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Glenn M. Anderson

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Glenn M. Anderson
Glenn M Anderson.jpg
Chairman of House Transportation Committee
In office
March 25, 1988 – January 3, 1991
Preceded byJames J. Howard
Succeeded byRobert A. Roe
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from California
In office
January 3, 1969 – January 3, 1993
Preceded byCecil R. King (17th)
John G. Schmitz (35th)
Craig Hosmer (32nd)
Succeeded byPete McCloskey (17th)
James F. Lloyd (35th)
Julian C. Dixon (32nd)
Constituency17th district (1969–73)
35th district (1973–75)
32nd district (1975–93)
37th Lieutenant Governor of California
In office
January 5, 1959 – January 2, 1967
GovernorPat Brown
Preceded byHarold J. Powers
Succeeded byRobert Finch
Member of the California State Assembly
from the ? district
In office
1943–1951
Mayor of Hawthorne
In office
1940–1943
Personal details
Born(1913-02-21)February 21, 1913
Hawthorne, California, U.S.
DiedDecember 13, 1994(1994-12-13) (aged 81)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Resting placeGreen Hills Memorial Park, Rancho Palos Verdes, California, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Alma materUniversity of California, Los Angeles
Military service
AllegianceUnited States of America
Branch/serviceUnited States Army
Years of service1943–1945
Battles/warsWorld War II

Glenn Malcolm Anderson (February 21, 1913 – December 13, 1994) was an American politician. He was the 37th Lieutenant Governor of California and later served as congressman. He was a member of the Democratic Party.[1]

Anderson was born on February 21, 1913 in Hawthorne, California. He received a Bachelor of Arts from University of California, Los Angeles in 1936. He worked as a real estate developer and served in the United States Army.

Anderson was mayor of Hawthorne from 1940 to 1943 and a member of the California State Assembly from 1943 to 1950. He served as Lieutenant Governor of California from 1959 to 1967 but was defeated in a bid for a third term by Republican Robert Finch. During his office on August 13, 1965, he signed off on the orders to send 1,336 National Guard Troops into Los Angeles County, 48 hours after the Watts riots begun.

Anderson was first elected to the 91st Congress in 1968 and served 12 terms from 1969 to 1993. In Congress he became chair of the Committee on Public Works and Transportation. He decided not to run for re-election in 1992.

Anderson died on December 13, 1994[1] in Los Angeles, California, at the age of 81. He is interred in Green Hills Memorial Park, Rancho Palos Verdes, California.

The Interstate 105 in South Los Angeles is named in his honor as the "Glenn M. Anderson Freeway" but that name is rarely used. It is known colloquially as "the Century" or "the 105" freeway.

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ A Tribute to John Glenn
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Transcription

John Glenn died yesterday, in a hospital in Ohio. He was 95. Glenn was the first American to orbit Earth, which showed that the US was a serious contender in the space race and kickstarted a series of other missions to orbit. His flight helped identify and solve a lot of challenges when it came to sending humans to orbit, and a lot of his success as an astronaut came from his ability to keep calm in a crisis. Glenn was born in Cambridge, Ohio, in 1921. He studied engineering for two years at Muskingum College, earning his private pilot’s license in the process, then dropped out after the attack on Pearl Harbor to enlist in the military. He ended up in the Marines, but before that he was a fighter pilot during both World War II and the Korean War, flying a total of 149 combat missions. After the war, he became a test pilot, which eventually led him to NASA, who was looking for test pilots to become astronauts. Out of more than 500 applicants, Glenn was one of 7 people chosen for the first group of astronaut recruits in 1959. He made history with his first spaceflight on February 20, 1962, when he became the first American to orbit Earth. But it wasn’t a simple flight. Originally, the mission, called Mercury-Atlas 6, wasn’t even supposed to launch in February. It was scheduled for January 16, then delayed multiple times because of things like the weather and problems with the fuel tanks. Finally, on February 20, Glenn’s spacecraft, called Friendship 7, launched for real. His first pass around the Earth went great. He even noticed that people in Perth, Australia, had turned on their lights for him to show their support, and asked mission control to thank them for him. But then things started to get more complicated. First, there was a problem with the system that was supposed to control the spacecraft’s orientation in space, so for most of the flight Glenn had to use manual controls instead. Even though the manual controls had some issues too, he was able to keep control of Friendship 7, so the mission continued. Then, NASA mission controllers started getting some weird readings that said that the heat shield on Glenn’s spacecraft wasn’t attached properly. The heat shield was supposed to protect the spacecraft from overheating as it re-entered the Earth’s atmosphere, so if it came loose, that would have meant a fiery, fatal end to the mission. If there was a problem, the best way to keep the heat shield attached involved the rockets that were used to slow down Friendship 7 during reentry. Normally, these rockets would be jettisoned to keep the craft as light as possible, but they were strapped on in a way that helped secure the heat shield. So Glenn was told not to jettison them in the hope that it would help keep the heat shield on, and otherwise hope for the best. In the end, Glenn landed safely, and it turned out that the heat shield was never actually in any danger of coming off — it was the sensor that was broken. After he landed, Glenn was given a standard questionnaire about the mission, which included a question about whether there had been any unusual activity. His answer? “No. Just a normal day in space.” In 1965, Glenn retired from the Marines and went into politics. He served as senator of Ohio from 1974 to 1999. But in 1998, he broke another record: he became the oldest person to fly in space, when he spent just over a week in orbit on the Space Shuttle Discovery at the age of 77. It was 36 years after his first spaceflight, and this time, things went a lot more smoothly. NASA used this mission to test how spaceflight affects older people, by monitoring Glenn’s health before, during, and after his flight. He was also part of some of the other experiments on that mission, like one that took readings while he slept. It’s hard to quantify the impact that Glenn had on Americans and the world, but one thing’s for sure: his first flight changed history forever. And along the way, he showed that even when things go wrong, keeping your cool can help you make it through. So thanks for everything, John Glenn. We’ll leave the lights on for you. Thank you for watching this episode of SciShow Space. If you want to keep getting smarter with us, just go to youtube.com/scishowspace and subscribe.

References

  1. ^ a b "Anderson, Glenn Malcolm". Who Was Who in America, 1993-1996, vol. 11. New Providence, N.J.: Marquis Who's Who. 1996. p. 6. ISBN 0837902258.

External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Cecil R. King
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 17th congressional district

January 3, 1969 – January 3, 1973
Succeeded by
Pete McCloskey
Preceded by
John G. Schmitz
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 35th congressional district

January 3, 1973 – January 3, 1975
Succeeded by
James F. Lloyd
Preceded by
Craig Hosmer
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 32nd congressional district

January 3, 1975 – January 3, 1993
Succeeded by
Julian C. Dixon
Political offices
Preceded by
Harold J. Powers
Lieutenant Governor of California
January 5, 1959 – January 2, 1967
Succeeded by
Robert Finch
Preceded by
James J. Howard
New Jersey
Chairman of House Transportation Committee
January 3, 1988 – January 3, 1991
Succeeded by
Robert A. Roe
New Jersey
This page was last edited on 16 April 2019, at 19:13
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