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Pennsylvania's 16th congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Pennsylvania's 16th congressional district
Pennsylvania Congressional District 16.png
Representative
   Mike Kelly
RButler
Population (2018)686,525
Median income51,536
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+8[1]

Pennsylvania's 16th congressional district is located in Northwestern Pennsylvania. It contains all of Erie County, Crawford County, Mercer County, and Lawrence County, as well as part of Butler County. The district is represented by Republican Mike Kelly.

Prior to redistricting on March 19, 2018, the 16th congressional district was located in the southeastern part of the state, just west of Philadelphia. Previously, Northwestern Pennsylvania was represented by the 3rd congressional district. The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania redrew the district in February 2018 after ruling the previous map violated the state constitution due to partisan gerrymandering. What was the 16th district was modified to become the eleventh district, and the old third district likewise became the 16th, for the 2018 elections and representation thereafter.[2]

Adams County (which includes Gettysburg) was in the district in 1863, at the time of the Battle of Gettysburg and the Gettysburg Address. Democrat Alexander Coffroth was the district's representative at the time.

Recent election results

Member of the U.S. House of Representatives

Source: [2]

Year Democrat Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct Third Party Votes Pct Fourth Party Votes Pct
2000 Bob Yorczyk 80,177 33.1% Joe Pitts 162,403 67.0%
2002 Joe Pitts 119,046 88.5% Will Todd 8,720 6.5% Kenneth Brenneman 6,766 5.0%
2004 Lois Herr 98,410 34.5% Joe Pitts 183,620 64.4% William Hagen 3,269 1.25
2006 Lois Herr 80,915 39.6% Joe Pitts 115,741 56.6% John
Murphy
7,958 3.9%
2008 Bruce Slater 120,193 39.4% Joe Pitts 170,329 55.8% John
Murphy
11,768 3.9% Daniel Frank 2,877 0.9%
2010 Lois Herr 70,994 34.6% Joe Pitts 134,113 65.4%
2012 Aryanna Strader 109,026 39% Joe Pitts 154,337 55% John
Murphy
10,080 4% Jim Bednarski 4995 2%
2014 Tom Houghton 73,921 42.2% Joe Pitts 101,083 57.8%
2016 Christina Hartman 134,586 42.89% Lloyd Smucker 168,669 53.76% Shawn Patrick House 10,518 3.35%

U.S. President

Year District winner
2004 Bush 61 - 38%
2008 McCain 51 - 48%
2012 Romney 52.4 - 46.3%
2016 Trump 51.0 - 44.2%

Geography

2003-2018

Created after the 2000 Census, the 16th district was composed of a large portion of southern Chester County, most of Lancaster County, and a sliver of Berks County, including the city of Reading. The 16th stretched from the southwestern suburbs of Philadelphia in the east to the Susquehanna River in the west, and north to include areas around Reading.

In 2000, the 16th Congressional District was home to 646,328 residents,[3] according to the U.S. Census, and its population has increased since that year. Residents of Lancaster County made up the majority of the district's population, followed by Chester County and Berks County. The district was one of the Pennsylvania districts accused of being the result of gerrymandering. Before 2018’s redistricting, PA-03 was rated a Solid Republican seat by Cook.[1]


Pockets of urban areas exist in and around the cities of Lancaster, Reading, and West Chester.

2019

In February 2018, the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania ruled that the previous map was unconstitutional due to gerrymandering and released a new congressional map. The 16th district was relocated to the northwestern part of the state. The new 16th includes the cities of Erie, Sharon, Hermitage, Butler and Meadville. After redistricting, PA-16 was rated as a likely Republican seat by Cook in 2018. It is not considered a competitive district in 2020.[4]

Counties and municipalities within the district

Butler County: partial; a portion of county is in the 15th district.

Crawford County: Meadville, Titusville

Erie County: Corry, Erie

Lawrence County: New Castle

Mercer County: Farrell, Hermitage, Sharon

List of members representing the district

The district was created with two seats in 1823

1823–1833: Two seats

Cong
ress
Years Seat A Seat B
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
18th March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
James Allison Jr. Jackson Democratic-Republican Elected in 1822.
Re-elected in 1824.
Resigned before Congress convened
WForward-SecofTreas.jpg

Walter Forward
Jackson Democratic-Republican Redistricted from the 14th district and re-elected in 1822.
Lost re-election.
19th March 4, 1825 –
? 1825
Jacksonian James S. Stevenson Jacksonian Elected in 1824.
Re-elected in 1826.
Lost re-election.
? 1825 –
October 11, 1825
Vacant
October 11, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
Robert Orr Jr. Jacksonian Elected October 11, 1825 to finish Allison's term and seated December 5, 1825.
Re-elected in 1826.
Retired.
20th March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1829
21st March 4, 1829 –
November 9, 1829
John Gilmore Jacksonian Elected in 1828.
Re-elected in 1830.
[data unknown/missing]
William Wilkins United States Senator - Brady-Handy.jpg

William Wilkins
Anti-Masonic Elected in 1828 but resigned November 9, 1829 before qualifying.
November 9, 1829 –
December 15, 1829
Vacant
December 15, 1829 –
March 3, 1831
HarmarDenny2.jpg

Harmar Denny
Anti-Masonic Elected November 9, 1829 to finish Wilkins's term and seated December 15, 1829.
Re-elected in 1830.
Redistricted to the 22nd district.
22nd March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833

1833-Present: One seat

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
Joseph B. Anthony Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1837
23rd
24th
Elected in 1832.
[data unknown/missing]
Robert H. Hammond Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1841
25th
26th
[data unknown/missing]
John Snyder Democratic March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
27th [data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
James Black Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1847
28th
29th
[data unknown/missing]
Jasper Ewing Brady.jpg

Jasper E. Brady
Whig March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1849
30th [data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
James X. McLanahan Democratic March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1853
31st
32nd
[data unknown/missing]
William H. Kurtz Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
33rd Redistricted from the 15th district.
[data unknown/missing]
Lemuel Todd Opposition March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
34th [data unknown/missing]
John Alexander Ahl (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg

John A. Ahl
Democratic March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
35th [data unknown/missing]
Benjamin F. Junkin (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg

Benjamin F. Junkin
Republican March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
36th [data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
JosephBaileyPA.jpg

Joseph Bailey
Democratic March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
37th [data unknown/missing]
Redistricted to the 15th district.
Alexander H Coffrotts.jpg

Alexander H. Coffroth
Democratic March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
38th [data unknown/missing]
Vacant March 4, 1865 –
February 19, 1866
Contested election
Alexander H Coffrotts.jpg

Alexander H. Coffroth
Democratic February 19, 1866 –
July 18, 1866
39th [data unknown/missing]
William Henry Koontz - Brady-Handy.jpg

William H. Koontz
Republican July 18, 1866 –
March 3, 1869
39th
40th
[data unknown/missing]
John Cessna - Brady-Handy.jpg

John Cessna
Republican March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1871
41st [data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
BenjaminFranklinMeyers.jpg

Benjamin F. Meyers
Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
42nd [data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
John Cessna - Brady-Handy.jpg

John Cessna
Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
43rd [data unknown/missing]
Sobieski Ross - Brady-Handy.jpg

Sobieski Ross
Republican March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
44th Redistricted from the 18th district.
[data unknown/missing]
John I. Mitchell - Brady-Handy.jpg

John I. Mitchell
Republican March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1881
45th
46th
Elected to United States Senate
RobertJarvisCochranWalker.jpg

Robert J. C. Walker
Republican March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1883
47th Declined renomination
WilliamWallaceBrown.jpg

William W. Brown
Republican March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1887
48th
49th
[data unknown/missing]
Henry Clay McCormick.jpg

Henry C. McCormick
Republican March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1891
50th
51st
[data unknown/missing]
Albert Cole Hopkins (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg

Albert C. Hopkins
Republican March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1895
52nd
53rd
[data unknown/missing]
Fred Churchill Leonard (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg

Fred C. Leonard
Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1897
54th [data unknown/missing]
Horace B. Packer (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg

Horace B. Packer
Republican March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1901
55th
56th
[data unknown/missing]
EliasDeemer.jpg

Elias Deemer
Republican March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1903
57th [data unknown/missing]
Redistricted to the 15th district.
Charles H. Dickerman (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg

Charles H. Dickerman
Democratic March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1905
58th Declined renomination
EdmundWSamuel.jpg

Edmund W. Samuel
Republican March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1907
59th [data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
John Geiser McHenry (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg

John G. McHenry
Democratic March 4, 1907 –
December 27, 1912
60th
61st
62nd
[data unknown/missing]
Died.
Vacant December 27, 1912 –
March 3, 1913
JohnVandlingLesher.jpg

John V. Lesher
Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1921
63rd
64th
65th
66th
[data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
Isaac Clinton Kline (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg

I. Clinton Kline
Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1923
67th [data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
Edgar R. Kiess.jpg

Edgar R. Kiess
Republican March 4, 1923 –
July 20, 1930
68th
69th
70th
71st
Redistricted from the 15th district.
Died.
Vacant July 20, 1930 –
November 4, 1930
Robert F. Rich (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg

Robert F. Rich
Republican November 4, 1930 –
January 3, 1943
71st
72nd
73rd
74th
75th
76th
77th
[data unknown/missing]
Thomas E. Scanlon Democratic January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1945
78th Redistricted from the 30th district.
Lost re-election.
Samuel K. McConnell Jr. (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg

Samuel K. McConnell Jr.
Republican January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1953
79th
80th
81st
82nd
Redistricted from the 17th district.
Redistricted to the 13th district.
Walter M. Mumma (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg

Walter M. Mumma
Republican January 3, 1953 –
February 25, 1961
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
Redistricted from the 18th district.
Died.
Vacant February 25, 1961 –
May 16, 1961
John C. Kunkel.jpg

John C. Kunkel
Republican May 16, 1961 –
December 30, 1966
87th
88th
89th
[data unknown/missing]
Resigned.
Vacant December 30, 1966 –
January 3, 1967
Edwin D. Eshleman.jpg

Edwin D. Eshleman
Republican January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1977
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
[data unknown/missing]
Retired.
RobertWalkerPA.jpg

Robert S. Walker
Republican January 3, 1977 –
January 3, 1997
95th
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
103rd
104th
[data unknown/missing]
Retired.
Joe Pitts, Official Portrait, c112th Congress.jpg

Joe Pitts
Republican January 3, 1997 –
January 3, 2017
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
114th
[data unknown/missing]
Retired.
Lloyd Smucker official congressional photo.jpg

Lloyd Smucker
Republican January 3, 2017 –
January 3, 2019
115th [data unknown/missing]
Redistricted to the 11th district.
Mike Kelly, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg

Mike Kelly
Republican January 3, 2019 –
Present
116th Redistricted from the 3rd district and re-elected in 2018.

Historical district boundaries

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "New Pennsylvania Map Is a Major Boost for Democrats". The Cook Political Report. February 20, 2017. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
  2. ^ Cohn, Nate; Bloch, Matthew; Quealy, Kevin (February 19, 2018). "The New Pennsylvania House Districts Are In. We Review the Mapmakers' Choices". The Upshot. The New York Times. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ Cook Political Report https://cookpolitical.com/ratings/house-race-ratings. Retrieved 2 July 2020. Missing or empty |title= (help)

External links

This page was last edited on 2 July 2020, at 17:10
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