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Michigan's 14th congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Michigan's 14th congressional district
Michigan US Congressional District 14 (since 2013).tif
Michigan's 14th congressional district since January 3, 2013
Representative
  Brenda Lawrence
DSouthfield
Population (2019)689,939
Median household
income
$50,438[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+30[2]

Michigan's 14th congressional district is a congressional district that stretches from eastern Detroit westward to Farmington Hills, then north to the suburb of Pontiac. From 2003 to 2013, it was centered in Wayne and Oakland Counties.

It is currently represented by Brenda Lawrence.[3]

According to Michigan's law on redistricting, the highest numbered district must be in the southeast corner of the state. However, despite being the highest numbered district, the 14th district is not in the southeast corner of the state; the 7th district is.[citation needed]

Future

The district will become obsolete as of the 2022 United States House of Representatives elections, as Michigan loses one district according to the 2020 United States census.[4]

Recent election results in statewide races

[5]

Year Office Results
1992 President  Clinton 80% - 15%
1996 President  Clinton 86 - 11%
2000 President  Gore 81 - 18%
2004 President  Kerry 83 - 17%
2008 President  Obama 86 - 14%
2012 President  Obama 81 - 19%
2016 President  Clinton 79 - 18%
2018 Senate  Stabenow 79 - 20%
2018 Governor  Whitmer 80 - 18%
2020 President Biden 80 - 20%

History

In the 1960s, the 14th congressional district consisted of Hamtramck, the northeast portion of Detroit, Harper Woods and the Grosse Pointes. The 1964 redistricting that created these boundaries placed Lucien Nedzi, who had represented the old 14th district, in the same congressional district as fellow Democrat incumbent Harold Ryan. Nedzi was the more liberal of the two Democrats, and won the primary. In the 1972 redistricting, East Detroit and Warren south of 10 Mile Road were added to the district while some of the district in Detroit was moved to other districts. Prior to the 1972 redistricting, the majority of voters in the district were residents of Detroit. The 1972 redistricting changed the district from having a population based on the 1970 census that was 10% African American to one that was 3% African American, what with 70,000 or more residents added from East Detroit and Warren, with the latter city as a place where black families could in 1970 literally be counted with one's fingers.

At the same time, the percentage of people who were either immigrants or had at least one parent who was an immigrant fell from 46% to 37%. This was more a reflection of the fact that the residents of Warren and East Detroit at the time were in many cases literally the children and grandchildren of the residents of north-east Detroit and Hamtramck. Those born in Poland or with at least one parent born there fell from 12% to 9% of the population, the same group for Canadians fell from 7% to 6% the Italian group held steady at 6% while the German group actually rose from 4% to 6%. Since all these figures are based on the 1970 census, the changes reflect differences between the areas added and dropped, not any population movement. Based on the 1970 census, the district had the most people who identified having Belgian ancestry of any congressional district in the country, and one of the most heavily Polish as well. Based on the 1970 census, it was possible to write that Hamtramck was "an almost entirely Polish-American city".[6]

From 1982 until the 1992 redistricting, the 14th congressional district included the northeast Detroit (basically north of 6 mile and east of Ryan), Grosse Pointe Farms, Grosse Point Woods, Grosse Pointe Shores, Hamtramck, Harper Woods, the southern third of St. Clair Shores, Eastpointe, Center Line, Warren south of 10 mile and west of Van Dyke, all of Sterling Heights, Utica, Hazel Park, Madison Heights, and Troy south of about Big Beaver Road, and west of Rochester Road.[7] The district was represented by Dennis Hertel.

Conyers' 1st district included Highland Park, and Detroit between the Southfield Freeway and a line running from the south end of Highland Park over to the boundary with Dearborn. The eastern boundary of the district was with the 14th district and the northern boundary was 8 mile road.

All of the Wayne County portion of the 14th was retained in the 14th in the 1992 redistricting. It also retained most of the district area in Detroit from Conyers' old 1st district and all of Highland Park. In addition, it took in the far north-western part of Detroit and Redford Township from the 17th district, which prior to redistricting was represented by Sander Levin, and after 1992 did not exist (since there were only 16 districts). The south end of St. Clair Shores and about 80% of Eastpointe were put in the district that ended up being David Bonior's district, while the rest of Eastpointe, as well as the remaining areas in Warren, Center Line, Maidson Heights, Hazel Park, Sterling Heights, Utica and Troy were merged into the district that ended up represented by the 17th district's representative Sander Levin.

Demographic history

The change over time in the congressional district can be seen by what has happened in the one place that has remained constantly in the district since the 1960s, Hamtramck. Hamtramck is no longer a mainly Polish city. 20% of the population is East Indian or Bangladeshi, 19% is black or African American, and almost five percent reports multiple races. Of the 53% that is "white" according to the broad definition used by the Census, Albanians are the most numerous sub-group, with large numbers of Yemenis and Bosnians as well. It is possible that close to half the population is Muslim.[8]

The percentage of African Americans in the 2010 boundaries of the district had fallen from 61% to 59% between censuses, largely as a result of growth in the Arab population in Dearborn, combined with migration into Macomb and Oakland counties, as well as migration to Macomb, Oakland and suburban Wayne County, as well as out of Michigan entirely, from the Detroit and Highland Park portions of the district. Even the white population (including the large Arab populations in Hamtramck and Dearborn among others that rarely self-identify as white and clearly see themselves as distinct ethnic groups) within the district boundaries had declines by just over 23,000. At the same time those groups that were grouped under the heading "Asia" by the census saw their population in the district boundaries rise by a net of 2,000 during the 2010s, largely fueled by the growth of the Bangladeshi population in Hamtramck.[9]

2012 election

After the 2010 census, the 14th was reconfigured to take in much of eastern Detroit and the Grosse Pointes. It was also pushed westward into Oakland County to include Southfield, Farmington Hills and Pontiac. For all intents and purposes, this was the successor to the old 13th district. Meanwhile, most of the old 14th became the new 13th.

The 13th's freshman congressman, Hansen Clarke, had his home drawn into the new 13th, but opted to follow most of his constituents into the new 14th. In the Democratic primary for this hybrid urban-suburban district, Clarke faced fellow congressman Gary Peters, whose 9th district had been eliminated in redistricting, as well as Southfield mayor Brenda Lawrence and two other Democrats. Preliminary reports showed Peters, who had previously represented part of the Oakland County portion of the district, winning with 47% of the vote to Clarke's 35% and Lawrence's 13%.[10]

List of members representing the district

[11]

Member Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
District created March 4, 1933
Carl M. Weideman (Michigan Congressman).jpg

Carl M. Weideman
Democratic March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1935
73rd Elected in 1932.
Lost renomination.
Louis Rabaut.png

Louis C. Rabaut
Democratic January 3, 1935 –
January 3, 1947
74th
75th
76th
77th
78th
79th
Elected in 1934.
Re-elected in 1936
Re-elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
Re-elected in 1942.
Re-elected in 1944.
Lost re-election.
Y000058.jpg

Harold F. Youngblood
Republican January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1949
80th Elected in 1946.
Lost re-election.
Louis Rabaut.png

Louis C. Rabaut
Democratic January 3, 1949 –
November 12, 1961
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
Elected in 1948.
Re-elected in 1950.
Re-elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.
Died.
Vacant November 12, 1961 –
February 13, 1962
87th
HaroldRyan.png

Harold M. Ryan
Democratic February 13, 1962 –
January 3, 1965
87th
88th
Elected to finish Rabaut's term.
Re-elected in 1962.
Lost renomination.
Lucien N. Nedzi.jpg

Lucien N. Nedzi
Democratic January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1981
89th
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
96th
Redistricted from the 1st district and re-elected in 1964.
Re-elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Re-elected in 1972.
Re-elected in 1974.
Re-elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Retired.
Dennis Hertel.png

Dennis Hertel
Democratic January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1993
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
Elected in 1980.
Re-elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Retired.
John conyers.jpg

John Conyers
Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2013
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
Redistricted from the 1st district and re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Redistricted to the 13th district.
Gary Peters.jpg

Gary Peters
Democratic January 3, 2013 –
January 3, 2015
113th Redistricted from the 9th district and re-elected in 2012.
Retired to run for U.S. senator.
Brenda Lawrence official portrait (cropped).jpg

Brenda Lawrence
Democratic January 3, 2015 –
present
114th
115th
116th
117th
Elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.
Re-elected in 2020.
District to be eliminated January 3, 2023

Recent election results

2012

Michigan's 14th congressional district, 2012[12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Gary Peters (incumbent) 270,450 82.3
Republican John Hauler 51,395 15.6
Libertarian Leonard Schwartz 3,968 1.2
Green Douglas Campbell 2,979 0.9
Total votes 328,792 100.0
Democratic hold

2014

Michigan's 14th congressional district, 2014[13]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Brenda Lawrence 165,272 77.8
Republican Christina Barr 41,801 19.7
Libertarian Leonard Schwartz 3,366 1.6
Green Stephen Boyle 1,999 0.9
Independent Calvin Pruden (write-in) 30 0.0
Total votes 212,468 100.0
Democratic hold

2016

Michigan's 14th congressional district, 2016 [14]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Brenda Lawrence (incumbent) 244,135 78.5
Republican Howard Klausner 58,103 18.7
Libertarian Gregory Creswell 4,893 1.6
Green Marcia Squier 3,843 1.2
Total votes 310,974 100.0
Democratic hold

2018

Michigan's 14th congressional district, 2018[15]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Brenda Lawrence (incumbent) 214,334 80.9
Republican Marc Herschfus 45,899 17.3
Working Class Philip Kolodny 4,761 1.8
Total votes 264,994 100.0
Democratic hold

2020

Michigan's 14th congressional district, 2020[16]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Brenda Lawrence (incumbent) 271,370 79.3
Republican Robert Patrick 62,664 18.3
Libertarian Lisa Lane Gioia 3,737 1.1
Working Class Philip Kolody 2,534 0.7
Green Clyde Shabazz 1,998 0.6
Total votes 342,303 100.0
Democratic hold

Historical district boundaries

1993 - 2003
1993 - 2003
2003 - 2013
2003 - 2013

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census Bureau. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov.
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ "Our District". Congresswoman Brenda Lawrence. December 4, 2012.
  4. ^ Skelley, Geoffrey (April 26, 2021). "Which States Won — And Lost — Seats In The 2020 Census?". Five Thirty Eight. Retrieved April 27, 2021.
  5. ^ "Previous Election Information - General Information". State of Michigan. Retrieved May 25, 2017.
  6. ^ Almanac of American Politics, 1980 Edition, p. 444
  7. ^ "Public Sector Consultants file on redistricting after the 1990 census in Michigan" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 26, 2014. Retrieved March 1, 2012.
  8. ^ Based on facefinder report from United States census, along with impressions from several local news articles on Hamtramck
  9. ^ "Census Data".
  10. ^ "Detroit News 2012 primary report". Archived from the original on August 23, 2012. Retrieved August 8, 2012.
  11. ^ Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present Archived April 23, 2010, at the Wayback Machine, U.S. Representatives 1837-2003, Michigan Manual 2003-2004
  12. ^ https://www.politico.com/2012-election/results/house/michigan
  13. ^ https://mielections.us/election/results/14GEN/
  14. ^ "2016 Michigan Election Results - Official Results". Michigan Department of State. November 8, 2016. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  15. ^ Johnson, Cheryl L. (February 28, 2019). "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 2018". Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives. Retrieved April 27, 2019.
  16. ^ "2020 Michigan Election Results Official". Michigan Secretary of State. Retrieved November 23, 2020.

District boundaries were redrawn in 1993, and 2003 due to reapportionment following the censuses of 1990 and 2000.

References

This page was last edited on 23 May 2021, at 23:14
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