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50th United States Congress

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

50th United States Congress
49th ←
→ 51st
March 4, 1887 – March 4, 1889
Senate PresidentVacant
Senate President pro temJohn J. Ingalls (R)
House SpeakerJohn G. Carlisle (D)
Members76 senators
325 members of the House
8 non-voting delegates
Senate MajorityRepublican
House MajorityDemocratic
1st: December 7, 1887 – October 20, 1888
2nd: December 3, 1888 – March 3, 1889

The Fiftieth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1887, to March 4, 1889, during the third and fourth years of Grover Cleveland's first presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Tenth Census of the United States in 1880. The Senate had a Republican majority, and the House had a Democratic majority.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/2
  • ✪ 2nd Biennial Student Congress
  • ✪ Preserving Public Broadcasting at 50 Years


This Student Congress has representation from across the country. All who submitted essays and were nominated essentially had a strong idea of Wilderness. And they've gathered to talk about Wilderness and public lands management and we hope that through their thought process, that can inform the deicisons of public lands managers to make a better future for our public lands. Part of it is also addressing the challenge of Walter Echo-Hawk to develp a national land ethic and this year coincides with the 50th anniversary of the Wilderness Act. The Student Congress is an opportunity for graduate and undergraduate students around the country to get together, discuss their experiences with Wilderness and to make recommendations to the Secretary of the Interior about how Wilderness can be managed. So this Student Congress is here to promote the ideas for the future and I think it's really kind of developing a new ethic of how to manage public land. There are ideas and ways of doing things out there that haven't been considered to this point and so in moving toward a national land ethic, getting youger people to think about how we want to readdress our public lands, is what we're doing now suitable going forward? Wilderness is a legal construct, its a human construct, an area that offers solitude. They are these little nuggets that we can look back on and say this is where we came from and this is where we are now and I think that's why it needs to be preserved. It's very important for me to see these places protected for future generations as we grow and develop I believe these places will become more and more scarce and I think it's important to do as much as we can now before it's too late. I believe that every culture in one way or another can connect to Wilderness and if they look at their ancestors and look at the way their ancestors used the land they can find that everyone has a connection. It is kind of the place I go to recharge, the place I go to be whole and be myself, and be human. This anniversary marks a point where we can look back on what's been accomplished and the importance of that about making sure that Wilderness stays relevant and that it stays important and pristine for the American people.


Major events

Major legislation

Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.


(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
End of the previous congress 34 2 40 76 0
Begin 35 1 38 74 2
End 37 760
Final voting share 48.7% 1.3% 50.0%
Beginning of the next congress 37 0 39 76 0

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 325



House of Representatives


Skip to House of Representatives, below


Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1892; Class 2 meant their term ended in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1888; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1890.

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress.


  • replacements: 1
  • deaths: 0
  • resignations: 1
  • interim appointments: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 2
Vacator Reason for Vacancy Subsequent Date of successor's installation
West Virginia
Vacant Filled vacancy in term. Charles J. Faulkner (D) May 5, 1887
Vacant Filled vacancy in term. Samuel Pasco (D) May 19, 1887
New Hampshire
Person C. Cheney (R) Successor was elected June 14, 1887 William E. Chandler (R) June 14, 1887

House of Representatives

  • replacements: 8
  • deaths: 4
  • resignations: 5
  • contested election: 0
  • Total seats with changes: 8
District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor seated
New York 25th Vacant Rep. Frank Hiscock resigned during previous congress James J. Belden (R) November 8, 1887
Texas 2nd John H. Reagan (D) Resigned March 4, 1887, after being elected to the U.S. Senate William H. Martin (D) November 4, 1887
Louisiana 6th Edward W. Robertson (D) Died August 2, 1887 Samuel M. Robertson (D) December 5, 1891
New York 19th Nicholas T. Kane (D) Died September 14, 1887 Charles Tracey (D) November 8, 1887
Michigan 11th Seth C. Moffatt (R) Died December 22, 1887 Henry W. Seymour (R) February 14, 1888
New York 1st Perry Belmont (D) Resigned December 1, 1888, after being appointed Minister to Spain Vacant until next Congress
Indiana 1st Alvin P. Hovey (R) Resigned January 17, 1889, after being elected Governor of Indiana Francis B. Posey (R) January 29, 1889
Missouri 4th James N. Burnes (D) Died January 23, 1889 Charles F. Booher (D) February 19, 1889


Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members (House and Senate) of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link (3 links), in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.


House of Representatives

Joint committees

  • Conditions of Indian Tribes (Special)
  • Disposition of (Useless) Executive Papers
  • To Investigate Work on the Washington Aqueduct Tunnel


Administrative officers


House of Representatives

See also


  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

External links

This page was last edited on 17 April 2019, at 04:06
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