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116th United States Congress

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

116th United States Congress
115th ←
→ 117th
US Capitol west side.JPG
January 3, 2019 – January 3, 2021
Senate PresidentMike Pence (R)
Senate President pro temChuck Grassley (R)
House SpeakerNancy Pelosi (D)
Members100 senators
435 members of the House
6 non-voting delegates
Senate MajorityRepublican
House MajorityDemocratic
Sessions
1st: January 3, 2019 – TBD
2nd: TBD – TBD

The One Hundred Sixteenth United States Congress is the current meeting of the legislative branch of the Federal government of the United States, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives, meeting in Washington, D.C., from January 3, 2019, to January 3, 2021.

In the 2018 midterm elections, the Democratic Party won the majority in the House of Representatives and had a preponderance of voting influence in selecting the next Speaker; Nancy Pelosi was elected Speaker with slightly more than 51% of the 430 votes that were counted toward the election of the Speaker; Republican member Kevin McCarthy, the runner-up, received 44.76% of the vote. In the Senate, the Republican Party increased its majority, giving the U.S. a split Congress.

Contents

Major events

Scheduled

Major legislation

Enacted

Proposed

January 3, 2019: For The People Act of 2019, H.R. 1

Party summary

Resignations and new members are discussed in the "Changes in membership" section, below.

Senate

Senate membership, at the beginning of the Congress.     45 Democrats      53 Republicans      2 Independents (Democratic caucus)
Senate membership, at the beginning of the Congress.
     45 Democrats      53 Republicans
     2 Independents (Democratic caucus)
Affiliation Party
(shading indicates majority caucus)
Total Vacant
Democratic Independent Republican
End of previous Congress 47 2 50 99 1
Begin (January 3, 2019) 45 2 52 99 1
January 8, 2019 [a] 53 100 0
Latest voting share 47.0% 53.0%

House of Representatives

House membership, at the beginning of this Congress.     235 Democrats      199 Republicans     1 Disputed[b]
House membership, at the beginning of this Congress.
     235 Democrats      199 Republicans
     1 Disputed[b]
Party
(shading indicates majority caucus)
Total Vacant
Democratic Independent Republican
End of previous Congress 196 0 236 432 3
Begin (January 3, 2019) 235 0 199 434 1[b]
Latest voting share 54.1% 0.0% 45.9%  
Non-voting members 3 1 2 6 0

Leadership

Senate

Senate President
President Pro Tempore

Majority (Republican) Leadership

Minority (Democratic) Leadership

House of Representatives

House Speaker

Majority (Democratic) Leadership

Minority (Republican) Leadership

Demographics

The Senate includes 75 men and 25 women, the greatest female Senate representation to date. Additionally, both senators from the following six states are women: California, Washington, Nevada, Arizona, Minnesota, and New Hampshire. Thirteen states are represented by one male and one female senator, while thirty-one states are represented by two male senators. The Senate includes 91 non-Hispanic white, 4 Hispanic, 3 black, 3 Asian, and 1 multiracial members. Among senators, 2 identify as LGBTQ+.[22][23]

Men number 333 members and women number 102 in the House of Representatives.[24] non-Hispanic whites number 317, 56 members are black, 44 are Hispanic, 15 are Asian, and 4 are Native American. Identifying as LGBTQ+ are 8 representatives.[25] Two women in the House, Ocasio-Cortez (D-NY) and Shalala (D-FL), are the youngest and oldest female freshman representatives in history, respectively.[citation needed]

Most members of this Congress are Christian (88.2%), with approximately half being Protestant and 30.5% being Catholic. Jewish membership is 6.4%, the highest percentage in American history. Other religions represented include Buddhism, Islam, and Hinduism. One senator says that she is religiously unaffiliated, while the number of members refusing to specify their religious affiliation increased.[26][27][28]

Members

Senate

The numbers refer to their Senate classes. All class 1 seats were contested in the November 2018 elections. In this Congress, class 1 means their term commenced in the current Congress, requiring re-election in 2024; class 2 means their term ends with this Congress, requiring re-election in 2020; and class 3 means their term began in the last Congress, requiring re-election in 2022.

House of Representatives

All but one of the 435 seats were filled by the elections on November 6, 2018, or by special elections thereafter.[b]

Changes in membership

Senate

State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Florida
(1)
Vacant Senator-elect delayed beginning service to finish term as Governor of Florida.[5] Rick Scott
(R)
January 8, 2019

House of Representatives

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
North Carolina 9 Vacant Vacant due to fraud allegations that prevented the election results from being certified.[b] TBD TBD
Pennsylvania 12 Tom Marino
(R)
Will resign January 23, 2019 to take job in private sector. [30] TBD TBD

Committees

Section contents: Senate, House, Joint

Listed alphabetically by chamber, including Chair and Ranking Member.

Senate

Committee Chair Ranking Member [31]
Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry Pat Roberts (R-KS) Debbie Stabenow (D-MI)
Appropriations Richard Shelby (R-AL) Patrick Leahy (D-VT)
Armed Services Jim Inhofe (R-OK) Jack Reed (D-RI)
Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Mike Crapo (R-ID) Sherrod Brown (D-OH)
Budget Mike Enzi (R-WY) Bernie Sanders (I-VT)
Commerce, Science and Transportation Roger Wicker (R-MS) Maria Cantwell (D-WA)
Energy and Natural Resources Lisa Murkowski (R-AK) Joe Manchin (D-WV)
Environment and Public Works John Barrasso (R-WY) Tom Carper (D-DE)
Finance Chuck Grassley (R-IA) Ron Wyden (D-OR)
Foreign Relations Jim Risch (R-ID) Bob Menendez (D-NJ)
Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Lamar Alexander (R-TN) Patty Murray (D-WA)
Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Ron Johnson (R-WI) Gary Peters (D-MI)
Judiciary Lindsey Graham (R-SC) Dianne Feinstein (D-CA)
Rules and Administration Roy Blunt (R-MO) Amy Klobuchar (D-MN)
Small Business and Entrepreneurship Marco Rubio (R-FL) Ben Cardin (D-MD)
Veterans' Affairs Johnny Isakson (R-GA) Jon Tester (D-MT)
Aging (Special) Susan Collins (R-ME) Bob Casey (D-PA)
Ethics (Select) Johnny Isakson (R-GA) Chris Coons (D-DE)
Indian Affairs (Permanent Select) John Hoeven (R-ND) Tom Udall (D-NM)
Intelligence (Select) Richard Burr (R-NC) Mark Warner (D-VA)
International Narcotics Control (Permanent Caucus) Chuck Grassley (R-IA) Dianne Feinstein (D-CA)

House of Representatives

Committee Chair Ranking Member
Agriculture Collin Peterson (D-MN) Mike Conaway (R-TX)
Appropriations Nita Lowey (D-NY) Kay Granger (R-TX)
Armed Services Adam Smith (D-WA) Mac Thornberry (R-TX)
Budget John Yarmuth (D-KY) Steve Womack (R-AR)
Education and Labor Bobby Scott (D-VA) Virginia Foxx (R-NC)
Energy and Commerce Frank Pallone (D-NJ) Greg Walden (R-OR)
Ethics Ted Deutch (D-FL) Kenny Marchant (R-TX)
Financial Services Maxine Waters (D-CA) Patrick McHenry (R-NC)
Foreign Affairs Eliot Engel (D-NY) Michael McCaul (R-TX)
Homeland Security Bennie Thompson (D-MS) Mike Rogers (R-AL)
House Administration Zoe Lofgren (D-CA) Rodney Davis (R-IL)
Judiciary Jerrold Nadler (D-NY) Doug Collins (R-GA)
Natural Resources Raúl Grijalva (D-AZ) Rob Bishop (R-UT)
Oversight and Reform Elijah Cummings (D-MD) Jim Jordan (R-OH)
Rules Jim McGovern (D-MA) Tom Cole (R-OK)
Science, Space and Technology Eddie Bernice Johnson (D-TX) Frank Lucas (R-OK)
Small Business Nydia Velázquez (D-NY) Steve Chabot (R-OH)
Transportation and Infrastructure Peter DeFazio (D-OR) Sam Graves (R-MO)
Veterans' Affairs Mark Takano (D-CA) Phil Roe (R-TN)
Ways and Means Richard Neal (D-MA) Kevin Brady (R-TX)
Climate Crisis (Select) Kathy Castor (D-FL) TBD
Human Rights (Lantos Commission) Jim McGovern (D-MA) TBD
Intelligence (Permanent Select) Adam Schiff (D-CA) Devin Nunes (R-CA)
Modernization of Congress (Select) Derek Kilmer (D-WA) TBD

Joint

Committee Chair Ranking Member Vice Chair Vice Ranking Member
Economic Mike Lee (R-UT) Martin Heinrich (D-NM)[31] Carolyn Maloney (D-NY) TBD
Library TBD TBD TBD TBD
Printing TBD TBD TBD TBD
Taxation TBD TBD TBD TBD
Inaugural Ceremonies (Special) TBD TBD TBD TBD
Security and Cooperation in Europe (Helsinki Commission) TBD TBD TBD TBD

Employees and legislative agency directors

Often called "Elected" leaders, there are many employees of the House and Senate whose leaders are included here.

Senate

House of Representatives

Legislative branch agency directors

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b Rick Scott (R-Florida) became a senator on January 8, 2019, after his term as Governor of Florida expired.[5]
  2. ^ a b c d e One seat, representing North Carolina's 9th congressional district, has yet to be filled following allegations of election fraud. See 2018 North Carolina's 9th congressional district election.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g The Minnesota Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party (DFL) is the Minnesota and affiliate of the U.S. Democratic Party and its members are counted as Democrats.

References

  1. ^ Griffiths, Brent D. (January 3, 2019). "Pelosi invites Trump to give State of the Union on Jan. 29". Politico. Retrieved January 6, 2019.
  2. ^ Watkins, Eli (January 3, 2019). "Pelosi invites Trump to deliver State of the Union on January 29". CNN. Retrieved January 6, 2019.
  3. ^ Marcos, Christina (January 3, 2019). "Pelosi invites Trump to give State of the Union on January 29". The Hill. Retrieved January 6, 2019.
  4. ^ https://www.npr.org/2019/01/16/685814372/pelosi-calls-for-postponement-of-state-of-the-union-address-due-to-shutdown
  5. ^ a b https://thehill.com/homenews/campaign/419690-rick-scott-will-delay-senate-swearing-in-ceremony-until-jan-8
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x "Leadership & Officers". Senate.gov. Retrieved January 8, 2019.
  7. ^ Wagner, John; DeBonis, Mike (November 14, 2018). "Congressional leadership elections: House Republicans elect Kevin McCarthy as next leader; Pelosi seeks to shore up votes for speaker". The Washington Post PowerPost blog. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Fandos, Nicholas (November 14, 2018). "House Republicans Pick Kevin McCarthy as Their Next Leader". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 22, 2018. Retrieved November 29, 2018.
  9. ^ a b c d Bolton, Alexander (November 14, 2018). "McConnell reelected as leader, Thune promoted to whip". The Hill. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  10. ^ Lesniewski, Niels (January 3, 2019). "Dick Durbin says he's running for Senate re-election in 2020, unofficially". Roll Call. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
  11. ^ Lesniewski, Niels (November 15, 2018). "Catherine Cortez Masto Becomes First Latina to Lead DSCC". Roll Call. Archived from the original on December 6, 2018. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  12. ^ McPherson, Lindsey; McPherson, Lindsey (November 28, 2018). "Steny Hoyer Elected House Majority Leader". Roll Call. Archived from the original on November 29, 2018. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  13. ^ McPherson, Lindsey (November 28, 2018). "James Clyburn Elected Majority Whip". Roll Call. Archived from the original on December 9, 2018. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  14. ^ McPherson, Lindsey (November 28, 2018). "Rep. Ben Ray Luján Elected Assistant Democratic Leader". Roll Call. Archived from the original on November 29, 2018. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  15. ^ McPherson, Lindsey (November 28, 2018). "Hakeem Jeffries Wins Democratic Caucus Chair Race Against Barbara Lee". Roll Call. Archived from the original on November 28, 2018. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  16. ^ McPherson, Lindsey (November 29, 2018). "Katherine Clark Elected House Democratic Caucus Vice Chair". Roll Call. Archived from the original on December 9, 2018. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  17. ^ Pathé, Simone (November 29, 2018). "Cheri Bustos Elected DCCC Chair". Roll Call. Archived from the original on December 9, 2018. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  18. ^ a b c McPherson, Lindsey (December 4, 2018). "House Democrats' New Elected Leadership Team Is More Progressive and Diverse". Roll Call. Archived from the original on December 5, 2018. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  19. ^ a b c "DeGette dropped from chief deputy whip spot". Archived from the original on December 14, 2018. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
  20. ^ a b c d e f g Roll Call Staff (November 14, 2018). "Here's the List of House Republican Leaders for the Next Congress". Roll Call. Archived from the original on December 6, 2018. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  21. ^ McPherson, Lindsey (November 27, 2018). "Scalise Appoints Rep. Drew Ferguson as House GOP's Chief Deputy Whip". Roll Call. Archived from the original on November 28, 2018. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  22. ^ Edmondson, Catie; Lee, Jasmine C. (November 28, 2018). "Meet the New Freshmen in Congress: More Democrats, Diversity and Women". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 29, 2018. Retrieved December 22, 2018.
  23. ^ Jin, Beatrice (November 23, 2018). "Congress's incoming class is younger, bluer, and more diverse than ever". Politico. Archived from the original on November 28, 2018. Retrieved December 22, 2018.
  24. ^ "A record number of women will be serving in the new Congress". Pew Research. December 18, 2018. Archived from the original on December 29, 2018. Retrieved December 28, 2018.
  25. ^ Panetta, Grace; Lee, Samantha (December 16, 2018). "This one graphic shows how much more diverse the House of Representatives will become in January". Business Insider. Archived from the original on December 23, 2018. Retrieved December 22, 2018.
  26. ^ "Faith on the Hill". Archived from the original on January 4, 2019. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
  27. ^ Women Elected at Historic Levels, But No Surprise Here: White Men Dominate 116th Congress Archived November 21, 2018, at the Wayback Machine. November 7, 2018
  28. ^ As Christians split over Trump, minority faiths make their mark Archived January 2, 2019, at the Wayback Machine. November 7, 2018
  29. ^ https://thehill.com/homenews/house/425853-gop-rep-tom-marino-resigns-from-congress
  30. ^ Burke, Michael. "GOP Rep. Tom Marino resigns from Congress". The Hill. Retrieved 17 January 2019.
  31. ^ a b Solender, Andrew [@AndrewSolender] (December 11, 2018). "The office of @SenSchumer has released an official list of Senate Democratic Ranking Members and Vice Chairmen" (Tweet). Retrieved December 11, 2018 – via Twitter.
  32. ^ "The Office of the Chaplain, United States House of Representatives". Chaplain.House.gov. Retrieved January 8, 2019.
This page was last edited on 18 January 2019, at 00:23
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