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1886 United States House of Representatives elections

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1886 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1884 June 7, 1886 – November 2, 1886[a] 1888 →

All 325 seats in the United States House of Representatives
163 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
John Griffin Carlisle, Brady-Handy photo portrait, ca1870-1880.jpg
Thomas Brackett Reed - Brady-Handy.jpg
Leader John G. Carlisle Thomas Brackett Reed
Party Democratic Republican
Leader's seat Kentucky 6th Maine 1st
Last election 182 seats 141 seats
Seats won 167[1] 152[1]
Seat change Decrease 15 Increase 11
Popular vote 4,126,909 3,858,355
Percentage 48.12% 44.99%
Swing Decrease 1.93% Decrease 2.14%

  Third party Fourth party
 
Party Labor Greenback
Last election 0 seats 1 seat
Seats won 2[1] 1[1]
Seat change Increase 2 Steady
Popular vote 92,851 32,358
Percentage 1.08% 0.38%
Swing New Decrease 0.69%

  Fifth party
 
Party Independent
Last election 1 seat[b]
Seats won 3[c]
Seat change Increase 2
Popular vote 178,314
Percentage 2.08%
Swing Increase 1.28%

House050ElectionMap.png
Map of U.S. House elections results from 1886 elections for 50th Congress

Speaker before election

John G. Carlisle
Democratic

Elected Speaker

John G. Carlisle
Democratic

Elections to the United States House of Representatives were held in 1886 for Representatives to the 50th Congress, taking place in the middle of President Grover Cleveland's first term.

As in many midterm elections, the President's party lost seats to the opposition, in this case, Democrats lost seats to Republicans, although a narrow majority was retained. Many of these Republican pickups were in the industrializing Midwest states, where the debate over tariffs, which were advocated by Republicans to protect domestic industry but opposed by Democrats to allow for free agricultural trade, led to political change. The small Labor Party, supported by industrial workers, gained one seat each in Virginia and Wisconsin, while the Greenback Party maintained its one seat in Iowa (James B. Weaver). One Independent was also elected in North Carolina.

Election summaries

State Type Total
seats
Democratic Republican Others
Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change
Alabama District 8 8 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Arkansas District 5 5 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
California District 6 2 Increase 1 4 Decrease 1 0 Steady
Colorado At-large 1 0 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady
Connecticut District 4 2 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady
Delaware At-large 1 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Florida District 2 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Georgia District 10 10 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Illinois District 20 6 Decrease 4 14 Increase 4 0 Steady
Indiana District 13 6 Decrease 3 7 Increase 3 0 Steady
Iowa District 11 1 Decrease 2 9[d] Increase 2 1[e] Steady
Kansas District 7 0 Steady 7[d] Steady 0 Steady
Kentucky District 11 8 Decrease 2 3 Increase 2 0 Steady
Louisiana District 6 6 Increase 1 0 Decrease 1 0 Steady
Maine District 4 0 Steady 4 Steady 0 Steady
Maryland District 6 5 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady
Massachusetts District 12 4 Increase 2 8 Decrease 2 0 Steady
Michigan District 11 5 Decrease 2 6 Increase 2 0 Steady
Minnesota District 5 3 Increase 3 2 Decrease 3 0 Steady
Mississippi District 7 7 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Missouri District 14 12 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady
Nebraska District 3 1 Increase 1 2 Decrease 1 0 Steady
Nevada At-large 1 0 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady
New Hampshire District 2 1 Increase 1 1 Decrease 1 0 Steady
New Jersey District 7 2 Decrease 1 5 Increase 1 0 Steady
New York District 34 16 Decrease 1 18 Increase 1 0 Steady
North Carolina District 9 7 Decrease 1 1 Steady 1 Increase 1
Ohio District 21 6 Decrease 5 15 Increase 5 0 Steady
Oregon At-large 1 0 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady
Pennsylvania District
+ at-large
28 8 Steady 20 Steady 0 Steady
Rhode Island District 2 0 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady
South Carolina District 7 7 Increase 1 0 Decrease 1 0 Steady
Tennessee District 10 8 Increase 1 2 Decrease 1 0 Steady
Texas District 11 11 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Vermont District 2 0 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady
Virginia District 10 3 Decrease 5 6 Increase 5 1[f] Increase 1
West Virginia District 4 3 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady
Wisconsin District 9 1 Decrease 1 7 Steady 1[f] Increase 1
Total 325 167[1]
51.4%
Decrease 16 154[1][c]
47.4%
Increase13 4[1]
1.2%
Increase 3
Popular vote
Democratic
48.12%
Greenback
0.38%
Independent
2.06%
Labor
1.08%
Republican
44.99%
Others
3.37%
House seats
Democratic
51.38%
Greenback
0.31%
Independent
0.92%
Labor
0.62%
Republican
46.77%

There were 2 Labor and 1 Independent members elected, and 1 Greenback member re-elected. The previous election saw just the Greenback elected.

167 6 152
Democratic [g] Republican
  House seats by party holding plurality in state    .mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  80+% Democratic    80+% Republican     60+% to 80% Democratic    60+% to 80% Republican     Up to 60% Democratic    Up to 60% Republican
House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80+% Democratic
  80+% Republican
  60+% to 80% Democratic
  60+% to 80% Republican
  Up to 60% Democratic
  Up to 60% Republican
  Net gain in party representation      6+ Democratic gain       6+ Republican gain     3-5 Democratic gain       3-5 Republican gain     1-2 Democratic gain    1-2 Labor gain    1-2 Republican gain     1-2 Independent gain     no net change
Net gain in party representation
  6+ Democratic gain
 
  6+ Republican gain
  3-5 Democratic gain
 
  3-5 Republican gain
  1-2 Democratic gain
  1-2 Labor gain
  1-2 Republican gain
  1-2 Independent gain
  no net change

Special elections

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
New York 15 Lewis Beach Democratic 1880 Incumbent died August 10, 1886.
New member elected November 2, 1886.
Democratic hold.
Successor also elected the same day to the next term, see below.
Wisconsin 5

Election dates

In all the states except three, elections were held November 2, 1886. Those three states, with 7 seats among them, held elections:

Alabama

Arkansas

Arizona Territory

See Non-voting delegates, below.

California

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
California 1 Barclay Henley Democratic 1882 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold
California 2 James A. Louttit Republican 1884 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
  • Green tickY Marion Biggs (Democratic) 50%
  • J. C. Campbell (Republican) 47%
  • W. O. Clark (Prohibition) 3%
California 3 Joseph McKenna Republican 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Joseph McKenna (Republican) 53.1%
  • Henry C. McPike (Democratic) 44.6%
  • W. W. Smith (Prohibition) 2.4%
California 4 William W. Morrow Republican 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY William W. Morrow (Republican) 48.7%
  • Frank McCoppin (Democratic) 42%
  • Charles A. Sumner (Independent) 9%
  • Robert Thompson (Prohibition) 0.4%
California 5 Charles N. Felton Republican 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Charles N. Felton (Republican) 48.8%
  • Frank J. Sullivan (Democratic) 48.4%
  • C. Henderson (Prohibition) 1.4%
  • A. E. Redstone (Independent) 1.4%
California 6 Henry Markham Republican 1884 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold
  • Green tickY William Vandever (Republican) 47.3%
  • Joseph D. Lynch (Democratic) 47.1%
  • W. A. Harris (Prohibition) 5.6%

Colorado

Connecticut

Dakota Territory

See Non-voting delegates, below.

Delaware

Florida

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Florida 1 Robert H. M. Davidson Democratic 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 2 Charles Dougherty Democratic 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Charles Dougherty (Democratic) 53.9%
  • J. C. Greeley (Republican) 44.9%
  • R. B. Norment (Prohibition) 1.2%

Georgia

Idaho Territory

See Non-voting delegates, below.

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kansas

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Mississippi

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Mississippi 1 John M. Allen Democratic 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 2 James B. Morgan Democratic 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 3 Thomas C. Catchings Democratic 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 4 Frederick G. Barry Democratic 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 5 Otho R. Singleton Democratic 1874 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Mississippi 6 Henry S. Van Eaton Democratic 1882 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Mississippi 7 Ethelbert Barksdale Democratic 1882 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.

Missouri

Montana Territory

See Non-voting delegates, below.

Nebraska

Nevada

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New Mexico Territory

See Non-voting delegates, below.

New York

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
New York 15 Lewis Beach Democratic 1880 Incumbent died August 10, 1886.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Successor also elected the same day to finish the current term.

North Carolina

Ohio

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
South Carolina 1 Samuel Dibble Democratic 1882 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 2 George D. Tillman Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 3 D. Wyatt Aiken Democratic 1876 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
South Carolina 4 William H. Perry Democratic 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 5 John J. Hemphill Democratic 1882 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 6 George W. Dargan Democratic 1882 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 7 Robert Smalls Republican 1884 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.

Tennessee

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Tennessee 1 Augustus H. Pettibone Republican 1880 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Tennessee 2 Leonidas C. Houk Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 3 John R. Neal Democratic 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 4 Benton McMillin Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 5 James D. Richardson Democratic 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 6 Andrew J. Caldwell Democratic 1882 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Tennessee 7 John G. Ballentine Democratic 1882 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Tennessee 8 John M. Taylor Democratic 1882 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Tennessee 9 Presley T. Glass Democratic 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 10 Zachary Taylor Republican 1884 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.

Texas

Utah Territory

See Non-voting delegates, below.

Vermont

Virginia

Washington Territory

See Non-voting delegates, below.

West Virginia

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
West Virginia 1 Nathan Goff Jr. Republican 1882 Incumbent re-elected.
West Virginia 2 William L. Wilson Democratic 1882 Incumbent re-elected.
West Virginia 3 Charles P. Snyder Democratic 1883 (special) Incumbent re-elected.
West Virginia 4 Eustace Gibson Democratic 1882 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
  • Green tickY Charles E. Hogg (Democratic) 50.29%
  • John H. Hutchinson (Republican) 48.00%
  • William H. Smith (Prohibition) 1.71%[25]

Wisconsin

Wyoming Territory

See Non-voting delegates, below.

Non-voting members

District Incumbent This race
Delegate Party First elected Results Candidates
Arizona Territory at-large
Dakota Territory at-large
Idaho Territory at-large John Hailey Democratic 1884 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Montana Territory at-large Joseph K. Toole Democratic 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
New Mexico Territory at-large
Utah Territory at-large
Washington Territory at-large
Wyoming Territory at-large Joseph M. Carey Republican 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Joseph M. Carey (Republican) 88.12%
  • H. G. Balch (Democratic) 5.59%
  • T. G. Magee (Democratic) 3.63%
  • J. M. Lobban (Democratic) 0.74%
  • L. Kabis (Democratic) 0.49%
  • Others (Independent) 1.43%[28]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Regular elections only, not specials
  2. ^ Including 1 Independent Democrat.
  3. ^ a b Including 2 Independent Republicans.
  4. ^ a b Includes 1 Independent Republican.
  5. ^ Greenback Party
  6. ^ a b Labor Party
  7. ^ There were 2 Labor members, 2 Independent Republicans, 1 Independent, and 1 Greenback members elected.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Martis 1989, p. 140–141.
  2. ^ "Our Campaigns - NY District 15 - Special Election Race - Nov 02, 1886". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved January 28, 2021.
  3. ^ "MS - District 01". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 13, 2021.
  4. ^ "MS - District 02". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 13, 2021.
  5. ^ "MS - District 03". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 13, 2021.
  6. ^ "MS - District 04". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 13, 2021.
  7. ^ "MS - District 05". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 13, 2021.
  8. ^ "MS - District 06". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 13, 2021.
  9. ^ "MS - District 07". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 13, 2021.
  10. ^ Congressional Quarterly's Guide to U.S. Elections. 1975. p. 566.
  11. ^ "Our Campaigns - NY District 15 Race - Nov 02, 1886". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved January 28, 2021.
  12. ^ "TN - District 01". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
  13. ^ "TN - District 02". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
  14. ^ "TN - District 03". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
  15. ^ "TN - District 04". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
  16. ^ "TN - District 05". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
  17. ^ "TN - District 06". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
  18. ^ "TN - District 07". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
  19. ^ "TN - District 08". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
  20. ^ "TN - District 09". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
  21. ^ "TN - District 10". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
  22. ^ "WV District 01". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 18, 2021.
  23. ^ "WV District 02". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 18, 2021.
  24. ^ "WV District 03". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 18, 2021.
  25. ^ "WV District 04". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 18, 2021.
  26. ^ "ID Territorial Delegate". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 4, 2021.
  27. ^ "Our Campaigns - MT Territorial Delegate Race - Nov 02, 1886". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved January 28, 2021.
  28. ^ "WY Territorial Delegate". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 11, 2021.

Bibliography

External links

This page was last edited on 9 July 2021, at 19:55
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