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Minnesota's 5th congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Minnesota's 5th congressional district
Minnesota US Congressional District 5 (since 2013).tif
Minnesota's 5th congressional district since January 3, 2013
Representative
  Ilhan Omar
DMinneapolis
Area124[1] sq mi (320 km2)
Distribution
  • 100% urban[2]
  • 0% rural
Population (2019)724,373[3]
Median household
income
$68,709[4]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+29[6]
External image
image icon This govtrack.us map is a useful representation of the 5th CD's borders, based on Google Maps.

Minnesota's 5th congressional district is a geographically small urban and suburban congressional district in Minnesota. It covers eastern Hennepin County, including the entire city of Minneapolis, along with parts of Anoka and Ramsey counties. Besides Minneapolis, major cities in the district include St. Louis Park, Richfield, Crystal, Robbinsdale, Golden Valley, New Hope, Hopkins and Fridley, and northeast Edina.

It was created in 1883 and was named the "Bloody Fifth" on account of the first election.[7] The contest between Knute Nelson and Charles F. Kindred involved graft, intimidation, and election fraud at every turn. The Republican convention on July 12 in Detroit Lakes was compared to the historic Battle of the Boyne in Ireland. One hundred and fifty delegates fought over eighty seats. After a scuffle in the main conference center, the Kindred and Nelson campaigns nominated each of their candidates.[8][9]

The district is strongly Democratic with a Cook Partisan Voting Index (CPVI) of D+26—by far the most Democratic district in the state.[6] The 5th is also the most Democratic district in the Upper Midwest. The Minnesota Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party (DFL) has held the seat without interruption since 1963, and the Republicans have not tallied more than 40 percent of the vote in almost half a century.

The district is represented by Ilhan Omar who was born in Somalia, a country in Africa. She is the first Somali American to ever serve in the U.S. House of Representatives, and the first black woman to represent Minnesota in that chamber. Omar, also an American Muslim, succeeded future Minnesota Attorney General Keith Ellison, the first American Muslim to serve in Congress.[10][11]

List of members representing the district

Member Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history District location
District created March 4, 1883
Knute Nelson cph.3a45938.jpg

Knute Nelson
Republican March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1889
48th
49th
50th
Elected in 1882.
Re-elected in 1884.
Re-elected in 1886.
Retired.
1883–1893
[data unknown/missing]
Solomon Comstock Republican March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1891
51st Elected in 1888.
Lost re-election.
Kittel Halvorson Populist March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1893
52nd Elected in 1890.
Lost re-election.
Loren Fletcher-Atwater.jpg

Loren Fletcher
Republican March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1903
53rd
54th
55th
56th
57th
Elected in 1892.
Re-elected in 1894.
Re-elected in 1896.
Re-elected in 1898.
Re-elected in 1900.
Lost re-election.
1893–1903
[data unknown/missing]
John Lind.jpg

John Lind
Democratic March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1905
58th Elected in 1902.
Retired.
1903–1913
[data unknown/missing]
Loren Fletcher-Atwater.jpg

Loren Fletcher
Republican March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1907
59th Elected in 1904.
Retired.
FrankNye.jpg

Frank Nye
Republican March 4, 1907 –
March 3, 1913
60th
61st
62nd
Elected in 1906.
Re-elected in 1908.
Re-elected in 1910.
Retired.
GeorgeRSMith.jpg

George Ross Smith
Republican March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1917
63rd
64th
Elected in 1912.
Re-elected in 1914.
Lost re-election.
1913–1933
[data unknown/missing]
ErnestLundeen.jpg

Ernest Lundeen
Republican March 4, 1917 –
March 3, 1919
65th Elected in 1916.
Lost renomination.
WalterNewton.jpg

Walter Newton
Republican March 4, 1919 –
June 30, 1929
66th
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
Elected in 1918.
Re-elected in 1920.
Re-elected in 1922.
Re-elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Resigned when appointed Secretary to President Herbert Hoover.
Vacant June 30, 1929 –
July 17, 1929
71st
William Ignatius Nolan.jpg

William I. Nolan
Republican July 17, 1929 –
March 3, 1933
71st
72nd
Elected to finish Newton's term.
Re-elected in 1930.
Redistricted to the at-large district and lost re-election.
District inactive March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1935
73rd All representatives elected at-large on a general ticket.
TheodoreChristianson.jpg

Theodore Christianson
Republican January 3, 1935 –
January 3, 1937
74th Redistricted from the at-large district and re-elected in 1934.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
1935–1943
[data unknown/missing]
DeweyJohnson.jpg

Dewey Johnson
Farmer–Labor January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1939
75th Elected in 1936.
Lost re-election.
Oscar Youngdahl Republican January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1943
76th
77th
Elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
Lost renomination.
Walter Judd.jpg

Walter Judd
Republican January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1963
78th
79th
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
Elected in 1942.
Re-elected in 1944.
Re-elected in 1946.
Re-elected in 1948.
Re-elected in 1950.
Re-elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.
Lost re-election.
1943–1953
[data unknown/missing]
1953–1963
[data unknown/missing]
1977 Congressional Pictorial Donald Fraser (cropped).jpg

Donald M. Fraser
Democratic (DFL) January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1979
88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
Elected in 1962.
Re-elected in 1964.
Re-elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Re-elected in 1972.
Re-elected in 1974.
Re-elected in 1976.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
1963–1973
[data unknown/missing]
1973–1983
[data unknown/missing]
MartinSabo.jpeg

Martin Olav Sabo
Democratic (DFL) January 3, 1979 –
January 3, 2007
95th
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
Elected in 1978.
Re-elected in 1980.
Re-elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Retired.
1983–1993
[data unknown/missing]
1993–2003
[data unknown/missing]
2003–2013
United States House of Representatives, Minnesota District 5 map.png
Keith Ellison portrait (cropped).jpg

Keith Ellison
Democratic (DFL) January 3, 2007 –
January 3, 2019
110th
111th
112th
113th
114th
115th
Elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Retired to run for Attorney General of Minnesota.
2013–present
Minnesota US Congressional District 5 (since 2013).tif
Ilhan Omar, official portrait, 116th Congress (cropped).jpg

Ilhan Omar
Democratic (DFL) January 3, 2019 –
present
116th
117th
Elected in 2018.
Re-elected in 2020.

Recent elections

2002

2002 Minnesota 5th congressional district election
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic (DFL) Martin Sabo (Incumbent) 171,572 67
Republican Daniel Mathias 66,271 25.9
Green Tim Davis 17,825 7

2004

2004 Minnesota 5th congressional district election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic (DFL) Martin Sabo (Incumbent) 218,434 69.7 +2.7%
Republican Daniel Mathias 76,600 24.4 −1.5%
Green Jay Pond 17,984 5.7 −1.3%

2006

Congressman Martin Sabo, DFL retired after 26 years in the House. Keith Ellison, also a DFLer, replaced him. Although Ellison was endorsed by the DFL convention, four non-endorsed candidates ran strong campaigns against him in the DFL primary: Gail Dorfman, Mike Erlandson, Ember Reichgott Junge, and Jack Nelson Pallmeyer. Ellison won the primary with 41% of the vote. In the general election, he won with 56% of the vote against Jay Pond of the Green Party, Tammy Lee of the Independence Party and Alan Fine of the Republican Party. Ellison was the first Muslim member of the U.S. Congress.

2006 Minnesota 5th congressional district election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic (DFL) Keith Ellison 136,060 55.6% −14.1%
Republican Alan Fine 52,263 21.3% −3.1%
Independence Tammy Lee 51,456 21.0%
Green Jay Pond 4,792 2% −3.7%

2008

2008 Minnesota 5th congressional district election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic (DFL) Keith Ellison (Incumbent) 228,776 70.9 +15.3%
Republican Barb Davis White 71,020 22 +0.7%
Independence Bill McGaughey 22,318 6.9 −14.9%

2010

2010 Minnesota 5th congressional district election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic (DFL) Keith Ellison (Incumbent) 154,833 67.7 −3.2
Republican Joel Demos 55,222 24.1 +2.1%
Independent Lynne Torgerson 8,548 3.7
Independence Tom Schrunk 7,446 3.3 −3.6%
Independent Progressive Michael James Cavlan 2,468 1.1

2012

2012 Minnesota 5th congressional district election[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic (DFL) Keith Ellison (Incumbent) 262,102 74.5 +6.8%
Republican Chris Fields 88,753 25.2 +1.1%

2014

2014 Minnesota 5th congressional district election[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic (DFL) Keith Ellison (Incumbent) 167,079 70.8 −3.7%
Republican Doug Daggett 56,577 24.0 −1.2%
Independence Lee Bauer 12,001 5.1

2016

2016 Minnesota 5th congressional district election[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic (DFL) Keith Ellison (Incumbent) 249,964 69.1 −1.6%
Republican Frank Drake 80,660 22.3 −1.7%
Legal Marijuana Now Dennis Schuller 30,759 8.5

2018

2018 Minnesota 5th congressional district election[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic (DFL) Ilhan Omar 267,703 78.0 +8.8%
Republican Jennifer Zielinski 74,440 21.7 −0.6%

2020

2020 Minnesota's 5th congressional district election[17]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic (DFL) Ilhan Omar (Incumbent) 255,924 64.3
Republican Lacy Johnson 102,878 25.8
Legal Marijuana Now Michael Moore 37,979 9.5
Write-in 1,448 0.4
Turnout 398,229
Democratic (DFL) hold

Election results from recent statewide races

Year Office Winner and results
2000 President Al Gore (Democratic) 63–29%
2004 President John Kerry (Democratic) 71–28%
2008 President Barack Obama (Democratic) 74–24%
2012 President Barack Obama (Democratic) 74–24%
2016 President Hillary Clinton (Democratic) 74–19%
2018 Senator Amy Klobuchar (Democratic) 80.1–14.8%
2020 President Joe Biden (Democratic) 80–17%

See also

References

  1. ^ "Minnesota congressional districts by urban and rural population and land area" (PDF). US Census Bureau. 2010. Retrieved April 2, 2007.
  2. ^ Geography, US Census Bureau. "Congressional Districts Relationship Files (state-based)". www.census.gov. Retrieved April 9, 2018.
  3. ^ Bureau, Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov. Retrieved April 9, 2018.
  4. ^ Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census Bureau. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov.
  5. ^ https://censusreporter.org/profiles/50000US2705-congressional-district-5-mn/
  6. ^ a b "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  7. ^ Martin, Lawrence (July 15, 2003). "Thursday Night Hikes: Capitol Hill/Cathedral Hill Hike Architecture Notes, Part 2". Retrieved February 27, 2007.
  8. ^ Martin, Lawrence (July 15, 2003). "Thursday Night Hikes: Capitol Hill/Cathedral Hill Hike Architecture Notes, Part 2". Retrieved February 27, 2007.
  9. ^ Carl Zapffe (1946). Brainerd, Minnesota, 1871–1946: Seventy-fifth Anniversary. Published under the auspices of the Brainerd Civic Association.
  10. ^ Ellison, Keith [@keithellison] (June 5, 2018). "Today I am announcing my candidacy to be the People's Lawyer, and to protect and defend all Minnesotans as your next Attorney General" (Tweet). Retrieved June 5, 2018 – via Twitter.
  11. ^ Bierschbach, Briana; Bakst, Brian; Pugmire, Tim (June 5, 2018). "Filing deadline drama: Rep. Omar jumps into race for Congress". Minnesota Public Radio. St. Paul, Minnesota: American Public Media Group. Retrieved August 19, 2018.
  12. ^ "Results General November 2, 2010; Results from Congressional District 05". Minnesota Secretary of State Election Reporting System. January 19, 2011. Archived from the original on April 3, 2012.
  13. ^ "2012 General Election Results – Minnesota Secretary of State". November 6, 2012. Archived from the original on November 6, 2012. Retrieved November 9, 2012.
  14. ^ "Ballotpedia:Minnesota's 5th Congressional District elections, 2014". Retrieved October 12, 2014.
  15. ^ "Minnesota U.S. House 5th District Results: Keith Ellison Wins". The New York Times. November 13, 2016. Retrieved November 13, 2016.
  16. ^ "Ballotpedia: Minnesota's 5th Congressional District election, 2018". Retrieved February 11, 2019.
  17. ^ "Results for All Congressional Districts". Minnesota Secretary of State. Retrieved November 25, 2020.

This page was last edited on 28 April 2021, at 22:10
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