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Michigan's 13th congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Michigan's 13th congressional district
Michigan US Congressional District 13 (since 2013).tif
Michigan's 13th congressional district since January 3, 2013
  Rashida Tlaib
  • 100.00% urban
  • 0.00% rural
Population (2019)672,291
Median household
Cook PVID+32[2]

Michigan's 13th congressional district is a United States congressional district in Wayne County, Michigan. It is currently represented by Democrat Rashida Tlaib.

The district includes portions of Detroit and some of its suburbs and was the only congressional district in Michigan to be contained within a single county in the 2012 redistricting.[3] District boundaries were redrawn in 1993, and 2003 due to reapportionment following the censuses of 1990 and 2000.

A special election was held on November 6, 2018, following the resignation of Rep. John Conyers. Brenda Jones won the special election to fill the remainder of Conyers term in the 115th Congress. Democrat Rashida Tlaib won the regular election for the term in the 116th Congress.[4]

Cities in the district from 2013 to 2023

2002 redistricting

Following the 2000 census, the congressional apportionment for Michigan was reduced by one and redistricting resulted in the land area of the 13th district (as well as several others) changing significantly. Prior to 2002, the 13th district encompassed a large portion of western Wayne County and part of eastern Washtenaw County. Following redistricting, the new 13th district incorporated most of what had formerly been the 15th district, as well as a large portion of the 14th district and part of the 16th district.

Before redistricting, the old 15th district included Lincoln Park, Ecorse, River Rouge, Hamtramck, Grosse Pointe Park, Grosse Pointe Shores, and Grosse Pointe Farms. It also included all Detroit south and east of a line beginning at the point where Greenfield Road intersects the Dearborn border, heading north along Greenfield until it reached Lyndon Avenue. At Lyndon the line headed east to Livernois, although there was a small area on the south side of Lyndon just east of Schaffer Avenue that was in the 14th district. The boundary line then went about a block south on Livernois until it reached Doris Avenue. It followed Doris to Linwood Avenue (not to be confused with Lyndon Avenue) where it went not even a normal block's length south to go on Oakman Blvd. until it reached the Highland Park City line. The boundary ran along the west and south sides of Highland Park until the point where Highland Park meets Hamtramck. From that point, the boundary ran along the western and northern boundary of Hamtramck and then the eastern boundary of Hamtramck, until the point where the boundary intersected Brockton, which was then followed in a north-easterly direction until the intersection of Brockton and Mt. Elliot. At Mt. Elliot the boundary turned south until intersecting Georgia Avenue, and then proceeded east along Georgia Avenue. Where the boundary intersected Van Dyke Avenue it turned north until it intersected Ginnell Avenue, where it again turned east. The boundary followed Grinnell Avenue until it intersected Harding Avenue, where it turned south east for a block to where it intersected Gratiot and then turned to going Northeast.

The boundary followed Gratiot until it intersected Houston Whittier St, at which point it again turned east, following Houston Whittier until intersecting Kelly Road. The boundary then followed Kelly Road in a northeasterly direction until intersection Grayton Road, which went east by southeast. It followed Grayton until intersecting I-94 which it essentially followed north-eastward until it intersected the Grosse Pointe line.[5]

The simple differences between the old 15th and the new 13th districts are that the new 13th includes Grosse Pointe Shores, Grosse Pointe Woods and Harper Woods as well as Wyandotte, and no longer includes Hamtramck. The change in its part of Detroit is harder to explain, but it now touches 8 Mile Road. The portion of the district north of Tireman and west of Livernois has been moved to the 14th district. East of Livernois the boundary has been moved about 12 blocks south to about Courtland Street. It generally follows this line until intersecting with the Highland Park border. Highland Park remains in the 14th district. Hamtramck's western border where it touches Detroit and then its southern border forms the district line. This is then true of Hamtramck's eastern border, and then its northern border until this intersects Conant. Where the northern border of Hamtramck goes east of Conant, Conant becomes the western border of the 13th district. The boundary then follows Conant in a northeastward direction until it intersects Dequindre which it follows to Eight Mile. Thus the area north of the old district line east of Conant was all transferred from the 14th district to the 13th district.

The district's area had a population that was 60.8% African American in 2000, which was down from 69.9% African American in the old 15th district in 2000. The area of the 15th district had been 70% African-American in 1990. These figures are not 100% comparable since the 1990 census did not allow marking more than one race while the 2000 census did.

Pre-1992 district

Before 1992, the 13th congressional district was a Detroit-based district represented by Barbara-Rose Collins. Besides Downtown Detroit, the south-west portion of the city, Mid-town, areas south of Highland Park, and the southern East Side, the district also included Grosse Pointe Park and Grosse Pointe City. During the 1980s, the 13th congressional district lost the most population out of any district in Michigan. However, due to the common interpretation of the Voting Rights Act, which mandates multiple districts in areas with racial majority-minority populations, it was not eliminated in the 1992 redistricting, only renumbered as the 15th district.

Election results from recent presidential races

Year Results
1992 Clinton 49 – 34%
1996 Clinton 58 – 33%
2000 Gore 80 – 19%
2004 Kerry 81 – 19%
2008 Obama 85 – 15%
2012 Obama 85 – 14%
2016 Clinton 79 – 18%
2020 Biden 79 – 20%

Election results from statewide races

Election results from statewide races
Year Office Results
2018 Senate Stabenow 80 - 18%
2018 Governor Whitmer 81 - 16%

List of members representing the district

Representative Party Years Cong
Electoral history District map
District created March 4, 1915
Charles A. Nichols (Michigan Congressman).jpg

Charles A. Nichols
Republican March 4, 1915 –
April 25, 1920
Elected in 1914.
Re-elected in 1916.
Re-elected in 1918.
[data unknown/missing]
Vacant April 25, 1920 –
November 2, 1920

Clarence J. McLeod
Republican November 2, 1920 –
March 3, 1921
Elected to finish Nichols's term.
[data unknown/missing]
Vincent M. Brennan.jpg

Vincent M. Brennan
Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1923
67th Elected in 1920.
[data unknown/missing]

Clarence J. McLeod
Republican March 4, 1923 –
January 3, 1937
Elected in 1922.
Re-elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Re-elected in 1930.
Re-elected in 1932.
Re-elected in 1934.
Lost re-election.
[data unknown/missing]
George D. O'Brien.jpeg

George O'Brien
Democratic January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1939
75th Elected in 1936.
Lost re-election.
[data unknown/missing]

Clarence J. McLeod
Republican January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1941
76th Elected in 1938.
Lost re-election.
[data unknown/missing]
George D. O'Brien.jpeg

George O'Brien
Democratic January 3, 1941 –
January 3, 1947
Elected in 1940.
Re-elected in 1942.
Re-elected in 1944.
Lost re-election.
[data unknown/missing]
Howard A. Coffin (Michigan Congressman).jpg

Howard A. Coffin
Republican January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1949
80th Elected in 1946.
Lost re-election.
[data unknown/missing]
George D. O'Brien.jpeg

George O'Brien
Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1955
Elected in 1948.
Re-elected in 1950.
Re-elected in 1952.
Lost renomination.
[data unknown/missing]
Charles C. Diggs.jpg

Charles Diggs
Democratic January 3, 1955 –
June 3, 1980
Elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1950.
Re-elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.
Re-elected in 1962.
Re-elected in 1964.
Re-elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Re-elected in 1972.
Re-elected in 1974.
Re-elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
[data unknown/missing]
Vacant June 3, 1980 –
November 4, 1980
George W. Crockett.jpg

George Crockett Jr.
Democratic November 4, 1980 –
January 3, 1991
Elected to finish Diggs's term.
Elected to full term in 1980.
Re-elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
[data unknown/missing]
Barbara Rose Collins.jpg

Barbara-Rose Collins
Democratic January 3, 1991 –
January 3, 1993
102nd Elected in 1990.
Redistricted to the 15th district.
[data unknown/missing]
William D. Ford.jpg

William D. Ford
Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 1995
103rd Redistricted from the 15th district and re-elected here in 1992.
MI 13th congressional district (106th Congress).PNG
Lynn Rivers Red Jacket.jpeg

Lynn N. Rivers
Democratic January 3, 1995 –
January 3, 2003
Elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Redistricted to the 15th district and lost renomination.
Carolyn Cheeks Kirkpatrick, official portrait, 111th Congress.jpg

Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick
Democratic January 3, 2003 –
January 3, 2011
Redistricted from the 15th district and re-elected here in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Lost renomination.
MI13 110.svg
Hansen Clarke, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg

Hansen Clarke
Democratic January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2013
112th Elected in 2010.
Redistricted to the 14th district and lost renomination.
John Conyers official photo.jpg

John Conyers
Democratic January 3, 2013 –
December 5, 2017
Redistricted from the 14th district and re-elected here in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Michigan US Congressional District 13 (since 2013).tif
Vacant December 5, 2017 –
November 29, 2018
Brenda Jones congressional photo 1 (cropped).jpg

Brenda Jones
Democratic November 29, 2018 –
January 3, 2019
Elected to finish Conyers's term.
Lost nomination to the next term.
Rashida Tlaib, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg

Rashida Tlaib
Democratic January 3, 2019 –
Elected in 2018.
Re-elected in 2020.

Recent election results


Michigan's 13th congressional district, 2012[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Conyers (incumbent) 235,336 82.8
Republican Harry T. Sawicki 38,769 13.6
Libertarian Chris Sharer 6,076 2.1
Taxpayers Martin Gray 4,089 1.5
Total votes 284,270 100.0
Democratic hold


Michigan's 13th congressional district, 2014[7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Conyers (incumbent) 132,710 79.5
Republican Jeff Gorman 27,234 16.3
Libertarian Chis Sharer 3,537 2.1
Independent Sam Johnson 3,466 2.1
Total votes 166,947 100.0
Democratic hold


Michigan's 13th congressional district, 2016 [8]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Conyers (incumbent) 198,771 77.1
Republican Jeff Gorman 40,541 15.7
Libertarian Tiffany Hayden 9,648 3.8
Working Class Sam Johnson 8,835 3.4
Independent Clyde Darnell Lynch (write-in) 2 0.0
Total votes 257,797 100.0
Democratic hold

2018 special election

2018 Michigan's 13th congressional district special election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Brenda Jones 169,330 86.84% +9.74%
Taxpayers Marc Sosnowski 17,302 8.87% N/A
Green D. Etta Wilcoxon 8,319 4.27% N/A
Write-in 42 0.02% N/A
Total votes 194,993 100.00% N/A
Democratic hold


Michigan's 13th congressional district, 2018[9]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Rashida Tlaib 165,355 84.2
Working Class Sam Johnson 22,186 11.3
Green D. Etta Wilcoxon 7,980 4.1
Independent Brenda Jones (write-in) 633 0.3
n/a Other write-ins 145 0.1
Total votes 196,299 100.0
Democratic hold


Michigan's 13th congressional district, 2020[10]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Rashida Tlaib (incumbent) 223,205 78.1
Republican David Dudenhoefer 53,311 18.7
Working Class Sam Johnson 5,284 1.8
Green D. Etta Wilcoxon 2,105 0.7
Taxpayers Articia Bomer 1,974 0.7
Independent Donald Eason (write-in) 6 0.0
Total votes 285,885 100.0
Democratic hold

See also


  1. ^ "My Congressional District". U.S. Department of Commerce. Retrieved August 6, 2019.
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ "Redistricting in Michigan after the 2010 census". Ballotpedia. Retrieved August 14, 2019.
  4. ^ Spangler, Todd (January 3, 2019). "Michigan's 4 new Congress members are sworn in". Detroit Free Press. USA Today Network.
  5. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau Thematic Map". Archived from the original on January 18, 2012. Retrieved March 29, 2020.
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^ "2016 Michigan Election Results - Official Results". Michigan Department of State. November 8, 2016. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  9. ^ Johnson, Cheryl L. (February 28, 2019). "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 2018". Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives. Retrieved April 27, 2019.
  10. ^ "2020 Michigan Election Results Official". Michigan Secretary of State. Retrieved November 23, 2020.


This page was last edited on 22 May 2021, at 19:03
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