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List of United States Senators from Missouri

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Current delegation

Missouri was admitted to the Union on August 10, 1821. Its current U.S. Senators are Republicans Roy Blunt (Class 3, serving since 2011) and Josh Hawley (Class 1, serving since 2019).

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Transcription

I'm Mr. Beat The United States has 100 senators. Two for every state. and they each serve a term of six years. The Senate collectively makes up half of Congress, the folks who make laws that apply to the whole country. They represent the states, not the people. The year I was born, the average age of a U.S. Senator was 53. Today, while the average age of all Americans is my age, the average age of a Senator is 61. They're getting older, man. This dude here, is Bernie Sanders, a Senator representing Vermont, and polls say he is the most popular Senator in the country. Polls say that this dude Mitch McConnell, a Senator representing Kentucky, is the least popular Senator in the country. Does that mean Bernie is the best Senator in the country and Mitch is the worst? Absolutely not. I think? But anyway, this got me thinking What about all of American history? Who were the best Senators? Who were the worst Senators? Let’s be negative first, shall we? Based on my research, here are the 10 worst Senators in American history. And remember, of course, that this is just my measly opinion. Also, before we get into this list, I didn’t include the senators like Bernie or Mitch who are currently in office or recently got out of office because of our bias to automatically hate politicians currently in office or who recently got out of office. So, let's get right into it. How about a little corruption to start things off? #10 James Simmons Senator from Rhode Island from 1841 to 1847 and again from 1857 to 1862, Simmons got caught getting a contract for two Rhode Island rifle manufacturers in return for $20,000 in promissory notes. So basically, he was bribed to help these two companies make lots of money from the U.S. government, which needed lots of rifles as it turns out since it was fighting the Confederate forces in the Civil War. The reason why Simmons isn’t higher up on this list is because technically there wasn’t a law saying you couldn’t do this, although Congress promptly passed a law saying "you can't do that!" #9 William Blount Yeah that's how you pronounce his name. Senator from Tennessee from 1796 to 1797, Blount was a Founding Father, and the only Senator on this list to actually sign the U.S. Constitution. Originally from North Carolina, Blount was instrumental in opening up lands west of the Appalachians to settlement. He bought up millions of acres out there himself, but his risky land investments caused him to get a lot of debt. Due to this debt, he conspired with Britain to take over the Spanish-controlled Louisiana to try to raise the prices of his land. Well, he didn’t get away with it. When Congress found out in 1797, he became the first Senator kicked out of the Senate and also the first federal official to get impeached. Blount was arrested, but posted bail and went to Tennessee and never came back. He never showed up to trial, and the feds eventually gave up trying to arrest him again. #8 Joseph Burton Aw man, this dude’s from my home state. Senator from Kansas from 1901 to 1906, uh Burton had a little conflict of interest you could say. He was getting paid for defending a company successfully against the United States government while he was Senator. Eventually, he was found guilty of public corruption, which means he was misusing the power he had as Senator for private gain. Burton became the first member of the Senate to actually be convicted of a crime. Now, does that mean other Senators weren’t doing crap like this before this? Of course not, but he was the first one to get caught. #7 John Mitchell Weird coincidence, Mitchell was Senator the same time as Burton. He represented the state of Oregon from 1901 to 1905 and was all about Big Business and against most of the political reforms of the Populists. The biggest reason why he’s on this list is because of his involvement in the Oregon land fraud scandal. Yep, this was more public corruption. Mitchell abused his power, helping a client get patents to fraudulent land claims. After being found guilty, he was sentenced to six months in prison and a $1,000 fine, but he died soon after getting a tooth pulled. True story, bro. #6 Harrison Williams Senator from New Jersey from 1959 to 1982, Williams was a career politician who actually had quite a few accomplishments in his career. Many of the social programs and public urban transit Americans take for granted today is because of him. However, beginning in the 1980s, things went downhill fast for Williams. He was convicted of bribery and conspiracy after the Abscam scandal, (that is hard to say. say that three times) a FBI-led sting operation that also took out several other politicians. He resigned after the Senate was going to kick him out anyway, and was sentenced to 3 years in prison, the first time in more than 80 years that a U.S. Senator had spent time in prison by the way. #5 Bob Packwood Sorry Oregon, here’s another one from your state. He represented it from 1969 to 1995. I’ll try not to be too mean because he is still alive, however, he was mean, man. Packwood was another career politician who did accomplish a lot while in Congress. But that whole freaking time, he was consistently abusing his power by committing sexual misconduct. The Senate Ethics Committee, which recommended his expulsion in 1995, reported that he made at least 18 “separate and unwanted and unwelcome sexual advances between 1969 and 1990.” And he even wrote about it in his diary. Packwood resigned before the Senate could kick him out. And of course, after he resigned he promptly became a lobbyist. #4 Pat McCarran Senator from Nevada from 1933 to 1954, McCarran is known as one of the few Democrats who was against Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal initiatives. Of course he was racist and xenophobic, but he also had anti-Semitic beliefs. Oh, and he was a fan of fascists. He openly admired the Spanish dictator Francisco Franco. He also was in bed with the oil industry. Most infamously, he was a big reason the Second Red Scare happened. He hated communism so much that he didn’t even care if he trampled right over civil liberties, sponsoring the paranoia-based Internal Security Act and establishing the Subversive Activities Control Board to start witch hunts targeting communists. He was so bad, that Nevada representatives recently even called for the removal his statue that’s sitting in the National Statuary Hall Collection. Yep, here’s one you have probably heard of... #3 Joseph McCarthy Senator from Wisconsin from 1947 to 1957, McCarthy became the face of the Second Red Scare of the late 1940s and early 1950s. After three years of not doing much in the Senate, McCarthy all of a sudden became a household name in February 1950 when he claimed he had a list of members of communist spies and members of the Communist Party employed within the State Department. Did he ever reveal that list to the public? No. Did he continue to throw out baseless allegations? Absolutely. He stirred up so much communist hatred and paranoia in the United States that today we name it after him. It’s called McCarthyism. Oh yeah, and don’t forget the Lavender Scare he also stirred up, which was another witch hunt that targeted homosexuals, causing them to lose their government jobs throughout the 1950s. And later he helped turn socialism into a dirty word, too. McCarthy is not known for policy or getting sweeping legislation passed. He’s known today for just causing mass hysteria. Even the Senate had had enough of him so much that they censured him in 1954. “Censured” just means they officially said “you did bad, stop it, we disapprove.” And here’s one you probably HAVEN’T heard of. #2 Theodore Bilbo Senator from Mississippi from 1935 to 1947 and poster boy for white supremacy and segregation in the South. While most Senators throughout American history have been at least somewhat racist, Bilbo was a special kind of racist. First of all, he was a member of the KKK, so there’s that. He didn’t just hate African Americans. He hated communists, Jews, unions, and of course immigrants. As governor of Mississippi, he did nothing as mobs lynched African Americans in the streets. Also as governor, he tried to get a bunch of teachers fired and caused his state to almost go bankrupt. Wait a second, why didn’t this dude make my Worst Governors video? Anyway, his ego was ridiculously big and he always liked to be the center of attention, wearing bright, flashy suits and...no joke...always referring to himself in the third person. And finally, after his re-election to the Senate in 1946, a group of African American World War II vets said they and several other blacks were not allowed to vote in the election. But before the Senate could act on the charges, Bilbo died in his mansion. And #1. It's a tie. and if you saw my Worst Governors video, this one may not be much of a surprise. These are all of the Senators who left the Union to join the Confederacy during the Civil War. All of them declared allegiance to the Confederacy in the name of preserving the institution of slavery. Maybe you CAN call them traitors. Regardless, they should have stuck with the Union. So that’s it. The ten worst senators in American history. I know I left a lot of bad senators off this list. And maybe you disagree with this list. Yeah, yeah, go ahead and tell me how wrong I am. Also, I want to get a list going of (dis)honorable mentions. Get it? (Dis)honorable? And I want to gather those and put them in the description of this video and maybe pin a comment. A special shout out to Ian for suggesting the topic of this video. Ian and his mother are long time Patreon supporters. Thank you so much guys. It means the world. Next week, I have another Patreon-requested video coming. Get excited! Thanks for watching. Now how do I get out of here? How did I even get here? Why is it so warm outside? Is this real?

Contents

List of senators

Class 1

Class 1 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that has recently been contested in 2000, 2006, 2012, and 2018. The next election will be in 2024.

C
o
n
g
r
e
s
s

Class 3

Class 3 U.S. senators belong to the electoral cycle that has recently been contested in 1998, 2004, 2010, and 2016. The next election will be in 2022.

# Senator Party Years in office Electoral history T
e
r
m
T
e
r
m
Electoral history Years in office Party Senator #
1
Thomas Hart Benton (senator).jpg

Thomas Hart Benton
Democratic-
Republican
August 10, 1821 –
March 4, 1851
Elected in 1821. 1 17th 1 Elected in 1821. August 10, 1821 –
March 4, 1831
Democratic-
Republican
DavidBarton.jpg

David Barton
1
Jacksonian
Democratic-
Republican
18th Adams-Clay
Democratic-
Republican
Jacksonian 19th 2 Re-elected in 1825.

Lost re-election.
Anti-Jacksonian
Re-elected in 1827. 2 20th
21st
22nd 3 Elected in 1830.

Died.
March 4, 1831 –
June 6, 1833
Jacksonian Alexander Buckner 2
Re-elected in 1833. 3 23rd
  June 6, 1833 –
October 25, 1833
Vacant
Appointed to continue Buckner's term.

Elected to finish Buckner's term.
October 25, 1833 –
October 3, 1843
Jacksonian
Lewis Fields Linn.jpg

Lewis F. Linn
3
24th
Democratic 25th 4 Re-elected in 1836. Democratic
Re-elected in 1839. 4 26th
27th
28th 5 Re-elected in 1842.

Died.
  October 3, 1843 –
October 14, 1843
Vacant
Appointed to continue Linn's term.

Elected to finish Linn's term.
October 14, 1843 –
March 4, 1855
Democratic
David Rice Atchison.jpg

David Rice Atchison
4
Re-elected in 1845.

Lost re-election.
5 29th
30th
31st 6 Re-elected in 1849.

Lost re-election.
2
HSGeyer.jpg

Henry S. Geyer
Whig March 4, 1851 –
March 4, 1857
Elected in 1851.

Retired.
6 32nd
33rd
34th 7 Failure to elect. March 4, 1855 –
January 12, 1857
Vacant
Elected late in 1857.

[Data unknown/missing.].
January 12, 1857 –
March 4, 1861
Democratic
JSGreen.jpg

James S. Green
5
3
TPolk.jpg

Trusten Polk
Democratic March 4, 1857 –
January 10, 1862
Elected in 1857.

Expelled for supporting the rebellion in the American Civil War.
7 35th
36th
37th 8   March 4, 1861 –
March 17, 1861
Vacant
Elected late in 1861.

Expelled for supporting the rebellion in the American Civil War.
March 17, 1861 –
January 10, 1862
Democratic
WPJohnson.jpg

Waldo P. Johnson
6
Vacant January 10, 1862 –
January 17, 1862
    January 10, 1862 –
January 17, 1862
Vacant
4
John B. Henderson - Brady-Handy.jpg

John B. Henderson
Unionist January 17, 1862 –
March 4, 1869
Appointed to finish Polk's term. Appointed to continue Johnson's term.

Successor qualified.
January 17, 1862 –
November 13, 1863
Unionist
RobWilson-Miss.jpg

Robert Wilson
7
Unconditional
Unionist
Elected to full term in 1862.

Retired.
8 38th Unconditional Unionist
Elected to finish Johnson's term.

Retired due to ill health.
November 13, 1863 –
March 4, 1867
Unconditional Unionist
B. Gratz Brown - Brady-Handy.jpg

B. Gratz Brown
8
Republican 39th Republican
40th 9 Elected in 1866 or 1867.

Resigned to become Chief Justice of the U.S. Court of Claims.
March 4, 1867 –
December 19, 1870
Republican
Charles D. Drake - Brady-Handy.jpg

Charles D. Drake
9
5
Carl-Schurz.jpg

Carl Schurz
Republican March 4, 1869 –
March 4, 1875
Elected in 1868.

Retired.
9 41st
Appointed to continue Drake's term.

Retired when successor elected.
December 19, 1870 –
January 20, 1871
Republican
DTJewett.jpg

Daniel T. Jewett
10
Elected to finish Drake's term.

Lost re-election.
January 20, 1871 –
March 4, 1873
Democratic
FPB, Jr.jpg

Francis Blair
11
42nd
43rd 10 Elected in 1872 or 1873.

Died.
March 4, 1873 –
September 20, 1877
Democratic
Lewis V. Bogy - Brady-Handy.jpg

Lewis V. Bogy
12
6
Francis Cockrell - Brady-Handy.jpg

Francis Cockrell
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 4, 1905
Elected in 1874. 10 44th
45th
  September 20, 1877 –
September 29, 1877
Vacant
Appointed to continue Bogy's term.

Retired.
September 29, 1877 –
January 26, 1879
Democratic
David H. Armstrong - Brady-Handy.jpg

David H. Armstrong
13
Elected to finish Bogy's term.

Retired.
January 27, 1879 –
March 4, 1879
Democratic
James Shields - Brady-Handy.jpg

James Shields
14
46th 11 Elected in 1879. March 4, 1879 –
March 4, 1903
Democratic
George Graham Vest.jpg

George G. Vest
15
Re-elected in 1881. 11 47th
48th
49th 12 Re-elected in 1885.
Re-elected January 19, 1887.[1] 12 50th
51st
52nd 13 Re-elected in 1891.
Re-elected January 18, 1893.[2] 13 53rd
54th
55th 14 Re-elected in 1897.

Retired.
Re-elected January 19, 1899.[3]

Lost re-election.[4]
14 56th
57th
58th 15 Elected January 20, 1903. March 4, 1903 –
April 14, 1918
Democratic
William Joel Stone.jpg

William J. Stone
16
Vacant March 4, 1905 –
March 18, 1905
  15 59th
7
Senator William Warner.jpg

William Warner
Republican March 18, 1905 –
March 4, 1911
Elected late in 1905.

Retired.
60th
61st 16 Re-elected January 20, 1909.[5]
8
James Alexander Reed.jpg

James A. Reed
Democratic March 4, 1911 –
March 4, 1929
Elected in 1910. 16 62nd
63rd
64th 17 Re-elected in 1914.

Died.
Re-elected in 1916. 17 65th
  April 14, 1918 –
April 30, 1918
Vacant
Appointed to continue Stone's term.

Lost election to finish Stone's term.
April 30, 1918 –
November 5, 1918
Democratic
Senator Xenophon Pierce.jpg

Xenophon P. Wilfley
17
Elected November 5, 1918 to finish Stone's term. November 6, 1918 –
May 16, 1925
Republican
Selden Palmer Spencer.jpg

Selden P. Spencer
18
66th
67th 18 Re-elected in 1920.

Died.
Re-elected in 1922.

Retired.
18 68th
69th
  May 16, 1925 –
May 25, 1925
Vacant
Appointed to continue Spencer's term.

Lost election to finish Spencer's term.
May 25, 1925 –
December 5, 1926
Republican
Senator George Howard Williams.JPG

George H. Williams
19
Elected to finish Spencer's term. December 6, 1926 –
February 3, 1933
Democratic
Harry Bartow Hawes.jpg

Harry B. Hawes
20
70th 19 Re-elected in 1926.

Retired, then resigned early.
9
RoscoeCPatterson.jpg

Roscoe C. Patterson
Republican March 4, 1929 –
January 3, 1935
Elected in 1928.

Lost re-election.
19 71st
72nd
Appointed to finish Hawes's term, having already been elected to the next term. February 3, 1933 –
January 3, 1945
Democratic
Bennett Champ Clark (portrait).jpg

Joel B. Clark
21
73rd 20 Elected to full term in 1932.
10
Harry S. Truman.jpg

Harry S. Truman
Democratic January 3, 1935 –
January 17, 1945
Elected in 1934. 20 74th
75th
76th 21 Re-elected in 1938.

Lost renomination.
Re-elected in 1940.

Resigned to become U.S. Vice President.
21 77th
78th
79th 22 Elected in 1944.

Lost re-election.
January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1951
Republican
Forrest C. Donnell.jpg

Forrest C. Donnell
22
11
Frank Briggs.jpg

Frank P. Briggs
Democratic January 18, 1945 –
January 3, 1947
Appointed to finish Truman's term.

Lost election to full term.
12
Jamespkem.jpg

James P. Kem
Republican January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1953
Elected in 1946.

Lost re-election.
22 80th
81st
82nd 23 Elected in 1950. January 3, 1951 –
September 13, 1960
Democratic
Thomas Carey Hennings.jpg

Thomas C. Hennings, Jr.
23
13
Stuart Symington.jpg

Stuart Symington
Democratic January 3, 1953 –
December 27, 1976
Elected in 1952. 23 83rd
84th
85th 24 Re-elected in 1956.

Died.
Elected in 1958. 24 86th
  September 13, 1960 –
September 23, 1960
Vacant
Appointed to finish Henning's term.

Elected to finish Henning's term.
September 23, 1960 –
December 27, 1968
Democratic
Edward V. Long.jpg

Edward V. Long
24
87th
88th 25 Re-elected in 1962.

Lost renomination, and resigned early.
Elected in 1964. 25 89th
90th
Appointed to finish Long's term, having been elected to next term. December 28, 1968 –
January 3, 1987
Democratic
ThomasEagleton.jpg

Thomas Eagleton
25
91st 26 Elected in 1968.
Elected in 1970.

Retired, then resigned early to give successor preferential seniority.
26 92nd
93rd
94th 27 Re-elected in 1974.
14
JohnDanforth.jpg

John Danforth
Republican December 27, 1976 –
January 3, 1995
Appointed early to finish Symington's term, having already been elected to the next term.
Elected in 1976. 27 95th
96th
97th 28 Re-elected in 1980.

Retired.
Re-elected in 1982.

Retired.
28 98th
99th
100th 29 Elected in 1986. January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 2011
Republican
Kit Bond official portrait cropped.jpg

Kit Bond
26
Re-elected in 1988.

Retired.
29 101st
102nd
103rd 30 Re-elected in 1992.
15
John Ashcroft.jpg

John Ashcroft
Republican January 3, 1995 –
January 3, 2001
Elected in 1994.

Lost re-election.
30 104th
105th
106th 31 Re-elected in 1998.
16
Jean Carnahan.jpg

Jean Carnahan
Democratic January 3, 2001 –
November 25, 2002
Appointed to begin Mel Carnahan, her husband's, term.

Lost election to finish her husband's term.
31 107th
17
Jim Talent official photo.jpg

Jim Talent
Republican November 25, 2002 –
January 3, 2007
Elected to finish Mel Carnahan's term.

Lost re-election.
108th
109th 32 Re-elected in 2004.

Retired.
18
Claire McCaskill, Official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg

Claire McCaskill
Democratic January 3, 2007 –
January 3, 2019
Elected in 2006. 32 110th
111th
112th 33 Elected in 2010. January 3, 2011 –
Present
Republican
Roy Blunt, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg

Roy Blunt
27
Re-elected in 2012.

Lost re-election.
33 113th
114th
115th 34 Re-elected in 2016.
19
Josh Hawley, official portrait, 116th congress.jpg

Josh Hawley
Republican January 3, 2019 –
Present
Elected in 2018. 34 116th
117th
118th 35 To be determined in the 2022 election.
To be determined in the 2024 election. 35 119th
# Senator Party Years in office Electoral history T
e
r
m
  T
e
r
m
Electoral history Years in office Party Senator #
Class 1 Class 3

Living former U.S. Senators

As of January 2019, there are six living former U.S. Senators from Missouri, five from Class 1 and one from Class 3. The most recent senator to die was Thomas Eagleton (served 1968–1987) on March 4, 2007, who is also the most recently serving Senator to die.

Senator Term of office Class Date of birth (and age)
John Danforth 1976–1995 1 (1936-09-05) September 5, 1936 (age 82)


Kit Bond 1987–2011 3 (1939-03-06) March 6, 1939 (age 80)
John Ashcroft 1995–2001 1 (1942-05-09) May 9, 1942 (age 77)
Jean Carnahan 2001–2002 1 (1933-12-20) December 20, 1933 (age 85)
Jim Talent 2002–2007 1 (1956-10-18) October 18, 1956 (age 62)
Claire McCaskill 2007–2019 1 (1953-07-24) July 24, 1953 (age 65)

See also

References

  1. ^ "SENATORIAL ELECTIONS". The New York Times. January 20, 1887. p. 1.
  2. ^ [sic]: "WILLL STIL REPRESENT MISSOURI. FRANCIS M. COCKRELL ELECTED ON THE FIRST BALLOT". The New York Times. January 18, 1893. p. 5.
  3. ^ "Cockrell Re-elected in Missouri". The New York Times. January 18, 1899. p. 2.
  4. ^ The World Almanac and Encyclopedia 1906. New York: The Press Publishing Co. New York World. 1905. p. 108.
  5. ^ The Tribune Almanac and Political Register 1910. New York: The Tribune Association. 1910. p. 271 – via Hathi Trust Digital Library.
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