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List of United States senators from Illinois

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Current delegation

Illinois was admitted to the Union on December 3, 1818, and has been represented in the United States Senate by 47 senators. Senators from Illinois are elected to Class 2 and Class 3.

The Senate twice refused to seat Frank L. Smith, in December 1926 for an appointed term and in March 1927 for an elected one, due to corruption, but he is included in this list because Smith and the Governor considered him to be a senator for approximately two years.

Of the eight African Americans ever to sit in the U.S. Senate since Reconstruction, three have held Illinois's Class 3 seat, including Barack Obama who went on to become the President of the United States. This makes Illinois the state with the most African-American senators. Illinois's current U.S. senators are Democrats Dick Durbin (serving since 1997) and Tammy Duckworth (serving since 2017).

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Transcription

Have you ever wondered who has the authority to make laws or punish people who break them? When we think of power in the United States, we usually think of the President, but he does not act alone. In fact, he is only one piece of the power puzzle and for very good reason. When the American Revolution ended in 1783, the United States government was in a state of change. The founding fathers knew that they did not want to establish another country that was ruled by a king, so the discussions were centered on having a strong and fair national government that protected individual freedoms and did not abuse its power. When the new constitution was adopted in 1787, the structure of the infant government of the United States called for three separate branches, each with their own powers, and a system of checks and balances. This would ensure that no one branch would ever become too powerful because the other branches would always be able to check the power of the other two. These branches work together to run the country and set guidelines for us all to live by. The legislative branch is described in Article 1 of the U.S. Constitution. Many people feel that the founding fathers put this branch in the document first because they thought it was the most important. The legislative branch is comprised of 100 U.S. Senators and 435 members in the U.S. House of Representatives. This is better known as the U.S. Congress. Making laws is the primary function of the legislative branch, but it is also responsible for approving federal judges and justices, passing the national budget, and declaring war. Each state gets two Senators and some number of Representatives, depending on how many people live in that state. The executive branch is described in Article 2 of the Constitution. The leaders of this branch of government are the President and Vice President, who are responsible for enforcing the laws that Congress sets forth. The President works closely with a group of advisors, known as the Cabinet. These appointed helpers assist the President in making important decisions within their area of expertise, such as defense, the treasury, and homeland security. The executive branch also appoints government officials, commands the armed forces, and meets with leaders of other nations. All that combined is a lot of work for a lot of people. In fact, the executive branch employs over 4 million people to get everything done. The third brand of the U.S. government is the judicial branch and is detailed in Article 3. This branch is comprised of all the courts in the land, from the federal district courts to the U.S. Supreme Court. These courts interpret our nation's laws and punish those who break them. The highest court, the Supreme Court, settles disputes among states, hears appeals from state and federal courts, and determines if federal laws are constitutional. There are nine justices on the Supreme Court, and, unlike any other job in our government, Supreme Court justices are appointed for life, or for as long as they want to stay. Our democracy depends on an informed citizenry, so it is our duty to know how it works and what authority each branch of government has over its citizens. Besides voting, chances are that some time in your life you'll be called upon to participate in your government, whether it is to serve on a jury, testify in court, or petition your Congress person to pass or defeat an idea for a law. By knowning the branches, who runs them, and how they work together, you can be involved, informed, and intelligent.

Contents

List of senators

Class 2

Class 2 U.S. senators belong to the electoral cycle that were elected for three U.S. Congresses in the first elections of 1818, and then the seat was contested every three Congresses (six years) thereafter. The seat in recent years have been contested in 1996, 2002, 2008, and 2014. The next election will be in 2020.

C

Class 3

Class 3 U.S. senators belong to the electoral cycle that were elected for one United States Congress in the first elections of 1818, and then the seat was contested every three Congresses (six years) thereafter. The seat in recent years have been contested in 1998, 2004, 2010, and 2016. The next election will be in 2022.

# Senator Party Dates in office Electoral history T T Electoral history Dates in office Party Senator #
1
JBThomas.jpg

Jesse B. Thomas
Democratic-
Republican
December 3, 1818 –
March 3, 1829
Elected October 7, 1818. 1 15th 1 Elected October 7, 1818. December 3, 1818 –
March 3, 1824
Democratic-
Republican
Ninian.Edwards.png

Ninian Edwards
1
16th 2 Re-elected in early February 1819.

Resigned.
17th
Crawford
Democratic-
Republican
Re-elected in 1823.

Retired.
2 18th Adams-Clay
Democratic-
Republican
  March 4, 1824 –
November 24, 1824
Vacant
Elected to finish Edwards's term.

Retired.
November 24, 1824 –
March 3, 1825
Crawford
Democratic-
Republican
JMcLean-Senator.jpg

John McLean
2
Anti-Jacksonian 19th 3 Elected in 1825. March 4, 1825 –
December 12, 1835
Jacksonian
EliasKane.jpg

Elias Kane
3
20th
2
JMcLean-Senator.jpg

John McLean
Jacksonian March 4, 1829 –
October 14, 1830
Elected in 1829.

Died.
3 21st
Vacant October 14, 1830 –
November 12, 1830
 
3
DJ Baker-Senator.jpg

David J. Baker
Jacksonian November 12, 1830 –
December 11, 1830
Appointed to continue McLean's term.

Retired.
4
JMRobinson-Senator.jpg

John M. Robinson
Jacksonian December 11, 1830 –
March 3, 1841
Elected to finish McLean's term.
22nd 4 Re-elected in 1831.

Died.
23rd
Re-elected in 1835.

Retired.
4 24th
  December 12, 1835 –
December 30, 1835
Vacant
Appointed to finish Kane's term.

Lost election to full term.
December 30, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
Jacksonian
William Lee Davidson Ewing bioguide.jpg

William Lee D. Ewing
4
Democratic 25th 5 Elected in 1837.

Retired.
March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1843
Democratic
RYoung.jpg

Richard M. Young
5
26th
5
SMcRoberts-Senator.jpg

Samuel McRoberts
Democratic March 4, 1841 –
March 27, 1843
Elected in 1841.

Died.
5 27th
28th 6 Elected in 1843.

Lost renomination.
March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1849
Democratic
SBreese.jpg

Sidney Breese
6
Vacant March 27, 1843 –
August 16, 1843
 
6
James Semple.jpg

James Semple
Democratic August 16, 1843 –
March 3, 1847
Appointed to continue McRoberts's term.

Elected December 11, 1844 to finish McRoberts's term.[1]

Retired.
29th
7
SADouglas.jpg

Stephen A. Douglas
Democratic March 4, 1847 –
June 3, 1861
Elected in 1846. 6 30th
31st 7 Elected January 13, 1849.[2]

Election voided.[a]
March 4, 1849 –
March 15, 1849
Democratic
James Shields - Brady-Handy.jpg

James Shields
7
  March 15, 1849 –
October 27, 1849
Vacant
Elected to finish his own term.

Lost re-election.
October 27, 1849 –
March 3, 1855
Democratic
James Shields - Brady-Handy.jpg

James Shields
32nd
Re-elected in 1852. 7 33rd
34th 8 Elected in 1854 or 1855. March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1873
Democratic
Lyman Trumbull - Brady-Handy.jpg

Lyman Trumbull
8
35th Republican
Re-elected in 1859.

Died.
8 36th
37th 9 Re-elected in 1861.
Vacant June 3, 1861 –
June 26, 1861
 
8
Orville Hickman Browning - Brady-Handy.jpg

Orville Browning
Republican June 26, 1861 –
January 12, 1863
Appointed to continue Douglas's term.

Lost election to finish Douglas's term.
9
William Alexander Richardson - Brady-Handy.jpg

William A. Richardson
Democratic January 12, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
Elected to finish Douglas's term.

Retired.
38th
10
Richard.Yates.1.jpg

Richard Yates
Republican March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1871
Elected in 1864 or 1865.

Retired.
9 39th
40th 10 Re-elected in 1867.

[Data unknown/missing.]
41st
11
John Alexander Logan.jpg

John A. Logan
Republican March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1877
Elected in 1870 or 1871.

Lost re-election.
10 42nd Liberal
Republican
43rd 11 Elected in 1872 or 1873.

Retired.
March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1879
Republican
Richard James Oglesby.jpg

Richard J. Oglesby
9
44th
12
DDavis.jpg

David Davis
Independent March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1883
Election year unknown.

Retired.
11 45th
46th 12 Elected in 1879. March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1885
Republican
John Alexander Logan.jpg

John A. Logan
10
47th
13
Shelby Moore Cullom - Brady-Handy.jpg

Shelby Moore Cullom
Republican March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1913
Elected in 1882. 12 48th
49th 13 Legislature failed to elect.
Re-elected late in 1885.

Died.
May 19, 1885 –
December 26, 1886
Republican
John Alexander Logan.jpg

John A. Logan
  December 26, 1886 –
January 19, 1887
Vacant
Elected to finish Logan's term.

Retired.
January 19, 1887 –
March 3, 1891
Republican
C.B.Farwell.jpg

Charles B. Farwell
11
50th
Re-elected in 1888. 13 51st
52nd 14 Elected in 1890.

Retired.
March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1897
Democratic
John.M.Palmer.jpg

John M. Palmer
12
53rd
Re-elected in 1894. 14 54th
55th 15 Elected January 20, 1897.[3]

Retired.
March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1903
Republican
WEMason.jpg

William E. Mason
13
56th
Re-elected January 22, 1901. 15 57th
58th 16 Elected January 20, 1903.

Lost re-election.
March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1909
Republican
AHopkins.jpg

Albert J. Hopkins
14
59th
Re-elected January 22, 1907.[4]

Lost renomination.
16 60th
61st 17   March 4, 1909 –
June 18, 1909
Vacant
Elected May 26, 1909, but ineligible until resignation from U.S. House.

Election voided.
June 18, 1909 –
July 13, 1912
Republican
William Lorimer, Illinois Senator, GGB photo.jpg

William Lorimer
15
62nd
  July 13, 1912 –
March 26, 1913
Vacant
Vacant March 4, 1913 –
March 26, 1913
Legislature failed to elect. 17 63rd
14
Hamilton lewis.jpg

J. Hamilton Lewis
Democratic March 26, 1913 –
March 3, 1919
Elected March 26, 1913 to finish the vacant term.

Lost re-election.
Elected March 26, 1913 to finish Lorimer's term. March 26, 1913 –
March 3, 1921
Republican
Lawrence Yates Sherman.jpg

Lawrence Y. Sherman
16
64th 18 Re-elected in 1914.

Retired.
65th
15
Joseph Medill McCormick.jpg

Joseph M. McCormick
Republican March 4, 1919 –
February 25, 1925
Elected in 1918.

Lost renomination and died just before the end of the term.
18 66th
67th 19 Elected in 1920.

Lost renomination and died just before the end of the term.
March 4, 1921 –
December 7, 1926
Republican
William Brown McKinley.jpg

William B. McKinley
17
68th
16
Charles.S.Deneen.jpg

Charles S. Deneen
Republican February 26, 1925 –
March 3, 1931
Appointed to finish McCormick's term, having already been elected to the next term.
Elected in 1924.

Lost renomination.
19 69th
Appointed to continue McKinley's term.

Not seated/resigned.[b]
December 7, 1926 Republican
Frank L. Smith.jpg

Frank L. Smith
18
  December 7, 1926 –
December 3, 1928
Vacant
70th 20
Elected to finish the term.

Lost re-election.
December 3, 1928 –
March 3, 1933
Republican
Otis Ferguson Glenn.jpg

Otis F. Glenn
19
71st
17
Hamilton lewis.jpg

J. Hamilton Lewis
Democratic March 4, 1931 –
April 9, 1939
Elected in 1930. 20 72nd
73rd 21 Elected in 1932.

Retired.
March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1939
Democratic
WilliamDieterich.jpg

William H. Dieterich
20
74th
Re-elected in 1936.

Died.
21 75th
76th 22 Elected in 1938. January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1951
Democratic
ScottWikeLucas.jpg

Scott W. Lucas
21
Vacant April 9, 1939 –
April 14, 1939
 
18
James Slattery.jpg

James M. Slattery
Democratic April 14, 1939 –
November 21, 1940
Appointed to continue Lewis's term.

Lost election to finish Lewis's term.
19
CWBrooks-Senator.jpg

Charles W. Brooks
Republican November 22, 1940 –
January 3, 1949
Elected to finish Lewis's term.
77th
Re-elected in 1942.

Lost re-election.
22 78th
79th 23 Re-elected in 1944.

Lost re-election.
80th
20
Paul Douglas.JPG

Paul Douglas
Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1967
Elected in 1948. 23 81st
82nd 24 Elected in 1950. January 3, 1951 –
September 7, 1969
Republican
EverettDirksen.jpg

Everett Dirksen
22
83rd
Re-elected in 1954. 24 84th
85th 25 Re-elected in 1956.
86th
Re-elected in 1960.

Lost re-election.
25 87th
88th 26 Re-elected in 1962.
89th
21
Charles Percy.jpg

Charles H. Percy
Republican January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1985
Elected in 1966. 26 90th
91st 27 Re-elected in 1968.

Died.
  September 7, 1969 –
September 17, 1969
Vacant
Appointed to continue Dirksen's term.

Lost election to finish Dirksen's term.
September 17, 1969 –
November 3, 1970
Republican
Ralph T. Smith.jpg

Ralph Tyler Smith
23
  November 3, 1970 –
November 17, 1970
Vacant
Elected to finish Dirksen's term. November 17, 1970 –
January 3, 1981
Democratic
AdlaistevensonIII.jpg

Adlai Stevenson III
24
92nd
Re-elected in 1972. 27 93rd
94th 28 Re-elected in 1974.

Retired.
95th
Re-elected in 1978.

Lost re-election.
28 96th
97th 29 Elected in 1980. January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1993
Democratic
Alan John Dixon.jpg

Alan J. Dixon
25
98th
22
Paul Simon (US Senator from Illinois).jpg

Paul Simon
Democratic January 3, 1985 –
January 3, 1997
Elected in 1984. 29 99th
100th 30 Re-elected in 1986.

Lost renomination.
101st
Re-elected in 1990.

Retired.
30 102nd
103rd 31 Elected in 1992.

Lost re-election.
January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 1999
Democratic
Sen. Carol Moseley Braun.jpg

Carol Moseley Braun
26
104th
23
Richard Durbin official photo.jpg

Dick Durbin
Democratic January 3, 1997 –
Present
Elected in 1996. 31 105th
106th 32 Elected in 1998.

Retired.
January 3, 1999 –
January 3, 2005
Republican
Peter Fitzgerald.jpg

Peter Fitzgerald
27
107th
Re-elected in 2002. 32 108th
109th 33 Elected in 2004.

Resigned to become U.S. President.
January 3, 2005 –
November 16, 2008
Democratic
BarackObamaportrait.jpg

Barack Obama
28
110th
  November 16, 2008 –
January 12, 2009
Vacant
Re-elected in 2008. 33 111th
Burris was appointed December 30, 2008, but was certified late because his appointment was disputed.

Retired when successor qualified.
January 12, 2009–
November 29, 2010
Democratic
Sen Roland Burris.jpg

Roland Burris
29
Elected to finish Obama's term.[c] November 29, 2010 –
January 3, 2017
Republican
Senator Mark Kirk official portrait crop.jpg

Mark Kirk
30
112th 34 Elected to full term in 2010.[c]

Lost re-election.
113th
Re-elected in 2014. 34 114th
115th 35 Elected in 2016. January 3, 2017 –
Present
Democratic
Tammy Duckworth, official portrait, 115th Congress (cropped).jpg

Tammy Duckworth
31
116th
To be determined in the 2020 election. 35 117th
118th 36 To be determined in the 2022 election.
# Senator Party Years in office Electoral history T
e
r
m
  T
e
r
m
Electoral history Years in office Party Senator #
Class 2 Class 3

Living former senators

As of November 2019, there are six living former senators. The most recent senator to die was Alan J. Dixon (served 1981–1993) on July 6, 2014. The most recently serving senator to die was Paul Simon (served 1985–1997) on December 9, 2003.

Senator Class Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Adlai Stevenson III 3 November 17, 1970 – January 3, 1981 (1930-10-10) October 10, 1930 (age 89)
Carol Moseley Braun 3 January 3, 1993 – January 3, 1999 (1947-08-16) August 16, 1947 (age 72)
Peter Fitzgerald 3 January 3, 1999 – January 3, 2005 (1960-10-20) October 20, 1960 (age 59)
Barack Obama 3 January 3, 2005 – November 16, 2008 (1961-08-04) August 4, 1961 (age 58)
Roland Burris 3 January 12, 2009 – November 29, 2010 (1937-08-03) August 3, 1937 (age 82)
Mark Kirk 3 November 29, 2010 – January 3, 2017 (1959-09-15) September 15, 1959 (age 60)

Notes

  1. ^ Shields was not seated because he had not been a citizen for the required nine years. He reached that mark on October 21, 1849, so his subsequent election was accepted by the Senate.
  2. ^ When Smith presented his credentials to serve the remainder of McKinely's term, the Senate refused to seat him based on what it saw as an election rife with fraud and corruption When Smith returned with his credentials for the term he was elected to, the Senate again refused to seat him for the same reasons. Smith and the Governor considered him to be the rightful senator, but he resigned in February 1928. The Senate does not consider him to have been a senator.
  3. ^ a b Kirk was elected to fill the remainder of Barack Obama's term in a special election held the same day as the general election for the next term, which he also won.
  1. ^ Byrd & Wolff, p. 101.
  2. ^ Polk, James (1853). The Statesman's Manual: The Addresses and Messages of the Presidents of the United States, Inaugural, Annual, and Special, from 1789 to 1851. E. Walker. p. 1890. Retrieved May 16, 2018.
  3. ^ "Mason in Illinois". The New York Times. January 21, 1897. p. 2.
  4. ^ "NO CHOICE IN RHODE ISLAND". The New York Times. January 23, 1907. p. 1.

References

See also

This page was last edited on 21 November 2019, at 14:33
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