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Arizona's 3rd congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Arizona's 3rd congressional district
Arizona US Congressional District 3 (since 2013).tif
Arizona's 3rd congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Raúl Grijalva
DTucson
Distribution
  • 88.8% urban
  • 11.2% rural
Population (2015)761,488[1]
Median income$47,670[2]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+13[3]

Arizona's 3rd congressional district is a congressional district that contains the southwestern portions of the state, sharing the border of Mexico from Nogales to the California border. Much of the district's population lives in the western third of Tucson. It is currently represented by Democrat Raúl Grijalva.

History

Arizona picked up a third district after the 1960 Census. It encompassed the entire northern portion of the state, essentially wrapping around Phoenix and Maricopa County (the 1st District). After a mid-decade redistricting in 1967, the 3rd absorbed a slice of western Maricopa County, including most of what became the West Valley.

Due in part to explosive growth in the Phoenix/Maricopa portion of the district, the 3rd lost much of its eastern portion in the 1970 Census. Although it appeared rural on paper, the great majority of its population lived in the West Valley. By the 1970s, as many people lived in the West Valley as in the rest of the district combined.

After the 1990 Census, the district was reconfigured to include the Hopi Reservation on the other side of the state. This was a product of longstanding disputes between the Hopi and Navajo. Since tribal boundary disputes are a federal matter, it was long believed inappropriate to include both tribes' reservations in the same congressional district.[4] However, the Hopi reservation is completely surrounded by the Navajo reservation. The final map saw the Hopi reservation connected to the rest of the district by a long, narrow tendril stretching through Coconino County. This was the only way to allow the district to remain contiguous without covering significant portions of Navajo land.

After the 2000 Census, this district essentially became the 2nd District, while the 3rd was reconfigured to include much of what had been the 4th District. It now contained most of northern Phoenix as well as some of its northern suburbs. Most of that territory became the 6th District after the 2010 Census, while the 3rd was shifted to cover most of what had been the 7th District. That district, in turn, had mostly been the 2nd District from 1951 to 2003.

Voting

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
2000 President Bush 54 - 43%
2004 President Bush 58 - 41%
2008 President McCain 57 - 42%
2012 President Obama 61 - 38%
2016 President Clinton 62 - 33%

Competitiveness

From 2003 to 2013, most of the district's population was in middle-to-upper class areas in the northern part of Phoenix. Like the metropolitan area in general, the 3rd district leaned Republican, although the southern parts of the district in east-central Phoenix and Paradise Valley were more competitive between the parties.

George W. Bush received 58% of the vote in this district in 2004. John McCain took in 56.47% of the vote in the district in 2008 while Barack Obama received 42.34%.

List of members representing the district

Arizona began sending a third member to the House after the 1960 Census.

Representative Party Years Congress(es) Electoral history Geography and Counties[5][6][7]
George F. Senner, Jr..jpg

George F. Senner Jr.
Democratic January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1967
88th
89th
First elected in 1962.
Re-elected in 1964.
Lost re-election.
Northern Arizona:
Apache, Coconino, Gila, Graham, Greenlee, Mohave, Navajo, Yavapai
Sam Steiger.jpg

Sam Steiger
Republican January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1977
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
First elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Re-elected in 1972.
Re-elected in 1974.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
Northern Arizona, including parts of Metro Phoenix:
Apache, Coconino, Gila, Graham, Greenlee, Mohave, Navajo, Yavapai, Maricopa (part)
Western Arizona, including parts of Metro Phoenix:
Coconino, Mohave, Yavapai, Yuma, Maricopa (part)
Bobstump.jpg

Bob Stump
Democratic January 3, 1977 –
January 3, 1983
95th
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
First elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Re-elected in 1980.
Changed political parties.
Re-elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Retired.
Republican January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 2003
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
Western Arizona, including parts of Metro Phoenix:
Coconino, La Paz, Mohave, Yavapai, Maricopa (part), Yuma (part)
Western Arizona, including parts of Metro Phoenix:
La Paz, Mohave, Yavapai, Coconino (part), Maricopa (part), Navajo (part)
JohnShadegg.jpg

John Shadegg
Republican January 3, 2003 –
January 3, 2011
108th
109th
110th
111th
Redistricted from the 4th district.
Re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Retired.
AZ-districts-109-03.png

Parts of Metro Phoenix:

Maricopa (part)
Benjamin Quayle, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.JPG

Ben Quayle
Republican January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2013
112th Elected in 2010.
Lost renomination.
Raúl Grijalva.jpg

Raúl Grijalva
Democratic January 3, 2013 –
present
113th
114th
115th
116th
Redistricted from the 7th district.
Re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.
Southern Arizona:
Maricopa (part), Pima (part), Pinal (part), Santa Cruz (part), Tucson (part), Yuma (part)

Previous election results

2002

Arizona’s 3rd Congressional District House Election, 2002
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican John Shadegg 104,847 67.32%
Democratic Charles Hill 47,173 30.29%
Libertarian Mark Yannone 3,731 2.40%
Majority 57,674 37.03%
Total votes 155,751 100.00
Republican hold

2004

Arizona’s 3rd Congressional District House Election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican John Shadegg* 181,012 80.10%
Libertarian Mark Yannone 44,962 19.90%
Majority 136,050 60.20%
Total votes 225,974 100.00
Republican hold

2006

Arizona’s 3rd Congressional District House Election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican John Shadegg* 112,519 59.27%
Democratic Herb Paine 72,586 38.23%
Libertarian Mark Yannone 4,744 2.50%
Majority 39,933 21.04%
Total votes 189,849 100.00
Republican hold

2008

Arizona’s 3rd Congressional District House Election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican John Shadegg* 148,800 54.08%
Democratic Bob Lord 115,759 42.07%
Libertarian Michael Shoen 10,602 3.85%
Majority 33,041 12.01%
Total votes 275,161 100.00
Republican hold

2010

Arizona’s 3rd Congressional District House Election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Ben Quayle 108,689 52.24%
Democratic Jon Hulburd 85,610 41.14%
Libertarian Michael Shoen 10,478 5.04%
Green Leonard Clark 3,294 1.58%
Majority 23,079 11.10%
Total votes 208,071 100.00
Republican hold

2012

Arizona’s 3rd Congressional District House Election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Raul M. Grijalva* 98,468 58.37%
Republican Gabriela Saucedo Mercer 62,663 37.15%
Libertarian Blanca Guerra 7,567 4.49%
Majority 35,805 21.22%
Total votes 168,698 100.00
Democratic hold

2014

Arizona’s 3rd Congressional District House Election, 2014
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Raul M. Grijalva* 58,192 55.7%
Republican Gabriela Saucedo Mercer 46,185 44.2%
Majority 12,007 11.5%
Total votes 104,428 100.00
Democratic hold

2016

Arizona’s 3rd Congressional District House Election, 2016
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Raul M. Grijalva* 148,973 100%
Majority
Total votes 148,973 100
Democratic hold

2018

Arizona's 3rd Congressional District House Election, 2018[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Raul M. Grijalva* 106,064 63.39% -36.61%
Republican Nicolas Pierson 61,267 36.61% +36.61%
Margin of victory 44,797 26.78% -73.22%
Total votes 167,331 100.0% N/A
Democratic hold

Living former Members

As of April 2015, there are two former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Arizona's 3rd congressional district that are currently living. The most recent representative to die was Sam Steiger (served 1967-1977) on September 26, 2012. The most recently serving representative to die was Bob Stump (served 1977-2003) on June 20, 2003.

Representative Term in office Date of birth (and age)
John Shadegg 2003 - 2011 (1949-10-22) October 22, 1949 (age 69)
Ben Quayle 2011 - 2013 (1976-11-05) November 5, 1976 (age 42)

See also

Notes

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=04&cd=03
  3. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  4. ^ Pitzi, Mary Jo, 2011. Navajos seek tribal-dominated district in Arizona. Arizona Republic, Published September 16, 2011. Retrieved November 3, 2011.
  5. ^ Martis, Kenneth C., The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts, 1789-1983. New York: Macmillan Publishing, 1982.
  6. ^ Martis, Kenneth C., The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress, 1789-1989. New York: Macmillan Publishing, 1989.
  7. ^ Congressional Directory: Browse 105th Congress Archived February 17, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ "2018 General Election". Arizona Secretary of State. November 15, 2018.

References

External links

This page was last edited on 26 May 2019, at 07:19
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