To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

North Carolina's 1st congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

North Carolina's 1st congressional district
North Carolina US Congressional District 1 (since 2017).tif
North Carolina's 1st congressional district since January 3, 2017
U.S. Representative
  G. K. Butterfield
  • 62.9[1]% urban
  • 37.1% rural
Population (2016)750,278[2]
Median income$43,853[3]
Cook PVID+17[4]

North Carolina's 1st congressional district consists of counties that border Virginia, and extending southward into several counties of the Inner Banks and Research Triangle regions. Geographically and demographically diverse, it covers many rural areas of northeastern North Carolina, among the state's most economically poor, as well as a part of the heavily urbanized Research Triangle. It contains towns and cities such as Durham, Greenville, Elizabeth City, Henderson, Roanoke Rapids, Rocky Mount, Goldsboro, and New Bern.

The district is represented by Rep. G. K. Butterfield, a Democrat. He has been the representative since 2005. In the 2006 election, he won unopposed. In 2010 he defeated Republican Ashley Woolard from Washington, North Carolina in the general election.

On February 5, 2016, the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals ruled the 1st district, as well as the 12th, were gerrymandered along racial lines, which was unconstitutional, and must be redrawn by March 15, 2016.[5]

Besides a brief period from 1895 until 1899 when the district was held by a Populist, the 1st district has been consistently Democratic since 1883.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/5
    15 894
    15 223
    1 297
    2 568 873
    2 248
  • ✪ Is Gerrymandering Legal? | Shaw v. Reno
  • ✪ Gerrymandering: Is Geometry Silencing Your Vote?
  • ✪ Kate Masur: An Example for All the Land
  • ✪ Age of Jackson: Crash Course US History #14
  • ✪ EPA Acting Administrator Announces First-Ever Comprehensive Nationwide PFAS Action Plan


Mr. Beat presents Supreme Court Briefs North Carolina 1990 None of the state’s 11 Representatives in Congress are African American, despite the fact that 20% of the state’s population was. As matter of fact, since the Civil War North Carolina had only elected a total of 4 African Americans to the U.S. House of Representatives. After the 1990 census, North Carolina gained a district, so they were going to get a new Representative. The state legislature was like, we need an African American to represent this district, so they intentionally created a district made up of mostly African Americans under the assumption they would vote one in. After the legislature submitted their plans to the U.S. Department of Justice, Attorney General Janet Reno was like “nah, not good enough,” and rejected them, saying there needed to be another district where minorities would have a chance to represent constituents in order to comply with the Voting Rights Act. So the state legislature went back to the drawing board, this time drawing up another district to help get another African American to represent North Carolina in Congress. Now, this district was a bit...odd shaped. I mean, just look at it here. It ran along Interstate 85 for 160 miles, breaking up counties and towns and grouping together places that typically were NOT grouped together. In some places, the district was only as wide as the highway itself. And well...wouldn’t you know 1992 residents of both of those redrawn districts elected African Americans to represent them. Both were North Carolina’s first African Americans to get into Congress in the 20th century. Well this made some North Carolina folks upset, you could say. They said that those districts were racially gerrymandered to get African Americans elected there. In case you didn’t know, gerrymandering means manipulating how the boundaries of districts are drawn to either favor one group or hurt another group. Gerrymandering is something of an infamous American tradition. As much as Americans hate the practice, it’s been around since the early days of the country. It was named after a dude named Elbridge Gerry (I know, his name is pronounced differently), who, as governor, signed the bill that approved a weirdly shaped district that benefitted his political party in the state of Massachusetts. The district’s shape somewhat resembled a salamander. So get it? Gerry which turned into Gerry plus salamander equals gerrymander? Anyway, in this case, five North Carolina residents, led by a person named Ruth Shaw, sued both the state and the federal government, arguing that District 12, in particular, was gerrymandered so much that it went against the 14th Amendment’s tubular Equal Protection Clause. Again, they argued it was racial gerrymandering, not partisan gerrymandering, and they argued the drawn district didn’t go against the “one person, one vote” established in the case Reynolds v. Sims. Shaw and the rest took their case to the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of North Carolina. The District Court simply dismissed the lawsuit, saying their hands were tied due to a previous case, United Jewish Organizations of Williamsburgh v. Carey. Shaw and the rest appealed their decision to the Supreme Court, who heard oral arguments on April 20, 1993. Arguments kept coming back to whether or not North Carolina’s redistricting plan went against the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment. Janet Reno’s defense team argued that The Voting Rights Act of 1965 encouraged creating districts where minorities were the majority, and that basically this was a form of affirmative action to help those groups historically discriminated against. The Court reached their decision on June 28, 1993. They sided with Shaw. It was 5-4. They sent the case back to the lower court to see if the district could be justified in terms other than by the skin color of the residents who lived there. The Court said that creating a district like District 12 based on strictly the color of skin of folks who lived in it was setting a dangerous precedent. They argued that racial gerrymandering, even if it had noble intentions, you know...meant to prevent groups from being might cause representatives to only focus on the needs of certain constituents, not the entire group. 4 justices wrote separate dissents for this one. Overall, they said they sided with Reno because that gerrymandering helped a group historically underrepresented in North Carolina. They said people of the same skin color often share the same interests and often vote in the same way. Also, in their minds, racial gerrymandering only went against the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment if the purpose of making those boundaries was to further give power to the group who already had the power. But it was pretty clear African Americans from North Carolina didn’t have power in Congress. Shaw v. Reno made gerrymandering on racial and ethnic grounds unconstitutional. It is one of the most important Supreme Court cases in American history when it comes to gerrymandering, but today, partisan gerrymandering, or manipulating districts to favor one political party, is still a huge problem that most Americans are against. Arnold Schwarzenegger: So that's why we are here at the Supreme Court, to ask the Supreme Court to help us fix this system to get rid of this...kind of... terrible gerrymandering that is really a fixed system where the politicians choose the voters rather than the voters choosing the politicians Unless a constitutional amendment bans gerrymandering, the Supreme Court will likely be revisiting the issue many times in the future. I’ll see you for the next Supreme Court case, jury! Gerrymandering...yeah...unfortunately it's still a huge problem In fact, it's probably worse now than it ever has been in the history of the country. But what do you think about this case? Do you think the Supreme Court was right on this one? Let me know in the comments below. And I want to give a special shout out to all my Patreon supporters.


Recent election results

Presidential races

Year Results
2000 Gore 57–42%
2004 Kerry 57–42%
2008 Obama 62–37%
2012 Obama 68–31%
2016 Clinton 68-31%

Recent congressional races

U.S. House election, 2002: North Carolina's 1st district[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Frank W. Ballance Jr. 93,157 63.74
Republican Greg Dority 50,907 34.83
Libertarian Mike Ruff 2,093 1.43
Total votes 146,157 100
U.S. House election, 2004: North Carolina's 1st district[7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic George Kenneth Butterfield Jr. 137,667 63.98
Republican Greg Dority 77,508 36.02
Total votes 215,175 100
U.S. House election, 2006: North Carolina's 1st district[8]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic George Kenneth Butterfield Jr. 82,510 100
Total votes 82,510 100
U.S. House election, 2008: North Carolina's 1st district[9]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic George Kenneth Butterfield Jr. 192,765 70.28
Republican Dean Stephens 81,506 29.72
Total votes 274,271 100
U.S. House election, 2010: North Carolina's 1st district[10]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic George Kenneth Butterfield Jr. 103,294 59.31
Republican Ashley Woolard 70,867 40.69
Total votes 174,161 100
U.S. House election, 2012: North Carolina's 1st district[11]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic George Kenneth Butterfield Jr. 254,644 75.32
Republican Pete DiLauro 77,288 22.86
Libertarian Darryl Holloman 6,134 1.81
Total votes 338,066 99.9
U.S. House election, 2014: North Carolina's 1st district[12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic George Kenneth Butterfield Jr. 154,333 73.38
Republican Arthur Rich 55,990 26.62
Total votes 210,323 100
U.S. House election, 2016: North Carolina's 1st district[13]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic George Kenneth Butterfield Jr. 240,661 68.62
Republican H. Powell Dew Jr. 101,567 28.96
Libertarian Joseph John Summerell 8,259 2.4
Total votes 346,830 99.98
U.S. House election, 2018: North Carolina's 1st district[14]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic George Kenneth Butterfield Jr. 190,457 69.9
Republican Roger Allison 82,218 30.2
Total votes 272,675 100.0

List of members representing the district

Representative Party Years Electoral history District location
John Baptista Ashe.jpg

John B. Ashe
Anti-Administration March 24, 1790 –
March 3, 1791
Elected in 1790.
Redistricted to the 3rd district.
"Roanoke division"
John Steele Pro-Administration March 4, 1791 –
March 3, 1793
Redistricted from the 4th district and re-elected in 1791.
[Data unknown/missing.]
"Yadkin division"
Joseph McDowell Anti-Administration March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
Elected in 1793.
Lost re-election.
[Data unknown/missing.]
James Holland Democratic-Republican March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1797
Elected in 1795.
Lost re-election.

Joseph McDowell Jr.
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1797 –
March 3, 1799
Elected in 1796.
Lost re-election.
Joseph Dickson Federalist March 4, 1799 –
March 3, 1801
Elected in 1798.
Lost re-election.
James Holland Democratic-Republican March 4, 1801 –
March 3, 1803
Elected in 1800.
Redistricted to the 11th district.
Thomas Wynns Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1807
Redistricted from the 8th district and re-elected in 1803.
Re-elected in 1804.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lemuel Sawyer Democratic-Republican March 4, 1807 –
March 3, 1813
Elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Re-elected in 1810.
Lost re-election.
William H. Murfree Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1817
Elected in 1813.
Re-elected in 1815.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lemuel Sawyer Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1823
Elected in 1817.
Re-elected in 1819.
Re-elected in 1821.
Lost re-election.
Alfred M. Gatlin Crawford Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Elected in 1823.
Lost re-election.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lemuel Sawyer Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1829
Elected in 1825.
[Data unknown/missing.]
William B. Shepard Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1837
[Data unknown/missing.]
[Data unknown/missing.]
Samuel T. Sawyer Whig March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
[Data unknown/missing.]
Kenneth Rayner Whig March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1843
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 9th district.
Hon. Thomas L. Clingman, N.C - NARA - 528409.jpg

Thomas L. Clingman
Whig March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
[Data unknown/missing.] 1843–1853
[Data unknown/missing.]

James Graham
Whig March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
[Data unknown/missing.]
Hon. Thomas L. Clingman, N.C - NARA - 528409.jpg

Thomas L. Clingman
Whig March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1853
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 8th district.
Henry Muchmore Shaw.png

Henry M. Shaw
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
[Data unknown/missing.] 1853–1863
[Data unknown/missing.]
Robert T. Paine Know Nothing March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
[Data unknown/missing.]
Henry Muchmore Shaw.png

Henry M. Shaw
Democratic March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
[Data unknown/missing.]
William N. H. Smith Opposition March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
North Carolina seceded from the Union in May 1861
Vacant March 3, 1861 –
July 6, 1868
Civil War and Reconstruction
[Data unknown/missing.]
John Robert French.jpg

John R. French
Republican July 6, 1868 –
March 3, 1869
[Data unknown/missing.]

Clinton L. Cobb
Republican March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1875
[Data unknown/missing.]
[Data unknown/missing.]
Jesse J. Yeates Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1879
[Data unknown/missing.]
Joseph John Martin - Brady-Handy.jpg

Joseph J. Martin
Republican March 3, 1879 –
January 29, 1881
Lost contested election.
Jesse J. Yeates Democratic January 29, 1881 –
March 3, 1881
Won contested election.

Louis C. Latham
Democratic March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1883
[Data unknown/missing.]
Walter F. Pool, (R-NC).png

Walter F. Pool
Republican March 4, 1883 –
August 25, 1883
[Data unknown/missing.]
[Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant August 25, 1883 –
November 20, 1883
Thomas Gregory Skinner.jpg

Thomas G. Skinner
Democratic November 20, 1883 –
March 3, 1887
[Data unknown/missing.]

Louis C. Latham
Democratic March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1889
[Data unknown/missing.]
Thomas Gregory Skinner.jpg

Thomas G. Skinner
Democratic March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1891
[Data unknown/missing.]
William A. B. Branch Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1895
[Data unknown/missing.]
[Data unknown/missing.]
Harry Skinner Populist March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1899
[Data unknown/missing.]
John H. Small Democratic March 4, 1899 –
March 3, 1921
[Data unknown/missing.]
[Data unknown/missing.]
[Data unknown/missing.]
Hallett S. Ward Democratic March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1925
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lindsay C. Warren Democratic March 3, 1925 –
October 31, 1940
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned to become U.S. Comptroller General.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant October 31, 1940 –
November 5, 1940
Herbert Covington Bonner.jpg

Herbert C. Bonner
Democratic November 5, 1940 –
November 7, 1965
[Data unknown/missing.]
[Data unknown/missing.]
[Data unknown/missing.]
[Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant November 7, 1965 –
February 5, 1966

Walter B. Jones, Sr.
Democratic February 5, 1966 –
September 15, 1992
[Data unknown/missing.]
[Data unknown/missing.]
[Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant September 15, 1992 –
November 3, 1992

Eva Clayton
Democratic November 3, 1992 –
January 3, 2003
[Data unknown/missing.]
[Data unknown/missing.]
Frank Ballance.jpg

Frank Ballance
Democratic January 3, 2003 –
June 11, 2004
[Data unknown/missing.]
NC 1st Congressional District.gif
Vacant June 11, 2004 –
July 20, 2004
G.K. Butterfield, Official portrait, 114th Congress.jpg

G. K. Butterfield
Democratic July 20, 2004 –
North Carolina US Congressional District 1 (since 2013).tif
North Carolina US Congressional District 1 (since 2017).tif

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  5. ^ Simpson, Ian (February 8, 2016). "Judges find two N. Carolina congressional districts racially gerrymandered". Reuters. Retrieved February 8, 2016.
  6. ^ "11/05/2002 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. November 15, 2002. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  7. ^ "11/02/2004 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. November 12, 2004. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  8. ^ "11/07/2006 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. November 17, 2006. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  9. ^ "11/04/2008 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. November 14, 2008. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  10. ^ "11/02/2010 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. November 12, 2010. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  11. ^ "11/06/2012 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. November 16, 2012. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  12. ^ "11/04/2014 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. November 25, 2014. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  13. ^ "11/06/2016 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. December 13, 2016. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  14. ^ "District  1, North Carolina State Board of Elections & Ethics Enforcement". Retrieved November 10, 2018.

This page was last edited on 19 April 2019, at 13:39
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.