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99th United States Congress

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

99th United States Congress
98th ←
→ 100th
January 3, 1985 – January 3, 1987
Senate PresidentGeorge H. W. Bush (R)
Senate President pro temStrom Thurmond (R)
House SpeakerTip O'Neill (D)
Members100 senators
435 members of the House
5 non-voting delegates
Senate MajorityRepublican
House MajorityDemocratic
1st: January 3, 1985 – December 20, 1985
2nd: January 21, 1986 – October 18, 1986

The 99th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1985, to January 3, 1987, during the fifth and sixth years of Ronald Reagan's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Twentieth Census of the United States in 1980. The Republicans maintained control of the Senate, while the Democrats maintained control of the House of Representatives. This was the most recent session of Congress prior to the 116th which featured a Republican Senate/Democrat House split.


Major events

Major legislation

Party summary


Party standings on the opening day of the 99th Congress   47 Democratic Senators   53 Republican Senators
Party standings on the opening day of the 99th Congress
  47 Democratic Senators
  53 Republican Senators
Affiliation Members
Democratic Party 47
Republican Party 53
Total 100

House of Representatives

  House seats by party holding majority in state     80–100% Republican    80–100% Democratic     60–80% Republican    60–80% Democratic     50–60% Republican    50–60% Democratic     striped: evenly split
House seats by party holding majority in state
  80–100% Republican
  80–100% Democratic
  60–80% Republican
  60–80% Democratic
  50–60% Republican
  50–60% Democratic
  striped: evenly split
Affiliation Members Voting
Democratic Party 253 58.2%
Republican Party 182 41.8%
Total 435



Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

House of Representatives

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership



This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed by class, and Representatives are listed by district.


Senators are popularly elected statewide every six years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress, In this Congress, Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, facing re-election in 1986; Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, facing re-election in 1988; and Class 2 meant their term began in this Congress, facing re-election in 1990.

House of Representatives

Changes in membership


Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[a]
West Virginia
Vacant Senator-elect chose to wait until finishing term as Governor of West Virginia. Jay Rockefeller (D) January 15, 1985
North Carolina
John Porter East (R) Died June 29, 1986.
Successor appointed to continue the term.
Jim Broyhill (R) July 14, 1986
North Carolina
Jim Broyhill (R) Interim appointee lost special election.
Successor elected to finish the term.
Terry Sanford (D) November 5, 1986

House of Representatives

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[a]
Indiana's 8th Disputed House declared McCloskey the winner after auditors from the US General Accounting Office conducted a recount and Republican floor votes were rejected. Frank McCloskey (D) May 1, 1985
Louisiana's 8th Gillis W. Long (D) Died January 20, 1985. Catherine S. Long (D) March 30, 1985
Texas's 1st Sam B. Hall (D) Resigned May 27, 1985 to become judge for the US District Court for the Eastern District of Texas. Jim Chapman (D) August 3, 1985
New York's 6th Joseph P. Addabbo (D) Died April 10, 1986. Alton R. Waldon Jr. (D) June 10, 1986
Hawaii's 1st Cecil Heftel (D) Resigned July 11, 1986. Neil Abercrombie (D) September 20, 1986
North Carolina's 10th Jim Broyhill (R) Resigned July 14, 1986 to become U.S. Senator. Cass Ballenger (R) November 4, 1986
Illinois's 4th George M. O'Brien (R) Died July 17, 1986. Vacant Not filled this term
Illinois's 14th John E. Grotberg (R) Died November 15, 1986.
North Carolina's 3rd Charles O. Whitley (D) Resigned December 31, 1986.


Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members (House and Senate) of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link (1 link), in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.


House of Representatives

  • Aging (Select)
  • Agriculture (Chair: Kika de la Garza)
    • Cotton, Rice and Sugar
    • Livestock, Dairy and Poultry
    • Tobacco and Peanuts
    • Wheat, Soybeans and Feed Grains
    • Conservation Credit and Rural Development
    • Department Operations Research and Foreign Agriculture
    • Domestic Marketing, Consumer Relations and Nutrition
    • Forests, Family Farms and Energy
  • Appropriations (Chair: Jamie L. Whitten)
    • Agriculture, Rural Development and Related Agencies
    • Commerce, Justice, State and the Judiciary
    • Defense
    • District of Columbia
    • Energy and Water Development
    • Foreign Operations
    • HUD-Independent Agencies
    • Interior
    • Labor-Health and Human Services
    • Legislative
    • Military Construction
    • Transportation
    • Treasury, Postal Service and General Government
  • Armed Services (Chair: Les Aspin)
    • Military Personnel and Compensation
    • Research and Development
    • Seapower, Strategic and Critical Materials
    • Procurement and Military Nuclear Systems
    • Investigations
    • Readiness
    • Morale, Welfare and Recreation (MWR) Panel
    • Military Installations and Facilities
  • Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs (Chair: Fernand St. Germain)
    • Financial Institutions Supervision, Regulation and Insurance
    • Housing and Community Development
    • Consumer Affairs and Coinage
    • Domestic Monetary Policy
    • International Finance, Trade and Monetary Policy
    • General Oversight and Renegotiation
    • Economic Stabilization
    • International Development Institutions and Finance
  • Budget (Chair: William H. Gray)
    • Defense and International Affairs
    • Economic Policy
    • Budget Process
    • State and Local Government
    • Human Resources
    • Community and Natural Resources
    • Health
    • Income Security
  • Children, Youth and Families (Select)
  • District of Columbia (Chair: Ron Dellums)
    • Fiscal Affairs and Health
    • Government Operations and Metropolitan Affairs
    • Judiciary and Education
  • Education and Labor (Chair: Augustus F. Hawkins)
    • Elementary, Secondary and Vocational Education
    • Postsecondary Education
    • Health and Safety
    • Labor-Management Relations
    • Labor Standards
    • Human Resources
    • Select Education
    • Employment Opportunities
  • Energy and Commerce (Chair: John Dingell)
    • Oversight and Investigations
    • Health and the Environment
    • Telecommunications, Consumer Protection and Finance
    • Fossil and Synthetic Fuels
    • Commerce, Transportation and Tourism
    • Energy Conservation and Power
  • Foreign Affairs (Chair: Dante Fascell)
    • Arms Control, International Security and Science
    • Europe and the Middle East
    • Human Rights and International Organizations
    • International Economic Policy and Trade
    • Asian and Pacific Affairs
    • International Operations
    • Western Hemisphere Affairs
    • Africa
  • Government Operations (Chair: Jack Brooks)
    • Legislation and National Security
    • Government Activities and Transportation
    • Government Information and Individual Rights
    • Ingovernmental Relations and Human Resources
    • Environment, Energy and Natural Resources
    • Commerce, Consumer and Monetary Affairs
    • Employment and Housing
  • House Administration (Chair: Frank Annunzio)
    • Accounts
    • Services
    • Office Systems
    • Personnel and Police
    • Elections
    • Procurement and Printing
  • Hunger (Select)
  • Interior and Insular Affairs (Chair: Mo Udall)
    • Energy and the Environment
    • Public Lands
    • General Oversight, Northwest Power and Forest Management
    • Water and Power Resources
    • Mining and Natural Resources
    • National Parks and Recreation
  • Judiciary (Chair: Peter W. Rodino)
    • Immigration, Refugees and International Law
    • Administrative Law and Governmental Relations
    • Courts, Civil Liberties and the Administration of Justice
    • Civil and Constitutional Rights
    • Monopolies and Commercial Law
    • Crime
    • Criminal Justice
  • Merchant Marine and Fisheries (Chair: Walter B. Jones Sr.)
    • Merchant Marine
    • Fisheries, Wildlife Conservation and the Environment
    • Oceangraphy
    • Panama Canal and Outer Continental Stuff
    • Coast Guard and Navigation
    • Oversight and Investigations
  • Narcotics Abuse and Control (Select)
  • Post Office and Civil Service
    • Civil Service
    • Census and Population
    • Postal Operations and Services
    • Compensation and Employee Benefits
    • Human Resources
    • Investigations
    • Postal Personnel and Modernization
  • Public Works and Transportation (Chair: James J. Howard)
    • Aviation
    • Economic Development
    • Investigations and Oversight
    • Public Buildings and Grounds
    • Surface Transportation
    • Water Resources
  • Rules (Chair: Claude Pepper)
    • The Legislative Process
    • Rules of the House
  • Science and Technology (Chair: Don Fuqua)
    • Energy Development and Applications
    • Natural Resources, Agriculture Research and Environment
    • Energy Research and Production
    • Science, Research and Technology
    • Transportation, Aviation and Materials
    • Investigations and Oversight
    • Space Science and Applications
  • Small Business (Chair: Parren Mitchell)
    • SBA and SBIC Authority, Minority Enterprise and General Small Business Problems
    • General Oversight and the Economy
    • Antitrust and Restraint of Trade Activities affecting Small Business
    • Energy, Environment and Safety Issues affecting Small Business
    • Tax, Access to Equity Capital and Business Opportunities
    • Export Opportunities and Special Small Business Problems
  • Standards of Official Conduct (Chair: Julian C. Dixon)
  • Veterans' Affairs (Chair: Gillespie V. Montgomery)
  • Ways and Means (Chair: Dan Rostenkowski)
  • Whole

Joint committees

Employees and legislative agency directors

Legislative branch agency directors


House of Representatives

See also


  1. ^ a b This is the date the member was seated or an oath administered, not necessarily the same date her/his service began.


  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

External links

This page was last edited on 17 May 2019, at 09:35
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