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Michigan's 6th congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Michigan's 6th congressional district
Michigan US Congressional District 6 (since 2013).tif
Michigan's 6th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
U.S. RepresentativeFred Upton (RSt. Joseph)
Population (2010)705,974
Median income$53,414[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+4[2]

Michigan's 6th congressional district is a United States congressional district in southwest Michigan. It consists of all of Berrien, Cass, Kalamazoo, St. Joseph, and Van Buren, counties, and includes most of Allegan county.

2011 redistricting removed the portion of Calhoun County that had been in the district, and added northwestern Allegan County, leaving only parts of the city of Holland in the 2nd district.

Major cities

Voting

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
2016 President Trump 51 - 43%
2012 President Romney 50 - 49%
2008 President Obama 54 - 45%
2004 President Bush 53 - 46%
2000 President Bush 52 - 45%
1996 President Clinton 46 - 44%
1992 President Clinton 39 - 38%

History

Michigan's Sixth Congressional District was originally formed in 1862. At this time it had all the Upper Peninsula except Menominee, Delta and Mackinac counties.

The district was vaguely contiguous, in that it did not contain the Straits of Mackinac but did include Presque Isle County, which can be reached without going through another district's area. It included another 21 counties on the Lower Peninsula. The southern boundary of the district was formed by Clinton, Shiawassee, Genesee, Tuscola and Huron counties. The district had a population of 97,783.[3]

In 1872, the Sixth District was shifted southward. It retained Clinton, Shiawassee, and Genesee counties while adding Ingham, Livingston and Oakland counties. With 163,000 residents the district had 12,000 more inhabitants than the next most populous district, and 65,000 more residents than Michigan's least populous district.[4]

In 1882, Shiawassee County was removed from the district. The new district had about 165,000 people. In 1892, Clinton County was removed but the townships of Livonia, Nankin (now Westland, Michigan and surrounding cities), Redford (including the eastern portion since annexed by Detroit), Greenfield (almost all now in Detroit, except the portion that became Highland Park, Springwells (since annexed by Detroit and Dearborn), and Dearborn in Wayne County were added, as well as the part of Detroit west of Lawton. This new district had a population of 190,539 that was 0.8% African-American.[5]

No changes were made in the boundaries of the district in 1902. Its population had risen to 221,699.[6]

It was not until 1932 that the boundaries of the 6th district were altered. In this year it lost its parts of Oakland and Wayne counties and was shifted to Ingham, Livingston, and Genesee Counties. These boundaries were not changed until 1964, when the district was redrawn to cover Jackson, Ingham, and Shiawassee counties.

In 1972, the district was redrawn to include Jackson, Ingham, and Livingston counties, as well as the western portion of Washtenaw County.

In 1982 the district was redrawn to Ingham, Livingston, and northwestern Oakland counties with a finger stretching all the way to Pontiac. Waterford Township was in the district, as was Auburn Hills, but Orion Township, Rochester Hills and Bloomfield Hills were all in other districts. The boundaries also included Independence Township, White Lake Township, Rose Township, Springfield Township and Highland Township. Brighton and the areas directly east of it in Livingston County were also not in this district. Most of Lansing was put in the 3rd District. In Jackson County the district covered Henrietta Township, Rives Township, and Tompkins Township. In Clinton County it included Bath Township. In Shiawassee County the district included Antrim Township, Perry Township, Perry, and Woodhull Township.[7][8]

In 1992, most of the old 6th's territory became the 8th District, while the 6th was redrawn to cover most of the old 4th and a small portion of the old 3rd, ending the splitting of Kalamazoo County between two districts. There were minor changes in the districts boundaries in 2002 and 2012.

List of representatives

Representative Party Years Congress Notes
District created March 4, 1863
No image.svg
John F. Driggs
Republican March 4, 1863 – March 3, 1869 38th–40th
RandolphStrickland.jpg
Randolph Strickland
Republican March 4, 1869 – March 3, 1871 41st
Jabez Sutherland.png
Jabez G. Sutherland
Democratic March 4, 1871 – March 3, 1873 42nd
Josiah W Begole.jpg
Josiah Begole
Republican March 4, 1873 – March 3, 1875 43rd
No image.svg
George H. Durand
Democratic March 4, 1875 – March 3, 1877 44th
Mark S. Brewer - Brady-Handy.jpg
Mark S. Brewer
Republican March 4, 1877 – March 3, 1881 45th–46th
OliverLymanSpaulding.jpg
Oliver L. Spaulding
Republican March 4, 1881 – March 3, 1883 47th
Edwin Winans.jpg
Edwin B. Winans [9]
Democratic March 4, 1883 – March 3, 1887 48th–49th
Mark S. Brewer - Brady-Handy.jpg
Mark S. Brewer
Republican March 3, 1887 – March 3, 1891 50th–51st
No image.svg
Byron G. Stout [10]
Democratic March 3, 1891 – March 3, 1893 52nd
DavidDAitken.jpg
David D. Aitken
Republican March 4, 1893 – March 3, 1897 53rd–54th
Samuel W. Smith campaign button.JPG
Samuel W. Smith
Republican March 4, 1897 – March 3, 1915 55th–63rd
PatrickHKelley.jpg
Patrick H. Kelley
Republican March 4, 1915 – March 3, 1923 64th–67th Redistricted from the At-large district
GrantMHudson.jpg
Grant M. Hudson
Republican March 4, 1923 – March 3, 1931 67th–71st
No image.svg
Seymour H. Person
Republican March 4, 1931 – March 3, 1933 72nd
No image.svg
Claude E. Cady
Democratic March 4, 1933 – January 3, 1935 73rd
No image.svg
William W. Blackney
Republican January 3, 1935 – January 3, 1937 74th
No image.svg
Andrew J. Transue
Democratic January 3, 1937 – January 3, 1939 75th
No image.svg
William W. Blackney
Republican January 3, 1939 – January 3, 1953 76th–82nd
No image.svg
Kit Clardy
Republican January 3, 1953 – January 3, 1955 83rd
Donald Hayworth (Michigan Congressman).jpg
Donald Hayworth
Democratic January 3, 1955 – January 3, 1957 84th
Charles E. Chamberlain.jpg
Charles E. Chamberlain
Republican January 3, 1957 – December 31, 1974 85th–93rd Resigned
Vacant December 31, 1974 –
January 3, 1975
Milton Robert Carr.jpeg
Bob Carr
Democratic January 3, 1975 – January 3, 1981 94th–96th
James W Dunn.png
Jim Dunn
Republican January 3, 1981 – January 3, 1983 97th
Milton Robert Carr.jpeg
Bob Carr
Democratic January 3, 1983 – January 3, 1993 98th–102nd Redistricted to the 8th district
Fred Upton 113th Congress.jpg
Fred Upton
Republican January 3, 1993 – present 103rd– Redistricted from the 4th district, Incumbent

Historical district boundaries

2003 - 2013
2003 - 2013
1993 - 2003
1993 - 2003


See also

Notes

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=26&cd=06
  2. ^ "PVI Map and District List". The Cook Political Report. Retrieved December 13, 2017.
  3. ^ Parson, Beach and Dubin. Congressional Districts and Data p. 119
  4. ^ Parson et al.Congressional Districts and Data p. 180-181
  5. ^ Parsons, Dubin and Parsons. Congressional Districts. p. 222
  6. ^ Parsons et al. Congressional Districts p. 359
  7. ^ Barone, Michael and Grant Ujifusa. The Almanac of American Politics. (Washington: National Journal, 1983) p. 576
  8. ^ http://www.censu.gov[permanent dead link] maps
  9. ^ Edwin B. Winans was elected as a fusion candidate, but was seated in Congress with the Democratic Party.
  10. ^ Byron G. Stout was elected on a Democratic and Union ticket in 1890 to the 52nd Congress.

References

This page was last edited on 1 January 2019, at 22:16
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