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1832 and 1833 United States House of Representatives elections

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1832 and 1833 U.S. House of Representatives elections

← 1830 / 1831 July 2, 1832 – October 7, 1833 1834 / 1835 →

All 240 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives
121 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
AndrewStevenson.jpg
No image.svg
Leader Andrew Stevenson Lewis Williams
Party Jacksonian Anti-Jacksonian
Leader's seat Virginia 11th North Carolina 13th
Last election 126 seats 66 seats
Seats won 143[a] 63[a]
Seat change Increase 17 Decrease 3

  Third party Fourth party
 
Party Anti-Masonic Nullifier
Last election 17 seats 4 seats
Seats won 25 9
Seat change Increase 8 Increase 5

House023ElectionsMap.png

Speaker before election

Andrew Stevenson
Jacksonian

Elected Speaker

Andrew Stevenson
Jacksonian

Elections to the United States House of Representatives were held in 1832. They were held concurrently with the 1832 presidential election, in which Democrat Andrew Jackson was reelected.

The Jacksonians[b] gained 17 seats, picking up several new seats in districts that were created following the 1830 census; the rival National Republican Party lost a net total of three seats. Economic issues were key factors in this election. Southern agricultural districts reacted angrily to passage of the Tariff of 1832, which led to the Nullification Crisis. President Andrew Jackson and the Jacksonians showed a distrust for the banking sector, particularly the central Second Bank of the United States, which was strongly supported by the rival Anti-Jacksonian Party.[c]

The third-party Anti-Masonic Party, based on anti-Masonry, gained eight seats, and Nullifier Party, a John C. Calhoun-led states' rights party that supported South Carolina in the Nullification Crisis, picked up five seats, including all but one of the nine representatives in the South Carolina delegation.

This House initially elected Andrew Stevenson as Speaker. He resigned when President Jackson appointed him as Minister to the United Kingdom. Anti-Jacksonian Representatives were then able to elect John Bell as Speaker over James Polk.

Special elections

22nd Congress

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Virginia 22 Charles Clement Johnston Jacksonian 1831 Incumbent died June 17, 1832.
New member elected in 1832.
Jacksonian hold.
Successor seated December 12, 1832.
Vermont 1 Jonathan Hunt Anti-Jacksonian 1827 Incumbent died May 15, 1832.
New member elected January 1, 1833 on the fourth ballot.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Winner also elected the same day to the next term, see below.
First ballot (July 6, 1832):

Second ballot (September 4, 1832):

Third ballot (November 6, 1832):

Fourth ballot (January 1, 1833):
Maryland 6
Virginia 18

23rd Congress

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Virginia 5 John Randolph Jacksonian 1815
1817 (Retired)
1819
1825 (Resigned)
1827
1829 (Retired)
1833
Incumbent died May 24, 1833.
New member elected in August 1833.
Jacksonian hold.
Pennsylvania 1 Joel B. Sutherland Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent resigned to become a judge, but then resigned that position to run for this seat.
Incumbent re-elected October 8, 1833.

Election summaries

Following the 1830 Census, 27 new seats were apportioned,[7] with 4 States losing 1 seat each, 8 States having no change, and the remaining 12 States gaining between 1 and 6 seats.

63 25 143 9
Anti-Jacksonian Anti-Masonic Jacksonian [d]
State Type Date Total
seats
Anti-Jacksonian Anti-Masonic Jacksonian Nullifier
Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change
Delaware At-large November 13, 1832 1 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Georgia At-large October 1, 1832 9 Increase2 0 Steady 0 Steady 9 Increase2 0 Steady
Illinois Districts August 6, 1832 3 Increase2 0 Steady 0 Steady 3 Increase2 0 Steady
Louisiana[e] Districts July 2–4, 1832 3 Steady 3 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Mississippi At-large August 6–7, 1832 2 Increase1 0 Steady 0 Steady 2 Increase1 0 Steady
Missouri[f] At-large August 6, 1832
August 5, 1833
2 Increase1 2 Increase1 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
New Jersey At-large November 6, 1832 6 Steady 0 Decrease6 0 Steady 6 Increase6 0 Steady
New York District November 5–7, 1832 40 Increase6 0 Decrease3 8 Steady 32 Increase9 0 Steady
Ohio Districts October 9, 1832 19 Increase5 6 Decrease2 2 Increase2 11 Increase5 0 Steady
Pennsylvania Districts October 9, 1832 28 Increase2 4 Increase2 10 Increase3 14 Decrease3 0 Steady
Late elections (After the March 4, 1833 beginning of the term)
Alabama Districts August 5, 1833 5 Increase2 0 Steady 0 Steady 4 Increase1 1 Increase1
Connecticut At-large April 11, 1833 6 Steady 6 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Indiana Districts August 5, 1833 7 Increase4 1 Increase1 0 Steady 6 Increase3 0 Steady
Kentucky Districts August 5, 1833 13 Increase1 9 Increase5 0 Steady 4 Decrease4 0 Steady
Maine Districts September 9, 1833 8 Increase1 1 Steady 0 Steady 7 Increase1 0 Steady
Maryland Districts October 7, 1833 8 Decrease1 2 Decrease3 0 Steady 6 Increase2 0 Steady
Massachusetts Districts April 1, 1833 12 Decrease1 9 Decrease4 2 Increase2 1 Increase1 0 Steady
New Hampshire At-large March 12, 1833 5 Decrease1 0 Steady 0 Steady 5 Decrease1 0 Steady
North Carolina Districts August 8, 1833 13 Steady 7 Increase5 0 Steady 6 Decrease5 0 Steady
Rhode Island At-large August 27, 1833 2 Steady 1 Decrease1 1 Increase1 0 Steady 0 Steady
South Carolina Districts September 2–3, 1833 9 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 1 Decrease4 8 Increase4
Tennessee Districts August 1–2, 1833 13 Increase4 1 Steady 0 Steady 12 Increase4 0 Steady
Vermont Districts January 1, 1833 5 Steady 3 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Virginia Districts April, 1833 21 Decrease1 7 Increase2 0 Steady 14 Decrease3 0 Steady
Total 240 Increase27 63
26.3%
Decrease3 25
10.4%
Increase8 143
59.6%
Increase17 9
3.8%
Increase5
House seats
Jacksonian
59.58%
Anti-Jacksonian
26.25%
Anti-Masonic
10.42%
Nullifier
3.75%

Connecticut

Pennsylvania

Following the reapportionment resulting from the 1830 census, Pennsylvania gained two representatives, increasing from 26 to 28, and was redistricted into 25 districts, two of which were plural districts. Pennsylvania elected its members October 9, 1832.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates[8][g]
Pennsylvania 1 Joel B. Sutherland Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent re-elected.
Winner resigned to become a judge but then won re-election to the seat.
  • Green tickY Joel B. Sutherland (Jacksonian) 50.0%
  • James Gowen (Anti-Jacksonian) 40.5%
  • Samuel B. Davis (Jacksonian) 9.5%
Pennsylvania 2
Plural district with 2 seats
Henry Horn Jacksonian 1830 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
None (Seat created) New seat.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Pennsylvania 3 John G. Watmough Anti-Jacksonian 1830 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY John G. Watmough (Anti-Jacksonian) 53.7%
  • Jesse R. Burden (Jacksonian) 34.4%
  • Mahon M. Lewis (Jacksonian) 11.9%
Pennsylvania 4
Plural district with 3 seats
William Hiester Anti-Masonic 1830 Incumbent re-elected.
Joshua Evans Jr. Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Masonic gain.
David Potts Jr. Anti-Masonic 1830 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 5 Joel K. Mann Jacksonian 1830 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 6 None (District created) New seat.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
Pennsylvania 7 Peter Ihrie Jr.
Redistricted from the 8th district
Jacksonian 1829 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold
Pennsylvania 8 Henry King
Redistricted from the 7th district
Jacksonian 1830 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Henry King (Jacksonian) 54.3%
  • William Audenreid (Anti-Masonic) 45.7%
Pennsylvania 9 Henry A. P. Muhlenberg
Redistricted from the 7th district
Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 10 John C. Bucher
Redistricted from the 6th district
Jacksonian 1830 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Anti-Masonic gain.
Pennsylvania 11 Adam King
Redistricted from the 10th district
Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Anti-Masonic gain.
Pennsylvania 12 Thomas H. Crawford
Redistricted from the 11th district
Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Anti-Masonic gain.
Pennsylvania 13 None (District created) New seat.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
  • Green tickY Jesse Miller (Jacksonian) 53.8%
  • Thomas Whiteside (Anti-Masonic) 46.2%
Pennsylvania 14 None (District created) New seat.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
Pennsylvania 15 None (District created) New seat.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
  • Green tickY Andrew Beaumont (Jacksonian) 34.8%
  • Thomas W. Miner (Anti-Masonic/Anti-Jacksonian) 33.3%
  • James McClintock (Independent Jacksonian) 31.9%
Pennsylvania 16 None (District created) New seat.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
Pennsylvania 17 None (District created) New seat.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
Pennsylvania 18 George Burd
Redistricted from the 13th district
Anti-Jacksonian 1830 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY George Burd (Anti-Jacksonian) 52.0%
  • David Mann (Anti-Masonic) 48.0%
Pennsylvania 19 Richard Coulter
Redistricted from the 17th district
Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 20 Andrew Stewart
Redistricted from the 14th district
Anti-Masonic 1820
1828 (Lost)
1830
Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 21 Thomas M. T. McKennan
Redistricted from the 15th district
Anti-Masonic 1830 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 22 Harmar Denny
Redistricted from the 16th district
Anti-Masonic 1829 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Harmar Denny (Anti-Masonic) 61.2%
  • William Robinson (Jacksonian) 38.8%
Pennsylvania 23 None (District created) New seat.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
Pennsylvania 24 John Banks
Redistricted from the 18th district
Anti-Masonic 1830 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY John Banks (Anti-Masonic) 51.1%
  • Samuel Power (Jacksonian) 48.9%
Pennsylvania 25 None (District created) New seat.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.

Vermont

Vermont elected its members January 1, 1833, but two were elected late in the Spring of 1833. The 4th district's election in the previous cycle (1830–1831) went to eleven ballots, so its member wasn't elected until the 1832, near the beginning of this cycle (1832–1833).

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Vermont 1 Jonathan Hunt Anti-Jacksonian 1827 Incumbent died May 15, 1832.
New member elected.
Winner also elected the same day to finish the current term.
  • Green tickY Joel B. Sutherland (Jacksonian) 50.0%
  • James Gowen (Anti-Jacksonian) 40.5%
  • Samuel B. Davis (Jacksonian) 9.5%
Vermont 2 William Slade Anti-Masonic 1831 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Vermont 3 Horace Everett Anti-Jacksonian 1828 Incumbent re-elected on the third ballot. First ballot (January 1, 1833):

Second ballot (March 5, 1833):

Third ballot (May 7, 1833):
Vermont 4 Heman Allen Anti-Jacksonian 1832 (Late) Incumbent re-elected.
Vermont 5 William Cahoon Anti-Masonic 1829 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected on the second ballot.
Anti-Masonic hold.
First ballot (January 1, 1833):

Second ballot (March 5, 1833):

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b There are discrepancies among the sources, e.g. Dubin, pg. 108 (and Moore, pg. 956-959) vs. Martis, pg. 92 (and "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives* 1789–Present". Office of the Historian, House of United States House of Representatives.): Dubin lists 145 Democrats (or Jacksonians, including 1 Independent Democrat), 60 National Republicans, 24 Anti-Masons, 7 Southern Rights or Nullifiers, and 1 "Unionist", while the latter sources list 143 Jacksonians or Democrats, 63 Anti-Jacksonians or National Republicans, 25 Anti-Masons, and 9 Nullifiers. Figures used here defer to Martis and the party figures from the Historian of the House.
  2. ^ By this point, Jacksonians also started to be known as Democrats.
  3. ^ By this point, Anti-Jacksonians were also known as National Republicans.
  4. ^ Nullifier
  5. ^ While Dubin (pg. 103) and Moore (pg. 956) indicate that Philemon Thomas of LA-02 was a Democrat/Jeffersonian, Martis (pg. 92) lists Philemon Thomas as a National Republican/Anti-Jeffersonian – figures listed here defer to Martis in this case.
  6. ^ Missouri held an election in 1832 for the first seat in its at-large district, and again in 1833 for the second seat in that district.
  7. ^ For plural districts, percent is based on assumption that each voter cast as many votes as there are seats
  8. ^ Changed parties

References

  1. ^ "Our Campaigns - VA District 22 Special Election Race - Nov 00, 1832". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  2. ^ "Our Campaigns - VT - District 01 - Special Election - First Trial Race - Jul 03, 1832". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  3. ^ "Our Campaigns - VT - District 01 - Special Election - Second Trial Race - Sep 04, 1832". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  4. ^ "Our Campaigns - VT - District 01 - Special Election - Third Trial Race - Nov 06, 1832". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  5. ^ "Our Campaigns - VT - District 01 - Special Election - Fourth Trial Race - Jan 01, 1833". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  6. ^ "Our Campaigns - VA District 05 Special Election Race - Aug 00, 1833". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  7. ^ Stat. 516
  8. ^ "Wilkes University Elections Statistics Project" (PDF).
  9. ^ "Our Campaigns - VT - District 02 Race - Jan 01, 1833". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  10. ^ "Our Campaigns - VT - District 03 - First Trial Race - Jan 01, 1833". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  11. ^ "Our Campaigns - VT - District 03 - Second Trial Race - Mar 05, 1833". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  12. ^ "Our Campaigns - VT - District 03 - Third Trial Race - May 07, 1833". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  13. ^ "Our Campaigns - VT - District 04 Race - Jan 01, 1833". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  14. ^ "Our Campaigns - VT - District 05 - First Trial Race - Jan 01, 1833". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  15. ^ "Our Campaigns - VT - District 05 - Second Trial Race - Mar 05, 1833". www.ourcampaigns.com.

Bibliography

External links

This page was last edited on 11 January 2020, at 14:16
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