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United States congressional delegations from Alabama

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Alabama's congressional districts since 2013[1]

These are tables of congressional delegations from Alabama to the United States House of Representatives and the United States Senate. The current dean of the Alabama delegation is Senator Richard Shelby, having served in the U.S. Senate since 1987, and in Congress since 1979.

U.S. House of Representatives

Current members

List of members, their terms in office, district boundaries, and the district political ratings according to the CPVI. The delegation has 7 members: 6 Republicans and 1 Democrat.

Dist
rict
Member District
Member
(District residence)
Party Incumbency CPVI Map
1st
Jerry Carl 117th U.S Congress.jpg

Jerry Carl
(Mobile)
Republican January 7, 2021 R+16 Alabama US Congressional District 1 (since 2013).tif
2nd
Barry Moore 117th U.S Congress.jpg

Barry Moore
(Enterprise)
Republican January 3, 2021 R+17 Alabama US Congressional District 2 (since 2013).tif
3rd
Mike Rogers official photo.jpg

Mike Rogers
(Tuskegee)
Republican January 3, 2003 R+18 Alabama US Congressional District 3 (since 2013).tif
4th
Robert Aderholt official photo.jpg

Robert Aderholt
(Gadsden)
Republican January 3, 1997 R+34 Alabama US Congressional District 4 (since 2013).tif
5th
Mo Brooks, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg

Mo Brooks
(Huntsville)
Republican January 3, 2011 R+17 Alabama US Congressional District 5 (since 2013).tif
6th
Gary Palmer official portrait.jpg

Gary Palmer
(Vestavia Hills)
Republican January 3, 2015 R+22 Alabama US Congressional District 6 (since 2013).tif
7th
Terri Sewell official photo.jpg

Terri Sewell
(Birmingham)
Democratic January 3, 2011 D+19 Alabama US Congressional District 7 (since 2013).tif

1818–1819: 1 non-voting delegate

Starting on January 29, 1818, Alabama Territory sent a non-voting delegate to the House.

Congress Delegate
15th
(1817–1819)
John Crowell
(DR)
16th
(March 4, 1819 –
December 14, 1819)
Vacant

1819–1823: 1 seat

After statehood on December 14, 1819, Alabama had one seat in the House.

Congress At-large district
16th
(December 14, 1819 –
1821)
John Crowell
(DR)
17th
(1821–1823)
Gabriel Moore
(DR)

1823–1833: 3 seats

Following the 1820 census, Alabama had three seats.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd
18th
(1823–1825)
Gabriel Moore
(DR)[a]
John McKee
(DR)[a]
George W. Owen
(DR)[a]
19th
(1825–1827)
Gabriel Moore
(J)
John McKee
(J)
George W. Owen
(J)
20th
(1827–1829)
21st
(1829–1831)
Clement Comer Clay
(J)
Robert Emmett Bledsoe Baylor
(J)
Dixon Hall Lewis
(J)
22nd
(1831–1833)
Samuel Wright Mardis
(J)

1833–1843: 5 seats

Following the 1830 census, Alabama had five seats. During the 27th Congress, those seats were all elected statewide at-large on a general ticket.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th
23rd
(1833–1835)
Clement Comer Clay
(J)
John McKinley
(J)
Samuel Wright Mardis
(J)
Dixon Hall Lewis
(N)
John Murphy
(J)
24th
(1835–1837)
Reuben Chapman
(J)
Joshua L. Martin
(J)
Joab Lawler
(J)
Francis Strother Lyon
(Anti-J)
25th
(1837–1839)
Reuben Chapman
(D)
Joshua L. Martin
(D)
Joab Lawler
(W)
Dixon Hall Lewis
(D)
Francis Strother Lyon
(W)
George Whitfield Crabb
(W)
26th
(1839–1841)
David Hubbard
(D)
James Dellet
(W)
27th
(1841–1843)
5 seats elected at-large on a general ticket
1st seat 2nd seat 3rd seat 4th seat 5th seat
Reuben Chapman
(D)
George S. Houston
(D)
William Winter Payne
(D)
Dixon Hall Lewis
(D)
Benjamin Glover Shields
(D)

1843–1863: 7 seats

Following the 1840 census, Alabama resumed the use of districts, now increased to seven.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th
28th
(1843–1845)
James Dellet
(W)
James Edwin Belser
(D)
Dixon Hall Lewis
(D)
William Winter Payne
(D)
George S. Houston
(D)
Reuben Chapman
(D)
Felix Grundy McConnell
(D)
William Lowndes Yancey
(D)
29th
(1845–1847)
Edmund Strother Dargan
(D)
Henry Washington Hilliard
(W)
James La Fayette Cottrell
(D)
Franklin Welsh Bowdon
(D)
30th
(1847–1849)
John Gayle
(W)
Sampson Willis Harris
(D)
Samuel Williams Inge
(D)
Williamson Robert Winfield Cobb
(D)
31st
(1849–1851)
William Jeffreys Alston
(W)
David Hubbard
(D)
32nd
(1851–1853)
John Bragg
(D)
James Abercrombie
(W)
William Russell Smith
(U)
George S. Houston
(D)
Alexander White
(W)
33rd
(1853–1855)
Philip Phillips
(D)
William Russell Smith
(D)
James Ferguson Dowdell
(D)
34th
(1855–1857)
Percy Walker
(KN)
Eli Sims Shorter
(D)
James Ferguson Dowdell
(D)
William Russell Smith
(KN)
Sampson Willis Harris
(D)
35th
(1857–1859)
James Adams Stallworth
(D)
Sydenham Moore
(D)
Jabez Lamar Monroe Curry
(D)
36th
(1859–1861)
James L. Pugh
(D)
David Clopton
(D)
Vacant during American Civil War
37th
(1861–1863)

1863–1873: 6 seats

Following the 1860 census, Alabama was apportioned six seats.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th
38th
(1863–1865)
Vacant during American Civil War
39th
(1865–1867)
40th
(1867–1869)
Francis William Kellogg
(R)
Charles Waldron Buckley
(R)
Benjamin White Norris
(R)
Charles Wilson Pierce
(R)
John Benton Callis
(R)
Thomas Haughey
(R)
41st
(1869–1871)
Alfred Eliab Buck
(R)
Robert Stell Heflin
(R)
Charles Hays
(R)
Peter Myndert Dox
(D)
William Crawford Sherrod
(D)
42nd
(1871–1873)
Benjamin Sterling Turner
(R)
William Anderson Handley
(D)
Joseph Humphrey Sloss
(D)

1873–1893: 8 seats

Following the 1870 census, Alabama was apportioned eight seats. From 1873 to 1877, the two new seats were elected at large, statewide. After 1877, however, the entire delegation was redistricted.

Congress District At-large
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 1st seat 2nd seat
43rd
(1873–1875)
Frederick George Bromberg
(Liberal R)
James T. Rapier
(R)
Charles Pelham
(R)
Charles Hays
(R)
John Henry Caldwell
(D)
Joseph Humphrey Sloss
(D)
Charles Christopher Sheats
(R)
Alexander White
(R)
44th
(1875–1877)
Jeremiah Haralson
(R)
Jeremiah Norman Williams
(D)
Taul Bradford
(D)
Goldsmith W. Hewitt
(D)
William H. Forney
(D)
Burwell Boykin Lewis
(D)
45th
(1877–1879)
James T. Jones
(D)
Hilary A. Herbert
(D)
Jeremiah Norman Williams
(D)
Charles M. Shelley
(D)
Robert Fulwood Ligon
(D)
7th district 8th district
William H. Forney
(D)
William Willis Garth
(D)
46th
(1879–1881)
Thomas H. Herndon
(D)
William James Samford
(D)
Thomas Williams
(D)
Burwell Boykin Lewis
(D)
William M. Lowe
(GB)
Newton Nash Clements
(D)
47th
(1881–1883)
William C. Oates
(D)
Goldsmith W. Hewitt
(D)
Joseph Wheeler
(D)
Vacant[b] William M. Lowe[c] (GB)
Charles M. Shelley
(D)
Joseph Wheeler
(D)
48th
(1883–1885)
Luke Pryor
(D)
James T. Jones
(D)
George Henry Craig
(R)
49th
(1885–1887)
Alexander C. Davidson
(D)
Thomas William Sadler
(D)
John Mason Martin
(D)
Joseph Wheeler
(D)
50th
(1887–1889)
James E. Cobb
(D)
John H. Bankhead
(D)
51st
(1889–1891)
Richard Henry Clarke
(D)
Louis Washington Turpin
(D)
John Van McDuffie
(R)
52nd
(1891–1893)
Louis Washington Turpin
(D)

1893–1913: 9 seats

Following the 1890 census, Alabama was apportioned nine seats.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th
53rd
(1893–1895)
Richard Henry Clarke
(D)
Jesse F. Stallings
(D)
William C. Oates
(D)
Gaston A. Robbins
(D)
James E. Cobb
(D)
John H. Bankhead
(D)
William Henry Denson
(D)
Joseph Wheeler
(D)
Louis Washington Turpin
(D)
George Paul Harrison Jr.
(D)
54th
(1895–1897)
Milford W. Howard
(Pop)
Oscar W. Underwood
(D)
William F. Aldrich
(R)
Albert Taylor Goodwyn
(Pop)
Truman Heminway Aldrich
(R)
55th
(1897–1899)
George W. Taylor
(D)
Henry D. Clayton
(D)
Thomas S. Plowman
(D)
Willis Brewer
(D)
Oscar W. Underwood
(D)
William F. Aldrich
(R)
56th
(1899–1901)
Gaston A. Robbins
(D)
John L. Burnett
(D)
William F. Aldrich
(R)
William N. Richardson
(D)
57th
(1901–1903)
Ariosto A. Wiley
(D)
Sydney J. Bowie
(D)
Charles Winston Thompson
(D)
58th
(1903–1905)
J. Thomas Heflin
(D)
59th
(1905–1907)
60th
(1907–1909)
William B. Craig
(D)
Richmond P. Hobson
(D)
Oliver C. Wiley
(D)
61st
(1909–1911)
S. Hubert Dent Jr.
(D)
62nd
(1911–1913)
Fred L. Blackmon
(D)

1913–1933: 10 seats

Following the 1910 census, Alabama was apportioned ten seats. At first, the extra seat was elected at-large. Starting with the 1916 elections, the seats were redistricted and a tenth district was added.

Congress District At-large
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th
63rd
(1913–1915)
George W. Taylor
(D)
S. Hubert Dent Jr.
(D)
Henry D. Clayton
(D)
Fred L. Blackmon
(D)
J. Thomas Heflin
(D)
Richmond P. Hobson
(D)
John L. Burnett
(D)
William N. Richardson
(D)
Oscar W. Underwood
(D)
John Abercrombie
(D)
William Oscar Mulkey
(D)
Christopher Columbus Harris
(D)
64th
(1915–1917)
Oscar Lee Gray
(D)
Henry B. Steagall
(D)
William B. Oliver
(D)
Edward B. Almon
(D)
George Huddleston
(D)
65th
(1917–1919)
10th district
William B. Bankhead
(D)
66th
(1919–1921)
John McDuffie
(D)
William B. Bowling
(D)
Lilius Bratton Rainey
(D)
67th
(1921–1923)
John R. Tyson
(D)
Lamar Jeffers
(D)
68th
(1923–1925)
Miles C. Allgood
(D)
J. Lister Hill
(D)
69th
(1925–1927)
70th
(1927–1929)
LaFayette L. Patterson
(D)
71st
(1929–1931)
72nd
(1931–1933)

1933–1963: 9 seats

Following the 1930 census, Alabama was apportioned nine seats.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th
73rd
(1933–1935)
John McDuffie
(D)
J. Lister Hill
(D)
Henry B. Steagall
(D)
Lamar Jeffers
(D)
Miles C. Allgood
(D)
William B. Oliver
(D)
William B. Bankhead
(D)
Archibald Hill Carmichael
(D)
George Huddleston
(D)
74th
(1935–1937)
Frank W. Boykin
(D)
Sam Hobbs
(D)
Joe Starnes
(D)
75th
(1937–1939)
Pete Jarman
(D)
John J. Sparkman
(D)
Luther Patrick
(D)
George M. Grant
(D)
76th
(1939–1941)
Zadoc L. Weatherford
(D)
77th
(1941–1943)
Walter W. Bankhead
(D)
Carter Manasco
(D)
78th
(1943–1945)
George W. Andrews
(D)
John P. Newsome
(D)
79th
(1945–1947)
Albert Rains
(D)
Luther Patrick
(D)
80th
(1947–1949)
Robert E. Jones Jr.
(D)
Laurie C. Battle
(D)
81st
(1949–1951)
Edward deGraffenried
(D)
Carl Elliott
(D)
82nd
(1951–1953)
Kenneth A. Roberts
(D)
83rd
(1953–1955)
Armistead I. Selden Jr.
(D)
84th
(1955–1957)
George Huddleston Jr.
(D)
85th
(1957–1959)
86th
(1959–1961)
87th
(1961–1963)

1963–1973: 8 seats

Following the 1960 census, Alabama was apportioned eight seats.

Congress Statewide at-large on a general ticket
1st seat 2nd seat 3rd seat 4th seat 5th seat 6th seat 7th seat 8th seat
88th
(1963–1965)
George Huddleston Jr.
(D)
George M. Grant
(D)
George W. Andrews
(D)
Kenneth A. Roberts
(D)
Armistead I. Selden Jr.
(D)
Albert Rains
(D)
Carl Elliott
(D)
Robert E. Jones Jr.
(D)
Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th
89th
(1965–1967)
Jack Edwards
(R)
William Louis Dickinson
(R)
George W. Andrews
(D)
Arthur Glenn Andrews
(R)
Armistead I. Selden Jr.
(D)
John Hall Buchanan Jr.
(R)
James D. Martin
(R)
Robert E. Jones Jr.
(D)
90th
(1967–1969)
William Flynt Nichols
(D)
Tom Bevill
(D)
91st
(1969–1971)
Walter Flowers
(D)
92nd
(1971–1973)
Elizabeth B. Andrews
(D)

1973–present: 7 seats

Since the 1970 census, Alabama has been apportioned seven seats.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th
93rd
(1973–1975)
Jack Edwards
(R)
William Louis Dickinson
(R)
William Flynt Nichols
(D)
Tom Bevill
(D)
Robert E. Jones Jr.
(D)
John Hall Buchanan Jr.
(R)
Walter Flowers
(D)
94th
(1975–1977)
95th
(1977–1979)
Ronnie Flippo
(D)
96th
(1979–1981)
Richard Shelby
(D)
97th
(1981–1983)
Albert L. Smith Jr.
(R)
98th
(1983–1985)
Ben Erdreich
(D)
99th
(1985–1987)
Sonny Callahan
(R)
100th
(1987–1989)
Claude Harris Jr.
(D)
101st
(1989–1991)
Glen Browder
(D)
102nd
(1991–1993)
Bud Cramer
(D)
103rd
(1993–1995)
Terry Everett
(R)
Spencer Bachus
(R)
Earl F. Hilliard
(D)
104th
(1995–1997)
105th
(1997–1999)
Bob Riley
(R)
Robert B. Aderholt
(R)
106th
(1999–2001)
107th
(2001–2003)
108th
(2003–2005)
Jo Bonner
(R)
Mike D. Rogers
(R)
Artur Davis
(D)
109th
(2005–2007)
110th
(2007–2009)
111th
(2009–2011)
Bobby Bright
(D)
Parker Griffith
(D)[d]
Parker Griffith
(R)
112th
(2011–2013)
Martha Roby
(R)
Mo Brooks
(R)
Terri Sewell
(D)
113th
(2013–2015)
Bradley Byrne
(R)
114th
(2015–2017)
Gary Palmer
(R)
115th
(2017–2019)
116th
(2019–2021)
117th
(2021–2023)
Jerry Carl
(R)
Barry Moore
(R)
Congress 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th
District

United States Senate

Current senators
Richard Shelby (R), since January 3, 1987
Tommy Tuberville (R), since January 3, 2021
Class 2 Congress Class 3
William R. King (D-R)   16th Congress
(1819–1821)
  John Williams Walker (D-R)
17th Congress
(1821–1823)
William Kelly (D-R)
  18th Congress
(1823–1825)
William R. King (J) 19th Congress
(1825–1827)
  Henry H. Chambers (J)
Israel Pickens (J)
John McKinley (J)
20th Congress
(1827–1829)
  21st Congress
(1829–1831)
22nd Congress
(1831–1833)
  Gabriel Moore (J)
23rd Congress
(1833–1835)
  24th Congress
(1835–1837)
William R. King (D) 25th Congress
(1837–1839)
  John McKinley (D)
Clement Comer Clay (D)
26th Congress
(1839–1841)
  27th Congress
(1841–1843)
Arthur P. Bagby (D)
28th Congress
(1843–1845)
 
Dixon Hall Lewis (D)
29th Congress
(1845–1847)
  30th Congress
(1847–1849)
Benjamin Fitzpatrick (D) William R. King (D)
31st Congress
(1849–1851)
 
Jeremiah Clemens (D)
32nd Congress
(1851–1853)
Benjamin Fitzpatrick (D)
Vacant[2]   33rd Congress
(1853–1855)
Clement Claiborne Clay (D)
34th Congress
(1855–1857)
  Vacant[2]
Benjamin Fitzpatrick (D)
35th Congress
(1857–1859)
  36th Congress
(1859–1861)
Vacant

[3]
Vacant
37th Congress
(1861–1863)
 
38th Congress
(1863–1865)
  39th Congress
(1865–1867)
40th Congress
(1867–1869)
 
Willard Warner (R) George E. Spencer (R)
41st Congress
(1869–1871)
George Goldthwaite (D)   42nd Congress
(1871–1873)
43rd Congress
(1873–1875)
 
44th Congress
(1875–1877)
John Tyler Morgan (D)   45th Congress
(1877–1879)
46th Congress
(1879–1881)
  George S. Houston (D)
Luke Pryor (D)
James L. Pugh (D)
47th Congress
(1881–1883)
  48th Congress
(1883–1885)
49th Congress
(1885–1887)
 
50th Congress
(1887–1889)
  51st Congress
(1889–1891)
52nd Congress
(1891–1893)
 
53rd Congress
(1893–1895)
  54th Congress
(1895–1897)
55th Congress
(1897–1899)
  Edmund Pettus (D)
56th Congress
(1899–1901)
  57th Congress
(1901–1903)
58th Congress
(1903–1905)
 
59th Congress
(1905–1907)
  60th Congress
(1907–1909)
John H. Bankhead (D) Joseph F. Johnston (D)
61st Congress
(1909–1911)
 
62nd Congress
(1911–1913)
  63rd Congress
(1913–1915)
Vacant[4]
Francis S. White (D)
64th Congress
(1915–1917)
  Oscar W. Underwood (D)
65th Congress
(1917–1919)
  66th Congress
(1919–1921)
B. B. Comer (D)
J. Thomas Heflin (D)
67th Congress
(1921–1923)
 
68th Congress
(1923–1925)
  69th Congress
(1925–1927)
70th Congress
(1927–1929)
  Hugo L. Black (D)
71st Congress
(1929–1931)
John H. Bankhead II (D)   72nd Congress
(1931–1933)
73rd Congress
(1933–1935)
 
74th Congress
(1935–1937)
  75th Congress
(1937–1939)
Dixie Bibb Graves (D)
J. Lister Hill (D)
76th Congress
(1939–1941)
 
77th Congress
(1941–1943)
  78th Congress
(1943–1945)
79th Congress
(1945–1947)
 
George R. Swift (D)
John J. Sparkman (D)
80th Congress
(1947–1949)
  81st Congress
(1949–1951)
82nd Congress
(1951–1953)
 
83rd Congress
(1953–1955)
  84th Congress
(1955–1957)
85th Congress
(1957–1959)
 
86th Congress
(1959–1961)
  87th Congress
(1961–1963)
88th Congress
(1963–1965)
 
89th Congress
(1965–1967)
  90th Congress
(1967–1969)
91st Congress
(1969–1971)
  James B. Allen (D)
92nd Congress
(1971–1973)
  93rd Congress
(1973–1975)
94th Congress
(1975–1977)
 
95th Congress
(1977–1979)
Maryon Pittman Allen (D)
Donald W. Stewart (D)
Howell T. Heflin (D)   96th Congress
(1979–1981)
Jeremiah Denton (R)
97th Congress
(1981–1983)
 
98th Congress
(1983–1985)
  99th Congress
(1985–1987)
100th Congress
(1987–1989)
  Richard Shelby (D)
101st Congress
(1989–1991)
  102nd Congress
(1991–1993)
103rd Congress
(1993–1995)
 
Richard Shelby (R)
104th Congress
(1995–1997)
Jeff Sessions (R)   105th Congress
(1997–1999)
106th Congress
(1999–2001)
 
107th Congress
(2001–2003)
  108th Congress
(2003–2005)
109th Congress
(2005–2007)
 
110th Congress
(2007–2009)
  111th Congress
(2009–2011)
112th Congress
(2011–2013)
 
113th Congress
(2013–2015)
  114th Congress
(2015–2017)
115th Congress
(2017–2019)
 
Luther Strange (R)
Doug Jones (D)
116th Congress
(2019–2021)
Tommy Tuberville (R)   117th Congress
(2021-2023)
Class 2 Congress Class 3

Key

Key to party colors and abbreviations for members of the U.S. Congress and other politicians or officials
American (Know Nothing) (K-N)
American Labor (AL)
Anti-Jacksonian (Anti-J),
National Republican (NR)
Anti-Administration (Anti-Admin)
Anti-Masonic (Anti-M)
Conservative (Con)
Democratic (D)
Dixiecrat (Dix),
States' rights (SR)
Democratic-Republican (D-R)
Farmer–Labor (FL)
Federalist (F)
Free Soil (FS)
Fusion (FU)
Greenback (GB)
Independence (IMN)
Independent Democrat (ID)
 Independent Republican (IR)
Jacksonian (J)
Liberal (Lib)
Libertarian (L)
National Union (NU)
Nonpartisan League (NPL)
Nullifier (N)
Opposition Northern (O)
Opposition Southern (O)
Populist (Pop)
Pro-Administration (Pro-Admin)
Progressive (Prog)
Prohibition (Proh)
Readjuster (Rea)
Republican (R)
Silver (S)
Silver Republican (SR)
Socialist (Soc)
Unionist (U)
Unconditional Unionist (UU)
Whig (W)
Independent,
None,
or Unaffiliated

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Supported the Jackson faction in the 1824 United States presidential election
  2. ^ Seat was contested by James Q. Smith and declared vacant; the original representative won back his own seat.
  3. ^ Successfully contested the election of the representative that was replaced.
  4. ^ Parker Griffith was elected as a Democrat, but switched his party affiliation to Republican on December 22, 2009.

References

  1. ^ "The national atlas". nationalatlas.gov. Archived from the original on February 22, 2014. Retrieved February 2, 2014.
  2. ^ a b Seat was vacant due to failure of legislature to elect a senator by the beginning of the congress.
  3. ^ George S. Houston presented credentials as a senator-elect on February 9, 1866, but was not permitted to take his seat, Alabama having not been re-admitted to the Union.
  4. ^ The seat was vacant from August 8, 1913, to May 11, 1914. Henry D. Clayton was appointed to the U.S. Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Joseph F. Johnston in 1913, but his appointment was challenged and withdrawn. Franklin Potts Glass Sr. was also appointed to the seat, but the U.S. Senate voted not to seat him.
This page was last edited on 24 May 2021, at 18:13
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