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New York's 3rd congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

New York's 3rd congressional district
New York US Congressional District 3 (since 2013).tif
New York's 3rd congressional district since January 3, 2013
Representative
  Thomas Suozzi
DGlen Cove
Distribution
  • 99.44% urban
  • 0.56% rural
Population (2019)725,746[1]
Median household
income
$126,191[2]
Cook PVID+3[3]

New York's 3rd congressional district is a congressional district for the United States House of Representatives in the State of New York. It is represented by Democrat Tom Suozzi, who has been in office since 2017.

The district includes most of the North Shore of Long Island. It expands from northwestern Suffolk County, across northern Nassau County and into far northeastern Queens. Long Island communities in the district include Manhasset, Huntington, Northport, Commack, Dix Hills, Plainview, Bethpage, northern Farmingdale, Hicksville, Syosset, Glen Cove, Roslyn, Port Washington and Great Neck. Queens neighborhoods in the district include Little Neck, Whitestone, Glen Oaks and Floral Park.

Recent statewide election results

Year Office Results
1992 President Clinton 44–42%
1996 President Clinton 53–38%
2000 President Gore 52–44%
2004 President Bush 52–47%
2008 President Obama 54–46%
2012 President Obama 51–48%[4]
2016 President Clinton 52–45%
2020 President Biden 54–44%

History of the district

This district historically has been centered in northeast Nassau County, but has added other areas from time to time. In the 1960s the district encompassed the northern half of Nassau County and a small corner of Queens. In the 1970s North Hempstead town was added to the 6th District and the 3rd moved into Huntington in Suffolk County and parts of southeast Nassau County. In the 1980s most of eastern Nassau was added to the 4th District, and the 3rd was composed of northwest Nassau, a narrow corridor along LI Sound, and northwest Suffolk. After the 1992 redistricting the North Shore was transferred to the new 5th District and the 3rd consisted of inland areas of northern and eastern Nassau County, and the Nassau County south shore. An even narrower corridor linked the northwest Nassau and northwest Suffolk portion of the 5th District, leaving most of Oyster Bay in the 3rd. The 2002 remap removed some areas of eastern Nassau, but added south shore towns in Suffolk County and the shore areas of northeast Nassau. In 2012, the district moved from the South Shore to the North Shore and re-entered Queens for the first time since the 1960s.

List of members representing the district

1789–1805: one seat

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
Egbert Benson (former congressman).jpg

Egbert Benson
Pro-
Administration
March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1793
1st
2nd
Elected in 1789.
Re-elected in 1790.
Retired.
Philip Van Cortlandt (1749-1831).jpg

Philip Van Cortlandt
Anti-
Administration
March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
3rd
4th
5th
6th
7th
Elected in 1793.
Re-elected in 1794.
Re-elected in 1796.
Re-elected in 1798.
Re-elected in 1800.
Redistricted to the 4th district.
Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1803
Samuel Latham Mitchill.jpg

Samuel L. Mitchill
Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1803 –
November 22, 1804
8th Redistricted from the 2nd district and re-elected in 1802.
Resigned when elected U.S. Senator.
Vacant November 22, 1804 –
February 14, 1805
George Clinton Jr. (New York Congressman).jpg

George Clinton Jr.
Democratic-
Republican
February 14, 1805 –
March 3, 1805
Elected to finish Mitchill's term.
Also elected in the combined 2nd and 3rd districts, see below.

1805–1809: Two seats on general ticket with 2nd district

Gurdon S. Mumford is usually[by whom?] listed as member from the 2nd district, and George Clinton Jr. from the 3rd district, because Clinton was elected to fill the vacancy caused by the election of Mitchill to the U.S. Senate, and Mitchill had been elected previously in the 3rd district. However, in 1804 Mitchill was already re-elected on the 2nd/3rd general ticket, and both Clinton and Mumford were elected in special elections, receiving votes in both districts.

Years Cong
ress
Seat A Seat B
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
March 4, 1805 –
March 3, 1809
9th
10th
Gurdon S. Mumford Democratic-Republican Daniel D. Tompkins was elected in 1804 but declined the seat when appointed to the New York Supreme Court.
Elected to begin Tompkins's term.
Re-elected in 1806.
George Clinton Jr. (New York Congressman).jpg

George Clinton Jr.
Democratic-Republican Samuel L. Mitchill (of the 3rd district) was re-elected in 1804 but resigned November 22, 1804 when elected U.S. Senator.
Elected to begin Mitchill's term.
Re-elected in 1806.

The districts were separated in 1809.

1809–1823: one seat

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
Jonathan Fisk.jpg

Jonathan Fisk
Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1809 –
March 3, 1811
11th Elected in 1808.
[data unknown/missing]
Pierre Van Cortlandt, Jr..jpg

Pierre Van Cortlandt Jr.
Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1811 –
March 3, 1813
12th Elected in 1810.
Lost re-election.
Peter Denoyelles Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1815
13th Elected in 1812.
[data unknown/missing]
Jonathan Ward Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1815 –
March 3, 1817
14th Elected in 1814.
[data unknown/missing]
Caleb Tompkins.jpg

Caleb Tompkins
Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1821
15th
16th
Elected in 1816.
Re-elected in 1818.
[data unknown/missing]
Vacant March 4, 1821–
December 3, 1821
17th Elections were held in April 1821. It is unclear when results were announced or credentials issued.
Jeremiah H. Pierson Democratic-
Republican
December 3, 1821 –
March 3, 1823

1823–1843: three, then four, seats

Starting in 1823, three seats were elected at-large district-wide on a general ticket. In 1833, a fourth seat was apportioned to the district, also elected district-wide at-large on the same general ticket.

Cong
ress
Years Seat A Seat B Seat C Seat D
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
18th March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
C. C. Cambreleng.jpg

Churchill C. Cambreleng
Democratic-Republican Redistricted from the 2nd district and re-elected in 1822. Peter Sharpe Democratic-Republican Elected in 1822.
Lost re-election.
John J. Morgan Jackson Democratic-Republican Redistricted from the 2nd district and re-elected in 1822. 4th seat added in 1833
19th March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
Jacksonian Re-elected in 1824. Jeromus Johnson Jacksonian Elected in 1824.
GCVerplanck.jpg

Gulian C. Verplanck
Jacksonian Elected in 1824.
20th March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1829
Re-elected in 1826. Re-elected in 1826.
Retired.
Re-elected in 1826.
21st March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1831
Re-elected in 1828. Campbell P. White Jacksonian Elected in 1828. Re-elected in 1828.
22nd March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
Re-elected in 1830. Re-elected in 1830. Re-elected in 1830.
23rd March 4, 1833 –
May 14, 1834
Re-elected in 1832. Re-elected in 1832. Dudley Selden Jacksonian Elected in 1832.
Resigned.
Cornelius Van Wyck Lawrence.jpg

Cornelius Lawrence
Jacksonian Elected in 1832.
Resigned to become Mayor of New York City.
May 15, 1834 –
July 2, 1834
Vacant
July 3, 1834 –
December 1, 1834
Vacant
December 1, 1834 –
March 3, 1835
John J. Morgan Jacksonian Elected to finish Selden's term.
[data unknown/missing]
Charles G. Ferris Jacksonian Elected to finish Lawrence's term.
[data unknown/missing]
24th March 4, 1835 –
October 2, 1835
Re-elected in 1834. Re-elected in 1834.
Resigned.
Ely Moore.jpg

Ely Moore
Jacksonian Elected in 1834.
John McKeon (New York).jpg

John McKeon
Jacksonian Elected in 1834.
Lost re-election.
October 3, 1835 –
December 6, 1835
Vacant
December 7, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
Gideon Lee.jpg

Gideon Lee
Jacksonian Elected to finish White's term.
Retired.
25th March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
Democratic Re-elected in 1836.
Lost re-election.
Edward Curtis Whig Elected in 1836. Democratic Re-elected in 1836.
OgdenHoffman.jpg

Ogden Hoffman
Whig Elected in 1836.
26th March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1841
Moses H. Grinnell.jpg

Moses H. Grinnell
Whig Elected in 1838.
Lost re-election.
Re-elected in 1838.
Retired.
James Monroe Whig Elected in 1838.
Lost re-election.
Re-elected in 1838.
[data unknown/missing]
27th March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
Charles G. Ferris Democratic Elected in 1840.
[data unknown/missing]
Fernando Wood - Brady-Handy.jpg

Fernando Wood
Democratic Elected in 1840.
Lost re-election.
James I. Roosevelt.jpg

James I. Roosevelt
Democratic Elected in 1840.
Retired.
John McKeon (New York).jpg

John McKeon
Democratic Elected in 1840.
Lost re-election.

1843–present

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
The single-seat district was restored in 1843
Jonas P. Phoenix Whig March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
28th Elected in 1842.
[data unknown/missing]
William S. Miller American March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
29th Elected in 1844.
[data unknown/missing]
Henry Nicoll Democratic March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1849
30th Elected in 1846.
[data unknown/missing]
Jonas P. Phoenix Whig March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1851
31st Elected in 1848.
[data unknown/missing]
E. B. Hart.jpg

Emanuel B. Hart
Democratic March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
32nd Elected in 1850.
[data unknown/missing]
Hiram Walbridge.jpg

Hiram Walbridge
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
33rd Elected in 1852.
[data unknown/missing]
Guy Ray Pelton.jpg

Guy R. Pelton
Opposition March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
34th Elected in 1854.
[data unknown/missing]
Daniel Edgar Sickles.jpg

Daniel Sickles
Democratic March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1861
35th
36th
Elected in 1856.
Re-elected in 1858.
[data unknown/missing]
Benjamin Wood (Congress).jpg

Benjamin Wood
Democratic March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
37th Elected in 1860.
Redistricted to the 4th district.
Moses F. Odell.jpg

Moses F. Odell
Democratic March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
38th Redistricted from the 2nd district and re-elected in 1862.
[data unknown/missing]
James Humphrey (Brooklyn).jpg

James Humphrey
Republican March 4, 1865 –
June 16, 1866
39th Elected in 1864.
Died.
Vacant June 16, 1866 –
December 4, 1866
John Ward Hunter.jpg

John W. Hunter
Democratic December 4, 1866 –
March 3, 1867
Elected to finish Humphrey's term.
[data unknown/missing]
William Erigena Robinson.jpeg

William E. Robinson
Democratic March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1869
40th Elected in 1866.
[data unknown/missing]
Henry Warner Slocum.jpg

Henry Warner Slocum
Democratic March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1873
41st
42nd
Elected in 1868.
Re-elected in 1870.
[data unknown/missing]
Retired.
Stewart L Woodford 1909.jpg

Stewart L. Woodford
Republican March 4, 1873 –
July 1, 1874
43rd Elected in 1872.
Resigned.
Vacant July 1, 1874 –
November 3, 1874
S. B. Chittenden.jpg

Simeon B. Chittenden
Independent Republican November 3, 1874 –
March 3, 1877
43rd
44th
45th
46th
Elected to finish Woodford's term.
Re-elected in 1874.
[data unknown/missing]
Republican March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1881
Re-elected in 1876.
Re-elected in 1878.
[data unknown/missing]
J. Hyatt Smith - Brady-Handy.jpg

J. Hyatt Smith
Independent March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1883
47th Elected in 1880.
[data unknown/missing]
DarwinJames.jpg

Darwin R. James
Republican March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1887
48th
49th
Elected in 1882.
Re-elected in 1884.
[data unknown/missing]
Stephen V. White.jpg

Stephen V. White
Republican March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1889
50th Elected in 1886.
[data unknown/missing]
William Copeland Wallace.jpg

William C. Wallace
Republican March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1891
51st Elected in 1888.
[data unknown/missing]
William J. Coombs.jpeg

William J. Coombs
Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1893
52nd Elected in 1890.
Redistricted to the 4th district.
Joseph C. Hendrix.jpeg

Joseph C. Hendrix
Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
53rd Elected in 1892.
[data unknown/missing]
Francis H. Wilson.jpg

Francis H. Wilson
Republican March 4, 1895 –
September 30, 1897
54th
55th
Elected in 1894.
Re-elected in 1896.
Resigned to become Postmaster of Brooklyn.
Vacant September 30, 1897 –
December 6, 1897
55th
Edmund H. Driggs.jpg

Edmund H. Driggs
Democratic December 6, 1897 –
March 3, 1901
55th
56th
Elected to finish Wilson's term.
Re-elected in 1898.
[data unknown/missing]
Henry Bristow.jpeg

Henry Bristow
Republican March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1903
57th Elected in 1900.
[data unknown/missing]
Charles T. Dunwell.jpg

Charles T. Dunwell
Republican March 3, 1903 –
June 12, 1908
58th
59th
60th
Elected in 1902.
Re-elected in 1904.
Re-elected in 1906.
Died.
Vacant June 12, 1908 –
November 3, 1908
60th
Otto G. Foelker.jpg

Otto G. Foelker
Republican November 3, 1908 –
March 3, 1911
60th
61st
Elected to finish Dunwell's term.
Re-elected in 1908.
[data unknown/missing]
James P Maher.jpg

James P. Maher
Democratic March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1913
62nd Elected in 1910.
Redistricted to the 5th district.
Frank E. Wilson.jpg

Frank E. Wilson
Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1915
63rd Redistricted from the 4th district and re-elected in 1912.
Joseph V. Flynn.jpg

Joseph V. Flynn
Democratic March 4, 1915 –
March 3, 1919
64th
65th
Elected in 1914.
Re-elected in 1916.
[data unknown/missing]
John MacCrate.jpg

John MacCrate
Republican March 4, 1919 –
December 30, 1920
66th Elected in 1918.
Resigned to become justice of the New York Supreme Court.
Vacant December 30, 1920 –
March 3, 1921
John Kissel.jpg

John Kissel
Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1923
67th Elected in 1920.
Lost re-election.
George W. Lindsay.jpg

George W. Lindsay
Democratic March 4, 1923 –
January 3, 1935
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
73rd
Elected in 1922.
Re-elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Re-elected in 1930.
Re-elected in 1932.
Lost renomination.
Joseph L. Pfeifer.jpg

Joseph L. Pfeifer
Democratic January 3, 1935 –
January 3, 1945
74th
75th
76th
77th
78th
Elected in 1934.
Re-elected in 1936.
Re-elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
Re-elected in 1942.
Redistricted to the 8th district.
Henry J. Latham.jpg

Henry J. Latham
Republican January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1953
79th
80th
81st
82nd
Elected in 1944.
Re-elected in 1946.
Re-elected in 1948.
Re-elected in 1950.
Redistricted to the 4th district.
Frank Becker.jpg

Frank J. Becker
Republican January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1963
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
Elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.
Redistricted to the 5th district.
Steven Derounian.jpg

Steven Derounian
Republican January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1965
88th Redistricted from the 2nd district and re-elected in 1962.
[data unknown/missing]
Lester L. Wolff.jpg

Lester L. Wolff
Democratic January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1973
89th
90th
91st
92nd
Elected in 1964.
Re-elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Redistricted to the 6th district.
Angelo D. Roncallo.jpg

Angelo D. Roncallo
Republican January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1975
93rd Elected in 1972.
Lost re-election.
Jerome Ambro.jpg

Jerome A. Ambro Jr.
Democratic January 3, 1975 –
January 3, 1981
94th
95th
96th
Elected in 1974.
Re-elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Lost re-election.
Gregory W. Carman.jpg

Gregory W. Carman
Republican January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1983
97th Elected in 1980.
Retired.
Robert J. Mrazek.jpg

Robert J. Mrazek
Democratic January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1993
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
Elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Retired to the run for U.S. Senator.
Peter T. King, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg

Peter T. King
Republican January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2013
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
Elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Redistricted to the 2nd district.
Steve Israel, official photo portrait, 2007.JPG

Steve Israel
Democratic January 3, 2013 –
January 3, 2017
113th
114th
Redistricted from the 2nd district and re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.

Retired.
Thomas Suozzi official photo.jpg

Thomas Suozzi
Democratic January 3, 2017 –
Present
115th
116th
117th
Elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.
Re-elected in 2020.

Recent election results

In New York State there are numerous parties at various points on the political spectrum. Certain parties will invariably endorse either the Republican or Democratic candidate for every office, hence the state electoral results contain both the party votes, and the final candidate votes (Listed as "Recap").

U.S. House of Representatives election, 1996: New York District 3
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Peter T. King (incumbent) 127,972 55.3
Democratic Dal LaMagna 97,518 42.1
Right to Life John J. O'Shea 4,129 1.8
Liberal John A. DePrima 1,807 0.8
Majority 30,454 13.2
Turnout 231,426 100
U.S. House of Representatives election, 1998: New York District 3
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Peter T. King (incumbent) 117,258 64.3 +9.0
Democratic Kevin N. Langberg 63,628 34.9 −7.2
Liberal Thomas R. DiLavore 1,497 0.8 +0.0
Majority 53,630 29.4 +16.2
Turnout 182,383 100 −21.2
U.S. House of Representatives election, 2000: New York District 3
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Peter T. King (incumbent) 143,126 59.5 −4.8
Democratic Dal LaMagna 95,787 39.8 +4.9
Liberal Selma Olchin 1,515 0.6 −0.2
Majority 47,339 19.7 −9.7
Turnout 240,428 100 +31.8
U.S. House of Representatives election, 2002: New York District 3
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Peter T. King (incumbent) 121,537 71.9 +12.4
Democratic Stuart L. Finz 46,022 27.2 −12.6
Liberal Janeen DePrima 1,513 0.9 +0.3
Majority 75,515 44.7 +25.0
Turnout 169,072 100 −29.7
U.S. House of Representatives election, 2004: New York District 3
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Peter T. King (incumbent) 171,259 63.0 −8.9
Democratic Blair H. Mathies, Jr. 100,737 37.0 +9.8
Majority 70,522 25.9 −18.8
Turnout 271,996 100 +60.9
U.S. House of Representatives election, 2006: New York District 3
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Peter T. King (incumbent) 101,787 56.0 −7.0
Democratic Dave Mejias 79,843 44.0 +7.0
Majority 21,944 12.1 -13.8
Turnout 181,630 100 −33.2
U.S. House of Representatives election, 2008: New York District 3
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Peter T. King (incumbent) 135,648 64.0 +8.0
Democratic Graham Long 76,918 36.0 −7.0
Turnout 212,566 100 −33.2
U.S. House of Representatives election, 2010: New York District 3
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Peter T. King (incumbent) 126,142 72.0 +8.0
Democratic Howard Kudler 48,963 28.0 −8.0
Turnout 175,105 100 −33.2
U.S. House of Representatives election, 2012: New York District 3[5]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Steve Israel 146,271 53.5
Working Families Steve Israel 6,506 2.4
Independence Steve Israel 5,103 1.9
Total Steve Israel (incumbent) 157,880 57.8
Republican Stephen LaBate 98,614 36.1
Conservative Stephen LaBate 14,589 5.4
Total Stephen LaBate 113,203 41.5
Libertarian Michael McDermott 1,644 0.6
Constitution Anthony Tolda 367 0.1
Total votes 273,094 100
Democratic hold
U.S. House of Representatives election, 2014: New York District 3[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Steve Israel 80,393 48.9
Working Families Steve Israel 5,191 3.2
Independence Steve Israel 4,448 2.7
Total Steve Israel (incumbent) 90,032 54.8
Republican Grant Lally 63,219 38.5
Conservative Grant Lally 11,050 6.7
Total Grant Lally 74,269 45.2
Total votes 164,301 100.0
Republican hold
New York's 3rd congressional district, 2016[7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Thomas Suozzi (incumbent) 167,758 52.9
Republican Jack Martins 131,534 41.4
Conservative Jack Martins 16,134 5.1
Reform Jack Martins 1,909 0.6
Total Jack Martins 149,577 47.1
Total votes 317,335 100.0
Democratic hold


U.S. House of Representatives election, 2018: New York District 3
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Tom Suozzi (incumbent) 157,456 59.0 +6.6
Republican Dan DeBono 109,514 41.0 −6.6
Turnout 266,970 100 +13.2
U.S. House of Representatives election, 2020: New York's 3rd District[8][9]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Thomas Suozzi (incumbent) 195,927 52.6
Working Families Thomas Suozzi 9,193 2.5
Independence Thomas Suozzi 3,292 0.9
Total Thomas Suozzi (incumbent) 208,412 56.0
Republican George Santos 147,437 39.6
Conservative George Santos 14,470 3.9
Total George Santos 161,907 43.5
Libertarian Howard Rabin 2,154 0.5
Total votes 372,473 100.0
Democratic hold

Historical district boundaries

2003–2013
2003–2013

See also

References

  1. ^ "New York congressional districts by urban and rural population and land area". United States Census Bureau. June 8, 2017. Archived from the original on November 21, 2019. Retrieved November 21, 2019.
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=36&cd=03
  3. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 5, 2009. Retrieved March 27, 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "New York State Official Election Night Results" (PDF). New York Board of Elections. Retrieved March 8, 2021.
  6. ^ "NYS Board of Elections" (PDF). NYS Board of Elections. November 4, 2014. Retrieved January 23, 2017.
  7. ^ "New York State Official Election Night Results" (PDF). New York Board of Elections. Retrieved December 28, 2016.
  8. ^ "November 3, 2020 General Election Certification" (PDF). New York State Board of Elections. September 17, 2020. Retrieved September 25, 2020.
  9. ^ "2020 Election Results". New York State Board of Elections. Retrieved December 3, 2020.

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