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United States congressional delegations from Alabama

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Since Alabama became a U.S. state in 1819, it has sent congressional delegations to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. Each state elects two senators to serve for six years, and members of the House to two-year terms. Before becoming a state, the Alabama Territory elected a non-voting delegate at-large to Congress from 1818 to 1819.

These are tables of congressional delegations from Alabama to the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives.

Current delegation

Current U.S. senators from Alabama
()
Alabama

CPVI (2021)[1]:
R+15
Class II senator Class III senator
Tommy Tuberville 117th Congress Portrait.jpg

Tommy Tuberville
(Junior senator)
Richard Shelby, official portrait, 112th Congress (cropped 2).jpg

Richard Shelby
(Senior senator)
Party Republican Republican
Incumbent since January 3, 2021 January 3, 1987

Alabama's current congressional delegation in the 117th Congress consists of its two senators, both of whom are Republicans, and its seven representatives: 6 Republicans, 1 Democrat.

The current dean of the Alabama delegation is Senator Richard Shelby, having served in the U.S. Senate since 1987, and in the U.S. Congress since 1979.

Current U.S. representatives from Alabama
()
District Member
(Residence)[2]
Party Incumbent since CPVI
(2021)[3]
District map
1st
Jerry Carl 117th U.S Congress.jpg

Jerry Carl
(Mobile)
Republican January 3, 2021 R+16 Alabama US Congressional District 1 (since 2013).tif
2nd
Barry Moore 117th U.S Congress.jpg

Barry Moore
(Enterprise)
Republican January 3, 2021 R+17 Alabama US Congressional District 2 (since 2013).tif
3rd
Mike Rogers official photo.jpg

Mike Rogers
(Anniston)
Republican January 3, 2003 R+18 Alabama US Congressional District 3 (since 2013).tif
4th
Robert Aderholt official photo.jpg

Robert Aderholt
(Haleyville)
Republican January 3, 1997 R+34 Alabama US Congressional District 4 (since 2013).tif
5th
Mo Brooks, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg

Mo Brooks
(Huntsville)
Republican January 3, 2011 R+17 Alabama US Congressional District 5 (since 2013).tif
6th
Gary Palmer - 2018.jpg

Gary Palmer
(Hoover)
Republican January 3, 2015 R+22 Alabama US Congressional District 6 (since 2013).tif
7th
Terri Sewell official photo.jpg

Terri Sewell
(Birmingham)
Democratic January 3, 2011 D+19 Alabama US Congressional District 7 (since 2013).tif

United States Senate

Class II senator Congress Class III senator
William R. King (DR) 16th (1819–1821) John Williams Walker (DR)
17th (1821–1823)
William Kelly (DR)
18th (1823–1825)
William R. King (J) 19th (1825–1827) Henry H. Chambers (J)
Israel Pickens (J)
John McKinley (J)
20th (1827–1829)
21st (1829–1831)
22nd (1831–1833) Gabriel Moore (J)
23rd (1833–1835) Gabriel Moore (NR)
24th (1835–1837)
William R. King (D) 25th (1837–1839) John McKinley (D)
Clement Comer Clay (D)
26th (1839–1841)
27th (1841–1843)
Arthur P. Bagby (D)
28th (1843–1845)
Dixon Hall Lewis (D)
29th (1845–1847)
30th (1847–1849)
Benjamin Fitzpatrick (D) William R. King (D)
31st (1849–1851)
Jeremiah Clemens (D)
32nd (1851–1853)
Benjamin Fitzpatrick (D)
vacant[a] 33rd (1853–1855)
Clement Claiborne Clay (D)
34th (1855–1857) vacant[a]
Benjamin Fitzpatrick (D)
35th (1857–1859)
36th (1859–1861)
vacant[b] vacant
37th (1861–1863)
38th (1863–1865)
39th (1865–1867)
40th (1867–1869)
Willard Warner (R) George E. Spencer (R)
41st (1869–1871)
George Goldthwaite (D) 42nd (1871–1873)
43rd (1873–1875)
44th (1875–1877)
John Tyler Morgan (D) 45th (1877–1879)
46th (1879–1881) George S. Houston (D)
Luke Pryor (D)
James L. Pugh (D)
47th (1881–1883)
48th (1883–1885)
49th (1885–1887)
50th (1887–1889)
51st (1889–1891)
52nd (1891–1893)
53rd (1893–1895)
54th (1895–1897)
55th (1897–1899) Edmund Pettus (D)
56th (1899–1901)
57th (1901–1903)
58th (1903–1905)
59th (1905–1907)
60th (1907–1909)
John H. Bankhead (D) Joseph F. Johnston (D)
61st (1909–1911)
62nd (1911–1913)
63rd (1913–1915) vacant[c]
Francis S. White (D)
64th (1915–1917) Oscar Underwood (D)
65th (1917–1919)
66th (1919–1921)
B. B. Comer (D)
James Thomas Heflin (D)
67th (1921–1923)
68th (1923–1925)
69th (1925–1927)
70th (1927–1929) Hugo Black (D)
71st (1929–1931)
John H. Bankhead II (D) 72nd (1931–1933)
73rd (1933–1935)
74th (1935–1937)
75th (1937–1939)
Dixie Bibb Graves (D)
J. Lister Hill (D)
76th (1939–1941)
77th (1941–1943)
78th (1943–1945)
79th (1945–1947)
George R. Swift (D)
John Sparkman (D)
80th (1947–1949)
81st (1949–1951)
82nd (1951–1953)
83rd (1953–1955)
84th (1955–1957)
85th (1957–1959)
86th (1959–1961)
87th (1961–1963)
88th (1963–1965)
89th (1965–1967)
90th (1967–1969)
91st (1969–1971) James Allen (D)
92nd (1971–1973)
93rd (1973–1975)
94th (1975–1977)
95th (1977–1979)
Maryon Pittman Allen (D)
Donald Stewart (D)
Howell Heflin (D) 96th (1979–1981)
Jeremiah Denton (R)
97th (1981–1983)
98th (1983–1985)
99th (1985–1987)
100th (1987–1989) Richard Shelby (D)
101st (1989–1991)
102nd (1991–1993)
103rd (1993–1995)
Richard Shelby (R)
104th (1995–1997)
Jeff Sessions (R) 105th (1997–1999)
106th (1999–2001)
107th (2001–2003)
108th (2003–2005)
109th (2005–2007)
110th (2007–2009)
111th (2009–2011)
112th (2011–2013)
113th (2013–2015)
114th (2015–2017)
115th (2017–2019)
Luther Strange (R)
Doug Jones (D)
116th (2019–2021)
Tommy Tuberville (R) 117th (2021-2023)

United States House of Representatives

1818–1819: 1 non-voting delegate

Starting on January 29, 1818, Alabama Territory sent a non-voting delegate to the House.

Congress Delegate from
Territory's at-large district
15th (1817–1819) John Crowell (DR)
16th (March 4, 1819–
December 14, 1819)
vacant

1819–1823: 1 seat

After statehood on December 14, 1819, Alabama had one seat in the House.

Congress At-large district
16th (1819–1821) John Crowell (DR)
17th (1821–1823) Gabriel Moore (DR)

1823–1833: 3 seats

Following the 1820 census, Alabama had three seats.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd
18th (1823–1825) Gabriel Moore (DR)[d] John McKee (DR)[d] George Washington
Owen
(DR)[d]
19th (1825–1827) Gabriel Moore (J) John McKee (J) George Washington
Owen
(J)
20th (1827–1829)
21st (1829–1831) Clement Comer Clay (J) Robert E. B. Baylor (J) Dixon Hall Lewis (J)
22nd (1831–1833) Samuel Wright Mardis (J)

1833–1843: 5 seats

Following the 1830 census, Alabama had five seats. During the 27th Congress, those seats were all elected statewide at-large on a general ticket.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th
23rd (1833–1835) Clement Comer Clay (J) John McKinley (J) Samuel Wright Mardis (J) Dixon Hall Lewis (N) John Murphy (J)
24th (1835–1837) Reuben Chapman (J) Joshua L. Martin (J) Joab Lawler (J) Francis Strother Lyon (NR)
25th (1837–1839) Reuben Chapman (D) Joshua L. Martin (D) Joab Lawler (W) Dixon Hall Lewis (D) Francis Strother Lyon (W)
George Whitfield
Crabb
(W)
26th (1839–1841) David Hubbard (D) James Dellet (W)
27th (1841–1843) 5 seats elected on a general ticket from Alabama's at-large district
1st seat 2nd seat 3rd seat 4th seat 5th seat
Reuben Chapman (D) George S. Houston (D) William Winter
Payne
(D)
Dixon Hall Lewis (D) Benjamin Glover
Shields
(D)

1843–1863: 7 seats

Following the 1840 census, Alabama resumed the use of districts, now increased to seven.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th
28th
(1843–1845)
James Dellet (W) James Edwin Belser (D) Dixon Hall Lewis (D) William Winter Payne (D) George S. Houston (D) Reuben Chapman (D) Felix Grundy
McConnell
(D)
William Lowndes
Yancey
(D)
29th
(1845–1847)
Edmund Strother
Dargan
(D)
Henry Washington
Hilliard
(W)
James La Fayette
Cottrell
(D)
Franklin Welsh
Bowdon
(D)
30th
(1847–1849)
John Gayle (W) Sampson Willis
Harris
(D)
Samuel Williams Inge (D) Williamson Robert
Winfield Cobb
(D)
31st
(1849–1851)
William J. Alston (W) David Hubbard (D)
32nd
(1851–1853)
John Bragg (D) James Abercrombie (W) William Russell Smith (U) George S. Houston (D) Alexander White (W)
33rd
(1853–1855)
Philip Phillips (D) William Russell Smith (D) James Ferguson
Dowdell
(D)
34th
(1855–1857)
Percy Walker (KN) Eli Sims Shorter (D) James Ferguson
Dowdell
(D)
William Russell Smith (KN) Sampson Willis
Harris
(D)
35th
(1857–1859)
James Adams
Stallworth
(D)
Sydenham Moore (D) Jabez Lamar
Monroe Curry
(D)
36th
(1859–1861)
James L. Pugh (D) David Clopton (D)
Vacant during American Civil War
37th
(1861–1863)
Congress 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th
District

1863–1873: 6 seats

Following the 1860 census, Alabama was apportioned six seats.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th
3839th
(1863–1867)
Vacant during American Civil War
40th (1867–1869)
Francis W. Kellogg (R) Charles Waldron
Buckley
(R)
Benjamin W. Norris (R) Charles W. Pierce (R) John B. Callis (R) Thomas Haughey (R)
41st (1869–1871) Alfred Eliab Buck (R) Robert Stell Heflin (R) Charles Hays (R) Peter Myndert
Cox
(D)
William C. Sherrod (D)
42nd (1871–1873) Benjamin S. Turner (R) William A. Handley (D) Joseph H. Sloss (D)

1873–1893: 8 seats

Following the 1870 census, Alabama was apportioned eight seats. From 1873 to 1877, the two new seats were elected at large, statewide. After 1877, however, the entire delegation was redistricted.

Congress District At-large seats
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 1st seat 2nd seat
43rd
(1873–1875)
Frederick George
Bromberg
(LR)
James T. Rapier (R) Charles Pelham (R) Charles Hays (R) John Henry
Caldwell
(D)
Joseph Humphrey
Sloss
(D)
Charles Christopher
Sheats
(R)
Alexander White (R)
44th
(1875–1877)
Jeremiah Haralson (R) Jeremiah Norman
Williams
(D)
Taul Bradford (D) Goldsmith W. Hewitt (D) William H. Forney (D) Burwell B.
Lewis
(D)
45th
(1877–1879)
James T. Jones (D) Hilary A. Herbert (D) Jeremiah Norman
Williams
(D)
Charles M. Shelley (D) Robert F. Ligon (D) 7th district 8th district
William H. Forney (D) William W. Garth (D)
46th
(1879–1881)
Thomas H.
Herndon
(D)
William J. Samford (D) Thomas Williams (D) Burwell B. Lewis (D) William M. Lowe (GB)
Newton N. Clements (D)
47th
(1881–1883)
William C. Oates (D) Goldsmith W. Hewitt (D) Joseph Wheeler (D)
vacant[e] William M. Lowe (GB)[f]
Charles M. Shelley (D) Joseph Wheeler (D)
48th
(1883–1885)
Luke Pryor (D)
James T. Jones (D) George H. Craig (R)
49th
(1885–1887)
Alexander C.
Davidson
(D)
Thomas William
Sadler
(D)
John Mason Martin (D) Joseph Wheeler (D)
50th
(1887–1889)
James E. Cobb (D) John H. Bankhead (D)
51st
(1889–1891)
Richard Henry
Clarke
(D)
Louis W. Turpin (D)
J. V. McDuffie (R)
52nd
(1891–1893)
Louis W. Turpin (D)
Congress 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th
District

1893–1913: 9 seats

Following the 1890 census, Alabama was apportioned nine seats.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th
53rd
(1893–1895)
Richard Henry
Clarke
(D)
Jesse F.
Stallings
(D)
William C. Oates (D) Gaston A. Robbins (D) James E. Cobb (D) John H.
Bankhead
(D)
William Henry
Denson
(D)
Joseph
Wheeler
(D)
Louis Washington
Turpin
(D)
George Paul
Harrison Jr.
(D)
54th
(1895–1897)
Milford W.
Howard
(Pop)
Oscar Underwood (D)
William F. Aldrich (R) Albert T. Goodwyn (Pop) Truman H. Aldrich (R)
55th
(1897–1899)
George W.
Taylor
(D)
Henry De Lamar
Clayton Jr.
(D)
Thomas S. Plowman (D) Willis Brewer (D) Oscar Underwood (D)
William F. Aldrich (R)
56th
(1899–1901)
Gaston A. Robbins (D) John L.
Burnett
(D)
William F. Aldrich (R) William
Richardson
(D)
57th
(1901–1903)
Ariosto A. Wiley (D) Sydney J. Bowie (D) Charles Winston
Thompson
(D)
58th
(1903–1905)
James Thomas
Heflin
(D)
59th
(1905–1907)
60th
(1907–1909)
William Benjamin
Craig
(D)
Richmond P.
Hobson
(D)
Oliver C. Wiley (D)
61st
(1909–1911)
S. Hubert
Dent Jr.
(D)
62nd
(1911–1913)
Fred L. Blackmon (D)
Congress 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th
District

1913–1933: 10 seats

Following the 1910 census, Alabama was apportioned ten seats. At first, the extra seat was elected at-large. Starting with the 1916 elections, the seats were redistricted and a tenth district was added.

Congress District At-large
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th
63rd (1913–1915) George W.
Taylor
(D)
S. Hubert
Dent Jr.
(D)
Henry De Lamar
Clayton Jr.
(D)
Fred L.
Blackmon
(D)
James Thomas
Heflin
(D)
Richmond P.
Hobson
(D)
John L.
Burnett
(D)
William Richardson (D) Oscar
Underwood
(D)
John
Abercrombie
(D)
William Oscar
Mulkey
(D)
Christopher Columbus
Harris
(D)
64th (1915–1917) Oscar Lee
Gray
(D)
Henry B.
Steagall
(D)
William Bacon
Oliver
(D)
Edward B. Almon (D) George
Huddleston
(D)
65th (1917–1919) 10th district
William B.
Bankhead
(D)
66th (1919–1921) John
McDuffie
(D)
William B.
Bowling
(D)
Lilius Bratton
Rainey
(D)
67th (1921–1923) John R.
Tyson
(D)
Lamar
Jeffers
(D)
68th (1923–1925) Miles C.
Allgood
(D)
Lister Hill (D)
69th (1925–1927)
70th (1927–1929)
LaFayette L.
Patterson
(D)
71st (1929–1931)
72nd (1931–1933)
Congress 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th
District

1933–1963: 9 seats

Following the 1930 census, Alabama was apportioned nine seats.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th
73rd (1933–1935) John McDuffie (D) Lister Hill (D) Henry B.
Steagall
(D)
Lamar Jeffers (D) Miles C. Allgood (D) William Bacon
Oliver
(D)
William B. Bankhead (D) Archibald Hill
Carmichael
(D)
George
Huddleston
(D)
74th (1935–1937) Frank W.
Boykin
(D)
Sam Hobbs (D) Joe Starnes (D)
75th (1937–1939) Pete Jarman (D) John
Sparkman
(D)
Luther Patrick (D)
George M.
Grant
(D)
76th (1939–1941)
Zadoc Weatherford (D)
77th (1941–1943) Walter W. Bankhead (D)
Carter Manasco (D)
78th (1943–1945) George W.
Andrews
(D)
John P. Newsome (D)
79th (1945–1947) Albert Rains (D) Luther Patrick (D)
80th (1947–1949) Bob
Jones
(D)
Laurie C. Battle (D)
81st (1949–1951) Edward
deGraffenried
(D)
Carl Elliott (D)
82nd (1951–1953) Kenneth A.
Roberts
(D)
83rd (1953–1955) Armistead I.
Selden Jr.
(D)
84th (1955–1957) George
Huddleston Jr.
(D)
85th (1957–1959)
86th (1959–1961)
87th (1961–1963)
Congress 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th
District

1963–1973: 8 seats

Following the 1960 census, Alabama was apportioned eight seats. During the 88th Congress, those seats were all elected statewide at-large on a general ticket.

Congress 8 seats elected on a general ticket from Alabama's at-large district
1st seat 2nd seat 3rd seat 4th seat 5th seat 6th seat 7th seat 8th seat
88th (1963–1965) George
Huddleston Jr.
(D)
George M.
Grant
(D)
George Andrews (D) Kenneth A.
Roberts
(D)
Armistead I.
Selden Jr.
(D)
Albert Rains (D) Carl Elliott (D) Bob
Jones
(D)
Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th
89th (1965–1967) Jack Edwards (R) Bill
Dickinson
(R)
George Andrews (D) Glenn Andrews (R) Armistead I.
Selden Jr.
(D)
John Hall
Buchanan
Jr.
(R)
James D. Martin (R) Bob
Jones
(D)
90th (1967–1969) Bill Nichols (D) Tom Bevill (D)
91st (1969–1971) Walter Flowers (D)
92nd (1971–1973)
Elizabeth Andrews (D)

1973–present: 7 seats

Since the 1970 census, Alabama has been apportioned seven seats.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th
93rd (1973–1975) Jack Edwards (R) Bill
Dickinson
(R)
Bill Nichols (D) Tom Bevill (D) Bob
Jones
(D)
John Hall
Buchanan Jr.
(R)
Walter
Flowers
(D)
94th (1975–1977)
95th (1977–1979) Ronnie Flippo (D)
96th (1979–1981) Richard
Shelby
(D)
97th (1981–1983) Albert Smith Jr. (R)
98th (1983–1985) Ben Erdreich
(D)
99th (1985–1987) Sonny
Callahan
(R)
100th (1987–1989) Claude
Harris Jr.
(D)
101st (1989–1991) Glen Browder (D)
102nd (1991–1993) Robert E.
Cramer
(D)
103rd (1993–1995) Terry Everett (R) Spencer Bachus (R) Earl Hilliard (D)
104th (1995–1997)
105th (1997–1999) Bob Riley (R) Robert
Aderholt
(R)
106th (1999–2001)
107th (2001–2003)
108th (2003–2005) Jo Bonner (R) Mike Rogers (R) Artur Davis (D)
109th (2005–2007)
110th (2007–2009)
111th (2009–2011) Bobby Bright (D) Parker Griffith (D)
Parker Griffith (R)
112th (2011–2013) Martha Roby (R) Mo Brooks (R) Terri Sewell (D)
113th (2013–2015)
Bradley Byrne (R)
114th (2015–2017) Gary Palmer (R)
115th (2017–2019)
116th (2019–2021)
117th (2021–2023) Jerry Carl (R) Barry Moore (R)
Congress 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th
District

Key

Democratic (D)
Democratic-Republican (DR)
Greenback (GB)
Jacksonian (J)
Know Nothing (KN)
National Republican (NR)
Nullifier (N)
Populist (Pop)
Republican (R)
Unionist (U)
Whig (W)

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b Seat was vacant due to failure of legislature to elect a senator by the beginning of the congress.
  2. ^ George S. Houston presented credentials as a senator-elect on February 9, 1866, but was not permitted to take his seat, Alabama having not been re-admitted to the Union.
  3. ^ The seat was vacant from August 8, 1913, to May 11, 1914. Henry D. Clayton was appointed to the U.S. Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Joseph F. Johnston in 1913, but his appointment was challenged and withdrawn. Franklin Potts Glass Sr. was also appointed to the seat, but the U.S. Senate voted not to seat him.
  4. ^ a b c Supported the Jackson faction in the 1824 United States presidential election
  5. ^ Seat was contested by James Q. Smith and declared vacant; the original representative won back his own seat.
  6. ^ Successfully contested the election of the representative that was replaced.

References

  1. ^ "Introducing the 2021 Cook Political Report Partisan Voter Index". Cook Political Report. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  2. ^ "Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives". clerk.house.gov. Retrieved 2022-01-06.
  3. ^ "Introducing the 2021 Cook Political Report Partisan Voter Index". Cook Political Report. Retrieved 2022-01-06.
This page was last edited on 26 June 2022, at 19:21
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