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West Virginia's 2nd congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

West Virginia's 2nd congressional district
West Virginia US Congressional District 2 (since 2013).tif
West Virginia's 2nd congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Alex Mooney
RCharles Town
Population (2010)648,186
Median income$48,426[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+17[2]

West Virginia's 2nd congressional district stretches from the Ohio River border with Ohio to the Potomac River border with Maryland and the border with Virginia. It includes the capital city of Charleston and the rapidly growing residential communities of West Virginia's Eastern Panhandle and Potomac Highlands regions connected by a narrow strip of nearly unpopulated counties. It is 20 miles (32 km) wide and 300 miles (480 km) long.

The district is currently represented by Alex Mooney, a Republican.

West Virginia had four Congressional seats from 1973 to 1993. Previously, much of the western portion of the current 2nd District had been in the 3rd District, based in Charleston. The eastern portion of the district had been in the 2nd District, which had been anchored in Martinsburg and Morgantown for all but a few years since statehood. For all but two years from 1949 to 1993, it was held by the Democratic Staggers family--Harley O. Staggers from 1949 to 1981 and Harley "Buckey" Staggers, Jr. from 1983 to 1993. When West Virginia lost a seat following the 1990 Census, the state legislature divided Staggers's district among the remaining three districts. Much of Staggers's old territory was merged with the 3rd District, represented by five-term Democrat Bob Wise and renumbered the 2nd. However, Staggers's home in Mineral County wound up in the 1st District, where he was routed in the Democratic primary by Alan Mollohan. Wise represented the new district until 2000, when he ran for and won West Virginia's governorship. Following the 2010 Census, Mason County was transferred to the 3rd District, which changed the character of the district only slightly. This change took effect for the 2012 election.[3]

The district is very expensive to campaign in, because six counties on the district's eastern fringe are in the very expensive Washington, D.C. television market. The two main parts, Charleston and the Eastern Panhandle, have very little in common and very little interaction.

The district is slightly more conservative and prosperous than the rest of the state. It also shares West Virginia's tendency to give congressmen long tenures in Washington. The 2000 election that resulted in Capito's victory marked the first open-seat race in the district since 1945. The old 2nd District had only five congressmen from 1933 until its elimination in 1993.

George W. Bush carried the district twice in 2000 with 54% of the vote and in 2004 with 57% of the vote. John McCain also won the district in 2008 with 54.63% of the vote while Barack Obama received 43.77%.

The district contains much of the territory that was represented by longtime Senator Robert Byrd when he served in the House from 1953 to 1959.

History

The Second District as originally formed in 1863 included Taylor, Marion, Monongalia, Preston, Tucker, Barbour, Upshur, Webster, Pocahontas, Randolph, Pendleton, Hardy, Hampshire, Berkeley, and Morgan counties (Jefferson county's status in the state was still in dispute, and Grant and Mineral counties were still part of other counties, but the modern territory of all was also included). It was essentially the successor of Virginia's 10th congressional district. The district was unchanged for 1882.

In 1902, the district was changed to Monongalia, Preston, Tucker, Taylor, Barbour, Tucker, Randolph, Pendleton, Grant, Hardy, Mineral, Hampshire, Morgan, Berkeley, and Jefferson counties. The district was unchanged for 1916. Taylor was removed for 1934. The district was again unchanged for 1954. In 1962 Upshur, Webster, Pocahontas, and Greenbrier counties were added. In 1972, Lewis, Monroe, Summers, and Fayette were added. In 1982, Barbour was added.

1992 first saw the district as currently constituted, consisting of Berkeley, Braxton, Calhoun, Clay, Glimer, Hampshire, Hardy, Jackson, Jefferson, Kanawha, Lewis, Mason, Morgan, Nicholas, Pendleton, Putnam, Randolph, Roane, Upshur, and Wirt counties. In 2002, Gilmer and Nicholas were removed and for the election cycle beginning in 2012, Mason was removed.[4]

Recent presidential elections

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
2000 President Bush 54 - 44%
2004 President Bush 57 - 42%
2008 President McCain 55 - 44%
2012 President Romney 60 - 38%
2016 President Trump 66 - 29%


List of members representing the district

Member Party Dates Cong
ress
Electoral history
District created December 7, 1863
WilliamGayBrownSr.jpg

William G. Brown Sr.
Unconditional Unionist December 7, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
38th [data unknown/missing]
GenGRLatham.jpg

George R. Latham
Unconditional Unionist March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1867
39th [data unknown/missing]
Bethuel Middleton Kitchen.jpg

Bethuel Kitchen
Republican March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1869
40th [data unknown/missing]
JCMcGrew.jpg

James McGrew
Republican March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1873
41st
42nd
[data unknown/missing]
JMHagans.jpg

John Hagans
Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
43rd [data unknown/missing]
Charles J. Faulkner 1806-1884 - Brady-Handy.jpg

Charles J. Faulkner
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
44th [data unknown/missing]
BFMartin.jpg

Benjamin F. Martin
Democratic March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1881
45th
46th
[data unknown/missing]
JohnBHoge.jpg

John B. Hoge
Democratic March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1883
47th [data unknown/missing]
William Lyne Wilson.jpg

William L. Wilson
Democratic March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1895
48th
49th
50th
51st
52nd
53rd
[data unknown/missing]
Alston Gordon Dayton in 1896.jpg

Alston G. Dayton
Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 16, 1905
54th
55th
56th
57th
58th
59th
[data unknown/missing]
Resigned when appointed as a judge of US District Court for the Northern District of West Virginia
Vacant March 16, 1905 –
June 6, 1905
59th
Thomas Beall Davis.jpg

Thomas B. Davis
Democratic June 6, 1905 –
March 3, 1907
Elected to finish Dayton's term.
[data unknown/missing]
GeorgeCSturgiss.jpg

George C. Sturgiss
Republican March 4, 1907 –
March 3, 1911
60th
61st
[data unknown/missing]
WilliamGayBrownJr.jpg

William G. Brown Jr.
Democratic March 4, 1911 –
March 9, 1916
62nd
63rd
64th
[data unknown/missing]
Died.
Vacant March 9, 1916 –
May 9, 1916
64th
George m bowers.jpg

George M. Bowers
Republican May 9, 1916 –
March 3, 1923
64th
65th
66th
67th
Elected to finish Brown's term.
[data unknown/missing]
Robert E. L. Allen Democratic March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1925
68th [data unknown/missing]
Frank L. Bowman Republican March 4, 1925 –
March 3, 1933
69th
70th
71st
72nd
[data unknown/missing]
Jennings Randolph headshot.jpg

Jennings Randolph
Democratic March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1947
73rd
74th
75th
76th
77th
78th
79th
Elected in 1932.
Re-elected in 1934.
Re-elected in 1936.
Re-elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
Re-elected in 1942.
Re-elected in 1944.
Lost re-election.
Melvin C. Snyder Republican January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1949
80th Elected in 1946.
Lost re-election.
Harley Orrin Staggers.jpg

Harley O. Staggers
Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1981
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
96th
Elected in 1948.
Re-elected in 1950.
Re-elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.
Re-elected in 1962.
Re-elected in 1964.
Re-elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Re-elected in 1972.
Re-elected in 1974.
Re-elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Retired.
Cleve Benedict.png

Cleve Benedict
Republican January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1983
97th Elected in 1980.
Retired to run for U.S. senator.
Harley Staggers Jr (1991).jpeg

Harley O. Staggers Jr.
Democratic January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1993
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
Elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Redistricted to the 1st district and lost renomination.
Bob Wise.jpg

Bob Wise
Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2001
103rd
104th
105th
106th
Redistricted from the 3rd district and re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Retired to run for Governor of West Virginia.
Shelley Moore Capito, official photo portrait, color.jpg

Shelley Capito
Republican January 3, 2001 –
January 3, 2015
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
Elected in 2000.
Re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Retired to run for U.S. senator.
Alex Mooney Congress.jpg

Alex Mooney
Republican January 3, 2015 –
present
114th
115th
116th
Elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.

Historical district boundaries

2003 - 2013
2003 - 2013

See also

References

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=54&cd=02
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ http://www.legis.state.wv.us/legisdocs/2011/1x/maps/senate/Enr%20SB1008%20Map.pdf
  4. ^ West Virginia Blue Book (pp 535, 2012 edition)

This page was last edited on 21 May 2020, at 04:10
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