To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Languages
Recent
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

97th United States Congress

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

97th United States Congress
96th ←
→ 98th
USCapitol.jpg
January 3, 1981 – January 3, 1983
Senate PresidentWalter Mondale (D)
until January 20, 1981
George H. W. Bush (R)
from January 20, 1981
Senate President pro temStrom Thurmond (R)
House SpeakerTip O'Neill (D)
Members100 senators
435 members of the House
5 non-voting delegates
Senate MajorityRepublican
House MajorityDemocratic
Sessions
1st: January 5, 1981 – December 16, 1981
2nd: January 25, 1982 – December 23, 1982

The Ninety-seventh United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1981, to January 3, 1983, during the final weeks of Jimmy Carter's presidency and the first two years of Ronald Reagan's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Nineteenth Census of the United States in 1970. The House of Representatives had a Democratic majority. The Republicans gained control of the Senate, the first time that Republicans gained control of any chamber of Congress since 1953.

Contents

Major events

Major legislation

Special or select committees

Party summary

Senate

Party standings on the opening day of the 97th Congress   46 Democratic Senators   1 Independent Senator, caucusing with Democrats   53 Republican Senators
Party standings on the opening day of the 97th Congress
  46 Democratic Senators
  1 Independent Senator, caucusing with Democrats
  53 Republican Senators
Affiliation Members
Republican Party 53
Democratic Party 46
Independent 1
Total 100

House of Representatives

Affiliation Members Voting
share
Democratic Party 244 56.1%
Republican Party 191 43.9%
Total 435

Leadership

Senate

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

House of Representatives

  House seats by party holding plurality in state      80+% Democratic    80+% Republican     60+% to 80% Democratic    60+% to 80% Republican     50+% to 60% Democratic    50+% to 60% Republican     (Striped): even split
House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80+% Democratic
  80+% Republican
  60+% to 80% Democratic
  60+% to 80% Republican
  50+% to 60% Democratic
  50+% to 60% Republican
  (Striped): even split

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership

Caucuses

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed by class, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress, In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1982; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1984; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1986.

House of Representatives

Members of the House of Representatives are listed by their district numbers.

Changes in membership

Senate

There were 2 resignations.

State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[a]
New Jersey
(Class 1)
Harrison A. Williams
(D)
Incumbent resigned March 11, 1982, before a planned expulsion vote, having been convicted of bribery in the Abscam sting operation.
A successor was appointed April 12, 1982, to finish the term.
Nicholas F. Brady
(R)
April 27, 1982
New Jersey
(Class 1)
Nicholas F. Brady
(R)
Incumbent resigned December 27, 1982, so his elected successor could be appointed for preferential seniority.
A successor was appointed December 27, 1982, to finish the term.
Frank Lautenberg
(D)
December 27, 1982

House of Representatives

There were 4 deaths, 4 resignations, one declared vacancy, and one party change.

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[a]
Michigan 4th David Stockman (R) Resigned January 27, 1981, after being appointed Director of the Office of Management and Budget Mark D. Siljander (R) April 21, 1981
Maryland 5th Gladys Spellman (D) Incapacitated since last Congress and seat declared vacant February 24, 1981 Steny H. Hoyer (D) May 19, 1981
Ohio 4th Tennyson Guyer (R) Died April 12, 1981 Mike Oxley (R) June 25, 1981
Mississippi 4th Jon Hinson (R) Resigned April 13, 1981 Wayne Dowdy (D) July 7, 1981
Pennsylvania 3rd Raymond F. Lederer (D) Resigned April 29, 1981, before a planned expulsion vote, having been convicted of bribery in the Abscam sting operation Joseph F. Smith (D) July 21, 1981
Connecticut 1st William R. Cotter (D) Died September 8, 1981 Barbara B. Kennelly (D) January 12, 1982
Pennsylvania 25th Eugene Atkinson (D) Changed parties October 14, 1981 Eugene Atkinson (R) October 14, 1981
California 30th George E. Danielson (D) Resigned March 9, 1982, after being appointed associate justice of the California Courts of Appeal Matthew G. Martínez (D) July 13, 1982
Ohio 17th John M. Ashbrook (R) Died April 24, 1982 Jean Spencer Ashbrook (R) June 29, 1982
Indiana 1st Adam Benjamin Jr. (D) Died September 7, 1982 Katie B. Hall (D) November 2, 1982

Committees

Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members (House and Senate) of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link (1 link), in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.

Senate

House of Representatives

  • Aging (Select) (Chair: Claude Pepper)
  • Agriculture (Chair: Kika de la Garza)
    • Cotton, Rice and Sugar
    • Livestock, Dairy and Poultry
    • Tobacco and Peanuts
    • Wheat, Soybeans and Feed Grains
    • Conservation Credit and Rural Development
    • Department Operations Research and Foreign Agriculture
    • Domestic Marketing, Consumer Relations and Nutrition
    • Forests, Family Farms and Energy
  • Appropriations (Chair: Jamie L. Whitten)
    • Agriculture, Rural Development and Related Agencies
    • Defense
    • District of Columbia
    • Energy and Power
    • Foreign Operations
    • HUD-Independent Agencies
    • Interior
    • Labor-Health and Human Services
    • Legislative
    • Military Construction
    • Commerce, Justice, State and the Judiciary
    • Transportation
    • Treasury, Postal Service and General Government
  • Armed Services (Chair: Charles Melvin Price)
    • Research and Development
    • Seapower, Strategic and Critical Materials
    • Procurement and Military Nuclear Systems
    • Investigations
    • Military Personnel and Compensation
    • Military Installations and Facilities
    • Readiness
  • Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs (Chair: Fernand St. Germain)
    • Financial Institutions Supervision, Regulation and Insurance
    • Housing and Community Development
    • General Oversight and Renegotiation
    • Consumer Affairs and Coinage
    • International Development Institutions and Finance
    • Domestic Monetary Policy
    • International Trade, Investment and Monetary Policy
    • Economic Stabilization
  • Budget (Chair: James R. Jones)
  • District of Columbia (Chair: Ron Dellums)
    • Fiscal Affairs and Health
    • Government Operations and Metropolitan Affairs
    • Judiciary and Education
  • Education and Labor (Chair: Carl D. Perkins)
    • Elementary, Secondary and Vocational Education
    • Employment Opportunities
    • Labor-Management Relations
    • Health and Safety
    • Human Resources
    • Postsecondary Education
    • Labor Standards
    • Select Education
  • Energy and Commerce (Chair: John Dingell)
    • Oversight and Investigations
    • Energy Conservation and Power
    • Health and the Environment
    • Telecommunications, Consumer Protection and Finance
    • Fossil and Synthetic Fuels
    • Commerce, Transportation and Tourism
  • Foreign Affairs (Chair: Clement J. Zablocki)
    • International Security and Scientific Affairs
    • International Operations
    • Europe and the Middle East
    • Asian and Pacific Affairs
    • International Economic Policy and Trade
    • Human Rights and International Organizations
    • Africa
    • Inter-American Affairs
  • Government Operations (Chair: Jack Brooks)
    • Legislation and National Security
    • Ingovernmental Relations and Human Resources
    • Commerce, Consumer and Monetary Affairs
    • Manpower and Housing
    • Government Activities and Transportation
    • Government Information and Individual Rights
    • Environment, Energy and Natural Resources
  • House Administration (Chair: Augustus F. Hawkins)
    • Accounts
    • Contracts and Printing
    • Services
    • Office Systems
    • Personnel and Police
    • Policy Group on Information and Computers
  • Insular Affairs (Chair: Mo Udall)
    • Energy and the Environment
    • Water and Power Resources
    • Public Lands and National Lands
    • Insular Affairs
    • Mines and Mining
    • Oversight and Investigations
  • Judiciary (Chair: Peter W. Rodino)
    • Immigration, Refugees and International Law
    • Administrative Law and Governmental Relations
    • Courts, Civil Liberties and the Administration of Justice
    • Civil and Constitutional Rights
    • Monopolies and Commercial Law
    • Crime
    • Criminal Justice
  • Merchant Marine and Fisheries (Chair: Walter B. Jones Sr.)
    • Merchant Marine
    • Fisheries, Wildlife Conservation and the Environment
    • Coast Guard and Navigation
    • Oceangraphy
    • Panama Canal and Outer Continental Stuff
  • Narcotics Abuse and Control (Select)
  • Post Office and Civil Service
    • Investigations
    • Postal Operations and Services
    • Civil Service
    • Compensation and Employee Benefits
    • Census and Population
    • Postal Personnel and Modernization
    • Human Resources
  • Public Works and Transportation (Chair: James J. Howard)
    • Aviation
    • Economic Development
    • Investigations and Oversight
    • Public Buildings and Grounds
    • Surface Transportation
    • Water Resources
  • Rules (Chair: Richard Walker Bolling)
    • The Legislative Process
    • Rules of the House
  • Science and Technology (Chair: Don Fuqua)
    • Energy Development and Applications
    • Natural Resources, Agriculture Research and Environment
    • Energy Research and Production
    • Science, Research and Technology
    • Space Science and Applications
    • Transportation, Aviation and Materials
    • Investigations and Oversight
  • Small Business (Chair: Parren Mitchell)
    • SBA and SBIC Authority, Minority Enterprise and General Small Business Problems
    • General Oversight
    • Antitrust and Restraint of Trade Activities affecting Small Business
    • Energy, Environment and Safety Issues affecting Small Business
    • Tax, Access to Equity Capital and Business Opportunities
    • Export Opportunities and Special Small Business Problems
  • Standards of Official Conduct (Chair: Louis Stokes)
  • Veterans' Affairs (Chair: Gillespie V. Montgomery)
    • Oversight and Investigations
    • Medical Facilities and Benefits
    • Education, Training and Employment
    • Compensation, Pension and Insurance
    • Housing and Memorial Affairs
  • Ways and Means (Chair: Dan Rostenkowski)
  • Whole

Joint committees

Employees and legislative agency directors

Legislative branch agency directors

Senate

House of Representatives

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b This is the date the member was seated or an oath administered, not necessarily the same date her/his service began.

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

External links

This page was last edited on 15 June 2019, at 02:55
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.