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Tennessee's 5th congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Tennessee's 5th congressional district
Tennessee US Congressional District 5 (since 2013).tif
Tennessee's 5th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
U.S. RepresentativeJim Cooper (DNashville)
Distribution
  • 88.68[1]% urban
  • 11.32% rural
Population (2016)762,535[2]
Median income$54,470
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+7[3]

The 5th Congressional District of Tennessee is a congressional district in Middle Tennessee. It has been represented by Democrat Jim Cooper since January 2003.

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Transcription

Contents

Current boundaries

The district is located slightly northwest of the state's geographical center. It is currently composed of Davidson and Dickson counties, as well as most of Cheatham County. It is the only Tennessee congressional district which does not border another state.

Characteristics

The fifth district is nearly synonymous with Tennessee's capital city, Nashville, as the district has almost always been centered on Nashville throughout the 20th and early 21st centuries. The city is a center for the music, healthcare, publishing, banking and transportation industries, and is home to numerous colleges and universities. It is also home to the Grand Ole Opry and Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum, earning it the nickname "Music City".[4]

The district stretches west of Nashville, and into Cheatham and Dickson counties, which are far less suburbanized than the communities to the south and east of Nashville.

Political characteristics

The 5th is historically a very safe seat for the Democratic Party, due almost entirely to the influence of heavily Democratic Nashville. Some pockets of Republican influence exist in Belle Meade, and portions of neighboring Cheatham County. However, they are no match for the overwhelming Democratic trend in most of Nashville.

No Republican has represented Nashville in Congress since Horace Harrison in 1875.[5]

History

Following the 1950 census, Tennessee expanded briefly to ten districts. Even though it has since contracted back to nine districts, that marked the beginning of the continuous period where the 5th district was centered on Davidson County/Nashville.[6]

From 1941 to 1957, Nashville was represented by J. Percy Priest, who was the House majority whip in the 81st and 82nd Congresses. A dam in eastern Davidson County and the lake formed by the dam are both named in his memory.

Priest died just before the Election of 1956,[7] and the Democrats turned to Carlton Loser. Loser won that election, and then to two more Congresses after that. Loser appeared to win another Democratic nomination in 1962, but his primary came under investigation for voter fraud, and a court ordered a new election. In this new election, Loser was defeated by former state senator Richard Fulton.[8]

Richard "Dick" Fulton represented the 5th from 1963 until 1977, when retired from Congress to become the second mayor of metropolitan Nashville.

Following the 1970 census, while Fulton was representing the district, Tennessee briefly contracted to eight congressional districts. During the 70s, the district encompassed Davidson, Cheatham, and Robertson counties. This contraction of congressional districts forced the first time in thirty years where Davidson County was not the sole county in the district. (The fifth was Davidson County and only Davidson County from 1943 to 1972.)[6]

Once Fulton was Nashville mayor, he was succeeded in Congress by former state senator Clifford Allen. Allen served for only a term and a half (Nov.1975- Jun.1978) before he died in office due to complications from a heart attack he'd suffered a month earlier.[9]

In the election of 1978, the fifth district selected state senator Bill Boner. He served in Congress for ten years, and then succeeded Fulton as mayor of Nashville.

Boner was succeeded in 1988 by Bob Clement, former president of Cumberland University and son of former governor Frank G. Clement. Clement ended up serving seven terms as TN-District 5 Congressman, where he served Davidson and Robertson counties. He was one of the 81 Democratic congressmen who voted for the Iraq Resolution of 2002.[10]

Clement did not run for re-election in 2002, as he was running for the open US Senate seat left by retiring Fred Thompson. He won the Democratic nomination easily, but was defeated in the general election by former governor Lamar Alexander.[11] Clement was succeeded in Congress by Jim Cooper, who, like Clement, was also the son of a former governor.

Jim Cooper is considered a blue dog Democrat. According to On The Issues, he is deemed "moderate", but is slightly to the left of the political center.[12] As of summer 2016, he has served seven terms, and is running for re-election.

List of representatives

Member Party Years District Residence Notes
District created March 4, 1813
Grundy-felix-by-wb-cooper.jpg

Felix Grundy
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 –
July, 1814
[Data unknown/missing.] Redistricted from the 3rd district, Resigned
Cannon-newton-by-wb-cooper.jpg

Newton Cannon
Democratic-Republican September 16, 1814 –
March 3, 1817
[Data unknown/missing.] [Data unknown/missing.]
Thomas Claiborne Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1819
[Data unknown/missing.] [Data unknown/missing.]
Cannon-newton-by-wb-cooper.jpg

Newton Cannon
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1819 –
March 3, 1823
[Data unknown/missing.] [Data unknown/missing.]
Robert Allen Jacksonian D-R March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
[Data unknown/missing.] Redistricted from the 4th district
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
[Data unknown/missing.]
Robert Desha Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1831
Gallatin [Data unknown/missing.]
Hall-william-by-wb-cooper.jpg

William Hall
Jacksonian March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
Sumner County [Data unknown/missing.]
John B. Forester Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1835
[Data unknown/missing.] [Data unknown/missing.]
Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
[Data unknown/missing.]
HLTurney.jpg

Hopkins L. Turney
Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1843
Winchester [Data unknown/missing.]
Hon. Jones - NARA - 528402.jpg

George Washington Jones
Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1853
Fayetteville Redistricted to the 6th district
Charles Ready Whig March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
Murfreesboro [Data unknown/missing.]
Know Nothing March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1859
[Data unknown/missing.]
Hon. Robert Hatton, Tenn - NARA - 528692.jpg

Robert H. Hatton
Opposition March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
Lebanon [Data unknown/missing.]
American Civil War
Campbell-william-by-wb-cooper.jpg

William B. Campbell
Unionist July 24, 1866 –
March 3, 1867
Wilson County [Data unknown/missing.]
John Trimble Republican March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1869
Nashville [Data unknown/missing.]
William f prosser congress.jpg

William F. Prosser
Republican March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1871
Nashville [Data unknown/missing.]
Edward I. Golladay Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
Lebanon [Data unknown/missing.]
Horace Harrison - Brady-Handy.jpg

Horace Harrison
Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
Nashville [Data unknown/missing.]
JohnMorganBright.jpg

John M. Bright
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1881
Fayetteville Redistricted from the 4th district
Richard Warner Democratic March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1885
Lewisburg [Data unknown/missing.]
James D Richardson.jpg

James D. Richardson
Democratic March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1905
Murfreesboro [Data unknown/missing.]
William C. Houston Democratic March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1919
Woodbury [Data unknown/missing.]
Ewin L. Davis Democratic March 4, 1919 –
March 3, 1933
Tullahoma [Data unknown/missing.]
Joseph Byrns.jpg

Jo Byrns
Democratic March 4, 1933 –
June 4, 1936
Nashville Redistricted from the 6th district, Died
Richard M. Atkinson Democratic January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1939
Nashville [Data unknown/missing.]
JosephWByrnsJr.jpg

Jo Byrns, Jr.
Democratic January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1941
Nashville [Data unknown/missing.]
James Percy Priest, Congressional portrait collection.jpg

Percy Priest
Independent Democratic January 3, 1941 –
January 3, 1943
Nashville Redistricted to the 6th district
Mccord-jim-nance.jpg

Jim Nance McCord
Democratic January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1945
Lewisburg [Data unknown/missing.]
Harold Earthman Democratic January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1947
Murfreesboro [Data unknown/missing.]
Joe L. Evins.jpg

Joe L. Evins
Democratic January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1953
Smithville Redistricted to the 4th district
James Percy Priest, Congressional portrait collection.jpg

Percy Priest
Democratic January 3, 1953 –
October 12, 1956
Nashville Redistricted from the 6th district, Died
J. Carlton Loser Democratic January 3, 1957 –
January 3, 1963
Nashville [Data unknown/missing.]
Richard Fulton.jpg

Richard Fulton
Democratic January 3, 1963 –
August 14, 1975
Nashville Resigned after becoming Mayor of Nashville
Clifford Allen.jpg

Clifford Allen
Democratic November 25, 1975 –
June 18, 1978
Nashville Died
Vacant June 18, 1978 –
January 3, 1979
Bill Boner.jpg

Bill Boner
Democratic January 3, 1979 –
October 5, 1987
Nashville Resigned after becoming Mayor of Nashville
BobClement.jpg

Bob Clement
Democratic January 19, 1988 –
January 3, 2003
Nashville [Data unknown/missing.]
Jim Cooper, Official Portrait, ca2013.jpg

Jim Cooper
Democratic January 3, 2003 –
Present
Nashville [Data unknown/missing.]

Recent election results

United States House of Representatives elections in Tennessee, 2004: District 5
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Jim Cooper 168,970 69.3 +5.5
Republican Scott Knapp 74,978 30.7 -2.5
Write-in candidate Thomas F. Kovach 15 0.0

Source: Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Election of November 2, 2004

United States House of Representatives elections in Tennessee, 2006: District 5
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Jim Cooper 122,919 69.0 -0.3
Republican Thomas F. Kovach 49,702 27.9 -2.8
Independent Ginny Welsch 3,766 2.1
Independent Scott Knapp 1,755 1.0
United States House of Representatives elections in Tennessee, 2008: District 5
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Jim Cooper 181,467 65.8 -3.2
Republican Gerard Donovan 85,471 31.0 +3.1
Independent Jon Jackson 5,464 2.0
Green John Miglietta 3,196 1.2
Write-in candidate Thomas F. Kovach 4 0.0
United States House of Representatives elections in Tennessee, 2010: District 5
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Jim Cooper 99,162 56.2 -9.6
Republican David Hall 74,204 42.1 +11.1
Libertarian Stephen Collings 584 .3
Independent John "Big John" Smith 533 .3
Independent Jackie Miller 444 .3
Green John Miglietta 396 .2 -1
Independent Bill Crook 391 .2
Independent James Whitfield 333 .2
Independent Joe Moore 159 .1
Independent Clark Taylor 156 .1

Source: TN Department of State

United States House of Representatives elections in Tennessee, 2012: District 5 (Unofficial)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Jim Cooper 171,358 65.22 +9.0
Republican Brad Staats 86,153 32.79 -9.3
Green John Miglietta 5,208 1.98 +1.8

Source: TN Department of State

See also

References

  1. ^ Geography, US Census Bureau. "Congressional Districts Relationship Files (state-based)". www.census.gov. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  2. ^ Bureau, Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  3. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  4. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20010707123558/http://www.bmi.com/library/brochures/historybook/musiccity.asp
  5. ^ "Horace Harrison HARRISON". InfoPlease. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  6. ^ a b "JeffreyBLewis/congressional-district-boundaries". GitHub. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  7. ^ "J. PERCY PRIEST, 56, LEGISLATOR, DEAD; Tennessee Representative 16 Years, Ex-Democratic Whip, Was Commerce Chairman Was Teacher and Coach". 13 October 1956. Retrieved 10 April 2018 – via NYTimes.com.
  8. ^ http://www.thenashvillebanner.com/politics/2015/01/14/it-starts-with-richard-fulton.1311947[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ "Observer-Reporter - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  10. ^ "H.J.Res. 114 (107th): Authorization for Use of Military Force Against ... -- House Vote #455 -- Oct 10, 2002". GovTrack.us. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  11. ^ "Our Campaigns - TN US Senate Race - Nov 05, 2002". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  12. ^ OnTheIssues.org. "Jim Cooper on the Issues". house.ontheissues.org. Retrieved 10 April 2018.

External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Illinois's 20th congressional district
Home district of the Speaker of the House
January 3, 1935 – June 4, 1936
Succeeded by
Alabama's 7th congressional district

This page was last edited on 10 November 2018, at 05:17
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