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James Robert Mann (Illinois politician)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

James Robert Mann
House Minority Leader
In office
March 4, 1911 – March 3, 1919
Preceded byChamp Clark
Succeeded byChamp Clark
Leader of the
House Republican Conference
In office
March 4, 1911 – March 3, 1919
Preceded byJoseph Gurney Cannon
Succeeded byFrederick H. Gillett
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois
In office
March 4, 1897 – November 30, 1922
Preceded byJ. Frank Aldrich
Succeeded byMorton D. Hull
Constituency1st district (1897–1903)
2nd district (1903–22)
Chicago Alderman from the 32nd Ward
In office
Personal details
Born(1856-10-20)October 20, 1856
Bloomington, Illinois
DiedNovember 30, 1922(1922-11-30) (aged 66)
Washington, D.C.
Resting placeOak Woods Cemetery
Political partyRepublican
EducationUniversity of Illinois
Union College of Law

James Robert Mann (October 20, 1856 – November 30, 1922) was an American politician and attorney who served as a member of the United States House of Representatives from Illinois from 1897 to 1922. He was a member of the Republican Party, and served as House Minority Leader from 1911 to 1919.[1]

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Early life and education

James Robert Mann was born near Bloomington, McLean County, Illinois, on October 20, 1856. His older brother was Frank Irving Mann (1854-1937) farmer, editor of the Prairie Farmer news publication, and author of The Farmers Creed.

Mann attended University of Illinois and graduated in 1876. He graduated from Union College of Law in 1881 and became a lawyer in Chicago. Mann held several local political offices before serving in the House of Representatives.


He was admitted to the Illinois bar in 1881 and commenced his practice in Chicago. He held several local offices before being elected as a congressman:

Service in the House

  • Chairman, Committee on Elections No. 1 (58th–60th Congresses)
  • Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce (61st Congress)
  • Committee on Women Suffrage (66th Congress)
  • Minority Leader (62nd–65th Congresses)

Notable legislation

James Mann (right) with Speaker of the House Champ Clark.

Congressman Mann was one of the sponsors of the Mann-Elkins Act, which gave more power to the Interstate Commerce Commission to regulate railroad rates. He is probably best known for his authorship of the Mann Act of 1910, which was a reaction to the "white slavery" issue and prohibited transportation of women between states for purposes of prostitution. He introduced legislation that became the Pure Food and Drugs Act of 1906.

He was considered to be a leader in the cause of amending the United States Constitution to grant suffrage to women. However, he was quoted as saying, "'They should have been at home where they belonged,' referring to the women in the pageant."[3] He was a leading opponent of the Harrison Act and Prohibition, despite the popularity of such legislation amongst his fellow Midwestern progressives.


Mann's grave at Oak Woods Cemetery

Mann died in Washington, D.C., of pneumonia on November 30, 1922, at age 66 before the close of the 67th United States Congress.[1] He was interred in Oak Woods Cemetery in Chicago.

Electoral history

Illinois's 1st congressional district general election, 1896[4]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican James Robert Mann 51,582 68.17
Democratic James H. Teller 23,123 30.56
Populist Benjamin J. Werthermer 957 1.27
Total votes 75,662 100.0
Illinois's 1st congressional district general election, 1898[5][6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican James Robert Mann (incumbent) 37,506 63.22
Democratic Rollin B. Organ 20,424 34.43
Socialist Labor Bernard Berlyn 568 0.96
Prohibition Theodore L. Neff 424 0.72
Populist James Hogan 404 0.68
Total votes 59,326 100.0
Illinois's 1st congressional district general election, 1900[7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican James Robert Mann (incumbent) 52,775 63.02
Democratic Leon Hornstein 28,858 34.46
Social Democratic William H. Collins 1,208 1.44
Prohibition William P. Ferguson 899 1.07
Total votes 83,740 100.0

See also


  1. ^ a b "James R. Mann Dies in Washington Home After Week's Illness, Ending in Pneumonia". The New York Times. Washington. December 1, 1922. p. 1. Retrieved June 14, 2022 – via Representative James R. Mann of Illinois, for nearly twenty-six years a member of the House, and during most of that time a leader of the Republican Party, died at his home here at 11:15 o'clock tonight.
  2. ^ "S. Doc. 58-1 - Fifty-eighth Congress. (Extraordinary session -- beginning November 9, 1903.) Official Congressional Directory for the use of the United States Congress. Compiled under the direction of the Joint Committee on Printing by A.J. Halford. Special edition. Corrections made to November 5, 1903". U.S. Government Printing Office. November 9, 1903. p. 20. Retrieved July 2, 2023.
  3. ^ "Suffragists Lose Fight in the House". The New York Times. Washington. January 13, 1915. pp. 1, 4. Retrieved June 14, 2022 – via NewspaperArchive.
  4. ^ "IL District 1". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 13, 2022.
  5. ^ "IL District 1". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 13, 2022.
  6. ^ "Downloadable Vote Totals". Illinois State Board of Elections. Retrieved October 13, 2022.[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ "IL District 1". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 13, 2022.

Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from MANN, James Robert. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.

Further reading

  • Ellis, L. Ethan. "James Robert Mann: Legislator Extraordinary". Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 46 (Spring 1953): 28–44. JSTOR 40189273.
  • Extended bibliography – United States Congress website

External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 1st congressional district

Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 2nd congressional district

Succeeded by
This page was last edited on 2 July 2023, at 22:32
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