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Maryland's 1st congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Maryland's 1st congressional district
Maryland US Congressional District 1 (since 2013).tif
Maryland's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Andy Harris
RCockeysville
Area3,653.1 sq mi (9,461 km2)
Distribution
  • 64.1% urban
  • 35.9% rural
Population (2019)737,341
Median household
income
$80,022[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+14[2]

Maryland's 1st congressional district encompasses the entire Eastern Shore of Maryland, including Salisbury, as well as parts of Baltimore, Harford, and Carroll counties.

The district is currently represented by Republican Andy Harris, who defeated Democratic incumbent Frank M. Kratovil, Jr. in 2010. The district was the subject of a 2014 boycott following legislation Harris introduced nullifying a District of Columbia law de-criminalizing possession of marijuana.[3] With a Cook Partisan Voting Index rating of R+14, it is the only Republican-leaning district in Maryland.[2]

Election results from presidential races

Year Office Results
2008 President McCain 59–38%
2012 President Romney 60–37%
2016 President Trump 61–33%
2020 President Trump 59–39%

List of members representing the district

# Member Party Years Con-
gress
Electoral history Location
1 Michael J. Stone Anti-Administration March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1791
1st Elected in 1789.
Lost re-election.
1789–1833
Calvert, Charles, and St. Mary's counties in Southern Maryland.
2 Philip Key Pro-Administration March 4, 1791 –
March 3, 1793
2nd Elected in 1790.
Lost re-election.
3 George Dent Pro-Administration March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
3rd
4th
5th
6th

Elected in 1792.
Re-elected in 1794.
Re-elected in 1796.
Re-elected in 1798.
Retired.
Federalist March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1801
4 John Campbell Federalist March 4, 1801 –
March 3, 1811
7th
8th
9th
10th
11th
Elected in 1801.
Re-elected in 1803.
Re-elected in 1804.
Re-elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Retired.
5 Philip Stuart Federalist March 4, 1811 –
March 3, 1819
12th
13th
14th
15th
Elected in 1810.
Elected in 1812.
Re-elected in 1814.
Re-elected in 1816.
Retired.
6 Raphael Neale Federalist[a] March 4, 1819 –
March 3, 1825
16th
17th
18th
Elected in 1818.
Re-elected in 1820.
Re-elected in 1822.
Lost re-election.
7 Clement Dorsey Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1831
19th
20th
21st
Elected in 1824.
Re-elected in 1826.
Re-elected in 1829.
Retired.
8 Daniel Jenifer Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
22nd Elected in 1831.
[data unknown/missing]
9 Littleton Dennis Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
April 14, 1834
23rd Elected in 1833.
Died.
1833–1843
Dorchester, Somerset, and Worcester counties on the Eastern Shore of Maryland
Vacant April 14, 1834 –
May 29, 1834
10 John N. Steele Anti-Jacksonian May 29, 1834 –
March 3, 1837
23rd
24th
Elected to finish Dennis's term.
Re-elected in 1835.
[data unknown/missing]
11 John Dennis Whig March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1841
25th
26th
Elected in 1837.
Re-elected in 1839.
[data unknown/missing]
12 Isaac D. Jones Whig March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
27th Elected in 1841.
[data unknown/missing]
13 John Causin Whig March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
28th Elected late in 1844.
[data unknown/missing]
1843–1853
Anne Arundel (except for Howard District), Calvert, Charles, Montgomery, Prince George's, and St. Mary's counties in Central Maryland and Southern Maryland.
14 John G. Chapman Whig March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1849
29th
30th
Elected in 1845.
Re-elected in 1847.
[data unknown/missing]
15 Richard Bowie Whig March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1853
31st
32nd
Elected in 1849.
Re-elected in 1851.
[data unknown/missing]
16 John R. Franklin Whig March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
33rd Elected in 1853.
[data unknown/missing]
1853–1863
Caroline, Dorchester, Queen Anne's, Somerset, Talbot, and Worcester counties on the Eastern Shore of Maryland.
17
JamesAugustusStewart.jpg

James A. Stewart
Democratic March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1861
34th
35th
36th
Elected in 1855.
Re-elected in 1857.
Re-elected in 1859.
[data unknown/missing]
18
John W Crisfield - Congressman from Maryland.jpg

John W. Crisfield
Unionist Party March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
37th Elected in 1861.
[data unknown/missing]
19 John A J Creswell Brady-Handy Photograph Collection.tif
John A. J. Creswell
Republican March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
38th Elected in 1863.
[data unknown/missing]
1863–1873
Caroline, Cecil, Dorchester, Kent, Queen Anne's, Somerset, Talbot, and Worcester counties on the Eastern Shore of Maryland.
20
Hiram McCollough - photo portrait seated.jpg

Hiram McCullough
Democratic March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1869
39th
40th
Elected in 1864.
Re-elected in 1866.
[data unknown/missing]
21 Samuel Hambleton Democratic March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1873
41st
42nd
Elected in 1868.
Re-elected in 1870.
[data unknown/missing]
22
WILSON, Ephraim King, (1821 - 1891).jpg

Ephraim King Wilson II
Democratic March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
43rd Elected in 1872.
[data unknown/missing]
1873–1883
Caroline, Dorchester, Kent, Queen Anne's, Somerset, Talbot, Wicomico, and Worcester counties on the Eastern Shore of Maryland.
23
Philip Francis Thomas, sitting.jpg

Philip Thomas
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
44th Elected in 1874.
[data unknown/missing]
24 Daniel M. Henry Democratic March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1881
45th
46th
Elected in 1876.
Re-elected in 1878.
[data unknown/missing]
25 George W. Covington Democratic March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1885
47th
48th
Elected in 1880.
Re-elected in 1882.
Retired.
1883–1893
[data unknown/missing]
26
Charlesgibson.jpg

Charles H. Gibson
Democratic March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1891
49th
50th
51st
Elected in 1884.
Re-elected in 1886.
Re-elected in 1888.
Retired.
27 Henry Page Democratic March 4, 1891 –
September 3, 1892
52nd Elected in 1890.
Resigned to become a judge of the Maryland Court of Appeals.
Vacant September 3, 1892 –
November 8, 1892
28 John B. Brown Democratic November 8, 1892 –
March 3, 1893
Elected to finish Page's term.
Retired.
29 Robert Bratton Democratic March 4, 1893 –
May 10, 1894
53rd Elected in 1892.
Died.
1893–1903
[data unknown/missing]
Vacant May 10, 1894 –
November 6, 1894
30 Winder Laird Henry Democratic November 6, 1894 –
March 3, 1895
Elected to finish Bratton's term.
Retired.
31
JoshuaWeldonMiles.jpg

Joshua W. Miles
Democratic March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1897
54th Elected in 1894.
Lost re-election.
32 Isaac A. Barber Republican March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1899
55th Elected in 1896.
[data unknown/missing]
33
John Walter Smith, photo portrait head and shoulders.jpg

John Walter Smith
Democratic March 4, 1899 –
January 12, 1900
56th Elected in 1898.
Resigned to become Governor of Maryland.
Vacant January 12, 1900 –
November 6, 1900
34 Josiah L. Kerr Republican November 6, 1900 –
March 3, 1901
Elected to finish Smith's term.
Retired.
35
WilliamHJackson.jpg

William Humphreys Jackson
Republican March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1905
57th
58th
Elected in 1900.
Re-elected in 1902.
Lost re-election.
1903–1913
Caroline, Cecil, Dorchester, Kent, Queen Anne's, Somerset, Talbot, Wicomico, and Worcester counties on the Eastern Shore of Maryland.
36
Thomas Alexander Smith of Maryland.jpg

Thomas A. Smith
Democratic March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1907
59th Elected in 1904.
Lost re-election.
37
WilliamHJackson.jpg

William Humphreys Jackson
Republican March 4, 1907 –
March 3, 1909
60th Elected in 1906.
Lost re-election.
38
JamesHarryCovington.jpg

J. Harry Covington
Democratic March 4, 1909 –
September 30, 1914
61st
62nd
63rd
Elected in 1908.
Re-elected in 1910.
Re-elected in 1912.
Resigned to practice law in Washington, D.C.
1913–1933
Caroline, Cecil, Dorchester, Kent, Queen Anne's, Somerset, Talbot, Wicomico, and Worcester counties on the Eastern Shore of Maryland.[4][5]
Vacant September 30, 1914 –
November 3, 1914
63rd
39
JessePrice.jpg

Jesse Price
Democratic November 3, 1914 –
March 3, 1919
63rd
64th
65th
Elected to finish Covington's term.
Re-elected in 1914.
Re-elected in 1916.
Lost re-election.
40
William Noble Andrews.jpg

William N. Andrews
Republican March 4, 1919 –
March 3, 1921
66th Elected in 1918.
Lost re-election.
41
Thomas Alan Goldsborough 69th Congress Pictorial.jpg

Thomas Alan Goldsborough
Democratic March 4, 1921 –
April 5, 1939
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
73rd
74th
75th
76th
Elected in 1920.
Re-elected in 1922.
Re-elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Re-elected in 1930.
Re-elected in 1932.
Re-elected in 1934.
Re-elected in 1936.
Re-elected in 1938.
Resigned to become associate justice of the District Court of the United States for the District of Columbia.
1933–1943
[data unknown/missing]
Vacant April 5, 1939 –
June 8, 1939
76th
42 David Jenkins Ward Democratic June 8, 1939 –
January 3, 1945
76th
77th
78th
Elected to finish Goldsborough's term.
Re-elected in 1940.
Re-elected in 1942.
Lost re-election.
1943–1953
[data unknown/missing]
43 Dudley Roe Democratic January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1947
79th Elected in 1944.
Lost re-election.
44
EdwardTylorMiller.jpg

Edward T. Miller
Republican January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1959
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
Elected in 1946.
Re-elected in 1948.
Re-elected in 1950.
Re-elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Lost re-election.
1953–1963
[data unknown/missing]
45
Thomas F. Johnson (Maryland Congressman).jpg

Thomas F. Johnson
Democratic January 3, 1959 –
January 3, 1963
86th
87th
Elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.
Lost re-election.
46
RogersClarkBallardMorton.jpg

Rogers Morton
Republican January 3, 1963 –
January 29, 1971
88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
Elected in 1962.
Re-elected in 1964.
Re-elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of the Interior.
1963–1973
Caroline, Cecil, Dorchester, Kent, Queen Anne's, Somerset, Talbot, Wicomico, and Worcester counties on the Eastern Shore of Maryland, and parts of Baltimore County in Central Maryland.
Vacant January 29, 1971 –
May 25, 1971
92nd
47
William Oswald Mills.jpg

William O. Mills
Republican May 25, 1971 –
May 24, 1973
92nd
93rd
Elected to finish Morton's term.
Re-elected in 1972.
Died by suicide.
1973–1983
Caroline, Cecil, Dorchester, Kent, Queen Anne's, Somerset, Talbot, Wicomico, and Worcester counties on the Eastern Shore of Maryland, and Anne Arundel, Calvert, Charles, and St. Mary's counties in Southern Maryland and parts of Baltimore County, Harford County and Baltimore City in Central Maryland.
Vacant May 24, 1973 –
August 21, 1973
93rd
48
Robert Bauman US Congress photo portrait.jpg

Robert Bauman
Republican August 21, 1973 –
January 3, 1981
93rd
94th
95th
96th
Elected to finish Oswald's term.
Re-elected in 1974.
Re-elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Lost re-election.
49
Roy Dyson 97th Congress 1981.jpg

Roy Dyson
Democratic January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1991
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
Elected in 1980.
Re-elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Lost re-election.
1983–1993
[data unknown/missing]
50
Wayne Gilchrest of Maryland, official portrait.jpg

Wayne Gilchrest
Republican January 3, 1991 –
January 3, 2009
102nd
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
Elected in 1990.
Re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Lost renomination.
1993–2003
[data unknown/missing]
2003–2013
Caroline, Cecil, Dorchester, Kent, Queen Anne's, Somerset, Talbot, Wicomico, and Worcester counties on the Eastern Shore of Maryland, and parts of Anne Arundel County in Southern Maryland and Baltimore County in Central Maryland.
United States House of Representatives, Maryland District 1 map.png
51
Official FK Picture.JPG

Frank Kratovil
Democratic January 3, 2009 –
January 3, 2011
111th Elected in 2008.
Lost re-election.
52
Andy Harris, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg

Andy Harris
Republican January 3, 2011 –
present
112th
113th
114th
115th
116th
117th
Elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.
Re-elected in 2020.
2013–present
Maryland US Congressional District 1 (since 2013).tif

Recent election results

2000s

2000 Marylands's 1st congressional district election
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Wayne Gilchrest (Incumbent) 165,293 64.40%
Democratic Bennett Bozman 91,022 35.46%
Green David M. Gross 73 0.03%
N/A Write-ins 294 0.11%
Total votes 256,682 100.00%
Republican hold
2002 Marylands's 1st congressional district election
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Wayne Gilchrest (Incumbent) 192,004 76.83%
Democratic Amy D. Tamlyn 57,986 23.20%
Total votes 249,900 100.00%
Republican hold
2004 Marylands's 1st congressional district election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Wayne Gilchrest (Incumbent) 245,149 75.89% −0.94%
Democratic Kostas Alexakis 77,872 24.11% +0.91%
Total votes 323,021 100.00% ?
Republican hold Swing [?]
2006 Marylands's 1st congressional district election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Wayne Gilchrest (Incumbent) 185,177 68.80% −7.09%
Democratic Jim Corwin 83,738 31.11% +7.00%
Write-ins 232 0.09% +0.09%
Total votes 269,147 100.00% ?
Republican hold Swing [?]
2008 Marylands's 1st congressional district election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Frank Kratovil 177,065 49.12% +18.01%
Republican Andy Harris 174,213 48.33% −20.47%
Libertarian Richard J. Davis 8,873 2.46% +2.46%
No party Write-ins 329 0.09%
Total votes 360,480 100.00%
Democratic gain from Republican

2010s

2010 Marylands's 1st congressional district election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Andrew P. Harris 155,118 54.08% +5.75%
Democratic Frank Kratovil (Incumbent) 120,400 41.98% −7.14%
Libertarian Richard J. Davis 10,876 3.79% +1.33%
No party Write-ins 418 0.15%
Total votes 286,812 100.00%
Republican gain from Democratic
2012 Marylands's 1st congressional district election[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Andrew P. Harris (Incumbent) 214,204 63.4%
Democratic Wendy Rosen 92,812 27.5%
Democratic John LaFerla (write-in) 14,858 4.4%
Libertarian Muir Wayne Boda 12,857 3.8%
N/A Others (write-in) 3,029 0.9%
Total votes 337,760 100%
Republican hold
2014 Marylands's 1st congressional district election
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Andrew P. Harris (Incumbent) 176,324 70.4%
Democratic Bill Tilghman 73,843 29.5%
N/A Others (write-in) 233 0.1%
Total votes 250,418 100%
Republican hold
2016 Marylands's 1st congressional district election
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Andrew P. Harris (Incumbent) 242,574 67.0%
Democratic Joe Werner 103,622 28.6%
Libertarian Matt Beers 15,370 4.2%
N/A Others (write-in) 531 0.1%
Total votes 362,097 100%
Republican hold
2018 Marylands's 1st congressional district election
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Andrew P. Harris (Incumbent) 183,662 60.0%
Democratic Jesse Colvin 116,631 38.1%
Libertarian Jenica Martin 5,744 1.9%
N/A Others (write-in) 149 0.0%
Total votes 306,186 100%
Republican hold

2020s

2020 Marylands's 1st congressional district election[7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Andrew P. Harris (incumbent) 250,901 63.4
Democratic Mia Mason 143,877 36.4
Write-in 746 0.2
Total votes 395,524 100.0
Republican hold

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Supported the Adams-Clay faction in the 1824 United States presidential election

References

  1. ^ Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census Bureau. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov.
  2. ^ a b "Introducing the 2021 Cook Political Report Partisan Voter Index". The Cook Political Report. April 15, 2021. Retrieved April 15, 2021.
  3. ^ Trip Gabriel (July 13, 2014). "Marijuana Is at Center of Feud in Capital". The NY Times. Retrieved July 13, 2014.
  4. ^ Official Congressional Directory, 63rd Congress, 1st Session. Washington, D.C.: Joint Committee on Printing. 1913. p. 43.
  5. ^ Official Congressional Directory, 68th Congress, 1st Session. Washington, D.C.: Joint Committee on Printing. 1923. p. 41.
  6. ^ "Unofficial 2012 Presidential General Election results for Representative in Congress". Maryland State Board of Elections. Retrieved November 12, 2012.
  7. ^ "Official 2020 Presidential General Election results for Representative in Congress". Maryland State Board of Elections. Retrieved December 14, 2020.

This page was last edited on 10 July 2021, at 16:13
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