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Tennessee's 7th congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Tennessee's 7th congressional district
Tennessee US Congressional District 7 (since 2013).tif
Tennessee's 7th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Mark Green
RAshland City
Distribution
  • 50.71% urban[1]
  • 49.29% rural
Population (2016)765,730[2]
Median income$57,852[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+20[4]

The 7th congressional district of Tennessee is a congressional district located in parts of Middle and West Tennessee. It has been represented by Republican Mark E. Green since January 2019.

Current boundaries

The district is located in both West and Middle Tennessee. It stretches as far north as the Kentucky border, as far south as Mississippi/Alabama border, as far east as Franklin, and as far west as Bolivar.

It is currently composed of the following counties: Chester, Decatur, Giles, Hardeman, Hardin, Henderson, Hickman, Houston, Humphreys, Lawrence, Lewis, McNairy, Montgomery, Perry, Stewart, Wayne, and Williamson. It also includes significant portions of Benton and Maury.

Characteristics

The seventh district has significant suburban and rural areas. Although most of the area is rural, more than half of the district lives in either Montgomery County (Clarksville) or Williamson County (Franklin).

By most measures, Williamson County is the wealthiest county in the state and is usually ranked near the top nationally.[5]

The district has a very strong military presence, as it includes Tennessee's share of Fort Campbell.

Politically speaking, the area was secessionist and part of the “Solid South” for a century after the Civil War, excluding the Unionist Highland Rim bloc of Henderson, McNairy, Hardin and Wayne Counties. However, since being carried by George Wallace in 1968 it has become and remained one of the most Republican areas in Tennessee, and has not been represented by a Democrat since the early 1970s. The rural secessionist counties did return to the Democrats until the 2000s – four of the five Tennessee counties won by George McGovern lie within this district – but since the middle 2000s these counties have turned overwhelmingly Republican in all elections. The only area where Democrats currently compete on anything resembling an even basis is in Clarksville, which has consistently elected Democrats to the state legislature.

According to the 2010 census the five largest cities entirely within the district are: Clarksville (132,929), Franklin (62,487), Brentwood (38,060), Lawrenceburg (10,428), and Pulaski (7,870).

Election results from presidential races

Year Office Result
2000 President George W. Bush 59% - Al Gore 40%
2004 President George W. Bush 66% - John Kerry 33%
2008 President John McCain 65% - Barack Obama 34%
2012 President Mitt Romney 65% - Barack Obama 33%
2016 President Donald Trump 67% - Hillary Clinton 28%

History

The district's basic current configuration dates from 1973, when Tennessee lost a congressional district. Although it was numbered "6th" in the 1970s, it was at this time that a district was formed by combining Clarksville and Williamson County with the eastern suburbs of Memphis and the rural areas in between. Republican Robin Beard represented this area from 1973 to 1983.

Tennessee gained a congressional district following the 1980 census. At this time, the district was re-numbered as "7th" and lost its eastern counties to the 4th and new 6th. Following this re-districting, Beard made an unsuccessful U.S. Senate bid, and was replaced by former Shelby County Republican Party chair Don Sundquist.

Sundquist served through the rest of the 1980s through the 1990 re-districting, which saw the district lose some of its rural counties in favor of Maury County.

In 1994, Sundquist successfully ran for Governor of Tennessee, defeating future governor Phil Bredesen. Sundquist was then replaced by Ed Bryant.

Bryant served from 1995 until 2002, when the district was gerrymandered by the Democrat-led Tennessee General Assembly to pack the consistently-Republican suburbs of Nashville and Memphis into one district. The result was a district that was 200 miles (320 km) long, but only two miles (3.2 km) wide at some points in the Middle Tennessee portion.

Following that re-districting, the area chose Brentwood-based state senator Marsha Blackburn. She served from 2003 to 2019.

Redistricting after the 2010 census made the district somewhat more compact, restoring a configuration similar to the 1983-2003 lines.

In 2018, Blackburn successfully ran for US Senate, defeating former governor Phil Bredesen. In the concurrent election, the district selected doctor and former state senator Mark E. Green.

List of members representing the district

Name Party Years Cong
ress
District Residence Electoral history
District created March 4, 1823
Thomas Flintoff - Sam Houston - Google Art Project.jpg

Sam Houston
Jackson Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 - March 4, 1825 18th
19th
Lebanon [data unknown/missing]
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 - March 4, 1827 Elected Governor of Tennessee.
Hon. John Bell, Tenn - NARA - 528752.jpg

John Bell
Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1835
20th
21st
22nd
23rd
24th
25th
26th
Nashville Appointed as U.S. Secretary of War.
Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
Whig March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1841
Robert-caruthers-grand-lodge.jpg

Robert L. Caruthers
Whig March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
27th Lebanon [data unknown/missing]
Retired.
David W. Dickinson Whig March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
28th Murfreesboro [data unknown/missing]
Retired.
Meredith-gentry-tn1.png

Meredith P. Gentry
Whig March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1853
29th
30th
31st
32nd
Franklin [data unknown/missing]
Retired.
Robert M. Bugg Whig March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
33rd Giles County [data unknown/missing]
Retired.
John V. Wright Democratic March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1861
34th
35th
36th
Purdy Secession of Tennessee
American Civil War
IsaacRobertsHawkins.jpg

Isaac R. Hawkins
Unionist July 24, 1866 –
March 3, 1867
39th
40th
41st
Huntingdon [data unknown/missing]
Retired.
Republican March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1871
RobertPorterCaldwell.jpg

Robert P. Caldwell
Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
42nd Trenton Defeated for renomination
John DeWitt Clinton Atkins - Brady-Handy.jpg

John Atkins
Democratic March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
43rd Paris [data unknown/missing]
Redistricted to the 8th district.
Washington C. Whitthorne - Brady-Handy.jpg

Washington C. Whitthorne
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1883
44th
45th
46th
47th
Columbia Redistricted from the 6th district.
Retired.
John Goff Ballantine (Tennessee Congressman).jpg

John G. Ballentine
Democratic March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1887
48th
49th
Pulaski [data unknown/missing]
Retired.
Washington C. Whitthorne - Brady-Handy.jpg

Washington C. Whitthorne
Democratic March 4, 1887– March 4, 1891 50th
51st
Columbia [data unknown/missing]
Retired.
Nicholas N. Cox (Tennessee Congressman).jpg

Nicholas N. Cox
Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1901
52nd
53rd
54th
55th
56th
Franklin [data unknown/missing]
Retired.
Portrait of Lemuel P. Padgett.jpg

Lemuel P. Padgett
Democratic March 4, 1901 –
August 2, 1922
57th
58th
59th
60th
61st
62nd
63rd
64th
65th
66th
67th
Columbia [data unknown/missing]
Died.
Vacant August 2, 1922 –
November 6, 1922
ClarenceWTurner.jpg

Clarence W. Turner
Democratic November 7, 1922 –
March 3, 1923
67th Waverly Served remainder of term as caretaker
WilliamCharlesSalmon.jpg

William C. Salmon
Democratic March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1925
68th Columbia [data unknown/missing]
Retired.
Edward E. Eslick (Tennessee Congressman).jpg

Edward E. Eslick
Democratic March 4, 1925 –
June 14, 1932
69th
70th
71st
72nd
Pulaski [data unknown/missing]
Died.
Vacant June 14, 1932 –
August 12, 1932
Willa McCord Blake Eslick.jpg

Willa Eslick
Democratic August 13, 1932 –
March 3, 1933
72nd Pulaski Served remainder of term as caretaker
Browning-gordon-harris-ewing.jpg

Gordon Browning
Democratic March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1935
73rd Huntingdon Redistricted from the 8th district.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
Herron C. Pearson Democratic January 3, 1935 –
January 3, 1943
74th
75th
76th
77th
Jackson [data unknown/missing]
Retired.
W. Wirt Courtney (Tennessee Congressman).jpg

W. Wirt Courtney
Democratic January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1949
78th
79th
80th
Franklin Redistricted from the 6th district.
Defeated for renomination
James Patrick Sutton (US Congressman).jpg

James P. Sutton
Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1953
81st
82nd
Wartrace [data unknown/missing]
Redistricted to the 6th district.
Tom J. Murray.jpg

Tom J. Murray
Democratic January 3, 1953 –
December 30, 1966
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
Jackson Redistricted from the 8th district.
Defeated for renomination and resigned.
Vacant December 31, 1966 –
January 2, 1967
Ray Blanton.jpg

Ray Blanton
Democratic January 3, 1967– January 3, 1973 90th
91st
92nd
Adamsville [data unknown/missing]
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
Ed Jones Congressional Photo.jpeg

Ed Jones
Democratic January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1983
93rd
94th
95th
96th
97th
Yorkville Redistricted from the 8th district.
Redistricted to the 8th district.
Don Sundquist 103rd Congress.jpg

Don Sundquist
Republican January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1995
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
103rd
Memphis Redistricted from the 6th District, elected Governor
EdBryant.jpg

Ed Bryant
Republican January 3, 1995 –
January 3, 2003
104th
105th
106th
107th
Henderson [data unknown/missing]
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
Marsha blackburn congress.jpg

Marsha Blackburn
Republican January 3, 2003 –
January 3, 2019
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
114th
115th
Brentwood [data unknown/missing]
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
Mark Green, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg

Mark E. Green
Republican January 3, 2019 –
Present
116th Ashland City Elected in 2018.

Historical district boundaries

2003 - 2013
2003 - 2013

See also

References

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/cd_state.html
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=47&cd=07
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=47&cd=07
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  5. ^ https://www.forbes.com/pictures/5963ed594bbe6f269f7f2e9d/7-williamson-county-tn-me/#26834e353594

This page was last edited on 23 July 2020, at 13:54
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