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Michigan's 1st congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Michigan's 1st congressional district
MI 1Michigan US Congressional District 1 (since 2013).tif
Michigan's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Jack Bergman
RWatersmeet
Area24,875[1] sq mi (64,430 km2)
Distribution
  • 63.42% rural[2]
  • 36.58% urban
Population (2019)697,102[3]
Median household
income
$51,553[4]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+12[5]

Michigan's 1st congressional district is a United States congressional district containing the entire Upper Peninsula of Michigan and 16 counties of Northern Michigan in the Lower Peninsula. The district is currently represented by Republican Jack Bergman.

Geography

The district is the second-largest congressional district east of the Mississippi River by land area, only behind Maine's 2nd congressional district. Its boundaries contain the entire Upper Peninsula of Michigan and much of the northern part of the Lower Peninsula. Altogether, the district makes up about 44% of the land area of the state of Michigan. It contains the second-longest shoreline of any district in the United States, behind Alaska's at-large congressional district.

Of the 83 counties in Michigan, 31 lie fully within the district, and it contains a portion of another, Mason County.

History

Prior to 1992, the 1st congressional district was a Detroit-based congressional district. From the election of Republican John B. Sosnowski in 1925 until 1964, the former 1st district was represented by only one non-Polish-American politician, Robert H. Clancy. Along with Sosnowski, 6 Polish-Americans served as the 1st district's representatives elected 7 times, since 1925. The other strong Polish Michigan congressional districts were the 15th district (where half of the elected were Polish-American) and the dissolved 16th district (where all three elected representatives were of Polish descent). In 1964, the 1st congressional district was drawn as a new, African-American majority district reflecting the changing demographics of Detroit, while enough of the old 1st district was moved to the 14th district so that the 14th district retained the 1st's old congressman. John Conyers was elected to congress from the 1st district, a position he would hold until the 1st was removed from Detroit.

After 1992, the 1st district covered land in the UP and Northern Michigan. Most of this territory had been in what is now the 11th district from 1892 to 1992. The 1st from 1992 to 2002 was similar to the present district, except that it did not extend nearly as far south along Lake Michigan, while it took in Traverse City and some surrounding areas on the west side of the state.

Voting

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
1992 President Clinton 41 - 35%
1996 President Clinton 47 - 40%
2000 President Bush 52 - 45%
2004 President Bush 53 - 46%
2008 President Obama 50 - 48%
2012 President Romney 54 - 45%
2016 President Trump 58 - 37%
2018 Senate James 54 - 43%
2018 Governor Schuette 52 - 44%
2020 President Trump 58 - 40%

Major cities in the district

List of members representing the district

Member Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history District location
District created March 4, 1843
Robert McClelland 1.jpg

Robert McClelland
Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1849
28th
29th
30th
Elected in 1843.
Re-elected in 1844.
Re-elected in 1846.
Retired.
1843–1853
[data unknown/missing]
Alexander W. Buel (Michigan Congressman).jpg

Alexander W. Buel
Democratic March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1851
31st Elected in 1848.
Lost re-election.
Ebenezer J. Penniman (Michigan Congressman).jpg

Ebenezer J. Penniman
Whig March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
32nd Elected in 1850.
Retired.
DavidStuartMI.jpg

David Stuart
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
33rd Elected in 1852.
Lost re-election.
1853–1863
[data unknown/missing]
Governor William A Howard.jpg

William A. Howard
Opposition March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
34th Elected in 1854.
Re-elected in 1856.
Lost re-election.
Republican March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
35th
George B. Cooper Democratic March 4, 1859 –
May 15, 1860
36th Elected in 1858.
Lost election contest.
Governor William A Howard.jpg

William A. Howard
Republican May 15, 1860 –
March 3, 1861
36th Won election contest.
Retired.
Bradley F. Granger (Michigan Congressman).jpg

Bradley F. Granger
Republican March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
37th Elected in 1860.
Redistricted to the 3rd district and lost re-election.
Fernando C. Beaman - Brady-Handy.jpg

Fernando C. Beaman
Republican March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1871
38th
39th
40th
41st
Redistricted from the 2nd district and re-elected in 1862.
Re-elected in 1864.
Re-elected in 1866.
Re-elected in 1868.
Retired.
1863–1873
[data unknown/missing]
Henry Waldron - Brady-Handy.jpg

Henry Waldron
Republican March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
42nd Elected in 1870.
Redistricted to the 2nd district.
Moses W. Field (Michigan Congressman).jpg

Moses W. Field
Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
43rd Elected in 1872.
Lost re-election.
1873–1883
[data unknown/missing]
Alpheus S. Williams.jpg

Alpheus S. Williams
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
December 21, 1878
44th
45th
Elected in 1874.
Re-elected in 1876.
Lost re-election and died before next term began.
Vacant December 21, 1878 –
March 3, 1879
45th
John S. Newberry (Michigan Congressman).jpg

John S. Newberry
Republican March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1881
46th Elected in 1878.
Retired.
HenryWLord.jpg

Henry W. Lord
Republican March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1883
47th Elected in 1880.
Lost re-election.
WilliamCMayburyDetroit.jpg

William C. Maybury
Democratic[6] March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1887
48th
49th
Elected in 1882.
Re-elected in 1884.
Retired.
1883–1893
[data unknown/missing]
JohnLChipman.jpg

John L. Chipman
Democratic March 4, 1887 –
August 17, 1893
50th
51st
52nd
53rd
Elected in 1886.
Re-elected in 1888.
Re-elected in 1890.
Re-elected in 1892.
Died.
1893–1903
[data unknown/missing]
Vacant August 17, 1893 –
November 7, 1893
53rd
Levi T. Griffin (Michigan Congressman).jpg

Levi T. Griffin
Democratic December 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
Elected to finish Chipman's term.
Lost re-election.
John Blaisdell Corliss.jpg

John B. Corliss
Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1903
54th
55th
56th
57th
Elected in 1894.
Re-elected in 1896.
Re-elected in 1898.
Re-elected in 1900.
Lost re-election.
Alfred Lucking (Michigan Congressman).jpg

Alfred Lucking
Democratic March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1905
58th Elected in 1902.
Lost re-election.
1903–1913
[data unknown/missing]
ECDenby.jpg

Edwin C. Denby
Republican March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1911
59th
60th
61st
Elected in 1904.
Re-elected in 1906.
Re-elected in 1908.
Lost re-election.
FrankEDoremusDetroit.jpg

Frank E. Doremus
Democratic March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1921
62nd
63rd
64th
65th
66th
Elected in 1910.
Re-elected in 1912.
Re-elected in 1914.
Re-elected in 1916.
Re-elected in 1918.
Retired.
1913–1933
[data unknown/missing]
GeorgePCoddDetroit.jpg

George P. Codd
Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1923
67th Elected in 1920.
Retired.
RobertHClancy.jpg

Robert H. Clancy
Democratic March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1925
68th Elected in 1922.
Lost re-election.
JohnBSosnowski.jpg

John B. Sosnowski
Republican March 4, 1925 –
March 3, 1927
69th Elected in 1924.
Lost renomination.
RobertHClancy.jpg

Robert H. Clancy
Republican March 4, 1927 –
March 3, 1933
70th
71st
72nd
Elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Re-elected in 1930.
Redistricted to the 14th district and lost re-election.
George G. Sadowski.jpg

George G. Sadowski
Democratic March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1939
73rd
74th
75th
Elected in 1932.
Re-elected in 1934.
Re-elected in 1936.
Lost renomination.
1933–1943
[data unknown/missing]
Rudolph Gabriel Tenerowicz, Michigan Congressman.jpg

Rudolph G. Tenerowicz
Democratic[7] January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1943
76th
77th
Elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
Lost renomination.
George G. Sadowski.jpg

George G. Sadowski
Democratic January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1951
78th
79th
80th
81st
Elected in 1942.
Re-elected in 1944.
Re-elected in 1946.
Re-elected in 1948.
Lost renomination.
1943–1953
[data unknown/missing]
Thaddeus M. Machrowicz (Michigan Congressman).jpg

Thaddeus M. Machrowicz
Democratic January 3, 1951 –
September 18, 1961
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
Elected in 1950.
Re-elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.
Resigned to become U.S. District Judge
1953–1963
[data unknown/missing]
Vacant September 18, 1961 –
November 7, 1961
87th
Lucien N. Nedzi (cropped).jpg

Lucien N. Nedzi
Democratic November 7, 1961 –
January 3, 1965
87th
88th
Elected to finish Machrowicz's term.
Re-elected in 1962.
Redistricted to the 14th district.
1963–1973
[data unknown/missing]
John Conyers 1977 Congressional photo.jpg

John Conyers
Democratic January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1993
89th
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
Elected in 1964.
Re-elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Re-elected in 1972.
Re-elected in 1974.
Re-elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Re-elected in 1980.
Re-elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Redistricted to the 14th district.
1973–1983
[data unknown/missing]
1983–1993
[data unknown/missing]
Bart Stupak official portrait.jpg

Bart Stupak
Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2011
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
Elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Retired.
1993–2003
MI 1st congressional district (106th Congress).PNG
2003–2013
MI01 110.svg
Dan Benishek, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.JPG

Dan Benishek
Republican January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2017
112th
113th
114th
Elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Retired.
2013–present
MI 1Michigan US Congressional District 1 (since 2013).tif
Jack Bergman (2017).jpg

Jack Bergman
Republican January 3, 2017 –
present
115th
116th
117th
Elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.
Re-elected in 2020.

Elections

2012

Michigan's 1st congressional district, 2012[8]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Dan Benishek (incumbent) 167,060 48.1
Democratic Gary McDowell 165,179 47.6
Libertarian Emily Salvette 10,630 3.1
Green Ellis Boal 4,168 1.2
Total votes 347,037 100.0
Republican hold

2014

Michigan's 1st congressional district, 2014[9]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Dan Benishek (incumbent) 130,414 52.1
Democratic Jerry Cannon 113,263 45.3
Libertarian Loel Gnadt 3,823 1.5
Green Ellis Boal 2,631 1.1
Total votes 250,131 100.0
Republican hold

2016

Michigan's 1st congressional district, 2016[10]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Jack Bergman 197,777 54.9
Democratic Lon Johnson 144,334 40.1
Libertarian Diane Bostow 13,386 3.7
Green Ellis Boal 4,774 1.3
Total votes 360,271 100.0
Republican hold

2018

Michigan's 1st congressional district, 2018[11]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Jack Bergman (incumbent) 187,251 56.3
Democratic Matt Morgan 145,246 43.7
Total votes 332,497 100.0
Republican hold

2020

Michigan's 1st congressional district, 2020[12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Jack Bergman (incumbent) 256,581 61.7
Democratic Dana Ferguson 153,328 36.8
Libertarian Ben Boren 6,310 1.5
Total votes 416,219 100.0
Republican hold

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "Congressional Districts by Urban/Rural Population & Land Area (109th Congress)" (PDF). 2000 United States Census. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 11, 2007.
  2. ^ https://www2.census.gov/geo/relfiles/cdsld13/26/ur_cd_26.txt[bare URL]
  3. ^ Bureau, Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov. Retrieved April 2, 2018.
  4. ^ "My Congressional District".
  5. ^ "2021 Partisan Voter Index Scores by Congressional District". The Cook Political Report. April 15, 2021. Retrieved April 15, 2021.
  6. ^ William C. Maybury was elected as a fusion candidate, but was seated in Congress with the Democratic Party.
  7. ^ Rudolph G. Tenerowicz campaigned as a Republican in 1946, 1948, 1950, 1952, and 1954.
  8. ^ https://www.politico.com/2012-election/results/house/michigan[bare URL]
  9. ^ https://mielections.us/election/results/14GEN/[bare URL]
  10. ^ "2016 Michigan Election Results - Official Results". Michigan Department of State. November 8, 2016. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  11. ^ https://www.politico.com/election-results/2018/michigan/[bare URL]
  12. ^ "2020 Michigan Election Results Official". Michigan Secretary of State. Retrieved November 23, 2020.

References

External links

This page was last edited on 21 July 2021, at 13:57
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