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57th United States Congress

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

57th United States Congress
56th ←
→ 58th
March 4, 1901 – March 4, 1903
Senate PresidentTheodore Roosevelt (R)
until September 14, 1901
from September 14, 1901
Senate President pro temWilliam P. Frye (R)
House SpeakerDavid B. Henderson (R)
Members90 senators
357 members of the House
5 non-voting delegates
Senate MajorityRepublican
House MajorityRepublican
Special: March 4, 1901 – March 9, 1901
1st: December 2, 1901 – July 1, 1902
2nd: December 1, 1902 – March 3, 1903

The Fifty-seventh United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from March 4, 1901, to March 4, 1903, during the final six months of U.S. President William McKinley's presidency, and the first year and a half of the first administration of his successor, U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Eleventh Census of the United States in 1890. Both chambers had a Republican majority.

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  • ✪ 57th Wing Mission Video
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“The early beginnings of today’s 57 Wing can be traced back to World War II. The Las Vegas Army Air Corps Gunnery School mission was to train aerial gunners to the degree of proficiency that would qualify them for combat duty. The Gunnery School trained gunners in various aircraft including the AT-6 Texan, the B-10 Martin bomber, the B-17, and eventually the B-29. Over the decades following World War II, the gunnery school eventually evolved into what is known today as the US Air Force Weapons School, providing graduate-level instructor courses in advanced weapons and tactics training.” “In August of 1969, born out of the lessons of the Vietnam War, the 57th Fighter Weapons Wing at Nellis AFB, Nevada, was charged with training tactical fighter aircrews, conducting operational tests and evaluations, demonstrating tactical fighter weapons systems, and developing leading-edge fighter tactics. The lessons of Vietnam eventually led to the creation of Red Flag, an exercise designed to ensure aircrews could survive their first missions in combat, arming them with realistic and challenging combat training, with professional adversaries providing dissimilar air combat training and electronic warfare.” “Today, the 57th Wing’s proud history continues as the Wing prepares our Air Force Airmen for tomorrow’s victories. “The 57th Wing leads the way to ensure that our combat air forces are prepared to fly, fight, and win in our nation’s future contested, degraded, and operationally limited environments.” “The 57th Wing also plays an important role in ensuring our combat air forces are appropriately trained to achieve the increasingly important synergistic effects on the battlefields of today and tomorrow.” “The US Air Force’s Weapons School of the 57 Wing provides the most realistic aircrew training in the world, providing advanced academic and flying training to the most elite instructors in the Air Force. Students attending Weapons Instructor training learn advanced flying training that is uniquely tailored to their specific major weapon systems, allowing them to return to their home units upon graduation from the six-month course armed with the academic and flying instruction foundation to lead and teach the future combat aircrews of our Air Force.” “The 57th Wing is also the home of Red Flag and Green Flag. Both exercises provide realistic combat training that provides Joint, Coalition, and Air Force Airmen with the advanced combat training that will enable them to excel in today and tomorrow’s combat environments. Red Flag is a large force exercise that is conducted three times a year in the most realistic combat range in the world, the Nellis Test and Training Range. Green Flag is conducted twenty times a year and prepares our Air Force, Joint, and Coalition partners to fly, fight, and win in a Close Air Support combat environment. The 57th Wing is the largest composite wing in the United States Air Force, providing the most advanced combat training in the world.” “The 57th Wing’s Adversary Tactics Group has a cadre of uniquely trained men and women who are the subject matter experts on the tactics and techniques of our adversaries. These Airmen are uniquely trained and qualified to provide accurate threat replication of enemy aircraft, air defense, information operations, in addition to electronic, space, and cyber-attack; Simply put, the Airmen of the Adversary Tactics Group know, teach, and replicate the capabilities of our adversaries. “The 57th Adversary Tactics Group is the Wing’s key enabler for providing the most realistic combat training environment possible – vital to our Air Force’s combat readiness.” “The advanced tactics, training, and airpower advocacy found at Nellis Air Force Base’s 57th Wing would not be possible without the incredible strength and expertise of our Airmen – who are ultimately the foundation of our success as we ensure our Air Force is prepared for tomorrow’s victories.” “Preparing the USAF for tomorrow’s victories”


Major events

Major legislation

Party summary


(shading shows control)
Total Vacant

End of the previous congress 25 5 55 3 2 90 1
Begin 28 3 54 2 0 87 3
End 29 2 56 891
Final voting share 32.6% 2.2% 62.9% 2.2% 0.0%
Beginning of the next congress 33 0 55 2 0 90 0

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 357


President of the SenateTheodore Roosevelt
President of the Senate
Theodore Roosevelt


House of Representatives

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership


This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed by class, and Representatives are listed by district.

Skip to House of Representatives, below


At this time, Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. The Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election, precede the names in the list below. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1904; Class 2 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1906; and Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1902.

House of Representatives

Changes in Membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.


Note:Delaware's Class 1 Senate seat remained vacant for entire Congress due to the legislature's failure to elect.

  • Replacements: 4
  • Deaths: 3
  • Resignations: 0
  • Vacancy: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 6
Vacator Reason for vacancy Subsequent Date of successor's installation
Vacant Senator William A. Clark vacated his seat during previous congress.
Successor was elected March 7, 1901.
Paris Gibson (D) March 7, 1901
Vacant Legislature failed to elect to fill vacancy in term.
Successor was elected March 2, 1903.
L. Heisler Ball (R) March 2, 1903
Vacant Legislature failed to elect to fill vacancy in term.
Successor was elected March 2, 1903.
J. Frank Allee (R) March 2, 1903
William V. Allen (Pop.) Interim appointee did not run to finish the term.
Successor was elected March 28, 1901.
Successor delayed taking seat until December 2, 1901, after resigning as Governor of Nebraska on May 1, 1901, but his service began on the date of his election, March 28, 1901.
Charles H. Dietrich (R) December 2, 1901
South Dakota
James H. Kyle (R) Died July 1, 1901.
Successor was appointed July 11, 1901, to continue the term and subsequently elected January 20, 1903, to finish the term.[2]
Alfred B. Kittredge (R) July 11, 1901
New Jersey
William J. Sewell (R) Died December 27, 1901.
Successor was elected.
John F. Dryden (R) January 29, 1902
James McMillan (R) Died August 10, 1902.
Successor was appointed September 27, 1902, to continue the term and subsequently elected December 7, 1902, to finish the term..
Russell A. Alger (R) September 27, 1902

House of Representatives

  • replacements: 17
  • deaths: 14
  • resignations: 5
  • contested elections: 2
  • Total seats with changes: 24
District Previous Reason for change Subsequent Date of successor's installation
Maine 4th Vacant Rep. Charles A. Boutelle resigned during previous congress Llewellyn Powers (R) April 8, 1901
New York 24th Vacant Rep. Albert D. Shaw died during previous congress Charles L. Knapp (R) November 5, 1901
Pennsylvania 10th Marriott H. Brosius (R) Died March 16, 1901 Henry B. Cassel (R) November 5, 1901
Michigan 10th Rousseau O. Crump (R) Died May 1, 1901 Henry H. Aplin (R) October 15, 1901
Texas 6th Robert E. Burke (D) Died June 5, 1901. Morris Sheppard (D) November 15, 1902
South Carolina 7th J. William Stokes (D) Died July 6, 1901. Dudley G. Wooten (D) July 13, 1901
Pennsylvania 17th Rufus K. Polk (D) Died March 5, 1902. Alexander Billmeyer (D) November 4, 1902
Kentucky 3rd John S. Rhea (D) Lost contested election March 25, 1902 J. McKenzie Moss (R) March 25, 1902
Massachusetts 6th William H. Moody (R) Resigned May 1, 1902, after being appointed U.S. Secretary of the Navy Augustus P. Gardner (R) November 4, 1902
Missouri 12th James J. Butler (D) Seat declared vacant May 1, 1902. Butler elected to fill his own vacancy. James J. Butler (D) November 4, 1902
New York 10th Amos J. Cummings (D) Died May 2, 1902. Edward Swann (D) November 4, 1902
Virginia 6th Peter J. Otey (D) Died May 4, 1902. Carter Glass (D) November 4, 1902
New Jersey 4th Joshua S. Salmon (D) Died May 6, 1902. De Witt C. Flanagan (D) June 18, 1902
Texas 3rd Reese C. De Graffenreid (D) Died August 29, 1902. Gordon J. Russell (D) November 4, 1902
New York 26th George W. Ray (R) Resigned September 11, 1902, after being appointed judge for the United States District Court for the Northern District of New York John W. Dwight (R) November 4, 1902
Texas 4th John L. Sheppard (D) Died October 11, 1902. Morris Sheppard (D) November 15, 1902
Connecticut 3rd Charles A. Russell (R) Died October 23, 1902 Frank B. Brandegee (R) November 4, 1902
Pennsylvania 28th James K. P. Hall (D) Resigned November 29, 1902 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
New York 7th Nicholas Muller (D) Resigned December 1, 1902. Montague Lessler (R) January 7, 1903
Oregon 1st Thomas H. Tongue (R) Died January 11, 1903. Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Texas 8th S. W. T. Lanham (D) Resigned January 15, 1903, after being elected Governor of Texas Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Iowa 2nd John N. W. Rumple (R) Died January 31, 1903 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
North Carolina 9th James M. Moody (R) Died February 5, 1903. Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Missouri 12th James J. Butler (D) Lost contested election February 26, 1903. George C. R. Wagoner (R) February 26, 1903
Kansas 7th Chester I. Long (R) Resigned March 4, 1903, after becoming U.S. Senator Seat remained vacant until next Congress


Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members (House and Senate) of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link (4 links), in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.


House of Representatives

Joint committees

  • Conditions of Indian Tribes (Special)
  • Disposition of (Useless) Executive Papers




House of Representatives

See also


  1. ^ "SENATORS FIGHT ON SENATE FLOOR; McLaurin and Tillman of South Carolina Come to Blows. BOTH ADJUDGED IN CONTEMPT They Apologize, but Committee Will Pass on the Affair. Fisticuffs Followed McLaurin's Assertion That Tillman Had Lied About Him in the Course of Philippine Debate". The New York Times. February 23, 1902.
  2. ^ Journal of the Senate of the South Dakota Legislature Commencing January 6, 1903, Eighth Session. Pierre, South Dakota. 1903. p. 296.
This page was last edited on 9 April 2019, at 21:26
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