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List of federal agencies in the United States

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Legislative definitions of a federal agency are varied, and even contradictory. The official United States Government Manual offers no definition.[1][2] While the Administrative Procedure Act definition of "agency" applies to most executive branch agencies, Congress may define an agency however it chooses in enabling legislation, and through subsequent litigation often involving the Freedom of Information Act and the Government in the Sunshine Act. These further cloud attempts to enumerate a list of agencies.[3][4]

The executive branch of the federal government includes the Executive Office of the President and the United States federal executive departments (whose secretaries belong to the Cabinet). Employees of the majority of these agencies are considered civil servants.

The majority of the independent agencies of the United States government are also classified as executive agencies (they are independent in that they are not subordinated under a Cabinet position). There are a small number of independent agencies that are not considered part of the executive branch, such as the Congressional Research Service and the United States Sentencing Commission, which are legislative and judicial agencies, respectively.

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United States Congress

The U.S. Congress is the bicameral legislature of the United States government, and is made up of two chambers: United States Senate (the upper chamber), and United States House of Representatives (The lower chamber). Together, the two chambers exercise authority over the following legislative agencies:

Congress also maintains special administrative agencies like:

The legislature is also in charge of the Library of Congress (LOC). A national library dedicated to national records and administers various programs, agencies, and services including:

Federal judiciary of the United States

Agencies within the judicial branch:

Specialty courts

Executive Office of the President

The President of the United States is the chief executive of the Federal Government. He is in charge of executing federal laws and approving, or vetoing, new legislation passed by Congress. The President resides in the Executive Residence (EXR) maintained by the Office of Administration (OA).

To effectively run the country's affairs, the President also maintains councils regarding various issues, including:

Agency Principal executive Incumbent
National Security Council Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Jake Sullivan
National Space Council Executive Secretary of the National Space Council Chirag Parikh[5]
Homeland Security Council[a] Assistant to the President for Homeland Security and Counterterrorism[b] Elizabeth Sherwood-Randall
Council of Economic Advisers Chairman of the White House Council of Economic Advisers Cecilia Rouse
Council on Environmental Quality Chairman of the Council on Environmental Quality Brenda Mallory
President's Intelligence Advisory Board Chairman of the President's Intelligence Advisory Board TBD
Executive Residence Staff and Operations White House Chief Usher Robert B. Downing
Office of Administration Director of the Office of Administration Anne Filipic
Office of Management and Budget Director of the Office of Management and Budget Shalanda Young
Office of National Drug Control Policy Director of National Drug Control Policy Rahul Gupta
Office of the National Cyber Director National Cyber Director Kemba Walden
Office of Science and Technology Policy Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy Arati Prabhakar
Office of the United States Trade Representative United States Trade Representative Katherine Tai
Office of the Vice President of the United States Chief of Staff to the Vice President Lorraine Voles
White House Office Assistant to the President and Chief of Staff Jeff Zients

White House Office

United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)

Office of the Secretary of Agriculture

  • Office of the Assistant Secretary for Congressional Relations
  • Office of the Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights
  • Office of the Assistant Secretary for Administration
  • Office of Tribal Relations (OTR)
  • Departmental Administration (DA)
    • Office of Customer Experience
    • Office of Contracting and Procurement (OCP)
    • Office of Homeland Security (OHS)
    • Office of Human Resources Management (OHRM)
    • Office of Operations (OO)
    • Office of Property and Environmental Management (OPEM)
    • Office of Safety, Security and Protection (OSSP)
    • Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization (OSDBU)
  • Agriculture Buildings and Facilities (AgBF)
  • Hazardous Materials Management (HMM)
  • Office of Budget and Program Analysis (OBPA)
  • Office of Communications (OC)
  • Office of Ethics (OE)
  • Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA)
  • Office of Inspector General (OIG)
  • Office of Partnerships and Public Engagement (OPPE)
    • Center for Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships (CFBNP)
  • Office of the Chief Economist (OCE)
  • Office of the Chief Financial Officer (OFCO)
  • Office of the Chief Information Officer (OCIO)
  • Office of the Executive Secretariat (OES)
  • Office of the General Counsel (OGC)
    • Office of Information Affairs

Under Secretary of Agriculture for Farm Production and Conservation (FPAC)

Under Secretary of Agriculture for Food, Nutrition, and Consumer Services (FNCS)

Under Secretary of Agriculture for Food Safety

Under Secretary of Agriculture for Marketing and Regulatory Programs (MRP)

Under Secretary of Agriculture for Natural Resources and Environment (NRE)

Under Secretary of Agriculture for Research, Education, and Economics (REE)

Office of the Under Secretary for Rural Development (RD)

Office of the Under Secretary for Trade and Foreign Agricultural Affairs (TFAA)

United States Department of Commerce

Office of the Secretary (OS)

Under Secretary of Commerce for Industry and Security/Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS)

  • Office of the Assistant Secretary for Export Administration
    • Operating Committee for Export Policy (OC)
    • Office of Strategic Industries and Economic Security
    • Office of Nonproliferation and Treaty Compliance
    • Office of National Security and Technology Transfer Controls
    • Office of Exporter Services
    • Office of Technology Evaluation
  • Office of Export Enforcement (OEE)

Under Secretary of Commerce for Economic Affairs (OUS/EA)

Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property/United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO)
Under Secretary of Commerce for International Trade/International Trade Administration (ITA)
Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere/National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Under Secretary of Commerce for Standards and Technology

United States Department of Defense (DOD)

Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD)

Defense agencies

National intelligence agencies

Defense field activities

Universities and research institutes

Unified combatant commands

Joint agencies

Department of the Army

Office of the Secretary of the Army

U.S. Army Commands

U.S. Army Direct Reporting Units

U.S. Army Field Operating Agencies

Department of the Navy

Office of the Secretary of the Navy

U.S. Navy Functional Operating Forces

Shore Establishment and Activities, Echelon II
U.S. Navy Field Support Activities

United States Marine Corps (USMC)

Department of the Air Force

Office of the Secretary of the Air Force

U.S. Air Force

U.S. Air Force Major Commands

Reserve and Auxiliary Components

Direct Reporting Units

Field Operating Agencies

United States Department of Education

Office of the Secretary of Education (OSE)

  • Office of Communications and Outreach
  • Office of Finance and Operations
  • Office of Inspector General
  • Office of the General Counsel
  • Office of Legislation and Congressional Affairs
  • Office for Civil Rights
  • Office of Educational Technology
  • Office of the Chief Information Officer
  • Office of Planning, Evaluation and Policy Development
  • Budget Service
  • Risk Management Service

Office of Deputy Secretary of Education (ODSE)

Institute of Education Sciences (IES)

Office of the Under Secretary (OUS)

White House initiatives and operating commissions

Advisory bodies

Federally-aided corporations

United States Department of Energy

United States Department of Health and Human Services

United States Department of Homeland Security

Headquarters Offices and Directorates

Component Agencies

United States Department of Housing and Urban Development

Executive Offices

Administrative Offices

  • Office of Departmental Equal Employment Opportunity
  • Office of General Counsel
    • Departmental Enforcement Center
  • Office of the Assistant Secretary for Administration
    • Chief Administrative Office
    • Office of the Chief Human Capital Officer
    • Office of the Chief Procurement Officer
  • Office of the Chief Financial Officer
  • Office of the Chief Information Officer
  • Office of Inspector General


United States Department of the Interior (DOI)

United States Department of Justice (DOJ)

United States Department of Labor (DOL)

Office of the Secretary (OSEC)

  • Executive Secretary
  • Centers for Faith and Opportunity Initiative
  • Office of the Ombudsman for the Energy Employees Occupational Illness Programs
  • Office of Public Liaison

Offices under the Deputy Secretary of Labor

  • Office of the Assistant Secretary for Administration and Management
  • Office of the Assistant Secretary for Policy
  • Office of the Chief Financial Officer
  • Office of the Chief Information Officer
  • Office of Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs
  • Office of Emergency Management
  • Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs
  • Office of Labor-Management Standards
  • Office of Public Affairs
  • Office of Disability Employment Policy
  • Office of the Solicitor
  • Office of Worker's Compensation Program


Boards under the Office of Administrative Law Judges



United States Department of State (DOS)

Office of the Secretary

Reporting to the Deputy Secretary for Management and Resources

  • Office of Foreign Assistance

Reporting to the Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security

Reporting to the Under Secretary for Human Rights, Civilian Security, and Democracy

Reporting to the Under Secretary for Environment, Energy, and Economic Growth

Reporting to the Under Secretary for Management

Reporting to the Under Secretary for Political Affairs

Reporting to the Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs

Permanent diplomatic missions

United States Department of Transportation

Operating administrations

United States Department of the Treasury

Departmental offices[9]


United States Department of Veterans Affairs

Office of the Secretary of Veterans Affairs


Independent agencies and government-owned corporations

Established under United States Constitution Article I, Section 4


Established under Article I, Section 8

Administrative agencies

Civil service agencies

Commerce regulatory agencies

Government commissions, committees, and consortium

Education and broadcasting agencies

Energy and science agencies

Foreign investment agencies

Interior agencies

Labor agencies

Monetary and financial agencies

Postal agencies

Retirement agencies

Federal property and seat of government agencies

Transportation agencies

Volunteerism agencies

Authority under Article II, Section 1

Defense and security agencies

Authority under Amendment XIV

Civil rights agencies

Other agencies and corporations

Joint programs and interagency agencies

Special Inspector General Office

Quasi-official agencies

Arts & cultural agencies

Museum agencies

Commerce & technology agencies

Defense & diplomacy agencies

Human service & community development agencies

Interior agencies

Law & justice agencies

See also


Explanatory notes

  1. ^ shares staff with the National Security Council
  2. ^ reports to the National Security Advisor


  1. ^ Fischer 2011, pp. 1–2.
  2. ^ Federal Register 2013.
  3. ^ Lewis & Selin 2013, pp. 13–14.
  4. ^ Kamensky 2013.
  5. ^ "Chirag Parikh Tapped for National Space Council ExecSec". August 2, 2021.
  6. ^ "Program Offices". Department of Energy. Retrieved June 7, 2019.
  7. ^ a b c d e "Our Administrations". US Department of Transportation. 2012-03-01. Retrieved 2017-12-17.
  8. ^ "Governance and Oversight". U.S. Merchant Marine Academy. 2013-01-27. Retrieved 2017-12-17.
  9. ^ "IBM Cognos software". Retrieved 2017-12-17.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Bureaus". Retrieved 2017-12-17.


External links

This page was last edited on 31 May 2023, at 15:54
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