(Waverly)
Democratic January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1973
89th
90th
91st
92nd
[data unknown/missing]
Robin Beard (cropped).jpg

Robin Beard
(Somerville)
Republican January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1983
93rd
94th
95th
96th
97th
[data unknown/missing]
Sengore.jpg

Al Gore
(Carthage)
Democratic January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1985
98th Redistricted from the 4th district and re-elected in 1982.
Retired to run for U.S. senator.
Bart Gordon2.jpg

Bart Gordon
(Murfreesboro)
Democratic January 3, 1985 –
January 3, 2011
99th
100th
101st
102nd
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
[data unknown/missing]
Retired.
2003 – 2013
TN06 109.gif
RepBlack OfficialPhoto.jpg

Diane Black
(Gallatin)
Republican January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2019
112th
113th
114th
115th
[data unknown/missing]
Retired to run for Governor of Tennessee.
2013 – Present
Tennessee US Congressional District 6 (since 2013).tif
John Rose, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg

John Rose
(Cookeville, Temperance Hall)
Republican January 3, 2019 –
Present
116th Elected in 2018.

See also

References

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/cd_state.html
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=47&cd=06
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=47&cd=06
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  5. ^ http://www.amazonfulfillmentcareers.com/amazon-fulfillment/locations/
  6. ^ http://bridgestone-firestone.com/locations/distributioncenters/index.html
  7. ^ http://www.tennessean.com/story/news/local/gallatin/2014/08/28/beretta-breaks-ground-million-gallatin-plant/14751955/
  8. ^ http://www.tennessean.com/story/news/local/wilson/mt-juliet/2014/10/02/armour-announcement-expected-mt-juliet-today/16579357/
  9. ^ http://tn.gov/sos/election/results/2012-11/USPresidentCountyTotals.pdf
  10. ^ http://www.tn.gov/sos/election/results/20141104_StateCertCountyTotals.pdf
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2020-02-12. Retrieved 2015-06-24.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-07-29. Retrieved 2015-06-24.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/obituaries/dan-evins-founder-of-cracker-barrel-highway-empire-dies/2012/01/16/gIQAfkt43P_story.html
  14. ^ http://www.crackerbarrel.com/careers/home-office/
  15. ^ http://www.techlawjournal.com/people/gordon.htm

External links

This page was last edited on 19 May 2020, at 18:30
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