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Pennsylvania's 16th congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Pennsylvania's 16th congressional district
Pennsylvania Congressional District 16.png
Representative
  Mike Kelly
RButler
Population (2019)678,333
Median household
income
$54,627
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+12[1]

Pennsylvania's 16th congressional district is located in Northwestern Pennsylvania. It contains all of Erie County, Crawford County, Mercer County, and Lawrence County, as well as part of Butler County. The district is represented by Republican Mike Kelly.

Prior to redistricting on March 19, 2018, the 16th congressional district was located in the southeastern part of the state, just west of Philadelphia. Previously, Northwestern Pennsylvania was represented by the 3rd congressional district. The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania redrew the district in February 2018 after ruling the previous map violated the state constitution due to partisan gerrymandering. What was the 16th district was modified to become the eleventh district, and the old third district likewise became the 16th, for the 2018 elections and representation thereafter.[2]

Adams County (which includes Gettysburg) was in the district in 1863, at the time of the Battle of Gettysburg and the Gettysburg Address. Democrat Alexander Coffroth was the district's representative at the time.

Recent election results

Member of the U.S. House of Representatives

Source: [2]

Year Democrat Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct Third Party Votes Pct Fourth Party Votes Pct
2000 Bob Yorczyk 80,177 33.1% Joe Pitts 162,403 67.0%
2002 Joe Pitts 119,046 88.5% Will Todd 8,720 6.5% Kenneth Brenneman 6,766 5.0%
2004 Lois Herr 98,410 34.5% Joe Pitts 183,620 64.4% William Hagen 3,269 1.25
2006 Lois Herr 80,915 39.6% Joe Pitts 115,741 56.6% John
Murphy
7,958 3.9%
2008 Bruce Slater 120,193 39.4% Joe Pitts 170,329 55.8% John
Murphy
11,768 3.9% Daniel Frank 2,877 0.9%
2010 Lois Herr 70,994 34.6% Joe Pitts 134,113 65.4%
2012 Aryanna Strader 109,026 39% Joe Pitts 154,337 55% John
Murphy
10,080 4% Jim Bednarski 4995 2%
2014 Tom Houghton 73,921 42.2% Joe Pitts 101,083 57.8%
2016 Christina Hartman 134,586 42.89% Lloyd Smucker 168,669 53.76% Shawn Patrick House 10,518 3.35%
2018 Ronald DiNicola 124,109 47.3% Mike Kelly 135,348 51.6% Ebert "Bill" Beeman 2,939 1.1%
2020 Kristy Gnibus 143,962 40.7% Mike Kelly 210,088 59.3%

U.S. President

Year District winner
2004 Bush 61 - 38%
2008 McCain 51 - 48%
2012 Romney 52 - 46%
2016 Trump 51 - 44%
2020 Trump 58 - 40%

Geography

2003-2018

Created after the 2000 Census, the 16th district was composed of a large portion of southern Chester County, most of Lancaster County, and a sliver of Berks County, including the city of Reading. The 16th stretched from the southwestern suburbs of Philadelphia in the east to the Susquehanna River in the west, and north to include areas around Reading.

In 2000, the 16th Congressional District was home to 646,328 residents,[3] according to the U.S. Census, and its population has increased since that year. Residents of Lancaster County made up the majority of the district's population, followed by Chester County and Berks County. The district was one of the Pennsylvania districts accused of being the result of gerrymandering. Before 2018's redistricting, PA-03 was rated a Solid Republican seat by Cook.[1]

Pockets of urban areas exist in and around the cities of Lancaster, Reading, and West Chester.

2019

In February 2018, the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania ruled that the previous map was unconstitutional due to gerrymandering and released a new congressional map. The 16th district was relocated to the northwestern part of the state. The new 16th includes the cities of Erie, Sharon, Hermitage, Butler and Meadville. After redistricting, PA-16 was rated as a likely Republican seat by Cook in 2018. It is not considered a competitive district in 2020.[4]

Counties and municipalities within the district

Butler County: partial; a portion of county is in the 15th district.

Crawford County: Meadville, Titusville

Erie County: Corry, Erie

Lawrence County: New Castle

Mercer County: Farrell, Hermitage, Sharon

List of members representing the district

The district was created with two seats in 1823

1823–1833: Two seats

Cong
ress
Years Seat A Seat B
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
18th March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
James Allison Jr. Democratic-Republican Elected in 1822.
Re-elected in 1824.
Resigned before Congress convened
WForward-SecofTreas.jpg

Walter Forward
Democratic-Republican Redistricted from the 14th district and re-elected in 1822.
Lost re-election.
19th March 4, 1825 –
? 1825
Jacksonian James S. Stevenson Jacksonian Elected in 1824.
Re-elected in 1826.
Lost re-election.
? 1825 –
October 11, 1825
Vacant
October 11, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
Robert Orr Jr. Jacksonian Elected October 11, 1825 to finish Allison's term and seated December 5, 1825.
Re-elected in 1826.
Retired.
20th March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1829
21st March 4, 1829 –
November 9, 1829
John Gilmore Jacksonian Elected in 1828.
Re-elected in 1830.
[data unknown/missing]
William Wilkins United States Senator - Brady-Handy.jpg

William Wilkins
Anti-Masonic Elected in 1828 but resigned November 9, 1829 before qualifying.
November 9, 1829 –
December 15, 1829
Vacant
December 15, 1829 –
March 3, 1831
HarmarDenny2.jpg

Harmar Denny
Anti-Masonic Elected November 9, 1829 to finish Wilkins's term and seated December 15, 1829.
Re-elected in 1830.
Redistricted to the 22nd district.
22nd March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833

1833-Present: One seat

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
Joseph B. Anthony Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1837
23rd
24th
Elected in 1832.
Re-elected in 1834.
[data unknown/missing]
Robert H. Hammond Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1841
25th
26th
Elected in 1836.
Re-elected in 1838.
[data unknown/missing]
John Snyder Democratic March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
27th Elected in 1840.
Lost re-election.
James Black Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1847
28th
29th
Elected in 1843.
Re-elected in 1844.
[data unknown/missing]
Jasper Ewing Brady.jpg

Jasper E. Brady
Whig March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1849
30th Elected in 1846.
Lost re-election.
James X. McLanahan Democratic March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1853
31st
32nd
Elected in 1848.
Re-elected in 1850.
[data unknown/missing]
William H. Kurtz Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
33rd Redistricted from the 15th district and re-elected in 1852.
[data unknown/missing]
Lemuel Todd Opposition March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
34th Elected in 1854.
[data unknown/missing]
John Alexander Ahl (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg

John A. Ahl
Democratic March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
35th Elected in 1856.
[data unknown/missing]
Benjamin F. Junkin (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg

Benjamin F. Junkin
Republican March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
36th Elected in 1858.
Lost re-election.
JosephBaileyPA.jpg

Joseph Bailey
Democratic March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
37th Elected in 1860.
Redistricted to the 15th district.
Alexander H Coffrotts.jpg

Alexander H. Coffroth
Democratic March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
38th Elected in 1862.
[data unknown/missing]
Vacant March 4, 1865 –
February 19, 1866
39th Contested election
Alexander H Coffrotts.jpg

Alexander H. Coffroth
Democratic February 19, 1866 –
July 18, 1866
Lost contested election.
William Henry Koontz - Brady-Handy.jpg

William H. Koontz
Republican July 18, 1866 –
March 3, 1869
39th
40th
Won contested election.
Re-elected in 1866.
[data unknown/missing]
John Cessna - Brady-Handy.jpg

John Cessna
Republican March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1871
41st Elected in 1868.
Lost re-election.
BenjaminFranklinMeyers.jpg

Benjamin F. Meyers
Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
42nd Elected in 1870.
Lost re-election.
John Cessna - Brady-Handy.jpg

John Cessna
Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
43rd Elected in 1872.
[data unknown/missing]
Sobieski Ross - Brady-Handy.jpg

Sobieski Ross
Republican March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
44th Redistricted from the 18th district and re-elected in 1874.
[data unknown/missing]
John I. Mitchell - Brady-Handy.jpg

John I. Mitchell
Republican March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1881
45th
46th
Elected in 1876.
Re-elected in 1878.
Elected to United States Senate.
RobertJarvisCochranWalker.jpg

Robert J. C. Walker
Republican March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1883
47th Elected in 1880.
Declined renomination.
WilliamWallaceBrown.jpg

William W. Brown
Republican March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1887
48th
49th
Elected in 1882.
Re-elected in 1884.
[data unknown/missing]
Henry Clay McCormick.jpg

Henry C. McCormick
Republican March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1891
50th
51st
Elected in 1886.
Re-elected in 1888.
[data unknown/missing]
Albert Cole Hopkins (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg

Albert C. Hopkins
Republican March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1895
52nd
53rd
Elected in 1890.
Re-elected in 1892.
[data unknown/missing]
Fred Churchill Leonard (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg

Fred C. Leonard
Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1897
54th Elected in 1894.
[data unknown/missing]
Horace B. Packer (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg

Horace B. Packer
Republican March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1901
55th
56th
Elected in 1896.
Re-elected in 1898.
[data unknown/missing]
EliasDeemer.jpg

Elias Deemer
Republican March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1903
57th Elected in 1900.
Redistricted to the 15th district.
Charles H. Dickerman (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg

Charles H. Dickerman
Democratic March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1905
58th Elected in 1902.
Declined renomination.
EdmundWSamuel.jpg

Edmund W. Samuel
Republican March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1907
59th Elected in 1904.
Lost re-election.
John Geiser McHenry (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg

John G. McHenry
Democratic March 4, 1907 –
December 27, 1912
60th
61st
62nd
Elected in 1906.
Re-elected in 1908.
Re-elected in 1910.
Died.
Vacant December 27, 1912 –
March 3, 1913
62nd
JohnVandlingLesher.jpg

John V. Lesher
Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1921
63rd
64th
65th
66th
Elected in 1912.
Re-elected in 1914.
Re-elected in 1916.
Re-elected in 1918.
Lost re-election.
Isaac Clinton Kline (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg

I. Clinton Kline
Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1923
67th Elected in 1920.
Lost re-election.
Edgar R. Kiess.jpg

Edgar R. Kiess
Republican March 4, 1923 –
July 20, 1930
68th
69th
70th
71st
Redistricted from the 15th district and re-elected in 1922.
Re-elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Died.
Vacant July 20, 1930 –
November 4, 1930
71st
Robert F. Rich (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg

Robert F. Rich
Republican November 4, 1930 –
January 3, 1943
71st
72nd
73rd
74th
75th
76th
77th
Elected to finish Kiess's term.
Re-elected in 1930.
Re-elected in 1932.
Re-elected in 1934.
Re-elected in 1936.
Re-elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
[data unknown/missing]
Thomas E. Scanlon Democratic January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1945
78th Redistricted from the 30th district and re-elected in 1942.
Lost re-election.
Samuel K. McConnell Jr. (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg

Samuel K. McConnell Jr.
Republican January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1953
79th
80th
81st
82nd
Redistricted from the 17th district and re-elected in 1944.
Re-elected in 1946.
Re-elected in 1948.
Re-elected in 1950.
Redistricted to the 13th district.
Walter M. Mumma (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg

Walter M. Mumma
Republican January 3, 1953 –
February 25, 1961
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
Redistricted from the 18th district and re-elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.
Died.
Vacant February 25, 1961 –
May 16, 1961
87th
John C. Kunkel.jpg

John C. Kunkel
Republican May 16, 1961 –
December 30, 1966
87th
88th
89th
Elected to finish Mumma's term.
Re-elected in 1962.
Re-elected in 1964.
Resigned.
Vacant December 30, 1966 –
January 3, 1967
89th
Edwin D. Eshleman.jpg

Edwin D. Eshleman
Republican January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1977
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
Elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Re-elected in 1972.
Re-elected in 1974.
Retired.
RobertWalkerPA.jpg

Robert S. Walker
Republican January 3, 1977 –
January 3, 1997
95th
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
103rd
104th
Elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Re-elected in 1980.
Re-elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Retired.
Joe Pitts, Official Portrait, c112th Congress.jpg

Joe Pitts
Republican January 3, 1997 –
January 3, 2017
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
114th
Elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Retired.
Lloyd Smucker official congressional photo.jpg

Lloyd Smucker
Republican January 3, 2017 –
January 3, 2019
115th Elected in 2016.
Redistricted to the 11th district.
Mike Kelly, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg

Mike Kelly
Republican January 3, 2019 –
Present
116th
117th
Redistricted from the 3rd district and re-elected in 2018.
Re-elected in 2020.

Historical district boundaries

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Introducing the 2021 Cook Political Report Partisan Voter Index". The Cook Political Report. April 15, 2021. Retrieved April 15, 2021.
  2. ^ Cohn, Nate; Bloch, Matthew; Quealy, Kevin (February 19, 2018). "The New Pennsylvania House Districts Are In. We Review the Mapmakers' Choices". The Upshot. The New York Times. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ Cook Political Report https://cookpolitical.com/ratings/house-race-ratings. Retrieved July 2, 2020. Missing or empty |title= (help)

External links

This page was last edited on 5 July 2021, at 11:21
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