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50th United States Congress

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

50th United States Congress
49th ←
→ 51st

March 4, 1887 – March 4, 1889
Members76 senators
325 representatives
8 non-voting delegates
Senate majorityRepublican
Senate PresidentVacant
House majorityDemocratic
House SpeakerJohn G. Carlisle (D)
1st: December 7, 1887 – October 20, 1888
2nd: December 3, 1888 – March 3, 1889

The 50th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1887, to March 4, 1889, during the third and fourth years of Grover Cleveland's first presidency. The president vetoed 212 pieces of legislation, the greatest number in a single session of Congress.

The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the 1880 United States census. The Senate had a Republican majority, and the House had a Democratic majority.

Major events

Major legislation

Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.


(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
End of previous congress 34 2 40 76 0
Begin 35 1 38 74 2
End 37 760
Final voting share 48.7% 1.3% 50.0%
Beginning of next congress 37 0 39 76 0

House of Representatives

(shading shows control)
Total Vacant

End of previous congress 180 0 1 0 0 138 319 5
Begin 168 2 1 1 2 150 324 1
End 167 151
Final voting share 51.5% 0.6% 0.3% 0.3% 0.6% 46.6%
Beginning of next congress 160 0 0 0 0 164 324 1



House of Representatives


Skip to House of Representatives, below


Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1892; Class 2 meant their term ended in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1888; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1890.

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress.


  • Replacements: 1
  • Deaths: 0
  • Resignations: 1
  • Interim appointments: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 2
Vacated by Reason for vacancy Subsequent Date of successor's installation
West Virginia
Vacant Filled vacancy in term. Charles J. Faulkner (D) May 5, 1887
Vacant Filled vacancy in term. Samuel Pasco (D) May 19, 1887
New Hampshire
Person C. Cheney (R) Successor was elected June 14, 1887 William E. Chandler (R) June 14, 1887

House of Representatives

  • Replacements: 8
  • Deaths: 4
  • Resignations: 5
  • Contested election: 0
  • Total seats with changes: 8
District Vacated by Reason for change Successor Date successor seated
New York 25th Vacant Rep. Frank Hiscock resigned during previous congress James J. Belden (R) November 8, 1887
Texas 2nd John H. Reagan (D) Resigned March 4, 1887, after being elected to the U.S. Senate William H. Martin (D) November 4, 1887
Louisiana 6th Edward W. Robertson (D) Died August 2, 1887 Samuel M. Robertson (D) December 5, 1887
New York 19th Nicholas T. Kane (D) Died September 14, 1887 Charles Tracey (D) November 8, 1887
Michigan 11th Seth C. Moffatt (R) Died December 22, 1887 Henry W. Seymour (R) February 14, 1888
New York 1st Perry Belmont (D) Resigned December 1, 1888, after being appointed Minister to Spain Vacant until next Congress
Indiana 1st Alvin P. Hovey (R) Resigned January 17, 1889, after being elected Governor of Indiana.
New member elected January 29, 1889 and seated February 6, 1889.[1]
Francis B. Posey (R) February 6, 1889
Missouri 4th James N. Burnes (D) Died January 23, 1889.
New member elected February 19, 1889 and seated February 25, 1889.[1]
Charles F. Booher (D) February 25, 1889


Lists of committees and their party leaders for members of the House and Senate committees can be found through the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of this article. The directory after the pages of terms of service lists committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and, after that, House/Senate committee assignments. On the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.


House of Representatives

Joint committees


Administrative officers

Legislative branch agency directors


House of Representatives

See also



  1. ^ a b "Fiftieth Congress March 4, 1887, to March 3, 1889". Clerk of the United States House of Representatives. Retrieved August 7, 2019.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

External links

This page was last edited on 22 January 2024, at 22:06
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