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Texas's 13th congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Texas's 13th congressional district
Texas US Congressional District 13 (since 2013).tif
Texas's 13th congressional district since January 3, 2013
Representative
  Mac Thornberry
RClarendon
Distribution
  • 68.88% urban
  • 31.12% rural
Population (2016)707,421[1][2]
Median income$50,557[2]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+33[3]

Texas's 13th congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Texas that includes most of the Texas Panhandle, parts of Texoma and northeastern parts of North Texas. It winds across the Panhandle into the South Plains, then runs east across the Red River Valley. Covering over 40,000 square miles (100,000 km2), it is the 19th-largest district by area in the nation, the 14th-largest that does not cover an entire state, as well as the second-largest in Texas behind the 23rd congressional district. It covers more land mass than thirteen entire states. The principal cities in the district are Amarillo, Gainesville and Wichita Falls.[4]

The district has been represented since 1995 in the United States House of Representatives by Republican Mac Thornberry, who is not running for reelection in 2020.[5] Although according to the Cook Partisan Voting Index (CPVI) it is the most Republican district in the country (R+33),[6] it has not always been strongly Republican. As late as 1976, Jimmy Carter won 33 of the 44 counties in the district, getting 60% to 70% of the vote in many of them. While voters in the Panhandle began splitting their tickets as early as the 1940s, Democrats continued to hold most local offices, as well as most of the area's seats in the state legislature, well into the 1990s.

Since Thornberry's ouster of three-term Democrat Bill Sarpalius in 1994, however, a Democrat has only crossed the 30 percent mark in 1996, 1998 and 2000. Republicans now dominate at nearly every level of government; there are almost no elected Democrats left above the county level. In 2012, it was President Barack Obama's lowest percentage of the vote in a congressional district. He received 18.5% of the vote. In 2016, it was Hillary Clinton's second largest margin of defeat in a congressional district after Alabama's 4th congressional district. She received an even lower percentage than President Obama four years prior, gathering 16.9% of the vote compared to Donald Trump's 79.9%.

Election results from presidential races

Year Result
2004 George W. Bush 78% – 22%
2008 John McCain 77% – 22%
2012 Mitt Romney 80% – 19%
2016 Donald Trump 80% – 17%

List of members representing the district

Member Party Term Congress Election history
District created March 4, 1893
JeremiahVCockrell.jpg

Jeremiah V. Cockrell
Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1897
53rd
54th
[data unknown/missing]
John Hall Stephens.jpg

John H. Stephens
Democratic March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1917
55th
56th
57th
58th
59th
60th
61st
62nd
63rd
64th
[data unknown/missing]
John Marvin Jones.jpg

J. Marvin Jones
Democratic March 4, 1917 –
March 3, 1919
65th Redistricted to the 18th district.
LucianWParrish.jpg

Lucian W. Parrish
Democratic March 4, 1919 –
March 27, 1922
66th
67th
Died.
Vacant March 27, 1922 –
May 22, 1922
67th
Guinn Williams Democratic May 22, 1922 –
March 3, 1933
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
Elected to finish Parrish's term.
William D. McFarlane Democratic March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1939
73rd
74th
75th
[data unknown/missing]
Ed Gossett Democratic January 3, 1939 –
July 31, 1951
76th
77th
78th
79th
80th
81st
82nd
Resigned.
Vacant July 31, 1951 –
September 8, 1951
82nd
Frank N. Ikard.jpg

Frank N. Ikard
Democratic September 8, 1951 –
December 15, 1961
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
Elected to finish Gossett's term.
Resigned.
Vacant December 15, 1961 –
January 27, 1962
57th
Graham B. Purcell, Jr..jpg

Graham B. Purcell Jr.
Democratic January 27, 1962 –
January 3, 1973
87th
88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
Elected to finish Ikard's term.
Lost reelection after redistricting.
Bob Price.jpg

Bob Price
Republican January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1975
93rd Redistricted from the 18th district.
Lost reelection.
Jack English Hightower.jpg

Jack Hightower
Democratic January 3, 1975 –
January 3, 1985
94th
95th
96th
97th
98th
Lost reelection.
Beau Boulter.jpg

Beau Boulter
Republican January 3, 1985 –
January 3, 1989
99th
100th
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
Bill Sarpalius.jpg

Bill Sarpalius
Democratic January 3, 1989 –
January 3, 1995
101st
102nd
103rd
Lost reelection.
Mac Thornberry portrait 116th congress (cropped).jpg

Mac Thornberry
Republican January 3, 1995 –
Present
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
114th
115th
116th
Elected in 1994.
Reelected in 1996.
Reelected in 1998.
Reelected in 2000.
Reelected in 2002.
Reelected in 2004.
Reelected in 2006.
Reelected in 2008.
Reelected in 2010.
Reelected in 2012.
Reelected in 2014.
Reelected in 2016.
Reelected in 2018.
Not running for reelection in 2020.

Election results

Often in recent years, the incumbent has either run unopposed or has only a third/fourth party candidate who is opposing them. Generally, the incumbent gets over 70% of the vote, even during years with huge opposition party pickups.

Texas 13th Congressional District 1994[7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mac Thornberry 79,466 55.42
Democratic Bill Sarpalius (Incumbent) 63,923 44.58
Total votes 143,389 100.00
Texas 13th Congressional District 1996[7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mac Thornberry (Incumbent) 116,098 66.87
Democratic Samuel Brown Silverman 56,066 32.29
Independent Don Harkey 1,463 0.84
Total votes 173,627 100.00
Texas 13th Congressional District 1998[7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mac Thornberry (Incumbent) 81,141 67.92
Democratic Mark Harmon 37,027 30.99
Libertarian Georganne Baker Payne 1,298 1.09
Total votes 119,466 100.00
Texas 13th Congressional District 2000[7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mac Thornberry (Incumbent) 117,995 67.63
Democratic Curtis Clinesmith 54,343 31.15
Libertarian Brad Clardy 2,137 1.22
Total votes 174,475 100.00
Texas 13th Congressional District 2002[7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mac Thornberry (Incumbent) 119,401 79.27
Democratic Zane Reese 31,218 20.73
Total votes 150,619 100.00
Texas 13th Congressional District 2004[7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mac Thornberry (Incumbent) 189,448 92.31
Libertarian John Robert Deek 15,793 7.69
Total votes 205,241 100.00
Texas 13th Congressional District 2006[7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mac Thornberry (Incumbent) 108,107 74.35
Democratic Roger J. Waun 33,460 23.01
Libertarian Keith Dyer 3,829 2.63
Total votes 145,396 100.00
Texas 13th Congressional District 2008[7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mac Thornberry (Incumbent) 180,078 77.65
Democratic Roger James Waun 51,841 22.35
Total votes 231,919 100.00
Texas 13th Congressional District 2010[7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mac Thornberry (Incumbent) 113,201 87.05
Independent Keith Dyer 11,192 8.61
Libertarian John T. Burwell, Jr. 5,650 4.34
Total votes 130,043 100.00
Texas 13th Congressional District 2012[7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mac Thornberry (Incumbent) 187,775 90.98
Libertarian John Robert Deek 12,701 6.15
Green Keith F. Houston 5,912 2.86
Total votes 206,388 100.00
Texas 13th Congressional District 2014[7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mac Thornberry (Incumbent) 110,842 84.3
Democratic Mike Minter 16,822 12.8
Libertarian Emily Pivoda 2,863 2.2
Green Don Cook 924 0.7
Total votes 131,451 100
Texas 13th Congressional District 2016[8]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mac Thornberry (Incumbent) 199,050 90.0
Libertarian Calvin DeWeese 14,725 6.7
Green H.F. "Rusty" Tomlinson 7,467 3.4
Total votes 221,242 100
Texas 13th Congressional District 2018[9]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mac Thornberry (Incumbent) 168,090 81.6
Democratic Greg Sagan 34,859 16.9
Libertarian Calvin DeWeese 3,144 1.5
Total votes 206,093 100

Historical district boundaries

2007–2013
2007–2013

See also

References

  1. ^ [1][dead link]
  2. ^ a b Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census Bureau. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov.
  3. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  4. ^ "NationalJournal - Log In". www.nationaljournal.com.
  5. ^ Gilman, Todd J. (September 30, 2019). "Rep. Mac Thornberry becomes 6th Texas Republican in House to announce retirement ahead of 2020 election". Dallas Morning News. Retrieved September 30, 2019.
  6. ^ "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 115th Congress by The Cook Political Report (Arranged by State/District)" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 7, 2017.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k [2][dead link]
  8. ^ "Office of the Secretary of State, Race Summary Report, 2016 General Election". elections.sos.state.tx.us.
  9. ^ [3][dead link]

Sources

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

External links

This page was last edited on 1 August 2020, at 09:09
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