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United States congressional delegations from Utah

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Map of the State of Utah showing the eastern half and southern 10% belonging in Democratic district #2. The rest is in Republican district's #1 and #3.
Geographical location of Utah's four congressional districts to the United States House of Representatives since 2012.

Since Utah became a U.S. state in 1896, it has sent congressional delegations to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. Each state elects two senators to serve for six years. Before the Seventeenth Amendment in 1913, senators were elected by the Utah State Legislature. Members of the House of Representatives are elected to two-year terms, one from each of Utah's four congressional districts. Before becoming a state, the Territory of Utah elected a non-voting delegate at-large to Congress from 1850 to 1896.

57 people have served either the Territory or State of Utah: 14 in the Senate, 41 in the House, and 2 in both houses. The average term for senators has been 15.3 years and the average term for representatives has been 6.7 years. The longest-serving senator was Orrin Hatch, from 1977 to 2019. The longest-serving representative is James V. Hansen, in office for 22 years from 1981 to 2003. Four women have been members of Utah's congressional delegation, Reva Beck Bosone, Karen Shepherd, Enid Greene and Mia Love, all as representatives.

In 2013, following the 2010 United States Census, a 4th district was added. A new congressional redistricting map was approved by the Republican legislature and signed into law by Republican Governor Gary Herbert.[1][2]

Senate

Each state elects two senators by statewide popular vote every six years. The terms of the two senators are staggered so that they are not elected in the same year. Utah's senators are elected in the years from classes 1 and 3. Senators were originally chosen by the Utah House of Representatives until the Seventeenth Amendment came into force in 1913.[3][4]

There have been seventeen senators elected from Utah, of whom five have been Democrats and twelve have been Republicans. Utah's current senators are Republicans Mike Lee, in office since 2011, and Mitt Romney, in office since 2019. Lee was elected in 2016 with 68% of the vote.[5], and Romney was elected in 2018 with 63% of the vote.

  Democratic (D)   Republican (R)

Upper-body portrait of a late-nineteenth-century man in a suit.
Frank J. Cannon, Utah's last territorial delegate and first senator
Upper-body portrait of a early-twentieth-century man in a suit.
Reed Smoot, senator from Utah for 30 years
Upper-body portrait of a twenty-first-century man in a suit.
Orrin Hatch, Utah's longest-serving senator.
Upper-body portrait of a twenty-first-century man in a suit.
Mike Lee, incumbent U.S. senator
Class 1 senators Congress Class 3 senators
Frank J. Cannon (R)   54th (1895–1897) Arthur Brown (R)
55th (1897–1899)   Joseph L. Rawlins (D)
Vacant
[note 1]
56th (1899–1901)
Thomas Kearns (R)
[note 2]
57th (1901–1903)
58th (1903–1905) Reed Smoot (R)
[note 3]
George Sutherland (R) 59th (1905–1907)
60th (1907–1909)
61st (1909–1911)
62nd (1911–1913)
63rd (1913–1915)
64th (1915–1917)
William H. King (D) 65th (1917–1919)
66th (1919–1921)
67th (1921–1923)
68th (1923–1925)
69th (1925–1927)
70th (1927–1929)
71st (1929–1931)
72nd (1931–1933)
73rd (1933–1935) Elbert D. Thomas (D)
74th (1935–1937)
75th (1937–1939)
76th (1939–1941)
Abe Murdock (D) 77th (1941–1943)
78th (1943–1945)
79th (1945–1947)
Arthur V. Watkins (R) 80th (1947–1949)
81st (1949–1951)
82nd (1951–1953) Wallace F. Bennett (R)
[note 4]
83rd (1953–1955)
84th (1955–1957)
85th (1957–1959)
Frank Moss (D) 86th (1959–1961)
87th (1961–1963)
88th (1963–1965)
89th (1965–1967)
90th (1967–1969)
91st (1969–1971)
92nd (1971–1973)
93rd (1973–1975)
Jake Garn (R)
94th (1975–1977)
Orrin Hatch (R) 95th (1977–1979)
96th (1979–1981)
97th (1981–1983)
98th (1983–1985)
99th (1985–1987)
100th (1987–1989)
101st (1989–1991)
102nd (1991–1993)
103rd (1993–1995) Robert Bennett (R)
104th (1995–1997)
105th (1997–1999)
106th (1999–2001)
107th (2001–2003)
108th (2003–2005)
109th (2005–2007)
110th (2007–2009)
111th (2009–2011)
112th (2011–2013) Mike Lee (R)
113th (2013–2015)
114th (2015–2017)
115th (2017–2019)
Mitt Romney (R) 116th (2019–2021)

House of Representatives

Delegates from Utah Territory

The Territory of Utah was an organized incorporated territory of the United States formed on September 9, 1850. The territory initially consisted of present-day Utah, most of Nevada, and portions of Colorado and Wyoming. On February 28, 1861, the creation of Colorado Territory took land from the eastern side of Utah Territory. Nevada Territory was organized from the western section of Utah Territory on March 2, 1861.[10] Also on that date, Nebraska Territory gained area from the northeastern part of Utah Territory. Nevada Territory gained area from Utah Territory on July 14, 1862, and again on May 5, 1866, after becoming a state. Wyoming Territory was created on July 25, 1868, from Nebraska Territory, taking more area from the northeast corner and giving Utah Territory its final borders.

The territorial delegates were elected to two-year terms. Delegates were allowed to serve on committees, debate, and submit legislation, but were not permitted to vote on bills.[11] Delegates only served in the House of Representatives as there was no representation in the Senate until Utah became a state.

  Democratic (D)   Independent (Ind.)   Populist (Pop.)   Republican (R)

Upper-body portrait of a mid-nineteenth-century man in a suit.
John M. Bernhisel, Utah's first territorial delegate
Upper-body portrait of a mid-nineteenth-century man in a suit.
George Q. Cannon, Utah territorial delegate
Upper-body portrait of a late-nineteenth-century man in a suit.
John T. Caine, Utah's longest serving territorial delegate from 1882 to 1893
Congress Delegate
32nd
(1851–1853)
  John M. Bernhisel (Ind.)
33rd
(1853–1855)
34th
(1855–1857)
35th
(1857–1859)
36th
(1859–1861)
  William H. Hooper (D)
37th
(1861–1863)
  John M. Bernhisel (Ind.)
38th
(1863–1865)
  John F. Kinney (D)
39th
(1865–1867)
  William H. Hooper (D)
40th
(1867–1869)
41st
(1869–1871)
42nd
(1871–1873)
43rd
(1873–1875)
  George Q. Cannon (R)
44th
(1875–1877)
45th
(1877–1879)
46th
(1879–1881)
47th
(1881–1883)
  George Q. Cannon (R)
[note 5]
  John T. Caine (D)
[note 6]
  John T. Caine (D)
48th
(1883–1885)
49th
(1885–1887)
50th
(1887–1889)
51st
(1889–1891)
  John T. Caine (Pop.)
52nd
(1891–1893)
53rd
(1893–1895)
  Joseph L. Rawlins (D)
54th
(1895–1897)
  Frank J. Cannon (R)

Representatives from the State of Utah

Members of the House of Representatives are elected every two years by popular vote within a congressional district.[15] From 1895 till 1913, Utah had an at-large congressional district that represented the entire state. Every ten years, the number of congressional districts is reapportioned based on the state's population as determined by the United States Census;[16] Utah has had four districts since 2013.

  Democratic   Republican

Upper-body portrait of a late-nineteenth-century man in a suit.
Clarence Emir Allen, Utah's first representative from the State of Utah
Upper-body portrait of a late-twentieth-century man in a suit.
James Hansen, Utah's longest serving representative from 1981 to 2003
Upper-body portrait of a twentyfirst-century man.
Chris Stewart, current representative since 2013
Upper-body portrait of a late-twentieth-century woman.
Mia Love, First Black female Republican representative
Upper-body portrait of a twentyfirst-century man in a suit.
Rob Bishop, current representative since 2003
Upper-body portrait of a twentyfirst-century man in a suit.
John Curtis, current representative since 2017
Upper-body portrait of a twentyfirst-century man in a suit.
Ben McAdams, current representative since 2019
Congress Districts
At-large from 1893–1913
1st from 1913–current
2nd 3rd 4th
54th
(1895–1897)
  Clarence Emir Allen (R)
55th
(1897–1899)
  William H. King (D)
56th
(1899–1901)
  Brigham H. Roberts (D)
[note 7]
  William H. King (D)
[note 8]
57th
(1901–1903)
  George Sutherland (R)
58th
(1903–1905)
  Joseph Howell (R)
59th
(1905–1907)
60th
(1907–1909)
61st
(1909–1911)
62nd
(1911–1913)
63rd
(1913–1915)
  Jacob Johnson (R)
64th
(1915–1917)
  James Henry Mays (D)
65th
(1917–1919)
  Milton H. Welling (D)
66th
(1919–1921)
67th
(1921–1923)
  Don B. Colton (R)   Elmer O. Leatherwood (R)
[note 9]
68th
(1923–1925)
69th
(1925–1927)
70th
(1927–1929)
71st
(1929–1931)
72nd
(1931–1933)
  Frederick C. Loofbourow (R)
73rd
(1933–1935)
  Abe Murdock (D)   J. W. Robinson (D)
74th
(1935–1937)
75th
(1937–1939)
76th
(1939–1941)
77th
(1941–1943)
  Walter K. Granger (D)
78th
(1943–1945)
79th
(1945–1947)
80th
(1947–1949)
  William A. Dawson (R)
81st
(1949–1951)
  Reva B. Bosone (D)
82nd
(1951–1953)
83rd
(1953–1955)
  Douglas R. Stringfellow (R)   William A. Dawson (R)
84th
(1955–1957)
  Henry A. Dixon (R)
85th
(1957–1959)
86th
(1959–1961)
  David S. King (D)
87th
(1961–1963)
  M. Blaine Peterson (D)
88th
(1963–1965)
  Laurence J. Burton (R)   Sherman P. Lloyd (R)
89th
(1965–1967)
  David S. King (D)
90th
(1967–1969)
  Sherman P. Lloyd (R)
91st
(1969–1971)
92nd
(1971–1973)
  K. Gunn McKay (D)
93rd
(1973–1975)
  Wayne Owens (D)
94th
(1975–1977)
  Allan Turner Howe (D)
95th
(1977–1979)
  David D. Marriott (R)
96th
(1979–1981)
97th
(1981–1983)
  James V. Hansen (R)
98th
(1983–1985)
  Howard C. Nielson (R)
99th
(1985–1987)
  David S. Monson (R)
100th
(1987–1989)
  Wayne Owens (D)
101st
(1989–1991)
102nd
(1991–1993)
  Bill Orton (D)
103rd
(1993–1995)
  Karen Shepherd (D)
104th
(1995–1997)
  Enid Greene (R)
105th
(1997–1999)
  Merrill Cook (R)   Chris Cannon (R)
106th
(1999–2001)
107th
(2001–2003)
  Jim Matheson (D)
108th
(2003–2005)
  Rob Bishop (R)
109th
(2005–2007)
110th
(2007–2009)
111th
(2009–2011)
  Jason Chaffetz (R)
112th
(2011–2013)
113th
(2013–2015)
  Chris Stewart (R)   Jim Matheson (D)
114th
(2015–2017)
  Mia Love (R)
115th
(2017–2019)
  John Curtis (R)
116th
(2019–2021)
  Ben McAdams (D)
Congress 1st 2nd 3rd 4th
Districts

Living former Members of the House and Senate

Living former Members of the U.S. House of Representatives

As of January 2019, there are nine living former members of the U.S. House of Representatives.

Representative Term of office District Date of birth (and age)
David Daniel Marriott 1977–1985 2nd (1939-11-02) November 2, 1939 (age 79)
Howard C. Nielson 1983–1991 3rd (1924-09-12) September 12, 1924 (age 94)
David S. Monson 1985–1987 2nd (1945-06-20) June 20, 1945 (age 73)
Karen Shepherd 1993–1995 2nd (1940-07-05) July 5, 1940 (age 78)
Enid Greene 1995–1997 2nd (1958-06-05) June 5, 1958 (age 61)
Chris Cannon 1997–2009 3rd (1950-10-20) October 20, 1950 (age 68)
Jim Matheson 2001–2015 2nd (2001–2013)
4th (2013–2015)
(1960-03-21) March 21, 1960 (age 59)
Jason Chaffetz 2009–2017 3rd (1967-03-26) March 26, 1967 (age 52)
Mia Love 2015–2019 4th (1975-12-06) December 6, 1975 (age 43)

Living former senators

As of January 2019, there are two living former senators.

Senator Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Jake Garn 1974–1993 (1932-10-12) October 12, 1932 (age 86)
Orrin Hatch 1977–2019 (1934-03-22) March 22, 1934 (age 85)

Notes

  1. ^ Seat was vacant due to Utah Legislature's failure to elect a senator.[6]
  2. ^ Kearns served the four years remaining in the term beginning in 1899.[7]
  3. ^ Smoot, a monogamist, was seated in 1904, but was on trial in the Senate until 1907 to see if any Mormon could hold political office.[8]
  4. ^ Wallace Bennett was not a candidate for re-election in 1974, and resigned early, presumably to allow his successor to gain seniority over others elected in 1974.[9]
  5. ^ George Q. Cannon won the election, but the governor appointed Allen G. Campbell. Cannon successfully contested the election, but the House decided not to seat Cannon on grounds that Cannon was a polygamist.[12][13]
  6. ^ Elected to fill the vacancy created when the House refused to seat George Q. Cannon[14]
  7. ^ The House refused to seat Brigham H. Roberts on grounds that he was a polygamist.[17]
  8. ^ Elected to fill the seat vacated by Brigham Roberts[18]
  9. ^ Representative Leatherwood died while in office.[19]

References

General
  • "Biographical Directory of the United States Congress 1774–2005". United States Government Printing Office. Archived from the original on June 1, 2006. Retrieved May 2, 2010.
  • "Members of Congress: Utah". Infoplease. Pearson Education. Retrieved May 2, 2010.
  • "U.S. Senators from Utah". United States Senate. Retrieved May 2, 2010.
Constitution
Specific
  1. ^ "Governor OKs new Utah congressional maps". Salt Lake Tribune. October 20, 2011. p. 1.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 28, 2011. Retrieved December 28, 2011.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ U.S. Const. Art. I, § 3
  4. ^ U.S. Const. Amendment XVII
  5. ^ "Utah Election Official Results" (PDF). Utah Secretary of State. Retrieved December 28, 2016.
  6. ^ "Utah Fails to Elect Senator". Boston Evening Transcript. March 10, 1899. Retrieved April 30, 2010.
  7. ^ "Kearns, Thomas". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved July 28, 2010.
  8. ^ Stack, Peggy Fletcher (April 3, 2004). "LDS leader guided church's evolution from 'menace' to mainstream". The Salt Lake Tribune. Archived from the original on June 24, 2004
  9. ^ "Why Bennett-Garn switch is the wrong way to retire". Deseret News. Salt Lake City. December 19, 1974. Retrieved May 4, 2010.
  10. ^ Davis, Sam P., ed. (1912). The History of Nevada. Reno: Elms Publishers. p. 192. Archived from the original on November 13, 2006. Retrieved May 14, 2010.
  11. ^ "Delegates to the U.S. Congress: History and Current Status" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved January 17, 2011.
  12. ^ "How the Plot Was Spoiled". Deseret News. Salt Lake City. July 6, 1881. Retrieved May 4, 2010.
  13. ^ "The Polygamous Delegate". Lewiston Evening Journal. April 20, 1882. Retrieved May 4, 2010.
  14. ^ "Favorable Report on the Utah Delegate". Deseret News. Salt Lake City. December 21, 1882. Retrieved May 4, 2010.
  15. ^ U.S. Const. Art. I, § 2
  16. ^ "Decennial Census". American FactFinder. Archived from the original on June 11, 2010. Retrieved May 13, 2010.
  17. ^ "House Votes to Oust Roberts". Chicago Tribune. January 26, 1900. Retrieved May 4, 2010.
  18. ^ "Judge King Sworn in Today". Deseret News. Salt Lake City. April 27, 1900. Retrieved May 4, 2010.
  19. ^ "Leatherwood, Elmer, O." Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved July 28, 2010.

External links

This page was last edited on 3 June 2019, at 19:34
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