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Tennessee's 6th congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Tennessee's 6th congressional district
Tennessee US Congressional District 6 (since 2013).tif
Tennessee's 6th congressional district – since January 3, 2013.
U.S. RepresentativeJohn Rose (RCookeville)
Distribution
  • 48.23[1]% urban
  • 51.77% rural
Population (2016)761,538[2]
Median income$53,708[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+24[4]

The 6th Congressional District of Tennessee is a congressional district in Middle Tennessee. It has been represented by Republican John Rose since January 2019, after incumbent Diane Black retired from congress to unsuccessfully run for the Republican nomination in the 2018 Tennessee gubernatorial election.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/1
    Views:
    36 524
  • ✪ The Most Underrated American President

Transcription

Jimmy Dore: The way to oppose Trump is to offer people something else He ran to the left of Hillary Clinton on foreign policy He wanted to end our foreign wars according to his rhetoric in his campaign He wanted to give everybody healthcare, remember? Everyone's going to get healthcare and it's gonna be cheaper. That was his plan. And of course he's doing the exact opposite. Joe Rogan: Yeah But who does the thing they say they are going to do? Who ever? Who's ever done it? No one. Mr. Beat Yeah! Freaking politicians. But then I came across this article on 538.com. Go ahead. Go ahead, show it. Apparently that’s not true. The article says politicians do keep their promises most of the time. The author based it off a study looking at campaign promises over a period of 50 years. During those 50 years, Presidents at least attempted to fulfill around 2/3 of their campaign promises But why am I even bringing this up? Well when I think of American Presidents who kept their promises, the first one that always pops in my head is the 11th President, James K. Polk. He had such a big impact on the United States, yet today most Americans don't even know about him. He’s so obscure, that my song about him is one of my worst performing videos on YouTube. It has just like 4,000 views. (James Polk song) Ok, so maybe it’s a bad song, but still, James Polk is underrated. So in this video, I’m going to give him some much needed recognition. Polk was born literally in a log cabin near Pineville, North Carolina on November 2, 1795, the oldest of ten kids. When he was ten, his family picked up everything and moved west to the Tennessee frontier. They took the 500-mile journey by wagon, and it sucked. However, James’ dad did well in Tennessee, living the American Dream, eventually owning thousands of acres of farmland and lots and lots of slaves. Polk was sickly growing up. At 17, he had horrible gallstones and had to have them surgically removed. This was before anesthesia, ok. They cut open his body and removed the gallstones while he was completely conscious, strapped to a table and holding his dad’s hand. But the good news is his overall health recovered quite a bit after this. At 18, he barely knew how to read or write, but he really kicked it into gear at that age, studying his butt off and becoming proficient in English, Greek, and Latin. He ended up graduating from the University of North Carolina with first honors in both mathematics and classics. Next, Polk studied law and found himself becoming more and more interested in politics. He was always a fan of Thomas Jefferson, but he was quickly becoming inspired by a family friend named Andrew Jackson. By the time Polk was in his twenties, Jackson was a war hero who was looking to become President. After being a lawyer for a bit, Polk aligned himself with Jackson when he ran for the Tennessee legislature in 1823. He won that election and became popular in Tennessee, becoming a Representative in Congress for Tennessee’s Sixth District two years later. While in Congress, Polk was one of Andrew Jackson’s biggest supporters, earning him the nickname “Young Hickory,” you know...since Jackson was “Old Hickory?” So clever, I know. After Jackson became President in 1829, Polk was right with Jackson on every major decision, including the decision not to renew the charter of the Second Bank of the United States. His support made Polk one of the early leaders of the newly formed Democratic Party. Polk’s colleagues elected him to Speaker of the House in 1835, and he greatly expanded that role. In 1839, Tennessee residents elected him governor. However, he lost his re-election bids the next two times as many blamed the Democratic Party for the economic depression of the late 1830s and early 1840s. In 1844, Polk became the first dark-horse Presidential candidate for the Democratic Party, meaning at the beginning of the Democratic Party national convention no one thought he had a chance but by the end of it he was their guy, mostly because Polk wanted to annex the country of Texas, adding it to the United States. Yes, it was a country at the time. So in 1844, it ended up being Polk versus Henry Clay, the Whig Party candidate who had a history of losing presidential elections. Sorry Clay. During his campaign, Polk made no effort to hide his ambitions. He was very clear. "He wanted Texas, California, Oregon, yeah all of it!" He was a firm believer in manifest destiny, or the belief that the United States expanding across the entire continent was the right thing to do and destined to happen. Polk wanted to expand the country’s border whenever and wherever possible, and most Americans seemed to agree with him. Polk promised he was only running for one term, but if elected, during those four years he would 1) cut tariffs 2) re-create an independent U.S. Treasury 3) add some or all of Oregon Territory to the United States And 4) somehow get California and New Mexico from Mexico and add it to the United States Or put another way "James Polk reduce the tariff, James Polk free the treasury, James Polk acquire new land" These were four ridiculously ambitious goals that few thought Polk could actually pull off, especially in four years. Well, I have a video about the Election of 1844. Yeah, so go ahead and go check out that video and come back. Welcome back! so, as you saw in that video you just watched, Polk won the election in a very close race, becoming the youngest President in American history up to that point. So yeah, let’s look at those four promises Polk had. Could you put them back up on the screen please? Thank you. Yeah, so number 1 was "cut tariffs" Yep, even though it was a hard-fought victory, Polk signed the Walker Tariff of 1846 after his Vice President, George Dallas, cast the tie-breaking vote in the Senate. The Walker Tariff moved rates down to 25%. It was one of the lowest tariffs in American history. Success. 2) re-create an independent U.S. Treasury Well this one was easier, and I probably should note that in 1844 the Democrats took back over their majority in Congress. So yeah, Congress brought back the Independent Treasury and Polk approved it of course. This was a system for the federal government to take care of the money supply in a way that was independent of banks and financial systems. It was a solid system that ended up lasting until the Federal Reserve System replaced it 67 years later. 3) add some or all of Oregon Territory to the United States So Great Britain and the United States had both occupied the territory since 1818, but the majority of settlers there were American, not British, so Polk had the upper hand with negotiations. When Polk and Britain started talking about what to do with Oregon, Polk said he wanted all the territory, all the way up to 54°40'. This was totally a bluff, but it scared Britain, who did not want to get into another war with the United States. Instead, on June 15, 1846, they worked out a deal and split the territory in two, right down the middle. Britain got north of the 49th parallel, and the United States got south of it. That easy. Polk almost single handedly got the United States what would become the states of Oregon, Idaho, and Washington, three states with lots of resources and control of the Columbia River drainage basin. 4) somehow get California and New Mexico from Mexico and add it to the United States This would not be easy, but Polk knew if he wanted California and New Mexico, it first had to be through Texas. He had already helped get Texas to join the United States- it became the 28th state on December 29, 1845. But there was still a border dispute between Texas and Mexico. Texas, and Polk, I should add, said its southern border was the Rio Grande, but Mexico said the border was further north, at the Nueces River. Polk sent troops there just north of the Rio Grande, in the disputed territory, also sending a dude named John Slidell to settle the border dispute, as well as negotiate to straight up buy California. However, the majority of Mexicans weren’t having it. In April 1846, Mexican troops crossed the Rio Grande and killed eleven American soldiers. According to Mexico, the Americans had invaded their land. Well, Polk didn’t see it that way. On May 11, 1846, Polk went before Congress to passionately argue for the United States to go to war with Mexico, saying THEY were the invaders who “shed the blood of our fellow-citizens on our own soil.” Yeah, Congress declared war on Mexico, a war that became known as the Mexican American War. In a war that lasted just under two years, the United States straight up kicked butt throughout most of it. At the end of it, American forces led by Major General Winfield Scott were able to overcome extremely difficult resistance from the Mexican Army just outside Mexico City, the capital. But after Scott was able to capture Mexico City, the war was over. While some Americans talked about taking over ALL of Mexico during peace negotiations, ultimately the United States acquired just the northern half of Mexico. Just, huh...we’re talking a huge amount of land. Look at all that. So yeah, James Polk he got his way. So here’s the United States without Polk being President. Here’s the United States with Polk being President. Good golly Polk. The country grew by more than 1/3, and Manifest Destiny seemed fulfilled. All four promises kept, and even though he had all four checked off, he didn’t stop working. He was a workaholic up until his last day in office, when he signed a bill creating the Department of the Interior. Also as promised, Polk did not run for a second term. He retired, and went on a trip across the South. While in New Orleans, Polk contracted cholera, a horrible bacterial infection of the small intestine. Polk had serious stomach issues, but shrugged it off as he had had stomach issues for most of his life. Well, the sickness did not go away. He ended up dying from cholera on June 15, 1849, exactly three years after getting Oregon and just three months after leaving the Presidency. He was just 53. A few months ago I released a top 10 greatest American Presidents video and you may remember that James Polk did not make that list. And, mostly because I just think he was one ruthless dude. Sure, he kept his promise to the people, which is pretty gnarly, but he straight up misled Congress when he convinced them to go to war with Mexico. I mean, he said that Mexico invaded the United States and invaded them on their soil but the Mexicans said that the Americans were the ones who invaded THEM and they were just defending their land, so You know, he was kind of a jerk. and despite what you say about that, there's no doubt that he was extremely important to American history. He was underrated, and he simply does not get the credit he deserves, maybe because of being sort of a jerk. I want to give a shout out to John Johnson. He suggested this great video topic, and I took it not only because it was good, but because he is one of my George Washington-level supporters on Patreon. YouTube keeps taking down my videos or demonetizing them, so Patreon is becoming more and more important with regards to making this worthwhile. So, thank you to all my Patreon supporters. It means so much. And if you can't support, don't worry. If you want to Just look me up on Patreon, search "Mr. Beat." But thank YOU for watching. Yes...YOU. with the green shirt on.

Contents

Current Boundaries

The district is located in north-central Tennessee and borders Kentucky to the north. It is currently composed of the following counties: Cannon, Clay, Coffee, Cumberland, DeKalb, Fentress, Jackson, Macon, Overton, Pickett, Putnam, Robertson, Smith, Sumner, Trousdale, White, and Wilson. It also contains very small pieces of Cheatham and Van Buren.

Characteristics

Much of the Sixth District is rural and wooded. It is spread across the geographic regions known as the Cumberland Plateau, the Highland Rim, and the Central Basin. The area is known for its waterfalls, such as Burgess Falls and Cummins Falls.

With close access to interstates 24, 40, and 65, subdivisions are sprouting almost exponentially, fast filling with new economy managers. Recently, many companies have opened either manufacturing or distribution centers in the 6th District. This includes Amazon[5] and Bridgestone-Firestone[6] in Lebanon, gun manufacturer Beretta[7] in Gallatin, and clothing manufacturer Under Armour[8] in Mt. Juliet.

Politically speaking, the region was traditionally a "Yellow Dog Democrat" district. However, the district began shifting rightward as Nashville's suburbs bled into the district. It supported Bill Clinton in 1992, partly due to Gore's presence as Clinton's running mate. However, it has not supported a Democrat for president since. By the turn of the century, it was obvious that the Democrats would have a hard time holding onto the district once longtime Democratic incumbent Bart Gordon retired.

Gordon retired in 2010, and Black—then a state senator—won the seat in a landslide, proving just how Republican this district had become. The 2010 redistricting made the district even more Republican, with its longtime anchor, Murfreesboro, being drawn out of the district. Since then, no Democrat has won an entire county within the district in any presidential, gubernatorial, senate, or congressional election.[9][10]

According to the 2010 census, the five largest cities are Hendersonville (51,372), Cookeville (30,425), Gallatin (30,278), Lebanon (26,190), and Mt. Juliet (23,671).[11]

History

Prior to the 1980 census, when Tennessee picked up a district, most of what is now the 6th district was in the 4th district.

During the 1940s, this area was represented by Albert Gore, Sr. of Carthage. Gore was elected to the United States Senate in 1952, where he was instrumental in creating the Interstate Highway system.[12]

From 1953 to 1977, the area was represented by Joe L. Evins of Smithville. Evins's nephew, Dan Evins, was the founder of Cracker Barrel Old Country Store restaurant/retail chain.[13] Cracker Barrel's headquarters are still located in Lebanon.[14]

In 1976, Evins was succeeded by Al Gore, future Vice President and son of Albert Gore, Sr. He was representing the area when much of it was moved into the present 6th District.

Shortly following the redistricting into the 6th District, Gore was elected to the United States Senate. He was then succeeded by former Democratic State Chair Bart Gordon of Murfreesboro. Gordon held the post for the next twenty-six years, relatively unopposed. The only year he faced much opposition was 1994, when attorney Steve Gill ran against him. Gordon defeated Gill by only one percentage point.[15]

Diane Black was elected in the Republican landslide of 2010 when Democrat Bart Gordon decided to end a 26-year career in Congress. Black's victory marked the first time that much of the district had been represented by a Republican since 1921, and for only the second time since Reconstruction.

Notable people

The Sixth District raised two Nobel Peace Prize winners: Cordell Hull of Pickett County (1945) and Al Gore of Carthage (2007). Also hailing from the district was World War I hero Alvin C. York.

Current residents include country musicians Charlie Daniels and Gretchen Wilson, as well as the band Kings of Leon.

List of members representing the district

District created March 4, 1813.

Name Party Years District Residence Electoral history
Parry W. Humpreys Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1815
Nashville Elected in 1815.

Lost re-election.
James B. Reynolds Democratic-Republican March 4, 1815 –
March 3, 1817
[Data unknown/missing.] Elected in 1817.

[Data unknown/missing.]
George W. L. Marr Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1819
[Data unknown/missing.] [Data unknown/missing.]
Henry H. Bryan Democratic-Republican March 4, 1819 –
March 3, 1821
[Data unknown/missing.] [Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant March 4, 1821 –
January 3, 1823
[Data unknown/missing.] Henry H. Bryan re-elected but failed to qualify.
James T. Sandford Jacksonian Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
[Data unknown/missing.] [Data unknown/missing.]
James Polk restored.jpg

James K. Polk
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1833
Columbia Redistricted to the 9th district, US President 1845–1849
Balie Peyton Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1835
[Data unknown/missing.] [Data unknown/missing.]
Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
Campbell-william-by-wb-cooper.jpg

William B. Campbell
Whig March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1843
Carthage [Data unknown/missing.]
Hon. Aaron V. Brown, Tenn - NARA - 528326.jpg

Aaron V. Brown
Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
Nashville Redistricted from the 10th district
Barclay Martin Democratic March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
Columbia [Data unknown/missing.]
James H. Thomas Democratic March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1851
Columbia [Data unknown/missing.]
William-hawkins-polk.jpg

William H. Polk
Independent Democrat March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
Columbia [Data unknown/missing.]
Hon. Jones - NARA - 528402.jpg

George W. Jones
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1859
Fayetteville Redistricted from the 5th district
James H. Thomas Democratic March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
Columbia [Data unknown/missing.]
American Civil War
Sanuel M. Arnell Unconditional Unionist July 24, 1866 –
March 3, 1867
Columbia [Data unknown/missing.]
Republican March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1871
Washington C. Whitthorne - Brady-Handy.jpg

Washington C. Whitthorne
Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1875
Columbia Redistricted to the 7th district
John Ford House - Brady-Handy.jpg

John F. House
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1883
Clarksville [Data unknown/missing.]
Andrew Jackson Caldwell (Tennessee Congressman).jpg

Andrew J. Caldwell
Democratic March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1887
Nashville [Data unknown/missing.]
JosephEWashington.jpg

Joseph E. Washington
Democratic March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1897
Robertson County [Data unknown/missing.]
JohnWGaines.jpg

John W. Gaines
Democratic March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1909
Nashville [Data unknown/missing.]
Joseph Byrns.jpg

Jo Byrns
Democratic March 4, 1909 –
March 3, 1933
Nashville Redistricted to the 5th district
ClarenceWTurner.jpg

Clarence W. Turner
Democratic March 4, 1933 –
March 23, 1939
Waverly Died.
Vacant March 23, 1939 –
May 11, 1939
W. Wirt Courtney Democratic May 11, 1939 –
January 3, 1943
Franklin Redistricted from the 5th district, Redistricted to the 7th district
James Percy Priest, Congressional portrait collection.jpg

Percy Priest
Democratic January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1953
Columbia Redistricted to the 5th district
James Patrick Sutton (US Congressman).jpg

James P. Sutton
Democratic January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1955
Lawrenceburg Redistricted from the 7th district
Ross Bass (1918-1993).jpg

Ross Bass
Democratic January 3, 1955 –
November 3, 1964
Pulaski Resigned after being elected to US Senate
Vacant November 3, 1964 –
January 3, 1965
Congressman William Anderson D-TN 06.jpg

William R. Anderson
Democratic January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1973
Waverly [Data unknown/missing.]
Robin Beard.jpg

Robin Beard
Republican January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1983
Somerville [Data unknown/missing.]
Sengore.jpg

Al Gore
Democratic January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1985
Carthage Redistricted from the 4th district.
Bart Gordon2.jpg

Bart Gordon
Democratic January 3, 1985 –
January 3, 2011
Murfreesboro Retired.
Diane Black, 115th official photo.jpg

Diane Black
Republican January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2019
Gallatin Retired to run for Governor of Tennessee..
John Rose, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg

John Rose
Republican January 3, 2019 –
Present
Temperance Hall Elected in 2018.

Historical district boundaries

2003 – 2013
2003 – 2013

See also

References

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/cd_state.html
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=47&cd=06
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=47&cd=06
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  5. ^ http://www.amazonfulfillmentcareers.com/amazon-fulfillment/locations/
  6. ^ http://bridgestone-firestone.com/locations/distributioncenters/index.html
  7. ^ http://www.tennessean.com/story/news/local/gallatin/2014/08/28/beretta-breaks-ground-million-gallatin-plant/14751955/
  8. ^ http://www.tennessean.com/story/news/local/wilson/mt-juliet/2014/10/02/armour-announcement-expected-mt-juliet-today/16579357/
  9. ^ http://tn.gov/sos/election/results/2012-11/USPresidentCountyTotals.pdf
  10. ^ http://www.tn.gov/sos/election/results/20141104_StateCertCountyTotals.pdf
  11. ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_SF1_GCTPH1.ST13&prodType=table
  12. ^ http://gorecenter.mtsu.edu/gore-sr.shtml
  13. ^ https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/obituaries/dan-evins-founder-of-cracker-barrel-highway-empire-dies/2012/01/16/gIQAfkt43P_story.html
  14. ^ http://www.crackerbarrel.com/careers/home-office/
  15. ^ http://www.techlawjournal.com/people/gordon.htm

External links

This page was last edited on 8 January 2019, at 08:27
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