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Architect of the Capitol

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Architect of the Capitol
Logo of the United States Architect of the Capitol.svg
Agency overview
JurisdictionUnited States Capitol Complex
Agency executive

The Architect of the Capitol (AOC) is the federal agency responsible for the maintenance, operation, development, and preservation of the United States Capitol Complex, and also the head of that agency. The Architect of the Capitol is in the legislative branch[1] and is accountable to the United States Congress and the Supreme Court.[2]

President Trump nominated Brett Blanton as architect of the Capitol on December 9, 2019. On December 19, 2019, the United States Senate confirmed his nomination by voice vote.[3] He was sworn in on January 16, 2020.[4] Blanton replaced acting architect of the Capitol Thomas J. Carroll, who replaced former acting architect of the Capitol Christine A. Merdon. Prior to that, Stephen T. Ayers served as acting architect of the Capitol since February 2007, and was unanimously confirmed by the Senate on May 12, 2010, becoming the 11th architect of the Capitol.[5] He retired on November 23, 2018.[6]

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  • ✪ The Architect of the Capitol | Alumni Profile
  • ✪ The History of the United States Capitol
  • ✪ Architect of the Capitol: Serve, Preserve, Inspire
  • ✪ In Celebration of the U.S. Capitol Dome
  • ✪ A Visual Timeline 220 Years of Growth on Capitol Hill


The Capitol building it's more than just a building it is our symbol of democracy when people come to visit their Capitol building it's my job to be sure that that first impression is a positive one and one that they take back with them to their home towns across the country and across the globe I'm Stephen Ayers the Architect of the Capitol. "I Stephen T. Ayers do solemnly swear" I Stephen T. Ayers do solemnly swear I was appointed by the President and confirmed by the United States Senate as the Architect of the Capitol for a 10-year term in office. The most visible project we've recently completed is the restoration of the dome of the United States Capitol. This just looks like mush because it's been corroded so much with environmental conditions and freeze thaw and acid rain There are so many challenges maintaining buildings that are over 225 years old and it's our job to modernize them in a seamless way where the public really can't see that you're incorporating new technology incorporating sustainability incorporating security measures and really keeping them looking wonderful everyday. I grew up in Maryland and always wanted to be an architect from a very young age. I chose University of Maryland because the school of architecture had a great reputation. I was excited to come here "Go, Yeah!" you know when i come back for the maryland football games we have a tailgate spot right across the street from the school of architecture and it's nice to sit back and rethink the memories that I had going through that program that was a lot of fun. Is the stone repair work under here come along ok? - Maryland really enabled me to be successful as a professional. The ability to communicate to think to make decisions all of that was developed in me here at the University of Maryland. I've been the Architect of the Capitol officially for seven years now and I still have to pinch myself every day to say hey yeah it's me. It's been unbelievable journey



The architect of the Capitol sits on the Capitol Police Board, which has jurisdiction over the United States Capitol Police, and on the United States Capitol Guide Board, which has jurisdiction over the United States Capitol Guide Service.

Until 1989, the architect of the Capitol was appointed by the president of the United States for an indefinite term. Legislation in 1989 provides that the president appoints the architect for a term of ten years, with the advice and consent of the Senate, from a list of three candidates recommended by a congressional commission. On confirmation by the Senate, the architect becomes an official of the legislative branch as an officer and agent of Congress.[citation needed] The architect is eligible for reappointment after completion of the term.


Western front of the U.S. Capitol
Western front of the U.S. Capitol

The architect of the Capitol is responsible to the United States Congress and the Supreme Court for the maintenance, operation, development, and preservation of 17.4 million square feet of buildings and more than 553 acres (224 ha) of land throughout Capitol Hill.[2] The architect's office is also responsible for the upkeep and improvement of the Capitol Grounds, and the arrangement of inaugural ceremonies and other ceremonies held in the building or on the grounds. Legislation over the years has placed additional buildings and grounds under the architect of the Capitol.

The Capitol Complex includes the following facilities:[2]

Architects of the Capitol

Architect of the Capitol Term of Office Deputy Architect Assistant Architect Appointing President Notes
William Thornton 1793–1802
Washington Honored as the "first architect" for his design of the U.S. Capitol.
Benjamin Henry Latrobe March 6, 1803 –
July 1, 1811
Jefferson Latrobe was appointed twice. President Jefferson appointed him to take over work on the building in 1803, and construction halted in 1811. During the War of 1812, British troops burned the Capitol, prompting President Madison to reappoint Latrobe as Architect of the Capitol to conduct repairs.
April 6, 1815 –
November 20, 1817
Charles Bulfinch January 8, 1818 –
June 25, 1829
Thomas U. Walter
Montgomery C. Meigs)
June 11, 1851 –
May 26, 1865
Edward Clark Fillmore Walter and Meigs shared responsibility for the Capitol and the construction of its additions.
Edward Clark August 30, 1865 –
January 6, 1902
Elliott Woods A. Johnson
Elliott Woods February 19, 1902 –
May 22, 1923
T. Roosevelt
David Lynn August 22, 1923 –
September 30, 1954
  • Horace Rouzer (1930–1946)
  • Arthur Cook (1946–1959)
J. George Stewart October 1, 1954 –
May 24, 1970
  • Arthur Cook (1946–1959)
  • Mario Campioli, FAIA (1959–1980)
George M. White, FAIA January 27, 1971 –
November 21, 1995
Nixon Ensign acted as Architect after White's retirement until a replacement was appointed
Alan M. Hantman, FAIA January 6, 1997 –
February 2, 2007
Stephen T. Ayers, FAIA
  • (Deputy: October 2005 – February 2007)
  • (Acting Architect: February 2, 2007 – May 11, 2010)
Michael G. Turnbull, FAIA

(June 1998 – present)

Clinton Hantman was the first Architect of the Capitol appointed under the legislation passed in 1989 providing for a fixed, renewable ten-year term for the Architects of the Capitol. On August 1, 2006, Hantman announced he would not seek a second term when his term expired in 2007.
Stephen T. Ayers, FAIA, LEED AP May 12, 2010  – November 23, 2018 Christine A. Merdon, PE, CCM
  • (Deputy: 2011–November 23, 2018)
  • (Acting Architect: November 24, 2018 – present)
Michael G. Turnbull, FAIA (1998 – present) Obama Ayers is the second Architect of the Capitol appointed under the legislation passed in 1989 providing for a fixed, renewable ten-year term for the Architects of the Capitol. Ayers was appointed acting Architect of the Capitol from February 2007 – May 2010, and unanimously confirmed as Architect of the Capitol May 12, 2010.
Brett Blanton January 16, 2020 Trump

See also


  1. ^ "Overview of Doing Business with AOC". Retrieved April 4, 2014.
  2. ^ a b c "Responsibilities of the Architect | Architect of the Capitol". Retrieved February 12, 2013.
  3. ^ "PN1324 - Nomination of J. Brett Blanton for Congress of the United States, 116th Congress (2019-2020)". December 19, 2019. Retrieved December 20, 2019.
  4. ^ "12th Architect of the Capitol Sworn In". Retrieved January 31, 2020.
  5. ^ "Stephen T. Ayers Confirmed by United States Senate to Serve as 11th Architect of the Capitol". Archived from the original on March 15, 2012. Retrieved August 5, 2013.
  6. ^ "Stephen T. Ayers". Retrieved February 8, 2019.

External links

This page was last edited on 15 February 2020, at 20:51
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