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Michigan's 1st congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Michigan's 1st congressional district
MI 1Michigan US Congressional District 1 (since 2013).tif
Michigan's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
U.S. Representative
  Jack Bergman
RWatersmeet
Area24,875[1] sq mi (64,430 km2)
Distribution
  • 36.58[2]% urban
  • 63.42% rural
Population (2016)699,621[3]
Median income$48,416[4]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+9[5]

Michigan's 1st congressional district is a United States Congressional district containing the entire Upper Peninsula of Michigan and 16 counties of Northern Michigan in the Lower Peninsula. The district is represented by Republican Jack Bergman.

Geography

The district is the second-largest congressional district east of the Mississippi River by land area, behind Maine's 2nd congressional district. Its boundaries contain much of the northeastern part of the Lower Peninsula in addition to the entire Upper Peninsula. Altogether, the district makes up about 44% of the land area of the state of Michigan. It contains the second-longest shoreline of any district in the United States, behind Alaska's At-large congressional district.

Of the 83 counties in Michigan, 31 lie fully within the district, and it contains a portion of another, Mason County.

History

Prior to 1992 the 1st Congressional District was a Detroit-based congressional district. From the election of Republican John B. Sosnowski in 1925 until 1964 the former 1st district was represented by only one non-Polish-American politician, Robert H. Clancy. Along with Sosnowski, 6 Polish-Americans served as the 1st district's representatives elected 7 times, since 1925. The other strong Polish Michigan congressional districts were the 15th district (where half of the elected were Polish-American) and the dissolved 16th district (where all three elected representatives were of Polish descent). In 1964 the 1st Congressional district was drawn as a new, African-American majority district reflecting the changing demographics of Detroit, while enough of the old 1st district was moved to the 14th district that that district retained the 1st's old congressman. John Conyers was elected to congress from the 1st district, a position he would hold until the 1st was removed from Detroit.

After 1992, the 1st district covered land in the UP and Northern Michigan. Most of this territory had been in the 11th District from 1892 to 1992. The 1st from 1992–2002 was similar to the present district, except that it did not extend nearly as far south along Lake Michigan, while it took in Traverse City and some surrounding areas on the west side of the state.

Voting

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
1992 President Clinton 41 - 35%
1996 President Clinton 47 - 40%
2000 President Bush 52 - 45%
2004 President Bush 53 - 46%
2008 President Obama 50 - 48%
2012 President Romney 54 - 45%
2016 President Trump 58 - 37%

Major cities in the district

List of representatives

Representative Party Years Congress Electoral history
District created March 4, 1843
Robert McClelland 1.jpg
Robert McClelland
Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1849
28
29
30
[Data unknown/missing.]
No image.svg
Alexander W. Buel
Democratic March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1851
31 [Data unknown/missing.]
No image.svg
Ebenezer J. Penniman
Whig March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
32 [Data unknown/missing.]
DavidStuartMI.jpg
David Stuart
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
33 [Data unknown/missing.]
Governor William A Howard.jpg
William A. Howard
Republican March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1859
34
35
[Data unknown/missing.]
No image.svg
George B. Cooper
Democratic March 4, 1859 –
May 15, 1860
36 Election challenged
Governor William A Howard.jpg
William A. Howard
Republican May 15, 1860 –
March 3, 1861
36 Successfully challenged predecessor's election
No image.svg
Bradley F. Granger
Republican March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
37 [Data unknown/missing.]
Fernando C. Beaman - Brady-Handy.jpg
Fernando C. Beaman
Republican March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1871
38
39
40
41
Redistricted from the 2nd district
Henry Waldron - Brady-Handy.jpg
Henry Waldron
Republican March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
42 Redistricted to the 2nd district
No image.svg
Moses W. Field
Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
43 [Data unknown/missing.]
Alpheus S. Williams.jpg
Alpheus S. Williams
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
December 21, 1878
44
45
Died
Vacant December 21, 1878 –
March 4, 1879
45 [Data unknown/missing.]
John S. Newberry (Michigan Congressman).jpg
John S. Newberry
Republican March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1881
46 [Data unknown/missing.]
HenryWLord.jpg
Henry W. Lord
Republican March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1883
47 [Data unknown/missing.]
WilliamCMayburyDetroit.jpg
William C. Maybury
Democratic[6] March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1887
48
49
[Data unknown/missing.]
JohnLChipman.jpg
John L. Chipman
Democratic March 4, 1887 –
August 17, 1893
50
51
52
53
Died
Vacant August 17, 1893 –
November 7, 1893
53 [Data unknown/missing.]
Levi T. Griffin (Michigan Congressman).jpg
Levi T. Griffin
Democratic December 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
53 [Data unknown/missing.]
John Blaisdell Corliss.jpg
John B. Corliss
Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1903
54
55
56
57
[Data unknown/missing.]
Alfred Lucking (Michigan Congressman).jpg
Alfred Lucking
Democratic March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1905
58 [Data unknown/missing.]
ECDenby.jpg
Edwin C. Denby
Republican March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1911
59
60
61
[Data unknown/missing.]
FrankEDoremusDetroit.jpg
Frank E. Doremus
Democratic March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1921
62
63
64
65
66
[Data unknown/missing.]
GeorgePCoddDetroit.jpg
George P. Codd
Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1923
67 [Data unknown/missing.]
RobertHClancy.jpg
Robert H. Clancy
Democratic March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1925
68 [Data unknown/missing.]
JohnBSosnowski.jpg
John B. Sosnowski
Republican March 4, 1925 –
March 3, 1927
69 Lost renomination
RobertHClancy.jpg
Robert H. Clancy
Republican March 4, 1927 –
March 3, 1933
70
71
72
[Data unknown/missing.]
George G. Sadowski.jpg
George G. Sadowski
Democratic March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1939
73
74
75
[Data unknown/missing.]
Rudolph Gabriel Tenerowicz, Michigan Congressman.jpg
Rudolph G. Tenerowicz
Democratic[7] January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1943
76
77
[Data unknown/missing.]
George G. Sadowski.jpg
George G. Sadowski
Democratic January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1951
78
79
80
81
[Data unknown/missing.]
Thaddeus M. Machrowicz (Michigan Congressman).jpg
Thaddeus M. Machrowicz
Democratic January 3, 1951 –
September 18, 1961
82
83
84
85
86
87
Resigned to become U.S. District Judge
Vacant September 18, 1961 –
November 7, 1961
87 [Data unknown/missing.]
Lucien N. Nedzi (cropped).jpg
Lucien N. Nedzi
Democratic November 7, 1961 –
January 3, 1965
87
88
Redistricted to the 14th district
John Conyers 1977 Congressional photo.jpg
John Conyers
Democratic January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1993
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
Redistricted to the 14th district
Bart Stupak official portrait.jpg
Bart Stupak
Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2011
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
Retired
Dan Benishek, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.JPG
Dan Benishek
Republican January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2017
112
113
114
Retired
Jack Bergman photo (cropped).jpg
Jack Bergman
Republican January 3, 2017 –
present
115
116
Incumbent

Elections

Historical district boundaries

1993 - 2003
1993 - 2003
2003 - 2013
2003 - 2013

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "Congressional Districts by Urban/Rural Population & Land Area (109th Congress)" (PDF). 2000 United States Census. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 January 2007.
  2. ^ https://www2.census.gov/geo/relfiles/cdsld13/26/ur_cd_26.txt
  3. ^ Bureau, Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
  4. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=26&cd=01
  5. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  6. ^ William C. Maybury was elected as a fusion candidate, but was seated in Congress with the Democratic Party.
  7. ^ Rudolph G. Tenerowicz campaigned as a Republican in 1946, 1948, 1950, 1952, and 1954.

References

External links

This page was last edited on 13 April 2019, at 12:49
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