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Michigan's 4th congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Michigan's 4th congressional district
Michigan US Congressional District 4 (since 2013).tif
Michigan's 4th congressional district since January 3, 2013
Representative
  John Moolenaar
RMidland
Distribution
  • 36.67[1]% urban
  • 63.33% rural
Population (2018)704,592[2]
Median income$49,448[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+10[4]

Michigan's 4th congressional district is a United States Congressional district that from 2003 to 2013 included portions of Northern and Central Michigan, consisting of all of Clare, Clinton, Gladwin, Gratiot, Isabella, Mecosta, Midland, Missaukee, Ogemaw, Osceola, Roscommon, and Wexford counties, as well as the northern portion of Shiawassee county, most of the western portion of Saginaw county, and most of Montcalm county.[5] The district was slightly altered in the 2012 redistricting.

The 4th is represented by John Moolenaar. This district has had Republican representation since the 1930s.

Major cities

Voting

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
2016 President Trump 60 - 35%
2012 President Romney 54 - 46%
2008 President Obama 50 - 48%
2004 President Bush 55 - 44%
2000 President Bush 54 - 44%
1996 President Clinton 47 - 41%
1992 President Clinton 38 - 37%

United States House of Representatives elections in Michigan, 2010 | United States House of Representatives elections in Michigan, 2012 | United States House of Representatives elections in Michigan, 2014

History

Michigan's 4th Congressional District was first formed in 1852. At this time It covered everywhere from Macomb County to the western end of the Upper Peninsula. Ingham County was not in the district, and then the boundary turned northward after Eaton County only going west again Midland County was reached. It went west again along Midland and subsequent counties southern lines and then headed north again on the east side of Muskegon County, with Manistee being its southern county that bordered Lake Michigan.

In 1863 it gained the areas around Grand Rapids and Muskegon but lost everything east of Ionia County and most of the Upper Peninsula. In 1872 it was redrawn to cover Berrien, Cass, Kalamazoo, Van Buren and St. Joseph Counties. In 1892 these boundaries were altered by the addition of Allegan and Barry Counties but the subtraction of Kalamazoo County. This remained the district boundaries for the next 72 years.

In 1964 the 4th district was redrawn. Barry County was subtracted from the district while Branch and Hillsdale Counties were added. In 1972 the district boundaries were altered by adding small sections of Calhoun County and subtracting small portions of Hillsdale and St. Joseph Counties.

The 1982 redistricting removed from the district all of Hillsdale County and the portion of Calhoun County that was in the district. Quincy and Butler Townships in Branch County were also removed. In Kalamazoo County Schoolcraft Township and most of Portage were added to the district. The southern and western portions of Allegan County and most of western Ottawa County including Holland, Michigan were also in the district.

In the renumbering of 1992 this district essentially became the 6th, while the old 10th became the new 6th.

The old 10th and 1990s 6th

The old 10th included most of Grand Traverse and all of Kalkaska County which were lost to the new 1st (old 11th) in the 1992 redistricting. It also included Wexford County that was moved to the new 2nd (old 9th) in the 1992 redistricting. The only other areas lost were small parts of Antrim and Iosco Counties and a portion of Shiawasee County consisting of Durand and Vernon Township.

The new 4th gained Montcalm county from the old 9th district. It gained the Clinton and most of the Shiawasee portions of the old 6th district and the northern half of Oscoda County. It also gained a portion of south-west Saginaw County and the portion of Midland County that had not been in the old 10th.

In 2002 Leelaunau County and a small section of north-west Grand Traverse County were the only areas gerrymandered from the 1st and other districts into the 4th that had not been in the old 10th.

List of members representing the district

Member Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
District created March 4, 1853
Hestor L. Stevens Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
33rd [data unknown/missing]
George Washington Peck (Michigan Congressman).jpg

George Washington Peck
Democratic March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
34th [data unknown/missing]
DeWitt C. Leach, Representative from Michigan, Thirty-fifth Congress, half-length portrait LCCN2010649420.jpg

De Witt C. Leach
Republican March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1861
35th
36th
[data unknown/missing]
RowlandETrowbridge.jpg

Rowland E. Trowbridge
Republican March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
37th [data unknown/missing]
Francis William Kellogg - Brady-Handy.jpg

Francis William Kellogg
Republican March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
38th Redistricted from the 3rd district.
[data unknown/missing]
TWFerry.jpg

Thomas W. Ferry
Republican March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1871
39th
40th
41st
[data unknown/missing]
Re-elected in 1870 but declined the seat when elected U.S. Senator.
Vacant March 4, 1871 –
December 4, 1871
42nd
Wilder D. Foster (Michigan Congressman).jpg

Wilder D. Foster
Republican April 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
Elected April 4, 1871 to finish Ferry's term and seated December 4, 1871.
Redistricted to the 5th district.
Julius Caesar Burrows.jpg

Julius C. Burrows
Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
43rd [data unknown/missing]
Allen Potter (Michigan Congressman).jpg

Allen Potter
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
44th [data unknown/missing]
Edwin W. Keightley (Michigan Congressman).jpg

Edwin W. Keightley
Republican March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1879
45th [data unknown/missing]
Julius Caesar Burrows.jpg

Julius C. Burrows
Republican March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1883
46th
47th
[data unknown/missing]
George L. Yaple (Michigan Congressman).jpg

George L. Yaple
Democratic[a] March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1885
48th [data unknown/missing]
Julius Caesar Burrows.jpg

Julius C. Burrows
Republican March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1893
49th
50th
51st
52nd
[data unknown/missing]
Redistricted to the 3rd district.
Henry F. Thomas.jpg

Henry F. Thomas
Republican March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1897
53rd
54th
[data unknown/missing]
Edward L. Hamilton.jpg

Edward L. Hamilton
Republican March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1921
55th
56th
57th
58th
59th
60th
61st
62nd
63rd
64th
65th
66th
[data unknown/missing]
John C. Ketcham (Michigan Congressman).jpg

John C. Ketcham
Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1933
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
[data unknown/missing]
George Foulkes (Michigan Congressman).jpg

George E. Foulkes
Democratic March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1935
73rd [data unknown/missing]
Rep. Clare Hoffman, Repub. of Mich. LCCN2016877632 (cropped).jpg

Clare Hoffman
Republican January 3, 1935 –
January 3, 1963
74th
75th
76th
77th
78th
79th
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
[data unknown/missing]
J. Edward Hutchinson.jpg

Edward Hutchinson
Republican January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1977
88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
[data unknown/missing]
David Stockman Michigan.png

David Stockman
Republican January 3, 1977 –
January 21, 1981
95th
96th
97th
[data unknown/missing]
Resigned to become Director of the Office of Management and Budget
Vacant January 21, 1981 –
April 21, 1981
Mark D. Siljander.jpg

Mark Siljander
Republican April 21, 1981 –
January 3, 1987
97th
98th
99th
Elected to finish Stockman's term.
[data unknown/missing]
FredUpton.jpg

Fred Upton
Republican January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 1993
100th
101st
102nd
[data unknown/missing]
Redistricted to the 6th district.
Dave Camp.jpg

Dave Camp
Republican January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2015
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
Redistricted from the 10th district.
Retired.
John Moolenaar.jpg

John Moolenaar
Republican January 3, 2015 –
present
114th
115th
116th
[data unknown/missing]

Historical district boundaries

1993 - 2003
1993 - 2003
2003 - 2013
2003 - 2013

See also

Notes

  1. ^ George L. Yaple was elected as a fusion candidate, but was seated in Congress with the Democrats.
  1. ^ https://www2.census.gov/geo/relfiles/cdsld13/26/ur_cd_26.txt
  2. ^ "My Congressional District".
  3. ^ "My Congressional District".
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  5. ^ http://www.mcgi.state.mi.us/districtlocator/PDFs/2011/congressional/Michigan%20Congressional%20District%204.pdf

References

This page was last edited on 23 May 2020, at 14:14
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