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103rd United States Congress

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

103rd United States Congress
102nd ←
→ 104th

January 3, 1993 – January 3, 1995
Members100 senators
435 representatives
5 non-voting delegates
Senate majorityDemocratic
Senate PresidentDan Quayle (R)[a]
(until January 20, 1993)
Al Gore (D)
(from January 20, 1993)
House majorityDemocratic
House SpeakerTom Foley (D)
1st: January 5, 1993 – November 26, 1993
2nd: January 25, 1994 – December 1, 1994

The 103rd United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1993, to January 3, 1995, during the final weeks of George H. W. Bush's presidency and in the first two years of Bill Clinton's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the 1990 United States census.

This is the most recent Congress to have a Democratic senator from Texas, Bob Krueger, who lost election to finish Lloyd Bentsen's term in 1993. Along with two Democratic senators from the state of Tennessee, Jim Sasser and Harlan Mathews. Jim Sasser lost re-election and Harlan Mathews retired in 1994. In addition, a Democratic senator from the state of Oklahoma, David Boren, resigned in the final weeks of the Congress.

Both chambers maintained a Democratic majority, and with Bill Clinton being sworn in as president on January 20, 1993, this gave the Democrats an overall federal government trifecta for the first time since the 96th Congress in 1979.

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Major events

Major legislation

Party summary


Senate party standings on the opening day of Congress
  57 Democratic Senators
  43 Republican Senators
(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
End of previous congress 58 42 100 0
Begin 57 43 100 0
End 53 47
Final voting share 53.0% 47.0%
Beginning of next congress 47 53 100 0

House of Representatives

(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Democratic Independent Republican Vacant
End of the previous Congress 267 1 166 434 1
Begin 258 1 176 435 0
End 256 177 434 1
Final voting share 59.2% 40.8%
Non-voting members 4 0 0 5 0
Beginning of the next Congress 204 1 230 435 0



Senate President
Dan Quayle (R)
(until January 20, 1993)
Al Gore (D)
(from January 20, 1993)
Senate President pro tempore

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership

House of Representatives

Speaker of the House

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership


This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed by class, and representatives are listed by district.


Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress, In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1994; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1996; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1998.

House of Representatives

Changes in membership


Senate changes
Vacated by Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[b]

Lloyd Bentsen (D) Resigned January 20, 1993, to become United States Secretary of the Treasury.
His successor was appointed.
Bob Krueger (D) January 21, 1993
Bob Krueger (D) Interim appointee lost special election June 6, 1993.
Successor elected to finish the term.
Kay Bailey Hutchison (R) June 14, 1993
Richard Shelby (D) Changed party November 9, 1994 Richard Shelby (R) November 9, 1994
David Boren (D) Resigned November 15, 1994, to become President of the University of Oklahoma.
Successor elected on November 8, 1994, to finish the term ending January 3, 1997.
Jim Inhofe (R) November 17, 1994
Harlan Mathews (D) Interim appointee did not seek election.
Successor elected on November 8, 1994, to finish the term ending January 3, 1997.
Fred Thompson (R) December 2, 1994

House of Representatives

House changes
District Vacated by Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[b]
Wisconsin's 1st Les Aspin (D) Resigned January 20, 1993, to become United States Secretary of Defense Peter W. Barca (D) June 9, 1993
Mississippi's 2nd Mike Espy (D) Resigned January 22, 1993, to become United States Secretary of Agriculture Bennie Thompson (D) April 20, 1993
California's 17th Leon Panetta (D) Resigned January 23, 1993, to become Director of the Office of Management and Budget Sam Farr (D) June 16, 1993
Ohio 2nd Bill Gradison (R) Resigned January 31, 1993, to become president of the Health Insurance Association of America Rob Portman (R) June 10, 1993
Michigan 3rd Paul B. Henry (R) Died July 31, 1993 Vern Ehlers (R) January 25, 1994
Oklahoma's 6th Glenn English (D) Resigned January 7, 1994, to become CEO of the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association Frank Lucas (R) May 17, 1994
Kentucky's 2nd William Natcher (D) Died March 29, 1994 Ron Lewis (R) May 26, 1994
New Jersey 11th Dean Gallo (R) Died November 6, 1994 Vacant for remainder of term
Oklahoma's 1st Jim Inhofe (R) Resigned November 15, 1994, when elected to the U.S. Senate Steve Largent (R) November 29, 1994


Lists of committees and their party leaders for members of the House and Senate committees can be found through the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of this article. The directory after the pages of terms of service lists committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and, after that, House/Senate committee assignments. On the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.


House of Representatives




Legislative branch agency directors


House of Representatives

See also


  1. ^ U.S. Vice President Dan Quayle's term as President of the Senate ended at noon on January 20, 1993, when Al Gore's term began.
  2. ^ a b When seated or oath administered, not necessarily when service began.

External links

This page was last edited on 29 December 2023, at 00:04
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