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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Richard Neal
Richard Neal official photo (cropped).jpg
Chair of the House Ways and Means Committee
Assumed office
January 3, 2019
Preceded byKevin Brady
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts
Assumed office
January 3, 1989
Preceded byEdward Boland
Constituency2nd district (1989–2013)
1st district (2013–present)
50th Mayor of Springfield
In office
1983–1989
Preceded byTheodore Dimauro
Succeeded byMary Hurley
Personal details
Born
Richard Edmund Neal

(1949-02-14) February 14, 1949 (age 71)
Worcester, Massachusetts, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Maureen Neal
Children4
EducationHolyoke Community College
American International College (BA)
University of Hartford (MA)
Signature
WebsiteHouse website

Richard Edmund Neal (born February 14, 1949) is an American politician serving as the U.S. Representative for Massachusetts's 1st congressional district since 2013. A member of the Democratic Party, he represented Massachusetts's 2nd congressional district from 1989 to 2012. He is the dean of Massachusetts's delegation to the House of Representatives.

Neal was president of the Springfield City Council from 1979 to 1983, serving as mayor of Springfield from 1983 to 1989. He was nearly unopposed when he ran for the House of Representatives in 1988, and took office in 1989.

As the chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee and former chairman of the Subcommittee on Select Revenue Measures, Neal is an influential figure in House economic policy. He has also dedicated much of his career to US–Ireland relations and maintaining American involvement in the Northern Ireland peace process, for which he has won several acclamations. He has a generally liberal voting record, but is considered a moderate on such issues as abortion and trade. In January 2020 Neal was inducted into the Irish American Hall of Fame.[1]

Early life, education, and academic career

Richard Edmund Neal was born in 1949, in Worcester, Massachusetts, the oldest of three children of Mary H. (Garvey) and Edmund John Neal. He and his two younger sisters were raised in Springfield by their mother, a housewife, and their father, a custodian at MassMutual. Neal's maternal grandparents were from Northern Ireland and his paternal grandparents were from Ireland and Cornwall.[2] Neal's mother died of a heart attack when he was 13, and he was attending Springfield Technical High School when his father, an alcoholic, died. Neal and his two younger sisters moved in with their grandmother and later their aunt, forced to rely on Social Security checks as they grew up.[3][4][5]

After graduating from high school, Neal attended Holyoke Community College in Holyoke, Massachusetts, and then American International College in Springfield, with the assistance of survivor's benefits. He graduated in 1972 with a Bachelor of Arts in political science. He then attended the University of Hartford's Barney School of Business and Public Administration, graduating in 1976 with a Master of Arts in public administration.[4][6][7] Early in his career Neal taught history at Cathedral High School.[5]

Local government

Neal began his political career as co-chairman of Democratic presidential candidate George McGovern's 1972 election campaign in Western Massachusetts.[8] In 1973 he became an assistant to Springfield Mayor William C. Sullivan. Neal was elected to the Springfield City Council in 1978 and was named President of the City Council in 1979.[6] The following year he was named as a delegate for presidential candidate Edward M. Kennedy at the 1980 Democratic National Convention.[9] While a city councilor, Neal taught history at Cathedral High School, and gave lectures at Springfield College, American International College, Springfield Technical Community College and Western New England College.[10]

In 1983 Neal made plans to challenge Theodore Dimauro, the Democratic incumbent mayor of Springfield. The pressure led Dimauro to retire and Neal was elected mayor. Neal was reelected in 1985 and 1987.[8] As mayor, Neal oversaw a period of significant economic growth, with over $400 million of development and investment in the city, and a surplus in the city budget. He worked to strengthen Springfield's appearance, pushing to revive and preserve the city's historic homes and initiating an influential Clean City Campaign to reduce litter.[10][11]

U.S. House of Representatives

Elections

The 2nd congressional district of Massachusetts from 2003-2013
The 2nd congressional district of Massachusetts from 2003-2013

Neal ran for the United States House of Representatives in Massachusetts's 2nd congressional district in 1988 after 18-term Democratic incumbent Edward Boland retired. Boland had alerted Neal of his impending retirement, giving him a head start on his campaign. Neal raised $200,000 in campaign contributions and collected signatures across the district before the retirement was formally announced.[12] He was unopposed in the Democratic primary, and his only general election opponent was Communist Party candidate Louis R. Godena, whom he defeated with over 80 percent of the vote.[13]

Neal has won reelection every two years since. Former Springfield mayor Theodore Dimauro, reflecting sentiments that Neal had an unfair advantage in the previous election, ran as a challenger in the 1990 Democratic primary. Dimauro's campaign was sullied by a false rumor he spread about the Bank of New England's financial situation, and Neal won the primary easily.[12] He was unopposed in the general election, winning 68 percent of the vote.[14] In 1992 his popularity was threatened by the House banking scandal, in which he had made dozens of unpenalized overdrafts at the House Bank.[12] After narrowly defeating two Democratic opponents, he was challenged by Republican Anthony W. Ravosa, Jr., and Independent Thomas R. Sheehan. Neal won with 53 percent of the vote.[15]

In a Springfield Union-News poll taken in mid-October 1994, Neal was ahead of John Briare by only 6 percentage points. Neal went on to spend nearly $500,000 in the last two weeks of the campaign to defeat Briare. The 1994 general election also featured a third-party candidate, Kate Ross, who received 6% of the vote. With blanks, Neal actually received only 51% of the vote in 1994.[16]

Since 1994 Neal has had little electoral opposition. He was challenged by Mark Steele in 1996 and easily dispatched him with 71 percent of the vote[17][18] and ran unopposed in 1998. In 2000 he won the Democratic primary against Joseph R. Fountain, who challenged Neal's positions as "anti-choice" and "anti-gun".[19] Neal had been unopposed in the general election since 1996, but faced Republican opponent Tom Wesley[20] in the 2010 United States Congressional elections, which Neal won by a margin of 57% to 43%.

For his first 12 terms in Congress, Neal represented a district centered on Springfield and stretching as far east as the southern and western suburbs of Worcester. When Massachusetts lost a congressional district after the 2010 census, the bulk of Neal's territory, including his home in Springfield, was merged with the 1st District, held by fellow Democrat John Olver. The prospect of an incumbent vs. incumbent contest was averted when Olver retired. The new 1st was no less Democratic than the old 2nd, and Neal was reelected without much difficulty in 2012, 2014 and 2016.

In the 2018 Democratic primary Neal defeated Springfield, Massachusetts attorney Tahirah Amatul-Wadud, 70.7% to 29.3%.[21] In the final days of the campaign Neal had $3.1 million in the bank to Amatul-Wadud's $20,000.[21]

On July 22, 2019, Holyoke, Massachusetts Mayor Alex Morse announced that he would challenge Neal in the 2020 Democratic primary election.[22]

Committee assignments

2007–2009

2009–2011

2011–2013

2013–2015

2015–2017

2017–2019

2019–2021

Caucus memberships

Tenure

Neal has a generally liberal political record. He was given a 100 percent "Liberal Quotient" by Americans for Democratic Action (ADA) for his 2008 voting record, and the organization named him one of the year's "ADA Heroes".[23] He was given an 8.19 percent "Lifetime Rating" by the American Conservative Union (ACU) based on his votes from 1989 to 2009.[24] In the 110th United States Congress Neal voted with the Democratic Party leadership on 98.9 percent of bills;[25] in the 111th United States Congress, Neal voted with the Democratic party leadership 95% of the time.[26]

Neal served as a member of the House Democratic Steering Committee in the 105th Congress and was an at-large whip for the House Democrats.[6][12] He is a co-chair of the New England Congressional Caucus, a group aiming to advance the regional interests of New England.[6]

Economy and budget

With several influential committee posts, Neal has made economic policy the focus of his career, although his success has been mixed.[3] He served his first two terms on the House Banking Committee, where he served on the Financial Services Subcommittee. As the banking reform law of 1991 was being drafted, he cautioned that President George H. W. Bush's proposal could negatively affect small businesses and minority-owned businesses. He introduced an amendment to require reports on lending to these businesses, which was adopted.[27]

In 1993 Neal moved to the House Ways and Means Committee, where he currently serves.[27] He has been chairman of the Subcommittee on Select Revenue Measures since 2008 and is a member of the Subcommittee on Trade. Previously he served on the Oversight and Social Security subcommittees.[28] In the late 2000s analysts considered Neal a likely frontrunner for chairman of the Ways and Means Committee, and in the wake of Charles B. Rangel's 2010 departure he began actively seeking the post.[4][29] In June 2010, while pursuing the chairmanship, he invited campaign contributors to a $5,000-per-person weekend fundraiser in Cape Cod. This drew fire from The Boston Globe, which criticized him for "[acceding] to the capital's money culture."[30]

According to Congressional Quarterly's Politics in America, one of Neal's longstanding legislative priorities is to simplify the tax code.[3] Neal has long advocated repealing the Alternative Minimum Tax (AMT), believing its effects have reached unreasonably low income brackets.[31] He led an unsuccessful movement to reform the AMT in 2007.[3] In 1998 he successfully pushed to exempt a child tax credit from being affected by the AMT, and in 2001 Congress made the exemption permanent at his urging.[32] He voted against the tax cuts of 2001 and 2003, saying they would force millions onto the AMT.[33] Another priority of Neal's is to eliminate tax "loopholes" that favor higher-income individuals.[3] He was the lead proponent of a bill to require federal contractors to pay federal taxes for workers hired through offshore shell headquarters. The bill, H.R. 6081, passed both houses of Congress unanimously and was signed into law in May 2008.[34]

On trade policy, Neal has a moderate record, supporting lower trade barriers.[35] He voted against the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in 1993.[12] In 1995 and 2002 he voted against fast track bills that gave the president the authority to negotiate trade deals without amendments by Congress. In 2007 he voted in favor of the United States – Peru Trade Promotion Agreement despite some Democratic opposition.[3]

Neal is a strong supporter of the Social Security program. He moved from the Trade subcommittee to the Social Security subcommittee in 2005 to challenge President George W. Bush's attempts to partially privatize it.[33] He pushed a proposal to automatically enroll employees in Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs), and successfully lobbied President Barack Obama to include it in a proposed 2009 budget outline.[3]

In 2017 Neal and Representative Kevin Brady of Texas, the Republican chairman of the Ways and Means Committee, played a key role in preserving the carried interest tax loophole lobbied by private equity, venture capital and Wall Street, against the election promises and legislative directions of President Trump.[36]

In February 2019 Neal came under criticism for failing to promptly exercise his authority as Ways and Means Committee chair to subpoena Donald Trump's tax returns.[37] Citing a need to build a strong case in a potential lawsuit, Neal delayed taking this step until May 2019.[38]

In 2019 the House Ways and Means Committee led by Neal passed a bill that would prohibit the IRS from creating a free electronic tax filing system.[39] During his 2016 and 2018 campaigns, Neal received $16,000 in contributions from Intuit and H&R Block, two tax preparation companies that have lobbied against the creation of free tax filing systems.[39]

Foreign policy

Descended from Irish nationalist grandparents on both sides, Neal has been an advocate for Irish concerns throughout his Congressional career, pushing to keep the United States involved in the Northern Ireland peace process. He is the co-chair of the ad hoc Committee on Irish Affairs, has been chairman of the Friends of Ireland since 2007, and was considered as a candidate for United States Ambassador to Ireland in 1998.[3][40] After the disarmament of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) in September 2005, Neal was among a group of Congressmen who met with Sinn Féin MP Martin McGuinness to congratulate him on the disarmament and ensure a lasting peace had been reached.[41][42] Neal invited Sinn Féin President Gerry Adams to the inauguration of Barack Obama in January 2009.[43] Neal has been named as one of the top 100 Irish-Americans by Irish America magazine and received the International Leadership Award from The American Ireland Fund in 2002.[40][44]

Neal is an opponent of the Iraq War, saying it was based on false intelligence. He voted against the original invasion in 2003 and opposed President Bush's 2006 request to send additional troops.[33] He cited veterans' affairs as his top priority in 2010.[45]

Domestic policy

Health care

A longtime advocate of health care reform, Neal was involved in the major health care reform efforts of 1993–94 and 2009–10. In working on the unsuccessful Clinton health care plan of 1993 he balanced his desire for health care reform with the interests of the major health insurance and medical companies in his district, achieving a compromise allowing insurance companies to charge small businesses higher premiums.[27] He was later involved writing the House's 2009 health care reform bill, the Affordable Health Care for America Act. As chairman of the Select Revenue Measures subcommittee, he had a hand in developing the bill's financing plan. He explained that his priorities were to address "pre-existing conditions, capping out-of-pocket expenses and making sure people don't lose their health care if they lose their job".[45][46] Despite his support for the act, he spoke about his preference for a "piecemeal" approach to health care reform, saying it would allow for a more reasonable debate.[47]

As chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee, before a March 2019 hearing on Medicare for All, Neal told Democrats on the panel that he didn’t want the phrase "Medicare for All" to be used. He argued that Medicare for All was wrong on policy and a political loser.[48] In December 2019, some blamed Neal for killing legislation that would have ended surprise medical bills,[49] suspecting it may have been because of industry lobbyist donations to his reelection campaign.[50][51] As of the 2019-20 election cycle, Neal is third-highest among House members in campaign contributions from the health services/HMO industry.[52] The insurance and pharmaceutical industries are among the top contributors to his campaign committee.[52]

Retirement planning

Neal introduced the bipartisan SECURE Act of 2019, which contained a number of provisions to expand access to retirement planning options and encourage employers to set up retirement plans for workers. The bill, originally introduced in late March 2019, became law in December 2019 as part of the fiscal year 2020 federal appropriations bill.[53]

Abortion

Representing a relatively Catholic district, Neal has a more conservative record on abortion than other Massachusetts representatives.[3] He said in 2010, "I have always opposed taxpayer funding of abortion. I'd keep Roe v. Wade and restrict it. I've always thought: keep abortion, with restrictions for late-term abortion. [Given] the voting pattern I have, both sides would say I'm mixed, and guess what? That's where the American people are."[47] He voted for the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act of 2003, which made the intact dilation and extraction abortion procedure illegal in most cases.[3] During debate on the House health care reform bill, he voted in favor of the Stupak–Pitts Amendment to restrict government funding of abortion.[54]

Other social issues

On other social issues Neal has a moderate record: he supports a proposed Constitutional amendment to ban desecration of the U.S. flag, and has twice voted against an amendment to ban same-sex marriage.[3]

Personal life

Neal is a Roman Catholic.[12] He lives in Springfield with his wife Maureen Neal, née Conway. They have four children: Rory Christopher, Brendan Conway, Maura Katherine, and Sean Richard.[7] In addition to his duties as a congressman, Neal teaches a journalism course at the University of Massachusetts Amherst called "The Politician and the Journalist".[4]

Electoral history

Richard Neal's electoral history

City council elections

1977 Springfield city councilors at-large election
Candidates Primary[55] General
election
[56]
Votes % Votes %
Vincent Di Monaco 9,507 7.39 16,174 8.34
Paul M. Kalill 8,702 6.77 15,552 8.02
Richard E. Neal 6,875 5.35 13,416 6.92
Philip A. Contant 5,689 4.43 12,867 6.63
Leonard J. Collamore 7,756 6.03 12,781 6.59
Paul R. Mason 6,169 4.80 12,624 6.51
Thomas J. Costello III 5,903 4.59 11,974 6.17
Rose Marie Coughlin 6,324 4.92 11,821 6.09
Robert T. Markel 3,881 3.02 11,414 5.88
James H. Bloom 6,572 5.11 11,359 5.86
Daniel M. Walsh III 5,972 4.65 10,638 5.48
James A. Murray 5,397 4.20 10,165 5.24
Donald C. Keavany 2,893 2.25 9,001 4.64
Peter J. Jurzynski 4,606 3.58 8,637 4.45
Romeo J. Cyr 4,993 3.88 8,171 4.21
Daniel J. Manning 3,880 3.02 6,611 3.41
Daniel E. O'Malley 3,769 2.93 6,485 3.34
Thomas J. Costello III 2,893 2.25 4,319 2.23
Francis P. Coughlin 2,866 2.23
Edward F. Cass 2,624 2.04
Sidney Chet Chernice 2,439 1.90
Theodore Piwowarczyk 1,892 1.47
Millicent V. Abner 1,827 1.42
Candice Early Lopes 1,625 1.26
Joseph B. Flynn Jr 1,594 1.24
Edward T. Sullivan 1,544 1.20
John A. Wanat 1,496 1.16
William A. Grant 1,421 1.11
Philip J. Glarneau 1,328 1.03
Sidney Silverman 978 0.76
Robert J. Wihbey 957 0.74
George Williams 949 0.74
August Lucia 897 0.70
Paul Sacharczyk 894 0.70
Joseph H. Kirby 538 0.42
Archibald Strong 473 0.37
David J. Peterson 453 0.35
Hindes 1 0.00
Total 128,577 100 194,009 100
1979 Springfield city councilors at-large election
Candidates General election[57]
Votes %
Richard E. Neal 15,902 9.93
Vincent DiMonaco 15,020 9.38
Brian Santaniello 14,828 9.26
Rose Marie Coughlin 14,420 9.00
Mary Hurley 13,337 8.33
Philip A. Contant 12,993 8.11
Robert T. Markel 11,679 7.29
Paul R. Mason 11,425 7.13
Peter J. Jurzynski 10,300 6.43
Phillip Hart 10,096 6.30
Morris Jones 6,358 3.97
Cesar Ruiz, Jr. 6,337 3.96
Thomas M. Moriarty 4,884 3.05
Daniel J. Manning 4,692 2.93
Thomas A. Bridges 3,243 2.02
Philip J. Galarneau 3,056 1.90
Alfred J. Rivers 1,634 1.02
Total 160,204 100
1981 Springfield city councilors at-large election
Candidates Primary[58] General
election
[59]
Votes % Votes %
Richard E. Neal 13,109 9.63 24,452 9.59
Mary Hurley 11,451 8.41 22,032 8.64
Vincent Dimonaco 10,903 8.01 21,790 8.55
Brian A. Santaniello 10,796 7.93 21,360 8.38
Rose Marie Coughlin 10,628 7.81 20,278 7.96
Andrew M. Scibelli 10,583 7.77 19,176 7.52
Robert T. Markel 8,656 6.36 18,618 7.30
Philip A. Contant 9,217 6.77 18,490 7.25
Paul R. Mason 9,879 7.26 17,103 6.71
Francis W. Bloom 7,295 5.36 16,801 6.59
Nicola "Nick" Gioscia 5,602 4.12 11,637 4.57
Michael F. Crowley 6,653 4.89 11,414 4.48
Miguel Rivas Jr. 3,881 2.85 7,349 2.88
Morris Jones 4,882 3.59 6,689 2.62
Harold F. Langford Jr. 3,237 2.38 6,113 2.40
Floyd Narcisse 3,277 2.41 5,390 2.12
Ernest R. Duteau 1,719 1.26 3,197 1.25
Alferd J. Rivers 1,560 1.15 3,031 1.19
Normand W. Oliver 1,552 1.14
Lewis M. Brown 1,255 0.92
Total 136,135 100 254,911 100

Mayoral elections

1983 Springfield, Massachusetts mayoral election
Candidates Primary[60] General
election
[61]
Votes % Votes %
Richard E. Neal 11,315 85.58 25,462 85.34
William G. Montana 1,113 8.42 4,373 14.66
Joseph D. Harrington 793 6.00
Total 13,221 100 29,835 100
1985 Springfield, Massachusetts mayoral election[62]
Party Candidate Votes %
Nonpartisan Richard E. Neal (incumbent) 19,382 92.12
Nonpartisan Joseph D. Harrington 1,658 7.88
Total votes 21,040
1987 Springfield, Massachusetts mayoral election[63]
Party Candidate Votes %
Nonpartisan Richard E. Neal (incumbent) 20,612 91.65
Nonpartisan Joseph D. Harrington 1,879 8.36
Total votes 22,491

Congressional elections

1988
1988 Massachusetts's 2nd congressional district Democratic primary[64]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Richard E. Neal 24,523 99.93
Write-in Other 18 0.07
Total votes 24,541 100
1988 Massachusetts's 2nd congressional district election[65]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Richard E. Neal 156,262 80.23
Peace, Jobs Justice Louis R. Godena 38,466 19.75
Write-in Other 52 0.03
Total votes 194,780 100
1990
1990 Massachusetts's 2nd congressional district Democratic primary[66]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Richard E. Neal (incumbent) 51,615 63.61
Democratic Theodore E. DiMauro 29,520 36.38
Write-in Other 5 0.01
Total votes 81,140 100
1990 Massachusetts's 2nd congressional district election[67]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Richard E. Neal (incumbent) 134,152 67.97
Write-in Other 63,169 32.01
Total votes 197,321 100
1992
1992 Massachusetts's 2nd congressional district Democratic primary[68]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Richard E. Neal (incumbent) 30,370 47.72
Democratic Kateri B. Walsh 21,709 34.11
Democratic Charles A. Platten, Jr. 11,513 18.09
Write-in Other 49 0.08
Total votes 63,641 100
1992 Massachusetts's 2nd congressional district election[69]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Richard E. Neal (incumbent) 131,215 53.09
Republican Anthony W. Ravosa 76,795 31.07
For the People Thomas R. Sheehan 38,963 15.76
Write-in Other 190 0.08
Total votes 247,163 100
1994
1994 Massachusetts's 2nd congressional district Democratic primary[70]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Richard E. Neal (incumbent) 25,472 99.82
Write-in Other 46 0.18
Total votes 25,518 100
1994 Massachusetts's 2nd congressional district election[71]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Richard E. Neal (incumbent) 117,178 58.52
Republican John M. Braire 72,732 36.32
Natural Law Kate Ross 10,167 5.08
Write-in Other 161 0.08
Total votes 200,238 100
1996
1996 Massachusetts's 2nd congressional district Democratic primary[72]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Richard E. Neal (incumbent) 11,048 99.01
Write-in Other 111 1.00
Total votes 11,159 100
1996 Massachusetts's 2nd congressional district election[73]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Richard E. Neal (incumbent) 162,995 71.67
Republican Mark Steele 49,885 21.94
Independent Scott Andrichak 9,181 4.04
Natural Law Richard Kaynor 5,124 2.25
Write-in Other 226 0.10
Total votes 227,411 100
1998
1998 Massachusetts's 2nd congressional district Democratic primary[74]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Richard E. Neal (incumbent) 30,785 99.45
Write-in Other 169 0.55
Total votes 30,954 100
1998 Massachusetts's 2nd congressional district election[75]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Richard E. Neal (incumbent) 130,550 98.94
Write-in Other 1,393 1.06
Total votes 131,943 100
2000
2000 Massachusetts's 2nd congressional district Democratic primary[76]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Richard E. Neal (incumbent) 20,253 86.45
Democratic Joseph R. Fountain 3,149 13.44
Write-in Other 26 0.11
Total votes 23,428 100
2000 Massachusetts's 2nd congressional district election[77][78]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Richard E. Neal (incumbent) 196,670 98.91
Write-in Other 2,176 1.09
Total votes 198,846 100
2002
2002 Massachusetts's 2nd congressional district Democratic primary[79]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Richard E. Neal (incumbent) 47,369 99.45
Write-in Other 260 0.55
Total votes 47,629 100
2002 Massachusetts's 2nd congressional district election[80][81]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Richard E. Neal (incumbent) 153,387 99.13
Write-in Other 1,341 0.87
Total votes 154,728 100
2004
2004 Massachusetts's 2nd congressional district Democratic primary[82]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Richard E. Neal (incumbent) 29,707 99.14
Write-in Other 259 0.55
Total votes 29,966 100
2004 Massachusetts's 2nd congressional district election[83][84]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Richard E. Neal (incumbent) 217,682 98.73
Write-in Other 2,802 1.27
Total votes 220,484 100
2006
2006 Massachusetts's 2nd congressional district Democratic primary[85]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Richard E. Neal (incumbent) 60,953 99.27
Write-in Other 446 0.73
Total votes 61,399 100
2006 Massachusetts's 2nd congressional district election[86][87]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Richard E. Neal (incumbent) 164,939 98.65
Write-in Other 2,254 1.35
Total votes 167,193 100
2008
2008 Massachusetts's 2nd congressional district Democratic primary[88]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Richard E. Neal (incumbent) 30,017 98.82
Write-in Other 360 1.19
Total votes 30,377 100
2008 Massachusetts's 2nd congressional district election[89][90]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Richard E. Neal (incumbent) 234,369 98.47
Write-in Other 3,631 1.53
Total votes 238,000 100
2010
2010 Massachusetts's 2nd congressional district Democratic primary[91]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Richard E. Neal (incumbent) 31,053 98.68
Write-in Other 416 1.32
Total votes 31,469 100
2010 Massachusetts's 2nd congressional district election[92]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Richard E. Neal (incumbent) 122,708 57.32
Republican Thomas A. Wesley 91,209 42.61
Write-in Other 164 0.08
Total votes 214,081 100
2012
2012 Massachusetts's 1st congressional district Democratic primary[93]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Richard Neal (redistricted incumbent) 40,295 65.4
Democratic Andrea F. Nuciforo, Jr. 15,159 24.63
Democratic Bill Shein 6,059 9.85
Write-in Other 0.05 0.1
Total votes 61,546 100
2012 Massachusetts's 1st congressional district election[94]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Richard E. Neal (redistricted incumbent) 261,936 98.42
Write-in Other 4,197 1.58
Total votes 266,133 100
2014
2016 Massachusetts's 1st congressional district Democratic primary[95]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Richard Neal (incumbent) 44,857 98.45
Write-in Other 706 1.55
Total votes 45,563 100
2014 Massachusetts's 1st congressional district election[96]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Richard E. Neal (incumbent) 167,612 97.97
Write-in Other 3,498 2.04
Total votes 171,110 100
2016
2016 Massachusetts's 1st congressional district Democratic primary[97]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Richard Neal (incumbent) 44,857 98.45
Write-in Other 706 1.55
Total votes 45,563 100
2016 Massachusetts's 1st congressional district election[98]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Richard E. Neal (incumbent) 235,803 73.34
Independent Frederick O. Mayock 57,504 17.88
Libertarian Thomas T. Simmons 27,511 8.56
Write-in Other 721 0.22
Total votes 321,539 100
2018
2018 Massachusetts's 1st congressional district Democratic primary[99]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Richard Neal (incumbent) 49,696 70.64
Democratic Tahirah Amatul-Wadud 20,565 29.23
Write-in Other 93 0.13
Total votes 70,354 100
2018 Massachusetts's 1st congressional district election[100]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Richard E. Neal (incumbent) 211,790 97.64
Write-in Other 5,110 2.36
Total votes 216,900 100

References

  1. ^ Irish Central, "2020 Irish America Hall of Fame inductees announced" January 26, 2020 [1]
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External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Edward Boland
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 2nd congressional district

1989–2013
Succeeded by
Jim McGovern
Preceded by
John Olver
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 1st congressional district

2013–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Kevin Brady
Chair of the House Ways and Means Committee
2019–present
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
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Nita Lowey
United States Representatives by seniority
14th
Succeeded by
José Serrano
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