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South Carolina's 7th congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

South Carolina's 7th congressional district
South Carolina US Congressional District 7 (since 2013).tif
South Carolina's 7th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
U.S. Representative
  Tom Rice
RMyrtle Beach
Median income$42,159[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+9[2]

The 7th Congressional District of South Carolina is a congressional district for the United States House of Representatives in South Carolina, established in 2011 following apportionment of another seat to the state following the 2010 census. It includes all of Chesterfield, Dillon, Georgetown, Horry, Marlboro, Darlington, and Marion counties and parts of Florence county. The first US representative from this new district, Tom Rice, was elected in 2012 and took office on January 3, 2013.

Election results from presidential races

Year Result
2012 Mitt Romney 54.5 - 44.4%
2016 Donald Trump 58 - 39.1%

History

The 7th Congressional District of South Carolina existed in the 19th century but it was eliminated in 1853 as a result of the 1850 Census. After the 1880 Census, Congress apportioned the state another seat, and the state legislature re-established the district.

By that time, the Reconstruction era had ended and the state legislature was controlled by Democrats, who wrested control by a mixture of violence and fraud. They defined the boundaries of the 7th district, which was called the "shoestring district" because of its long, narrow shape that included many black precincts. In 1892 and 1894 the majority-black voters of the district elected George W. Murray to Congress; he was the only African American to serve in Congress in those sessions and, following disfranchisement and demographic changes, the last elected from the state until Jim Clyburn in 1992.

In 1895, the Democrat-dominated state legislature passed a new constitution, disfranchising black voters by changes to voter registration and electoral rules that were applied against them in a discriminatory way. For decades after 1896, only white Democrats were elected to Congress from the state. (Such disfranchisement occurred among all the states of the former Confederacy, and their use of poll taxes, literacy tests, grandfather clauses, and white primaries survived several US Supreme Court challenges.)

During the first half of the 20th century, 6.5 million blacks in total left South Carolina and other southern states in the Great Migration to the North, Midwest and West. Following cumulative declines in state population, after the 1930 Census, South Carolina lost a seat and the 7th district was eliminated in redistricting. It was last represented by Democrat Hampton P. Fulmer, who was redistricted into the 2nd District.

South Carolina had only six districts for the next 80 years. African Americans were effectively barred from voting until after passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Increases in population led to the state's receiving another congressional seat following the 2010 Census.

The 7th district is located in the rapidly developing area of northeastern South Carolina, including the Myrtle Beach metropolitan area (the Grand Strand) and the Pee Dee region.[3][4] It is a white-majority district and its voters elected Republican Tom Rice as US Representative from the district in 2012; he took office in January 2013, when the 113th Congress convened. Due almost entirely to the presence of heavily Republican Horry County, which has as many people as the rest of the district combined, it tilts Republican.

The district boundaries are roughly similar to the configuration of the 6th congressional district before it was reconfigured after the 1990 census as a black-majority district.

List of members representing the district

Member Party Years Electoral history District location
District created in 1803
Thomas Moore Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1813
Redistricted from the 6th district and re-elected in 1803.
Re-elected in 1804.
Re-elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Re-elected in 1810.
Retired.
"Chester district"
Elias Earle Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1815
Redistricted from the 8th district and re-elected in 1812.
Lost re-election.
"Pendleton district"
John Taylor Democratic-Republican March 4, 1815 –
March 3, 1817
Elected in 1814.
Lost re-election.
Elias Earle Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1821
Elected in 1816.
[Data unknown/missing.]
John Wilson Democratic-Republican March 4, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 6th district.
Joseph Gist Jackson
Republican
March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Redistricted from the 8th district.
[Data unknown/missing.]
"Chester district"
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
[Data unknown/missing.]
William T. Nuckolls Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1833
[Data unknown/missing.]
William K. Clowney Nullifier March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1835
[Data unknown/missing.]
James Rogers Jacksonian March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
[Data unknown/missing.]
William K. Clowney Nullifier March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
[Data unknown/missing.]
James Rogers Democratic March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1843
[Data unknown/missing.]
Robert Barnwell Rhett, Sr.gif

Robert B. Rhett
Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1849
Redistricted from the 2nd district.
[Data unknown/missing.]
William F. Colcock Democratic March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1853
[Data unknown/missing.]
District eliminated in 1853
District re-established in 1883
Edmund William McGregor Mackey - Brady-Handy.jpg

Edmund W.M. Mackey
Republican March 4, 1883 –
January 27, 1884
Redistricted from the 2nd district.
Died.
Vacant January 27, 1884 –
March 18, 1884
Robert Smalls - Brady-Handy.jpg

Robert Smalls
Republican March 18, 1884 –
March 3, 1887
[Data unknown/missing.]
William Elliott.jpeg

William Elliott
Democratic March 4, 1887 –
September 23, 1890
Lost contested election
Thomas Ezekiel Miller.jpg

Thomas E. Miller
Republican September 24, 1890 –
March 3, 1891
Won contested election
William Elliott.jpeg

William Elliott
Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1893
[Data unknown/missing.]
George Washington Murray.jpg

George W. Murray
Republican March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
Won contested election of 1894, finally seated in 1896
J. William Stokes Democratic March 4, 1895 –
June 1, 1896
Seat declared vacant while being contested because of Democratic election fraud.
Vacant June 1, 1896 –
November 3, 1896
J. William Stokes Democratic November 3, 1896 –
July 6, 1901
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant July 6, 1901 –
November 5, 1901
Asbury Francis Lever hec-12496.jpg

Asbury F. Lever
Democratic November 5, 1901 –
August 1, 1919
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned to become member of Federal Farm Loan Board.
Vacant August 1, 1919 –
October 7, 1919
EdwardCMann.jpg

Edward C. Mann
Democratic October 7, 1919 –
March 3, 1921
[Data unknown/missing.]
HamptonPFulmer.jpg

Hampton P. Fulmer
Democratic March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1933
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 2nd district.
District eliminated in 1933
District re-established in 2013
Tom Rice, Official Portrait, 113th Congress - full.jpg

Tom Rice
Republican January 3, 2013 –
Present
Incumbent

References

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=45&cd=07
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ "Census 2010 shows Red states gaining congressional districts". Washington Post. Retrieved 2010-12-21.
  4. ^ [1]

This page was last edited on 10 March 2019, at 03:03
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