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New York's 1st congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

New York's 1st congressional district
New York US Congressional District 1 (since 2013).tif
New York 's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
U.S. RepresentativeLee M. Zeldin (RShirley)
Distribution
  • 93.89% urban
  • 6.11% rural
Population (2000)654,360
Median income61,884
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+5[2]

The 1st Congressional District of New York is a congressional district for the United States House of Representatives in eastern Long Island. It includes most of Central and Eastern Suffolk County, including most of Smithtown, as well as the entirety of the towns of Brookhaven, Riverhead, Southold, Southampton, East Hampton, and Shelter Island. The district encompasses extremely wealthy enclaves such as the Hamptons, middle class suburban towns such as Selden, Centereach and Lake Grove, working-class neighborhoods such as Mastic, Shirley, and Riverhead and rural farming communities such as Mattituck and Jamesport on the North Fork. The district currently is represented by Republican Lee Zeldin. In the 2014 election, Zeldin defeated Democrat Tim Bishop, who had represented the district since 2003. In recent years, the district has become more conservative. In the 2016 election, Zeldin defeated Democrat Anna-Thone Holst by a margin of 15.6%, the largest margin of victory for a Republican since 1998. In 2018, Zeldin won re-election to a third term, defeating Democrat Perry Gershon by 7.5%.

The district was a battleground, as President George W. Bush defeated challenger John Kerry by less than a percentage point in 2004, while in 2008, President Barack Obama defeated John McCain 52%–48%. Republican President Donald Trump won the district by 9 percentage points over Democrat Hillary Clinton in the 2016 Presidential Election.

In 2012, New York underwent redistricting, and the 1st District was slightly modified.

Voting

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
1992 President Bush 40–38%
1996 President Clinton 51–36%
2000 President Gore 52–44%
2004 President Bush 49–49%
2008 President Obama 52–48%
2012 President Obama 50–49%
2016 President Trump 54–42%

Communities within the district

Components: past and present

1823–1945:

All of Suffolk, Nassau
Parts of Queens

1945–1963:

All of Suffolk
Parts of Nassau

1963–present:

Parts of Suffolk

List of members representing the district

1789–1813: one seat

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history District counties
William floyd.jpg

William Floyd
Anti-Administration March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1791
1 Lost re-election. Kings
Queens
Richmond
Suffolk
Vacant March 4, 1791 –
May 1791
2 Representative-elect James Townsend died May 24, 1790, before his term began.
Thomas Tredwell.jpg

Thomas Tredwell
Anti-Administration May 1791 –
March 3, 1795
First elected April 28, 1791 to finish the vacant term.
Re-elected in 1793.
3 Kings
Queens
Suffolk
Jonathan Nicoll Havens Democratic-Republican March 4, 1795 –
October 25, 1799
4 Died
5
6 Kings
Queens
Richmond
Suffolk
Vacant October 25, 1799 –
February 27, 1800
John SmithNY.jpg

John Smith
Democratic-Republican February 27, 1800 –
February 23, 1804
Resigned
7
8 Queens
Suffolk
Vacant February 23, 1804 –
November 5, 1804
Samuel Riker Democratic-Republican November 5, 1804 –
March 3, 1805
[Data unknown/missing.]
Eliphalet Wickes Democratic-Republican March 4, 1805 –
March 3, 1807
9 [Data unknown/missing.]
Samuel Riker Democratic-Republican March 4, 1807 –
March 3, 1809
10 [Data unknown/missing.]
Ebenezer Sage Democratic-Republican March 4, 1809 –
March 3, 1813
11 [Data unknown/missing.] Kings
Queens
Suffolk
12

1813–1823: two seats

From 1809 to 1823, two seats were apportioned, elected at-large on a general ticket.

Cong
ress
Years   Seat A   Seat B
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
13 March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1815
John Lefferts Democratic-Republican Elected in 1812

[Data unknown/missing.]
Ebenezer Sage Democratic-Republican Elected in 1812

[Data unknown/missing.]
14 March 4, 1815 –
March 3, 1817
Henry Crocheron Democratic-Republican Elected in 1814

[Data unknown/missing.]
George Townsend Democratic-Republican Elected in 1814
15 March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1819
Tredwell Scudder Democratic-Republican Elected in 1816

Retired
Re-elected in 1816

[Data unknown/missing.]
16 March 4, 1819 –
January 14, 1820
Silas Wood (Huntington, New York).jpg

Silas Wood
Federalist Elected in 1818 Vacant Credentials had been issued for Ebenezer Sage (Dem.-Rep.), but Sage did not take or claim the seat, see United States House of Representatives elections in New York, 1818
January 14, 1820 –
March 3, 1821
James Guyon, Jr. Democratic-Republican Successfully contested the election of Ebenezer Sage

[Data unknown/missing.]
17 March 4, 1821 –
December 12, 1821
Re-elected in 1821

Became the sole representative from the district in 1823
Vacant Credentials had been issued for Peter Sharpe (Dem.-Rep.), but Sharpe did not take or claim the seat, see United States House of Representatives elections in New York, 1821
December 12, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
Cadwallader D. Colden Esq Mayor of the City of New York.jpeg

Cadwallader D. Colden
Federalist Successfully contested the election of Peter Sharpe

[Data unknown/missing.]

1823–present: one seat

Representative Party Years Electoral history
Silas Wood (Huntington, New York).jpg

Silas Wood
Adams-Clay Federalist March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Re-elected in 1822

Lost re-election.
Adams March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1829
James Lent Jacksonian March 4, 1829 –
February 22, 1833
Died.
Vacant February 22, 1833 –
March 4, 1833
Abel Huntington Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1837
Lost re-election.
Thomas B. Jackson Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1841
Retired.
Charles A. Floyd Democratic March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
[Data unknown/missing.]
Selah B. Strong Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
Retired.
John Watson Lawrence.jpg

John W. Lawrence
Democratic March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
Retired.
Frederick W. Lord Democratic March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1849
[Data unknown/missing.]
John Alsop King.jpg

John Alsop King
Whig March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1851
[Data unknown/missing.]
John Gelston Floyd.jpg

John G. Floyd
Democratic March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
[Data unknown/missing.]
James Maurice (Maspeth, New York).jpg

James Maurice
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
Retired.
William Valk Know Nothing March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
Lost re-election.
John A. Searing Democratic March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
Retired.
Luther C. Carter Republican March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
Lost re-election.
Edward Henry Smith of Smithtown.jpg

Edward H. Smith
Democratic March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
Retired.
Henry G. Stebbins.jpg

Henry G. Stebbins
Democratic March 4, 1863 –
October 24, 1864
Resigned
Vacant October 24, 1864 –
December 5, 1864
Dwight Townsend Democratic December 5, 1864 –
March 3, 1865
[Data unknown/missing.]
Stephen Taber - Brady-Handy.jpg

Stephen Taber
Democratic March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1869
[Data unknown/missing.]
Henry A. Reeves.jpg

Henry A. Reeves
Democratic March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1871
[Data unknown/missing.]
Dwight Townsend Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
[Data unknown/missing.]
Henry J. Scudder.jpg

Henry J. Scudder
Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
Retired.
Henry B. Metcalfe.jpg

Henry B. Metcalfe
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
[Data unknown/missing.]
James W. Covert.jpg

James W. Covert
Democratic March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1881
[Data unknown/missing.]
Perry Belmont (New York Congressman).jpg

Perry Belmont
Democratic March 4, 1881 –
December 1, 1888
Resigned to become U.S. Minister to Spain.
Vacant December 1, 1888 –
March 4, 1889
James W. Covert.jpg

James W. Covert
Democratic March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1895
[Data unknown/missing.]
Richard Cunningham McCormick - Brady-Handy.jpg

Richard C. McCormick
Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1897
Retired.
Joseph M. Belford.jpg

Joseph M. Belford
Republican March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1899
Retired.
Townsend Scudder.jpg

Townsend Scudder
Democratic March 4, 1899 –
March 3, 1901
Retired.
Frederic Storm.jpg

Frederic Storm
Republican March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1903
Lost re-election.
Townsend Scudder.jpg

Townsend Scudder
Democratic March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1905
Retired.
William Willets Cocks.jpg

William W. Cocks
Republican March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1911
Lost re-election.
Martin W. Littleton 2.jpg

Martin W. Littleton
Democratic March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1913
Retired.
Lathrop Brown.jpg

Lathrop Brown
Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1915
Lost re-election.
Frederick C. Hicks.jpg

Frederick C. Hicks
Republican March 4, 1915 –
March 3, 1923
Retired.
Robert L Bacon.jpg

Robert L. Bacon
Republican March 4, 1923 –
September 12, 1938
Died.
Vacant September 12, 1938 –
January 3, 1939
Leonard W. Hall.jpg

Leonard W. Hall
Republican January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1945
Redistricted to the 2nd congressional district.
Edgar A. Sharp (New York Congressman).jpg

Edgar A. Sharp
Republican January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1947
Retired.
W. Kingsland Macy.jpg

W. Kingsland Macy
Republican January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1951
Lost re-election.
Ernest Greenwood Congress.jpg

Ernest Greenwood
Democratic January 3, 1951 –
January 3, 1953
Lost re-election.
SWainwright.png

Stuyvesant Wainwright
Republican January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1961
Lost re-election.
Otis G Pike.jpg

Otis G. Pike
Democratic January 3, 1961 –
January 3, 1979
Retired.
Wm Carney.png

William Carney
Republican January 3, 1979 –
January 3, 1987
Retired.
George J. Hochbrueckner.jpg

George J. Hochbrueckner
Democratic January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 1995
Lost re-election.
MichaelForbes.jpg

Michael Forbes
Republican January 3, 1995 –
July 17, 1999
Lost renomination.
Democratic July 17, 1999 –
January 3, 2001
Felix Grucci.jpg

Felix Grucci
Republican January 3, 2001 –
January 3, 2003
Lost re-election.
Tim Bishop Portrait c111-112th Congress.jpg

Tim Bishop
Democratic January 3, 2003 –
January 3, 2015
Lost re-election.
Lee Zeldin new official portrait.jpg

Lee Zeldin
Republican January 3, 2015 –
Present
Elected in 2014.

Election results

Note that in New York State electoral politics there are numerous minor parties at various points on the political spectrum. Certain parties will invariably endorse either the Republican or Democratic candidate for every office, hence the state electoral results contain both the party votes, and the final candidate votes (Listed as "Recap").

US House election, 1996: New York District 1
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Michael P. Forbes (incumbent) 116,620 54.7
Democratic Nora L. Bredes 96,496 45.3
Majority 20,124 9.4
Turnout 213,116 100
US House election, 1998: New York District 1
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Michael P. Forbes (incumbent) 99,460 64.1 Increase 9.4
Democratic William G. Holst 55,630 35.9 Decrease 9.4
Majority 43,830 28.3 Increase 18.9
Turnout 155,090 100 Decrease 27.2
US House election, 2000: New York District 1
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Felix Grucci 133,020 55.5 Decrease 8.6
Democratic Regina Seltzer 97,299 40.6 Increase 4.7
None Michael P. Forbes (incumbent) 6,318 2.6 Increase 2.6
Green William G. Holst 2,967 1.2 Increase 1.2
Majority 35,721 14.9 Decrease 13.4
Turnout 239,604 100 Increase 54.5
US House election, 2002: New York District 1
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Timothy H. Bishop 84,276 50.2 Increase 9.6
Republican Felix Grucci (incumbent) 81,524 48.6 Decrease 6.9
Green Lorna Salzman 1,991 1.2 Steady 0.0
Majority 2,752 1.6 Decrease 13.3
Turnout 167,791 100 Decrease 30.0
US House election, 2004: New York District 1
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Timothy H. Bishop (incumbent) 156,354 56.2 Increase 6.0
Republican William M. Manger, Jr. 121,855 43.8 Decrease 4.8
Majority 34,499 12.4 Increase 10.8
Turnout 278,209 100 Increase 65.8
US House election, 2006: New York District 1
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Timothy H. Bishop (incumbent) 104,360 62.2 Increase 6.0
Republican Italo Zanzi 63,328 37.8 Decrease 6.0
Majority 41,032 24.5 Increase 12.1
Turnout 167,688 100 Decrease 39.7
US House election, 2008: New York District 1
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Timothy H. Bishop (incumbent) 162,083 58.4 Decrease 3.8
Republican Lee M. Zeldin 115,545 41.6 Increase 3.8
Majority 46,538 16.8 Decrease 7.7
Turnout 277,628 100 Increase 65.6
US House election, 2010: New York District 1
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Timothy H. Bishop (incumbent) 98,316 50.2 Decrease 8.2
Republican Randy Altschuler 97,723 49.8 Increase 8.2
Majority 593 0.4 Decrease 16.4
Turnout 196,039 100 Decrease 29.4
US House election, 2012: New York District 1
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Timothy H. Bishop (incumbent) 132,525 52.2 Increase 2.0
Republican Randy Altschuler 121,478 47.8 Decrease 2.0
Majority 11,047 4.3 Increase 3.9
Turnout 254,003 100 Increase 22.8
US House election, 2014: New York District 1
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Lee Zeldin 94,035 53.2 Increase 5.4
Democratic Timothy H. Bishop (incumbent) 78,722 44.6 Decrease 7.6
Majority 15,313 8.6 Increase 4.3
Turnout 176,719 100 Decrease 30.4
US House election, 2016: New York District 1
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Lee Zeldin (incumbent) 188,499 55.2 Increase 2.0
Democratic Anna Throne-Holst 135,278 39.6 Decrease 5.0
Majority 53,221 15.6 Increase 7.0
Turnout 341,554 100 Increase 93.3
US House election, 2018: New York District 1
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Lee Zeldin (incumbent) 130,919 52.5 Decrease 2.7
Democratic Perry Gershon 112,343 45.0 Increase 5.4
Majority 18,576 13.4 Decrease 2.2
Turnout 249,582 100 Decrease 73.1

Living former members

As of May 2017, there are four living former members from the district. The most recent representative to die was William Carney (1979–1987) on May 23, 2017.

Representative Term of office Date of birth (and age)
George J. Hochbrueckner 1987–1995 (1938-09-20) September 20, 1938 (age 80)
Michael Forbes 1995–2001 (1952-07-16) July 16, 1952 (age 66)
Felix Grucci 2001–2003 (1951-11-25) November 25, 1951 (age 67)
Tim Bishop 2003–2015 (1950-06-01) June 1, 1950 (age 68)

Historical district boundaries

2003–2013
2003–2013

See also

References

  1. ^ "New York Redistricting—District One". New York Redistricting. The New York Times. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
This page was last edited on 28 November 2018, at 23:46
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