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Virginia's 9th congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Virginia's 9th congressional district
Virginia US Congressional District 9 (since 2013).tif
Virginia's 9th congressional district - since January 3, 2013
Representative
  Morgan Griffith
RSalem
Area9,113.87 sq mi (23,604.8 km2)
Distribution
  • 41.75[1]% urban
  • 58.25% rural
Population (2018, estimated)704,831[2]
Median income$43,987[2]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+19[3]

Virginia's ninth congressional district is a United States congressional district in the Commonwealth of Virginia, covering much of the southwestern part of the state. The 9th is Virginia's second-largest district in area, covering 9,113.87[4][5] square miles (slightly larger than the whole state of New Jersey). Since 2011 it has been represented by Morgan Griffith (R), who took office after defeating Rick Boucher (D), the district's representative for 1983-2011.[6]

Largely white, the Ninth was the most competitive Congressional district in the early the 20th century, when Virginia was among the Solid South states and African Americans were disenfranchised. For twenty years (1903-1923), it was the only Congressional District in Virginia - and one of the few in the entire former Confederacy - to be represented by a Republican. The district alternated between Democratic and Republican representation over the rest of the century. Some of the election results were so close - and questionable - that the district became known as "The Fighting Ninth."[7]

Since the 1990s its voters have increasingly cast ballots for Republican presidential candidates. It last supported a Democrat for president in 1996, and has supported a Democrat in only two statewide contests since then.

The 9th is the only district in Virginia that cast more votes for Hillary Clinton than Barack Obama in the 2008 Democratic Presidential Primary. Clinton won more than 60% of the vote, despite local Congressman Rick Boucher endorsing Obama. Republican presidential candidate John McCain received 59% of the vote in the 9th district in the 2008 General Election, however, his best performance in any of Virginia's eleven congressional districts. Voters in the 9th district supported McCain over Obama in the general election, despite reelecting Democratic Congressman Rick Boucher.[8] In the 2010 Congressional midterm elections, in which Democrats lost their majority in Congress, Virginia State Delegate Morgan Griffith unseated Congressman Boucher by aligning Boucher with President Barack Obama and Speaker Nancy Pelosi, both unpopular figures in the district at the time. Since then, the district has not supported a Democrat in a statewide or federal election (as of 2019).[9]

As of 2017, the 9th district had the highest poverty rate of any Virginia Congressional District, at 18.7 percent.[10]

Recent election results from statewide races

Year Office Results
1996 U.S. President Clinton 46–43– 10%[11]
U.S. Senator Warner 55–44%[12]
U.S. Representative Boucher 65–31%[13]
1997 Governor Gilmore 57–41%[14]
Lieutenant Governor Hager 51–44%[15]
Attorney General Earley 56–44%[16]
1998 U.S. Representative Boucher 61–39%[17]
2000 U.S. President Bush 55–42%[18]
U.S. Senator Allen 57–43%[19]
U.S. Representative Boucher 70–30%[20]
2001 Governor Warner 52–47%[21]
Lieutenant Governor Katzen 49–49%
Attorney General Kilgore 69–31%
2002 U.S. Senator Warner 83–8–9%[22]
U.S. Representative Boucher 66–34%[23]
2004 U.S. President Bush 60–39%[24]
U.S. Representative Boucher 59–39%[25]
2005 Governor Kilgore 55–43%[26]
Lieutenant Governor Bolling 57–43%[27]
Attorney General McDonnell 58–42%[28]
2006 U.S. Senator Allen 55–44%[29]
U.S. Representative Boucher 68–32%[30]
2008 U.S. President McCain 59–40%[31]
U.S. Senator Warner 63–36%[32]
U.S. Representative Boucher 97–3%[33]
2009 Governor McDonnell 66–34%[34]
Lieutenant Governor Bolling 66–34%[35]
Attorney General Cuccinelli 66–34%[36]
2010 U.S. Representative Griffith 51–46%[37]
2012 U.S. President Romney 63–35%[38]
U.S. Senator Allen 62–38%[39]
U.S. Representative Griffith 61–39%[40]
2013 Governor Cuccinelli 61–32–7%[41]
Lieutenant Governor Jackson 61–39%[42]
Attorney General Obenshain 67–33%[43]
2014 U.S. Senator Gillespie 59–38–2%[44]
U.S. Representative Griffith 72–24%[45]
2016 U.S. President Trump 68.8–27.3
U.S. Representative Griffith 68.6–28.3%
2017 Governor Gillespie 67.5-31.4%
Lieutenant Governor Vogel 69.1%-30.9%
Attorney General Adams 69.2–30.8%
2018 U.S. Senator Stewart 63.8–34.7
U.S. Representative Griffith 65.2–34.8%

Area covered

The 9th district covers all or part of the following political subdivisions:

Counties

The entirety of:

Portions of:

Cities

List of members representing the district

Representative Party Term Cong-
ress
Electoral history
District created: March 4, 1789
Theodorick Bland.jpg

Theodorick Bland
Anti-Administration March 4, 1789 –
June 1, 1790
1st Elected in 1789.
Died.
Vacant June 2, 1790 –
December 6, 1790
William Branch Giles.jpg

William B. Giles
Anti-Administration December 7, 1790 –
March 3, 1795
1st
2nd
3rd
4th
5th
Elected in July 1790 to finish Bland's term and seated December 7, 1790.
Re-elected later in 1790.
Re-elected in 1793.
Re-elected in 1795.
Re-elected in 1797.
Resigned.
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1795 –
October 2, 1798
Vacant October 3, 1798 –
December 2, 1798
Joseph Eggleston Democratic-Republican December 3, 1798 –
March 3, 1801
5th
6th
Elected to finish Giles's term.
Re-elected in 1799.
[data unknown/missing]
William Branch Giles.jpg

William B. Giles
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1801 –
March 3, 1803
7th Elected in 1801.
Redistricted to the 16th district and retired.
Philip R. Thompson Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1807
8th
9th
Redistricted from the 18th district and re-elected in 1803.
Re-elected in 1805.
Re-elected in 1807.
Re-elected in 1809.
Retired.
John Love Democratic-Republican March 4, 1807 –
March 3, 1811
10th
11th
Elected in 1807.
Re-elected in 1809.
Moved to the 7th district and lost re-election there.
Aylett Hawes Democratic-Republican March 4, 1811 –
March 3, 1813
12th Elected in 1811.
Redistricted to the 10th district.
John P. Hungerford Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1817
13th
14th
Elected in 1813.
Re-elected in 1815.
Lost re-election.
William L. Ball Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1823
15th
16th
17th
Elected in 1817.
Re-elected in 1819.
Re-elected in 1821.
Redistricted to the 13th district.
AndrewStevenson.jpg

Andrew Stevenson
Crawford D-R March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
18th
19th
20th
21st
22nd
Redistricted from the 23rd district and re-elected in 1823.
Re-elected in 1825.
Re-elected in 1827.
Re-elected in 1829.
[data unknown/missing]
Redistricted to the 11th congressional district
Jackson March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1833
William P. Taylor Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1835
23rd [data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
John Roane Jacksonian March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
24th [data unknown/missing]
Retired.
RbrtMTHntr.jpg

Robert M. T. Hunter
Whig March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1843
25th
26th
27th
[data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
Samuel Chilton Whig March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
28th [data unknown/missing]
Retired.
John S. Pendleton Whig March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1849
29th
30th
[data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
Jeremiah Morton Whig March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1851
31st [data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
James F. Strother.jpg

James F. Strother
Whig March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
32nd [data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
JohnLetcher.jpg

John Letcher
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1859
33rd
34th
35th
[data unknown/missing]
Retired to run for Governor of Virginia.
JohnTHarris.jpg

John T. Harris
Independent Democratic March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
36th [data unknown/missing]
Retired.
Vacant March 4, 1861 –
June 19, 1863
Civil War
District eliminated June 20, 1863
District re-created: March 4, 1873
ReesBowen.jpg

Rees T. Bowen
Democratic March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
43rd [data unknown/missing]
Retired.
Congressman William Terry.jpg

William Terry
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
44th [data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
ALPridemore2.jpg

Auburn L. Pridemore
Democratic March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1879
45th [data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
JBRichmond.jpg

James B. Richmond
Democratic March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1881
46th [data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
Abramfulkerson.jpg

Abram Fulkerson
Democratic March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1883
47th [data unknown/missing]
Retired.
Henry Bowen.jpg

Henry Bowen
Readjuster March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1885
48th [data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
Connally F. Trigg Democratic March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1887
49th [data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
Henry Bowen.jpg

Henry Bowen
Republican March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1889
50th [data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
John. A. Buchanan.jpg

John A. Buchanan
Democratic March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1893
51st
52nd
[data unknown/missing]
Retired.
James W. Marshall Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
53rd [data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
JAWalker.jpg

James A. Walker
Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1899
54th
55th
[data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
William F. Rhea Democratic March 4, 1899 –
March 3, 1903
56th
57th
[data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
Campbell Slemp.jpg

Campbell Slemp
Republican March 4, 1903 –
October 13, 1907
58th
59th
60th
[data unknown/missing]
Died.
Vacant October 14, 1907 –
December 16, 1907
C. Bascom Slemp cph.3b21040.jpg

C. Bascom Slemp
Republican December 17, 1907 –
March 3, 1923
60th
61st
62nd
63rd
64th
65th
66th
67th
[data unknown/missing]
Retired.
GeorgeCPeery.jpg

George C. Peery
Democratic March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1929
68th
69th
70th
[data unknown/missing]
Retired.
Joseph C. Shaffer Republican March 4, 1929 –
March 3, 1931
71st [data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
John W. Flannagan Jr. Democratic March 4, 1931 –
March 3, 1933
72nd Elected to VA-AL.
District eliminated March 4, 1933
District recreated: January 3, 1935
John W. Flannagan Jr. Democratic January 3, 1935 –
January 3, 1949
74th
75th
76th
77th
78th
79th
80th
[data unknown/missing]
Retired.
Thomas Fugate.jpg

Thomas B. Fugate
Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1953
81st
82nd
[data unknown/missing]
Retired.
William C. Wampler.jpg

William C. Wampler
Republican January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1955
83rd [data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
W. Pat Jennings.jpg

W. Pat Jennings
Democratic January 3, 1955 –
January 3, 1967
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
[data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
William C. Wampler.jpg

William C. Wampler
Republican January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1983
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
96th
97th
[data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
Rick Boucher, official 109th Congress photo.jpg

Frederick C. Boucher
Democratic January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 2011
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
[data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
H. Morgan Griffith 113th Congress.jpg

Morgan Griffith
Republican January 3, 2011 –
Present
112th
113th
114th
115th
116th
Elected in 2010.

Historical district boundaries

2003–2013
2003–2013


See also

Notes

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/cd_state.html
  2. ^ a b https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=51&cd=09
  3. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  4. ^ 9,113.87
  5. ^ Geography, US Census Bureau. "Congressional Districts Relationship Files (state-based)". www.census.gov. Retrieved 2017-06-02.
  6. ^ Virginia State Board of Elections. "November 2, 2010 General and Special Elections Official Results: U.S. House of Representatives". Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
  7. ^ Bohlen, Celestine. "The Fighting Ninth". Washington Post. Retrieved 18 May 2020.
  8. ^ "Virginia Elections Database » 2008 President General Election". Virginia Elections Database. Retrieved 2019-12-26.
  9. ^ "Virginia Elections Database » Search Elections". Virginia Elections Database. Retrieved 2019-12-26.
  10. ^ US Census Bureau. "My Congressional District: Virginia". www.census.gov. Retrieved 2018-09-25.
  11. ^ "Summarized by Congressional District". Commonwealth Of Virginia – State Board of Elections ELECTION RESULTS November 5, 1996 General Election For Office of PRESIDENT/VICE PRESIDENT of the United States. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  12. ^ "Summarized by Congressional District". Commonwealth Of Virginia – State Board of Elections ELECTION RESULTS November 5, 1996 General Election For Office of UNITED STATES SENATE. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  13. ^ "Seventh Congressional District". Commonwealth Of Virginia/ELECTION RESULTS/NOVEMBER 5, 1996 GENERAL ELECTION/For Office of United States House of Representatives/By Locality and Precinct for Congressional District 009. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  14. ^ "Summary by Congressional District". Commonwealth Of Virginia/ELECTION RESULTS/NOVEMBER 4, 1997 GENERAL ELECTION/For Office of GOVERNOR/By Congressional District. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  15. ^ "Commonwealth Of Virginia ELECTION RESULTS NOVEMBER 4, 1997 GENERAL ELECTION For Office of LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR By Congressional District". Commonwealth Of Virginia/ELECTION RESULTS/NOVEMBER 4, 1997 GENERAL ELECTION/For Office of LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR/By Congressional District. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  16. ^ "SUMMARY OF NOVEMBER 4, 1997 GENERAL ELECTION RESULTS/by Congressional District". Commonwealth Of Virginia/ELECTION RESULTS/NOVEMBER 4, 1997 GENERAL ELECTION/For Office of ATTORNEY GENERAL/By Congressional District. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  17. ^ "7th Congressional District". Commonwealth Of Virginia/State Board Of Elections/ELECTION RESULTS/NOVEMBER 3, 1998 GENERAL ELECTION/For Office of United States House of Representatives/By Congressional District. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  18. ^ "U.S. President/Vice-President". Commonwealth of Virginia/November 7, 2000 – General Election/OFFICIAL ELECTION RESULTS. Virginia State Board of Elections. Archived from the original on 17 June 2010. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  19. ^ "U.S. Senate". Commonwealth of Virginia/November 7, 2000 – General Election/OFFICIAL RESULTS. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  20. ^ "U.S. House of Representatives/Congressional District 009". Commonwealth of Virginia/November 7, 2000 – General Election/OFFICIAL ELECTION RESULTS. Virginia State Board of Elections. Archived from the original on 28 December 2012. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  21. ^ "Official Results/Governor". General Election – November 6, 2001. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  22. ^ "Official Results/U.S. Senate". November 5, 2002 General Election Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  23. ^ "Official Results/U.S. House of Representatives". November 5, 2002 General Election Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  24. ^ "Official Results/President". Commonwealth of Virginia/November 2nd – General Election. Virginia State Board of Elections. Archived from the original on 28 December 2012. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  25. ^ "Official Results/U.S. House of Representatives". Commonwealth of Virginia/November 2nd – General Election. Virginia State Board of Elections. Archived from the original on 28 December 2012. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  26. ^ "Official Results/Governor". General Election – November 8, 2005. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  27. ^ "Official Results/Lieutenant Governor". General Election – November 8, 2005. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  28. ^ "Official Results/Attorney General". General Election – November 8, 2005. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  29. ^ "Official Results/U.S. Senate". General Election – November 7, 2006. Virginia State Board of Elections. Archived from the original on 13 August 2013. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  30. ^ "Official Results/U.S. House of Representatives". General Election – November 7, 2006. Virginia State Board of Elections. Archived from the original on 13 August 2013. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  31. ^ "President>President And Vice President>Votes By District". November 2008 Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  32. ^ "Congress>U.S. Senate>United States Senate>Votes By District". November 2008 Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  33. ^ "U.S. House of Representatives". November 2008 Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Archived from the original on 5 October 2013. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  34. ^ "Governor>Votes by District". November 2009 General Election Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  35. ^ "Lieutenant Governor>Votes by District". November 2009 General Election Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  36. ^ "Attorney General>Votes by District". November 2009 General Election Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  37. ^ "U.S. House of Representatives". November 2, 2010 General and Special Elections Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  38. ^ "President>President And Vice President>Votes By District". November 2012 Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  39. ^ "Congress>U.S. Senate>United States Senate>Votes By District". November 2012 Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  40. ^ "U.S. House of Representatives". November 2012 Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Archived from the original on 12 May 2013. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  41. ^ "2013 Governor General Election". November 2013 Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved 10 April 2016.
  42. ^ "2013 Lieutenant Governor General Election". November 2013 Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved 10 April 2016.
  43. ^ "2013 Attorney General General Election". November 2013 Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved 10 April 2016.
  44. ^ "2014 U.S. Senate General Election". November 2014 Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved 10 April 2016.
  45. ^ "U.S. House of Representatives". November 2014 Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved 10 April 2016.

References

This page was last edited on 23 May 2020, at 14:25
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