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3rd United States Congress

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

3rd United States Congress
2nd ←
→ 4th

March 4, 1793 – March 3, 1795
Members30 senators
105 representatives
1 non-voting delegates
Senate majorityPro-Administration
Senate PresidentJohn Adams (P)
House majorityAnti-Administration
House SpeakerFrederick Muhlenberg (A)
Special: March 4, 1793 – March 4, 1793
1st: December 2, 1793 – June 9, 1794
2nd: November 3, 1794 – March 3, 1795

The 3rd United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met at Congress Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania from March 4, 1793, to March 4, 1795, during the fifth and sixth years of George Washington's presidency.

The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was governed by the Apportionment Act of 1792 and based on the 1790 census. The Senate had a Pro-Administration majority, and the House had an Anti-Administration majority.

House of Representatives chamber at Congress Hall

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Major events

Senate chamber at Congress Hall

Major legislation

Constitutional amendments


Faction summary

There were no political parties in this Congress. Members are informally grouped into factions of similar interest, based on an analysis of their voting record.[3]

Details on changes are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.


(shading shows control)
Total Vacant


End of previous congress 13 17 30 0
Begin 14 16 30 0
End 13 17
Final voting share 43.3% 56.7%
Beginning of next congress 10[a] 20[b] 30 2

House of Representatives

Members of the House of Representatives as shared by each state
(shading shows control)
Total Vacant


End of previous congress 32 40 72 1
Begin 55 50 105 0
End 53 1032
Final voting share 51.5% 48.5%
Non-voting members 1 0 1 0
Beginning of next congress 58[c] 47[d] 105 0



Senate President John Adams

House of Representatives


This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed by class, and representatives are listed by district.

Skip to House of Representatives, below


Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election.

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress

United States Senate

There were 1 death, 3 resigns, 1 late election, and 1 contested election.

Senate changes
Vacated by Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[e]
Roger Sherman (P) Died July 23, 1793. Stephen M. Mitchell (P) Elected December 2, 1793
George Read (P) Resigned on September 18, 1793. Kensey Johns was appointed on March 19, 1794, but not permitted to qualify. Henry Latimer (P) Appointed February 7, 1795
Albert Gallatin (A) Credentials were contested and the seat was declared vacant February 28, 1794. James Ross (P) Elected April 24, 1794
James Monroe (A) Resigned May 11, 1794, to become United States Minister to France. Stevens T. Mason (A) Elected November 18, 1794
John Taylor (A) Resigned May 11, 1794. Henry Tazewell (A) Elected November 18, 1794

House of Representatives

There were 2 deaths, 3 resignations, and 1 contested election.

House changes
District Vacated by Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[e]
Delaware at-large John Patten (A) Contested election; served until February 14, 1794. Henry Latimer (P) Seated February 14, 1794
Territory South of the River Ohio Vacant Delegate seat established. James White Non-voting delegate Elected September 3, 1794
Maryland 2nd John Francis Mercer (A) Resigned April 13, 1794. Gabriel Duvall (A) Seated November 11, 1794
New York 10th Silas Talbot (P) Accepted appointment to the U.S. Navy June 5, 1794. Vacant Not filled in this Congress
New Jersey at-large Abraham Clark (P) Died September 15, 1794. Aaron Kitchell (P) Seated January 29, 1795
South Carolina 5th Alexander Gillon (A) Died October 6, 1794. Robert Goodloe Harper (P) Seated February 9, 1795
Maryland 3rd Uriah Forrest (P) Resigned November 8, 1794. Benjamin Edwards (P) Seated January 2, 1795
Delaware at-large Henry Latimer (P) Resigned February 7, 1795, having been elected U.S. Senator. Vacant Not filled in this Congress


Lists of committees and their party leaders.


House of Representatives

Joint committees



House of Representatives

See also


  1. ^ Democratic-Republican
  2. ^ Federalist
  3. ^ Democratic-Republican
  4. ^ Federalist
  5. ^ a b When seated or oath administered, not necessarily when service began.


  1. ^ "Precedents Relating to the Privileges of the Senate of the United States". U.S. Government Printing Office. January 1, 1893 – via Google Books.
  2. ^ "U.S. Senate: 1787: Senate Opens Its Doors -- December 9, 1795". United States Senate.
  3. ^ Martis, Kenneth C. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

External links

This page was last edited on 2 November 2023, at 18:58
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