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Thomas W. Hardwick

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Thomas W. Hardwick
Senator Thomas Hardwick.jpg
63rd Governor of Georgia
In office
June 25, 1921 – June 30, 1923
Preceded byHugh M. Dorsey
Succeeded byClifford Walker
United States Senator
from Georgia
In office
November 4, 1914 – March 3, 1919
Preceded byWilliam S. West
Succeeded byWilliam J. Harris
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's 10th district
In office
March 4, 1903 – November 2, 1914
Preceded byEmory Speer
Succeeded byThomas E. Winn
Member of the Georgia House of Representatives
In office
Personal details
Thomas William Hardwick

(1872-12-09)December 9, 1872
Thomasville, Georgia
DiedJanuary 31, 1944(1944-01-31) (aged 71)
Sandersville, Georgia
Resting placeOld City Cemetery
Political partyDemocratic
Other political
Spouse(s)Maude Elizabeth Perkins
Alma materMercer University (B.A.)
University of Georgia (J.D.)

Thomas William Hardwick (December 9, 1872 – January 31, 1944) was an American politician from the U.S. state of Georgia.


Hardwick was born in Thomasville, Georgia. He graduated from Mercer University with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1892 and received a Juris Doctor degree from the University of Georgia in 1893. He was an active member of Phi Delta Theta at Mercer, and while at UGA, he was a member of the Phi Kappa Literary Society.

Hardwick practiced law and then entered politics with the support of Thomas E. Watson.[1] Hardwick was the prosecutor of Washington County, Georgia from 1895 to 1897; a member of the Georgia House of Representatives from 1898 to 1902; and a member of the United States House of Representatives representing Georgia's 10th district from 1903 to 1914. In 1914 he ran for a seat in the United States Senate in a special election for the unexpired term of Augustus O. Bacon who had died in office. Hardwick won, and served in the Senate from 1915 to 1919.

As a senator, Harwick co-sponsored the Immigration Act of 1918, which was enacted in October of that year. Aimed at radical anarchists who had immigrated to the U.S., the new law enabled deportation of any non-citizen who belonged to an anarchist organization or who was found in possession of anarchist literature for the purpose of propaganda.

On April 29, 1919, as a direct result of his sponsorship of the Immigration Act, Senator Hardwick was targeted for assassination by adherents of the radical anarchist Luigi Galleani, who mailed a booby trap bomb to his residence in Georgia. The bomb exploded when a house servant attempted to open the package, blowing off her hands, and severely injuring Senator Hardwick's wife.[2]

Senator Hardwick was defeated in the Democratic primary for reelection in 1918 by William J. Harris. Hardwick then served as Governor of Georgia from 1921 to 1923, and due to his opposition to the Ku Klux Klan, lost to Clifford Walker in the subsequent election.[3][4] He ran unsuccessfully for election to the Senate in 1922 and 1924, and then retired from politics. He spent the rest of his life practicing law, with offices in Washington, D.C., Atlanta, Georgia and Sandersville, Georgia. He died in Sandersville.

One of Hardwick's most notable actions as governor of Georgia was his appointment of Rebecca Latimer Felton to the United States Senate as a temporary replacement for Tom Watson, who had died. Though Felton only served for one day, she was the first woman to serve in the Senate.

See also


  1. ^ Smith, Zachary (2012). "Tom Watson and Resistance to Federal War Policies in Georgia during World War I". Journal of Southern History. 78 (2): 293–326. Retrieved 1 November 2016.
  2. ^ Avrich, Paul, Sacco and Vanzetti: The Anarchist Background, Princeton University Press (1991), ISBN 0-691-02604-1, ISBN 978-0-691-02604-6, p. 141
  3. ^ Abad, Jay-Raymond N., "The Evolution of a Society and Fraternity: The Response of Phis regarding Equality"
  4. ^ Lucket, Robert E. "Thomas Hardwick (1872–1944)"


Party political offices
Preceded by
Augustus Octavius Bacon
Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Georgia
(Class 2)

Succeeded by
William J. Harris
Preceded by
Hugh Dorsey
Democratic nominee for Governor of Georgia
Succeeded by
Clifford Walker
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
William H. Fleming
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Georgia's 10th congressional district

March 4, 1903 – November 2, 1914
Succeeded by
Carl Vinson
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
William S. West
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Georgia
November 4, 1914 – March 3, 1919
Succeeded by
William J. Harris
Political offices
Preceded by
Hugh M. Dorsey
Governor of Georgia
Succeeded by
Clifford Walker
This page was last edited on 1 January 2021, at 02:35
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