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Henry Allen Cooper

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Henry Allen Cooper
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Wisconsin's 1st district
In office
March 4, 1921 – March 1, 1931
Preceded byClifford Ellsworth Randall
Succeeded byThomas Ryum Amlie
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Wisconsin's 1st district
In office
March 4, 1893 – March 3, 1919
Preceded byClinton Babbitt
Succeeded byClifford Ellsworth Randall
Member of the Wisconsin Senate
from the Racine County district
In office
Personal details
BornSeptember 8, 1850
Spring Prairie, Wisconsin
DiedMarch 1, 1931(1931-03-01) (aged 80)
Washington D.C.
Resting placeRacine, Wisconsin
Political partyRepublican
Other political
Alma materNorthwestern University
CommitteesInsular Affairs, Rivers and Harbors

Henry Allen Cooper (September 8, 1850 – March 1, 1931) was a U.S. Representative from Wisconsin.[1]

Early life

Cooper was born in Spring Prairie, Wisconsin, son of former Free Soil Party State Representative Joel H. Cooper, a physician. In 1851 the family moved to Burlington, Wisconsin. Their house was a station of the Underground Railroad, and in 1852 sheltered fugitive slave Joshua Cooper on his way to Canada. Henry Cooper graduated from Burlington High School in June 1869. After school, Cooper attended Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois, and graduated in 1873. He then attended Union College of Law, then the legal faculty of Northwestern University and graduated there in 1875. He was then admitted to the bar, practiced in Chicago until 1879 and then commenced practice at Burlington.

Cooper was elected District Attorney of Racine County in November 1880 and moved to Racine in January 1881. In 1882 and 1884 he was reelected as District Attorney without opposition.

Political career

In 1884, Cooper served as a delegate to the Republican National Convention, a tradition he would continue in 1908 and 1924. He was subsequently elected to District 3 of the Wisconsin State Senate for the term 1887 to 1889 and authored a bill to introduce the secret ballot in Wisconsin. In 1890 Cooper unsuccessfully ran for election to the fifty-second Congress.

In 1892, Cooper was elected as a Republican Congressman to the fifty-third Congress, an office he assumed on March 4 of 1893 that year. He represented Wisconsin's 1st congressional district. During his time as Congressman, Cooper served as the chairman of the Committee of Rivers and Harbors for the fifty-fifth Congress and the Committee on Insular Affairs for the fifty-sixth Congress through to the sixtieth Congress.

He was also the author of the Philippine Organic Act (1902), and read out the poem Mi último adiós by José Rizal as part of successfully persuading his fellow congressmen to vote for the act. Cooper provided key support for the 1910 bill authorizing construction of the Lincoln Memorial.[2]

On April 5, 1917, he was one of 50 representatives who voted against declaring war on Germany. Partly due to his opposition to American involvement in World War I, Cooper failed to gain reelection to his seat in 1918, finishing his term on March 3, 1919. Overall serving from the Fifty-third Congress to the Sixty-fifth Congress.

After missing a term of Congress, Cooper was once again elected to represent Wisconsin's 1st district in the Sixty-seventh Congress in 1920 and to the five succeeding Congresses. He served until his death in Washington D.C. on March 1, 1931, which came before he could start his new term (in the seventy-second Congress). He was buried in Mound Cemetery, Racine, Wisconsin.

See also


  1. ^ 'Wisconsin Blue Book 1929,' Biographical Sketch of Henry A. Cooper, pg. 615
  2. ^ "Washington Letter". The Sandusky Register. February 28, 1931. p. 4. Retrieved May 18, 2015 – via open access
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Clinton Babbitt
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Wisconsin's 1st congressional district

March 4, 1893 – March 3,1919
Succeeded by
Clifford Ellsworth Randall
Preceded by
Clifford Ellsworth Randall
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Wisconsin's 1st congressional district

March 4, 1921 – March 1, 1931
Succeeded by
Thomas Ryum Amlie
This page was last edited on 14 August 2020, at 12:43
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