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58th United States Congress

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

58th United States Congress
57th ←
→ 59th

March 4, 1903 – March 4, 1905
Members90 senators
386 representatives
5 non-voting delegates
Senate majorityRepublican
Senate PresidentVacant
House majorityRepublican
House SpeakerJoseph G. Cannon (R)
Special: March 5, 1903 – March 19, 1903
1st: November 9, 1903 – December 7, 1903
2nd: December 7, 1903 – April 28, 1904
3rd: December 5, 1904 – March 3, 1905

The 58th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC, from March 4, 1903, to March 4, 1905, during the third and fourth years of Theodore Roosevelt's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the 1900 United States census. Both chambers had a Republican majority.

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Major events

Major legislation

Party summary


(shading shows control)
Total Vacant

End of previous congress 29 2 56 2 89 1
Begin 33 0 57 0 90 0
End 56 891
Final voting share 37.1% 0.0% 62.9% 0.0%
Beginning of next congress 31 0 57 0 88 2

House of Representatives

(shading shows control)
Total Vacant

End of previous congress 148 5 197 1 351 6
Begin 178 0 206 0 384 2
End 175 209
Final voting share 45.6% 0.0% 54.4% 0.0%
Beginning of next congress 178 0 206 0 384 2



House of Representatives

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership


This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and representatives are listed by district.

Skip to House of Representatives, below


At this time, senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election, In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, facing re-election in 1904; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, facing re-election in 1906; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, facing re-election in 1908.

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket or otherwise at-large, are preceded by an "At-large," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.

Many of the congressional district numbers are linked to articles describing the district itself. Since the boundaries of the districts have changed often and substantially, the linked article may only describe the district as it exists today, and not as it was at the time of this Congress.

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.


  • Replacements: 3
  • Deaths: 3
  • Resignations: 1
  • Vacancy: 0
  • Total seats with changes: 4
Vacated by Reason for vacancy Subsequent Date of successor's installation
Mark Hanna (R) Died February 15, 1904. Successor was elected. Charles W. F. Dick (R) March 2, 1904
Matthew Quay (R) Died May 28, 1904. Successor was appointed and subsequently elected. Philander C. Knox (R) June 10, 1904
George Frisbie Hoar (R) Died September 30, 1904. Successor was appointed and subsequently elected. Winthrop M. Crane (R) October 12, 1904
Charles W. Fairbanks (R) Resigned March 3, 1905, after being elected Vice-president of the United States Vacant until next Congress

House of Representatives

  • Replacements: 14
  • Deaths: 8
  • Resignations: 7
  • Contested elections: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 18
District Previous Reason for change Subsequent Date of successor's installation
Kansas 7th Vacant Rep. Chester I. Long resigned during previous congress Victor Murdock (R) May 26, 1903
Oregon 1st Vacant Rep. Thomas H. Tongue died during previous congress Binger Hermann (R) June 1, 1903
Pennsylvania 4th Robert H. Foerderer (R) Died July 26, 1903 Reuben Moon (R) November 3, 1903
Kentucky 11th Vincent Boreing (R) Died September 16, 1903 W. Godfrey Hunter (R) November 10, 1903
Ohio 16th Joseph J. Gill (R) Resigned October 31, 1903 Capell L. Weems (R) November 3, 1903
Texas 8th Thomas Henry Ball (D) Resigned November 16, 1903 John M. Pinckney (D) November 17, 1903
Pennsylvania 3rd Henry Burk (R) Died December 5, 1903 George A. Castor (R) February 16, 1904
New York 12th George B. McClellan Jr. (D) Resigned December 21, 1903, after being elected Mayor of New York William B. Cockran (D) February 23, 1904
Ohio 14th William W. Skiles (R) Died January 9, 1904 Amos R. Webber (R) November 8, 1904
Pennsylvania 10th George Howell (D) Lost contested election February 10, 1904 William Connell (R) February 10, 1904
Colorado 1st John F. Shafroth (D) Resigned February 15, 1904, after believing he was elected due to election irregularities Robert W. Bonynge (R) February 16, 1904
South Carolina 2nd George W. Croft (D) Died March 10, 1904 Theodore G. Croft (D) May 17, 1904
Ohio 19th Charles W. F. Dick (R) Resigned March 23, 1904, after being elected to the U.S. Senate W. Aubrey Thomas (R) November 8, 1904
Alabama 5th Charles W. Thompson (D) Died March 20, 1904 J. Thomas Heflin (D) May 19, 1904
New Jersey 4th William M. Lanning (R) Resigned June 6, 1904, after being appointed judge for the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey Ira W. Wood (R) November 8, 1904
California 3rd Victor H. Metcalf (R) Resigned July 1, 1904, after being appointed United States Department of Commerce and Labor Joseph R. Knowland (R) November 8, 1904
Illinois 8th William F. Mahoney (D) Died December 27, 1904 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
New York 19th Norton P. Otis (R) Died February 20, 1905 Seat remained vacant until next Congress


Lists of committees and their party leaders for members of the House and Senate committees can be found through the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of this article. The directory after the pages of terms of service lists committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and, after that, House/Senate committee assignments. On the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.


House of Representatives

Joint committees



Legislative branch agency directors


House of Representatives

See also


This page was last edited on 5 July 2023, at 16:28
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