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New York's 16th congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

New York's 16th congressional district
New York US Congressional District 16 (since 2013).tif
New York's 16th congressional district since January 3, 2013
Representative
  Jamaal Bowman
DYonkers
Distribution
  • 100% urban
  • 0% rural
Population (2019)739,893
Median household
income
$74,799[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+25[2]

New York's 16th congressional district is a congressional district for the United States House of Representatives represented by Jamaal Bowman.

The 16th district includes the northern Bronx and the southern half of Westchester County, including the suburban cities of Mount Vernon, Yonkers, New Rochelle, and Rye. It also includes the New York City neighborhood of Co-op City.

From 2003 to 2013, the district included the neighborhoods of Bedford Park, East Tremont, Fordham, Hunts Point, Melrose, Highbridge, Morrisania, Mott Haven and University Heights. Yankee Stadium, Fordham University and the Bronx Zoo were located within the district. Before redistricting, the 2010 Census found that approximately 38% of constituents in New York's 16th lived at or below the federal poverty line, the highest poverty rate of any congressional district in the nation.[3] These neighborhoods were largely reassigned to the 15th district after redistricting, while the current 16th comprises most of the territory that had previously been the 17th District. The current 16th district, while still containing impoverished areas, such as some neighborhoods of Mount Vernon, also contains affluent areas, such as in Scarsdale and Rye, resulting in a more mixed-income demography.

In 2008, the previous version of this district gave Barack Obama his largest victory margin of any congressional district, a margin of 90% (95%-5%).[4] The current configuration of the 16th district is strongly Democratic, though it is not as overwhelmingly Democratic as other districts in the city.

Election results from presidential races

Year Office Results
1992 President B. Clinton 81 - 15%
1996 President B. Clinton 94 - 4%
2000 President Gore 92 - 5%
2004 President Kerry 89 - 10%
2008 President Obama 95 - 5%
2012 President Obama 73 - 25%
2016 President H. Clinton 75 - 22%
2020 President Biden 75 - 23%

List of members representing the district

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history Location
District created March 4, 1803
John Paterson (Continental Army General).jpg

John Paterson
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1805
8th Elected in 1802.
Retired.
1803–1809
[data unknown/missing]
Uri Tracy Democratic-Republican March 4, 1805 –
March 3, 1807
9th Re-elected in 1804.
Lost re-election.
Reuben Humphreys.jpg

Reuben Humphrey
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1807 –
March 3, 1809
10th Elected in 1806.
[data unknown/missing]
District unused March 4, 1809 –
March 3, 1813
11th
12th
MorrisSMiller.jpg

Morris S. Miller
Federalist March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1815
13th Elected in 1812.
[data unknown/missing]
1813–1823
Oneida County and the ex-Oneida part of Oswego County
Thomas Ruggles Gold (New York Congressman).jpg

Thomas R. Gold
Federalist March 4, 1815 –
March 3, 1817
14th Elected in 1814.
[data unknown/missing]
Henry R. Storrs Federalist March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1821
15th
16th
Elected in 1816.
Re-elected in 1818.
Lost renomination.
Vacant March 4, 1821 –
December 3, 1821
17th Elections were held in April 1821. It is unclear when results were announced or credentials issued.
JosephKirklandCongressman.jpg

Joseph Kirkland
Federalist December 3, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
Elected in 1821.
[data unknown/missing]
John W. Cady Adams-Clay
Democratic-Republican
March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
18th Elected in 1822.
[data unknown/missing]
1823–1833
Montgomery County
Henry Markell Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1829
19th
20th
Elected in 1824.
Re-elected in 1826.
[data unknown/missing]
Benedict Arnold Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1831
21st Elected in 1828.
[data unknown/missing]
Nathan Soule Jacksonian March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
22nd Elected in 1830.
[data unknown/missing]
Abijah Mann Jr. Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1837
23rd
24th
Elected in 1832.
Re-elected in 1834.
[data unknown/missing]
1833–1843
[data unknown/missing]
Arphaxed Loomis Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
25th Elected in 1836.
[data unknown/missing]
Andrew W. Doig Democratic March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1843
26th
27th
Elected in 1838.
Re-elected in 1840.
[data unknown/missing]
Chesselden Ellis Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
28th Elected in 1842.
[data unknown/missing]
1843–1853
[data unknown/missing]
HughWhiteCongressmanNewYork.jpg

Hugh White
Whig March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1851
29th
30th
31st
Elected in 1844.
Re-elected in 1846.
Re-elected in 1848.
[data unknown/missing]
John Wells Whig March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
32nd Elected in 1850.
[data unknown/missing]
George A. Simmons Whig March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
33rd
34th
Elected in 1852.
[data unknown/missing]
1853–1863
[data unknown/missing]
Opposition March 4, 1855 –
May 30, 1857
Re-elected in 1854.
[data unknown/missing]
GW Palmer NY.jpg

George W. Palmer
Republican March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1861
35th
36th
Elected in 1856.
Re-elected in 1858.
[data unknown/missing]
VicePresident-WmAlWheeler.jpg

William A. Wheeler
Republican March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
37th Elected in 1860.
[data unknown/missing]
Orlando Kellogg.jpg

Orlando Kellogg
Republican March 4, 1863 –
August 24, 1865
38th
39th
Elected in 1862.
Re-elected in 1864.
Died.
1863–1873
[data unknown/missing]
Vacant August 24, 1865 –
December 3, 1866
39th
Robert S. Hale.jpg

Robert S. Hale
Republican December 3, 1866 –
March 3, 1867
Elected to finish Kellogg's term.
[data unknown/missing]
Orange Ferriss.jpg

Orange Ferriss
Republican March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1871
40th
41st
Elected in 1866.
Re-elected in 1868.
[data unknown/missing]
John Rogers Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
42nd Elected in 1870.
[data unknown/missing]
James S. Smart Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
43rd Elected in 1872.
[data unknown/missing]
1873–1883
[data unknown/missing]
Charles H. Adams - Brady-Handy.jpg

Charles H. Adams
Republican March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
44th Elected in 1874.
[data unknown/missing]
Terence J. Quinn - Brady-Handy.jpg

Terence J. Quinn
Democratic March 4, 1877 –
June 18, 1878
45th Elected in 1876.
Died.
Vacant June 18, 1878 –
November 5, 1878
John Mosher Bailey.jpg

John Mosher Bailey
Republican November 5, 1878 –
March 3, 1881
45th
46th
Elected to finish Quinn's term.
Also elected the same day in 1878 to the next term.
[data unknown/missing]
Michael N. Nolan.jpg

Michael N. Nolan
Democratic March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1883
47th Elected in 1880.
[data unknown/missing]
Thomas J. Van Alstyne.jpg

Thomas J. Van Alstyne
Democratic March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1885
48th Elected in 1882.
[data unknown/missing]
1883–1893
[data unknown/missing]
John Henry Ketcham.jpg

John H. Ketcham
Republican March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1893
49th
50th
51st
52nd
Redistricted from the 13th district and re-elected in 1884.
Re-elected in 1886.
Re-elected in 1888.
Re-elected in 1890.
[data unknown/missing]
William Ryan (Port Chester).jpg

William Ryan
Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
53rd Elected in 1892.
[data unknown/missing]
1893–1903
[data unknown/missing]
Benjamin L. Fairchild.jpg

Benjamin L. Fairchild
Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1897
54th Elected in 1894.
[data unknown/missing]
William Lukens Ward.jpg

William L. Ward
Republican March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1899
55th Elected in 1896.
[data unknown/missing]
John Q. Underhill.jpg

John Q. Underhill
Democratic March 4, 1899 –
March 3, 1901
56th Elected in 1898.
[data unknown/missing]
Cornelius Amory Pugsley.jpg

Cornelius A. Pugsley
Democratic March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1903
57th Elected in 1900.
[data unknown/missing]
Jacob Ruppert 1923.jpg

Jacob Ruppert
Democratic March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1907
58th
59th
Redistricted from the 15th district and re-elected in 1902.
Re-elected in 1904.
[data unknown/missing]
1903–1913
[data unknown/missing]
Francis Burton Harrison.jpg

Francis B. Harrison
Democratic March 4, 1907 –
March 3, 1913
60th
61st
62nd
Elected in 1906.
Re-elected in 1908.
Re-elected in 1910.
Redistricted to the 20th district.
PeterJDooling.jpg

Peter J. Dooling
Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1919
63rd
64th
65th
Elected in 1912.
Re-elected in 1914.
Re-elected in 1916
Redistricted to the 15th district.
1913–1933
[data unknown/missing]
Thomas F. Smith (NY).jpg

Thomas F. Smith
Democratic March 4, 1919 –
March 3, 1921
66th Redistricted from the 15th district and re-elected in 1918.
[data unknown/missing]
William Bourke Cockran (ca. 1903).jpg

William Bourke Cockran
Democratic March 4, 1921 –
March 1, 1923
67th Elected in 1920.
Re-elected in 1922 but died before the next term began.
Vacant March 1, 1923 –
November 6, 1923
67th
68th
John J O'Connor.jpg

John J. O'Connor
Democratic November 6, 1923 –
January 3, 1939
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
73rd
74th
75th
Elected to finish Cockran's term.
Re-elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Re-elected in 1930.
Re-elected in 1932.
Re-elected in 1934.
Re-elected in 1936.
[data unknown/missing]
1933–1943
[data unknown/missing]
James H. Fay Congress.jpg

James H. Fay
Democratic January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1941
76th Elected in 1938.
[data unknown/missing]
William T. Pheiffer (New York Congressman).jpg

William T. Pheiffer
Republican January 3, 1941 –
January 3, 1943
77th Elected in 1940.
[data unknown/missing]
James H. Fay Congress.jpg

James H. Fay
Democratic January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1945
78th Elected in 1942.
[data unknown/missing]
1943–1953
[data unknown/missing]
Ellsworth Buck.jpg

Ellsworth B. Buck
Republican January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1949
79th
80th
Redistricted from the 11th district and re-elected in 1944.
Re-elected in 1946.
[data unknown/missing]
James J. Murphy.jpg

James J. Murphy
Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1953
81st
82nd
Elected in 1948.
Re-elected in 1950.
[data unknown/missing]
Adam Clayon Powell Jr.jpg

Adam Clayton Powell Jr.
Democratic January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1963
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
Redistricted from the 22nd district and re-elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.
Redistricted to the 18th district.
1953–1963
[data unknown/missing]
John M. Murphy.jpg

John M. Murphy
Democratic January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1973
88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
Elected in 1962.
Re-elected in 1964.
Re-elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Redistricted to the 17th district.
1963–1973
[data unknown/missing]
Elizabeth Holtzman.jpg

Elizabeth Holtzman
Democratic January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1981
93rd
94th
95th
96th
Elected in 1972.
Re-elected in 1974.
Re-elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
1973–1983
[data unknown/missing]
Schumer-1987-.jpg

Chuck Schumer
Democratic January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1983
97th Elected in 1980.
Redistricted to the 10th district.
Charles B. Rangel 113th Congress.jpg

Charles Rangel
Democratic January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1993
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
Redistricted from the 19th district and re-elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Redistricted to the 15th district.
1983–1993
[data unknown/missing]
Josieserrano.jpeg

José E. Serrano
Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2013
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
Redistricted from the 18th district and re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Redistricted to the 15th district.
1993–2003
[data unknown/missing]
2003–2013
[data unknown/missing]
New York District 16 109th US Congress.png
Eliot Engel, official photo portrait.jpg

Eliot Engel
Democratic January 3, 2013 –
January 3, 2021
113th
114th
115th
116th
Redistricted from the 17th district and re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.
Lost renomination.[5]
2013–present
[data unknown/missing]
New York US Congressional District 16 (since 2013).tif
Jamaal Bowman 117th U.S Congress.jpg

Jamaal Bowman
Democratic January 3, 2021 –
Present
117th Elected in 2020.

Recent election results

In New York State electoral politics there are numerous minor parties at various points on the political spectrum. Certain parties will invariably endorse either the Republican or Democratic candidate for every office, hence the state electoral results contain both the party votes, and the final candidate votes (Listed as "Recap").

1996 election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic José E. Serrano (incumbent) 95,568 96.3%
Republican Rodney Torres 2,878 2.9%
Conservative Owen Camp 787 0.8%
Majority 92,690 93.4%
Turnout 99,233 100%
1998 election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic José E. Serrano (incumbent) 67,367 95.4% -0.9%
Republican Thomas W. Bayley Jr. 2,457 3.5% +0.6%
Conservative Owen Camp 756 1.1% +0.3%
Majority 64,910 92.0% -1.4%
Turnout 70,580 100% -28.9%
2000 election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic José E. Serrano (incumbent) 103,041 95.8% +0.4%
Republican Aaron Justice 3,934 3.7% +0.2%
Conservative Richard Retcho 571 0.5% -0.6%
Majority 99,107 92.2% +0.2%
Turnout 107,546 100% +52.4%
2002 election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic José E. Serrano (incumbent) 50,716 92.1% -3.7%
Republican Frank DellaValle 4,366 7.9% +4.2%
Majority 46,350 84.1% -8.1%
Turnout 55,082 100% -48.8%
2004 election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic José E. Serrano 106,739 91.0%
Working Families José E. Serrano 4,899 4.2%
total José E. Serrano (incumbent) 111,638 95.2 +3.1%
Republican Ali Mohamed 4,917 4.2%
Conservative Ali Mohamed 693 0.6%
total Ali Mohamed 5,610 4.8 -3.1%
Majority 106,028 90.4 +6.3
Turnout 117,248 100 +112.9%
2006 election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic José E. Serrano 53,179 90.3%
Working Families José E. Serrano 2,945 5.0%
total José E. Serrano (incumbent) 56,124 95.3 +0.1%
Republican Ali Mohamed 2,045 3.5%
Conservative Ali Mohamed 714 1.2%
total Ali Mohamed 2,759 4.7 -0.1%
Majority 53,365 90.6 +0.2
Turnout 58,883 100% -49.8%
2008 election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic José E. Serrano 123,312 93.7%
Working Families José E. Serrano 3,867 2.9%
total José E. Serrano (incumbent) 127,179 96.6 +1.3%
Republican Ali Mohamed 3,941 3.0%
Conservative Ali Mohamed 547 0.4%
total Ali Mohamed 4,488 3.4 -1.3%
Majority 122,691 93.2 +2.6
Turnout 131,667 100% +123.6%
2010 election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic José E. Serrano 58,478 90.8%
Working Families José E. Serrano 3,164 4.9%
total José E. Serrano (incumbent) 61,642 95.7 -0.9%
Republican Frank Della Valle 2,257 3.5%
Conservative Frank Della Valle 501 0.8%
total Frank Della Valle 2,758 4.3 +0.9%
Majority 58,884 91.4 -1.8
Turnout 64,400 100% -51.1%
2018 New York District 16 primary
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Eliot Engel (Incumbent) 22,160 73.7 -26.7
Democratic Jonathan Lewis 4,866 16.2 New
Democratic Joyce Briscoe 1,772 5.9 New
Democratic Derickson Lawrence 1,280 4.3 New
Majority 30,078 57.5 -26.7
2018 general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Eliot Engel (Incumbent) 182,044 100.0 +5.7
Majority 182,044 100.0 +5.7
[6]
2020 Democratic primary
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Jamaal Bowman 49,367 55.4
Democratic Eliot Engel (Incumbent) 36,149 40.6
Democratic Chris Fink 1,625 1.8
Democratic Sammy Ravelo 1,139 1.3
Democratic Andom Ghebreghiorgis (withdrawn) 761 0.9
2020 general election
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jamaal Bowman 218,471 84.2
Conservative Patrick McManus 41,085 15.8
Total votes 259,556 100.0
Democratic hold

See also

References

  1. ^ Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census Bureau. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov.
  2. ^ "Introducing the 2021 Cook Political Report Partisan Voter Index". The Cook Political Report. April 15, 2021. Retrieved April 15, 2021.
  3. ^ Sisk, Richard (September 29, 2010). "South Bronx is poorest district in nation, U.S. Census Bureau finds: 38% live below poverty line". New York Daily News. Retrieved February 7, 2014.
  4. ^ "Swing State Project". Archived from the original on March 5, 2009.
  5. ^ "New York Primary Election Results: 16th Congressional District". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 24, 2020.
  6. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/06/23/us/elections/results-new-york-house-district-16-primary-election.html

Sources

Books

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

External links

This page was last edited on 28 April 2021, at 23:49
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