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1880 United States House of Representatives elections

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1880 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1878 / 1879 June 1, 1880 – November 2, 1880 1882 →

All 293 seats in the United States House of Representatives
147 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
J. Warren Keifer - Brady-Handy.jpg
Samuel J. Randall - Brady-Handy.jpg
Leader Joseph Keifer Samuel Randall
Party Republican Democratic
Leader's seat Ohio 4th Pennsylvania 3rd
Last election 132 seats 141 seats
Seats won 151[1][a] 128[1][a]
Seat change Increase 19 Decrease 13
Popular vote 4,080,609 4,330,113
Percentage 44.94% 47.68%
Swing Increase 5.38% Increase 3.48%

  Third party Fourth party
 
Party Greenback Readjuster
Last election 13 seats 0 seats
Seats won 10[1][a] 2[2]
Seat change Decrease 3 Increase 2
Popular vote 504,097 56,058
Percentage 5.55% 0.62%
Swing Decrease 6.74% New

  Fifth party
 
Party Independent
Last election 7 seats[b]
Seats won 2[c]
Seat change Decrease 5
Popular vote 99,511
Percentage 1.10%
Swing Decrease 1.65%

Speaker before election

Samuel Randall
Democratic

Elected Speaker

Joseph Keifer
Republican

The 1880 United States House of Representatives elections, coincided with the 1880 presidential election which was won by James A. Garfield, who was a member of the House at the time.

Issues such as Civil War loyalties, tariffs, graft and corruption dominated the year's elections, though none became substantive a national issue. The economy was growing stronger after emerging from a long Depression. It was in this political environment that Garfield's Republican Party gained 19 seats and regained control of the House from the Democratic Party. The Greenback Party, an emerging party of workers and farmers, also lost seats in these elections, after gaining more than a dozen two years earlier.[3][4]

Election summaries

131 10 151
Democratic Gb Republican
State Type Total
seats
Democratic Greenback Republican
Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change
Alabama District 8 6 Decrease 1 1 Steady 1 Increase 1
Arkansas District 4 4 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
California District 4 2 Increase 1 0 Steady 2 Decrease 1
Colorado At-large 1 0 Steady 0 Steady 1 Steady
Connecticut District 4 1 Steady 0 Steady 3 Steady
Delaware At-large 1 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Florida District 2 1 Steady 0 Steady 1 Steady
Georgia District 9 9[d] Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Illinois District 19 6 Steady 0 Decrease 1 13 Increase 1
Indiana District 13 5 Decrease 1 0 Steady 8 Increase 2
Iowa District 9 1 Increase 1 0 Decrease 2 8 Increase 1
Kansas District 3 0 Steady 0 Steady 3 Steady
Kentucky District 10 9 Decrease 1 0 Steady 1 Increase 1
Louisiana District 6 5 Decrease 1 0 Steady 1 Increase 1
Maine[e] District 5 0 Steady 2 Steady 3 Steady
Maryland District 6 5 Steady 0 Steady 1 Steady
Massachusetts District 11 1 Steady 0 Steady 10 Steady
Michigan District 9 0 Steady 0 Steady 9 Steady
Minnesota District 3 0 Decrease 1 0 Steady 3 Increase 1
Mississippi District 6 5 Decrease 1 0 Steady 1 Increase 1
Missouri District 13 7 Decrease 5 4 Increase 3 2 Increase 2
Nebraska At-large 1 0 Steady 0 Steady 1 Steady
Nevada At-large 1 1 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Decrease 1
New Hampshire District 3 0 Steady 0 Steady 3 Steady
New Jersey District 7 3 Steady 0 Steady 4 Steady
New York District 33[f] 12 Increase 3 0 Steady 20 Decrease 4
North Carolina District 8 7 Increase 1 0 Decrease 1 1 Steady
Ohio[e] District 20 5 Decrease 6 0 Steady 15 Increase 6
Oregon[e] At-large 1 0 Decrease 1 0 Steady 1 Increase 1
Pennsylvania District 27 7 Decrease 1 2 Steady 18 Increase 1
Rhode Island District 2 0 Steady 0 Steady 2 Steady
South Carolina District 5 4 Decrease 1 0 Steady 1 Increase 1
Tennessee District 10 7 Decrease 2 0 Steady 3 Increase 2
Texas[e] District 6 5 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady
Vermont[e] District 3 0 Steady 0 Decrease 1 3 Increase 1
Virginia District 9 7[g] Decrease 1 0 Steady 2 Increase 1
West Virginia District 3 3 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Wisconsin District 8 2 Decrease 1 0 Steady 6 Increase 1
Total 293[f] 131[1]
44.7%
Decrease 13 10[1]
3.4%
Decrease 4 151[1]
51.5%
Increase 16
Popular vote
Democratic
47.68%
Republican
44.94%
Greenback
5.55%
Readjuster
0.62%
Independent
1.10%
Others
0.11%
House seats
Republican
51.54%
Democratic
43.69%
Greenback
3.42%
Readjuster
0.68%
Independent
0.68%
  House seats by party holding plurality in state    .mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  80+% to 100% Democratic    80+% to 100% Republican     60+% to 80% Democratic    60+% to 80% Republican     Up to 60% Democratic    Up to 60% Republican
House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80+% to 100% Democratic
  80+% to 100% Republican
  60+% to 80% Democratic
  60+% to 80% Republican
  Up to 60% Democratic
  Up to 60% Republican
  Net gain in party representation      6+ Democratic gain       6+ Republican gain     3-5 Democratic gain    3-5 Greenback gain    3-5 Republican gain     1-2 Democratic gain    1-2 Greenback gain    1-2 Republican gain     no net change
Net gain in party representation
  6+ Democratic gain
 
  6+ Republican gain
  3-5 Democratic gain
  3-5 Greenback gain
  3-5 Republican gain
  1-2 Democratic gain
  1-2 Greenback gain
  1-2 Republican gain
  no net change

Early election dates

In 1845, Congress passed a law providing for a uniform nationwide date for choosing Presidential electors.[5] This law did not affect election dates for Congress, which remained within the jurisdiction of State governments, but over time, the States moved their Congressional elections to this date as well.

In 1880, no states held their elections after Election Day for the first time (California was the last state to hold late elections, in 1878). But 5 states, with 35 seats among them, held their elections before the rest of the states:

Special elections

46th Congress

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Missouri 7 Alfred M. Lay Democratic 1878 Incumbent died December 8, 1879.
New member elected January 10, 1880.[6]
Democratic hold.
Successor seated January 26, 1880.[7]
Successor later lost re-election to the next term, see below.
New York 32 Ray V. Pierce Republican 1878 Incumbent resigned September 18, 1880.
New member elected November 2, 1880.[8]
Democratic gain.
Successor seated December 6, 1880.[7]
Successor also elected to the next term, see below.
  • Green tickY Jonathan Scoville (Democratic) 50.06%
  • Myron R. Bush (Republican) 49.17%
  • William S. Smith (Greenback) 0.77%[8]
Alabama 6 Burwell B. Lewis Democratic 1874
1876 (Lost)
1878
Incumbent resigned October 1, 1880 to become President of the University of Alabama.
New member elected sometime in 1880.[citation needed]
Democratic hold.
Successor seated December 8, 1880.[7]
Successor had not been a candidate to the next term, see below.
Ohio 19th James A. Garfield Republican 1862 Incumbent resigned November 8, 1880 to become U.S. President.
New member November 30, 1880.[10]
Republican hold.
Successor seated December 13, 1880.[7]
Successor had already been elected to the next term, see below.
New Hampshire 3 Evarts Worcester Farr Republican 1878 Incumbent died November 30, 1880.
New member elected December 28, 1880.[11]
Republican hold.
Successor seated January 8, 1881.[12]
Successor was also elected to the next term.
  • Green tickY Ossian Ray (Republican) 64.17%
  • Jewett D. Hosley (Democratic) 34.82%
  • Others 1.01%[11]

47th Congress

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
New Hampshire 3 Evarts Worcester Farr Republican 1878 Incumbent member-elect died November 30, 1880, having just been re-elected.
New member elected December 28, 1880.[13]
Republican hold.
Successor was also elected to finish the current term.

Alabama

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Alabama 1 Thomas H. Herndon Democratic 1878 Incumbent Representantive re-elected.
Alabama 2 Hilary A. Herbert Democratic 1876 Incumbent Representantive re-elected.
Alabama 3 William J. Samford Democratic 1878 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Alabama 4 Charles M. Shelley Democratic 1876 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Alabama 5 Thomas Williams Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Alabama 6 Newton N. Clements Democratic 1880 (special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Alabama 7 William H. Forney Democratic 1874 Incumbent re-elected.
Alabama 8 William M. Lowe Greenback 1878 Incumbent re-elected.

Arkansas

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Arkansas 1 Poindexter Dunn Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Arkansas 2 William F. Slemons Democratic 1874 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Arkansas 3 Jordan E. Cravens Democratic 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
Arkansas 4 Thomas M. Gunter Democratic 1872 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Thomas M. Gunter (Democratic) 42.8%
  • Samuel West Peel (Independent Democratic) 33.2%
  • Samuel Murphy (Republican) 23.9%[25]

California

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
California 1 Horace Davis Republican 1876 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
  • Green tickY William Rosecrans (Democratic) 51%
  • Horace Davis (Republican) 47.3%
  • Stephen Maybell (Greenback) 1.7%
California 2 Horace F. Page Republican 1872 Incumbent re-elected.
California 3 Campbell P. Berry Democratic 1879 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Campbell P. Berry (Democratic) 51.1%
  • George A. Knight (Republican) 48.2%
  • A. Musselman (Greenback) 0.6%
California 4 Romualdo Pacheco Republican 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Romualdo Pacheco (Republican) 45.8%
  • Wallace Leach (Democratic) 45.3%
  • J. F. Godfrey (Greenback) 8.9%

Colorado

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Colorado at-large James B. Belford Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.

Connecticut

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Connecticut 1 Joseph R. Hawley Republican 1878 Incumbent retired when elected U.S. senator.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Connecticut 2 James Phelps Democratic 1875 Incumbent re-elected.
Connecticut 3 John T. Wait Republican 1876 (special) Incumbent re-elected.
Connecticut 4 Frederick Miles Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.

Delaware

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Delaware at-large Edward L. Martin Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.

Florida

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Florida 1 Robert H. M. Davidson Democratic 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 2 Noble A. Hull Democratic 1878 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Election successfully contested.
New member seated June 1, 1882.
Republican gain.

Georgia

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Georgia 1 John C. Nicholls Democratic 1878 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Georgia 2 William E. Smith Democratic 1874 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Georgia 3 Philip Cook Democratic 1872 Incumbent re-elected.
Georgia 4 Henry Persons Independent Democratic 1878 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Georgia 5 Nathaniel J. Hammond Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Georgia 6 James H. Blount Democratic 1872 Incumbent re-elected.
Georgia 7 William H. Felton Independent Democratic 1874 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Georgia 8 Alexander H. Stephens Democratic 1873 (special) Incumbent re-elected.
Georgia 9 Emory Speer Independent Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.

Illinois

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Illinois 1 William Aldrich Republican 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY William Aldrich (Republican) 53.8%
  • John Mattocks (Democratic) 43.5%
  • J. J. Altpeter (Socialist) 1.5%
  • Richard Powers (Greenback) 1.3%[42]
Illinois 2 George R. Davis Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 3 Hiram Barber Jr. Republican 1878 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Illinois 4 John C. Sherwin Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 5 Robert M. A. Hawk Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 6 Thomas J. Henderson Republican 1874 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 7 Philip C. Hayes Republican 1876 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
  • Green tickY William Cullen (Republican) 53.8%
  • Daniel Evans (Democratic) 39.1%
  • Royal E. Barber (Greenback) 7.1%[48]
Illinois 8 Greenbury L. Fort Republican 1872 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Illinois 9 Thomas A. Boyd Republican 1876 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
  • Green tickY John H. Lewis (Republican) 46.5%
  • John S. Lee (Democratic) 45.4%
  • William H. Reynolds (Greenback) 8.1%[50]
Illinois 10 Benjamin F. Marsh Republican 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 11 James W. Singleton Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 12 William M. Springer Democratic 1874 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 13 Adlai Stevenson I Democratic 1878 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Illinois 14 Joseph G. Cannon Republican 1872 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 15 Albert P. Forsythe Greenback 1878 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Illinois 16 William A. J. Sparks Democratic 1874 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 17 William R. Morrison Democratic 1872 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 18 John R. Thomas Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 19 Richard W. Townshend Democratic 1876 Incumbent re-elected.

Indiana

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Indiana 1 William Heilman Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY William Heilman (Republican) 48.4%
  • John Jay Kleiner (Democratic) 47.6%
  • Christian Kramer (Greenback) 4.0%[61]
Indiana 2 Thomas R. Cobb Democratic 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
Indiana 3 George A. Bicknell Democratic 1876 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Indiana 4 Jeptha D. New Democratic 1878 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Indiana 5 None (New seat) New seat.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Indiana 6 Thomas M. Browne
Redistricted from the 5th district
Republican 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
Indiana 7 Gilbert De La Matyr Greenback 1878 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Indiana 8 Abraham J. Hostetler Democratic 1878 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Indiana 9 Godlove S. Orth Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
William R. Myers
Redistricted from the 6th district
Democratic 1878 Incumbent lost re-election.
Democratic loss.
Indiana 10 None (New seat) New seat.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Indiana 11 Calvin Cowgill Republican 1878 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Indiana 12 Walpole G. Colerick Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Indiana 13 John Baker Republican 1874 Incumbent retired.
Republican loss.
William H. Calkins
Redistricted from the 10th district
Republican 1876 Incumbent re-elected.

Iowa

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Iowa 1 Moses A. McCoid Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Iowa 2 Hiram Price Republican 1876 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Iowa 3 Thomas Updegraff Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Thomas Updegraff (Republican) 51.8%
  • William G. Stewart (Democratic) 41.7%
  • M. H. Moore (Greenback) 6.5%[76]
Iowa 4 Nathaniel C. Deering Republican 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Nathaniel C. Deering (Republican) 65.4%
  • Joseph S. Root (Democratic) 26.1%
  • M. B. Doolittle (Greenback) 6.5%
  • Ephraim J. Dean (Temperance) 2.0%[77]
Iowa 5 William G. Thompson Republican 1879 (special) Incumbent re-elected.
Iowa 6 James B. Weaver Greenback 1878 Incumbent retired to run for U.S. President.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Election successfully contested.
New member seated March 3, 1883.
Democratic gain.
Iowa 7 Edward H. Gillette Greenback 1878 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Iowa 8 William F. Sapp Republican 1876 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Iowa 9 Cyrus C. Carpenter Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.

Kansas

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Kansas 1 John A. Anderson Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Kansas 2 Dudley C. Haskell Republican 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
Kansas 3 Thomas Ryan Republican 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Thomas Ryan (Republican) 60.9%
  • J. Wade McDonald (Democratic) 25.2%
  • David P. Mitchell (Greenback Labor) 13.9%[86]

Kentucky

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Kentucky 1 Oscar Turner Independent Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected as a Democrat.
Democratic gain.
  • Green tickY Oscar Turner (Democratic) 53.6%
  • Rodolphus B. Ratliff (Republican) 29.6%
  • W. W. Tice (Democratic) 16.7%[87]
Kentucky 2 James A. McKenzie Democratic 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
Kentucky 3 John W. Caldwell Democratic 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
Kentucky 4 J. Proctor Knott Democratic 1874 Incumbent re-elected.
Kentucky 5 Albert S. Willis Democratic 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Albert S. Willis (Democratic) 48.5%
  • Thomas E. Burns (Republican) 34.3%
  • Thomas Hays (Democratic) 15.4%
  • Thomas J. Key (Greenback) 1.8%[91]
Kentucky 6 John G. Carlisle Democratic 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
Kentucky 7 Joseph C. S. Blackburn Democratic 1874 Incumbent re-elected.
Kentucky 8 Philip B. Thompson Jr. Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Kentucky 9 Thomas Turner Democratic 1876 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Kentucky 10 Elijah Phister Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.

Louisiana

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Louisiana 1 Randall L. Gibson Democratic 1874 Incumbent re-elected.
Louisiana 2 E. John Ellis Democratic 1874 Incumbent re-elected.
Louisiana 3 Joseph H. Acklen Democratic 1876 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Louisiana 4 Joseph B. Elam Democratic 1876 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Louisiana 5 J. Floyd King Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Louisiana 6 Edward W. Robertson Democratic 1876 Incumbent re-elected.

Maine

Maine held elections for its five members on September 13, 1880.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Maine 1 Thomas B. Reed Republican 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
Maine 2 William P. Frye Republican 1870 Incumbent re-elected.
Maine 3 Stephen Lindsey Republican 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
Maine 4 George W. Ladd Greenback 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Maine 5 Thompson H. Murch Greenback 1878 Incumbent re-elected.

Maryland

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Maryland 1 Daniel M. Henry Democratic 1876 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Maryland 2 Joshua F. C. Talbott Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 3 William Kimmel Democratic 1876 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Maryland 4 Robert M. McLane Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 5 Eli J. Henkle Democratic 1874 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Maryland 6 Milton Urner Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Milton Urner (Republican) 50.5%
  • James M. Schley (Democratic) 48.2%
  • Nathaniel Lerner (Greenback) 1.3%[113]

Massachusetts

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Massachusetts 1 William W. Crapo Republican 1874 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY William W. Crapo (Republican) 69.88%
  • Charles G. Davis (Democratic) 28.44%
  • Whitman Chace (Democratic) 0.64%
  • Rodney French (Prohibition) 0.54%
  • Henry B. Maglathhia (Unknown) 0.50%
Massachusetts 2 Benjamin W. Harris Republican 1872 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Benjamin W. Harris (Republican) 62.81%
  • Edgar E. Dean (Democratic) 35.81%
  • Charles G. Davis (Democratic) 0.52%
  • Joseph Sherman (Prohibition) 0.43%
  • Whitman Chace (Greenback) 0.43%
Massachusetts 3 Walbridge A. Field Republican 1878 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
  • Green tickY Ambrose A. Ranney (Republican) 51.92%
  • Axel Dearborn (Democratic) 47.73%
  • Orrin Fairbanks (Greenback) 0.30%
  • Henry D. Cushing (Prohibition) 0.06%
Massachusetts 4 Leopold Morse Democratic 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Leopold Morse (Democratic) 49.39%
  • Francis B. Hayes (Republican) 48.86%
  • William Gaston (Greenback) 1.03%
  • Gustavius B. Hutchinson (Prohibition) 0.39%
  • Scattering 0.33%
Massachusetts 5 Selwyn Z. Bowman Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 6 George B. Loring Republican 1876 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
  • Green tickY Eben F. Stone (Republican) 54.27%
  • Eben Moody Boynton (Democratic) 45.73%
Massachusetts 7 William A. Russell Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY William A. Russell (Republican) 58.84%
  • Samuel N. Aldrich (Democratic) 39.38%
  • Levi H. Whitney (Greenback) 1.79%
Massachusetts 8 William Claflin Republican 1876 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
  • Green tickY John W. Candler (Republican) 58.21%
  • Charles T. Russell (Democratic) 40.37%
  • James L. Babcock (Greenback) 1.07%
  • George W. Stacey (Prohibition) 0.35%
Massachusetts 9 William W. Rice Republican 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY William W. Rice (Republican) 61.69%
  • Matthew J. McCafferty (Democratic) 36.86%
  • Aaron B. Brown (Greenback) 1.45%
Massachusetts 10 Amasa Norcross Republican 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 11 George D. Robinson Republican 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY George D. Robinson (Republican) 58.33%
  • Albert C. Woodworth (Democratic) 41.00%
  • E. W. Dickenson (Greenback) 0.41%
  • Charles A. Merrill (Prohibition) 0.26%

Michigan

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Michigan 1 John S. Newberry Republican 1878 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Michigan 2 Edwin Willits Republican 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Edwin Willits (Republican) 50.6%
  • William H. Waldby (Democratic) 44.4%
  • G. B. Chester (Greenback) 4.5%[115]
Michigan 3 Jonas H. McGowan Republican 1876 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Michigan 4 Julius C. Burrows Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan 5 John W. Stone Republican 1876 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Michigan 6 Mark S. Brewer Republican 1876 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Michigan 7 Omar D. Conger Republican 1868 Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan 8 Roswell G. Horr Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan 9 Jay A. Hubbell Republican 1872 Incumbent re-elected.

Minnesota

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Minnesota 1 Mark H. Dunnell Republican 1870 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Mark H. Dunnell (Republican) 49.1%
  • Henry R. Wells (Democratic) 30.2%
  • William G. Ward (Republican) 16.8%
  • D. H. Roberts (Prohibition) 2.1%
  • C. H. Roberts (Greenback) 1.6%[123]
Minnesota 2 Henry Poehler Democratic 1878 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Minnesota 3 William D. Washburn Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.

Mississippi

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Mississippi 1 Henry L. Muldrow Democratic 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 2 Van. H. Manning Democratic 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Van. H. Manning (Democratic) 52.90%
  • George M. Buchanan (Republican) 34.67%
  • Thomas W. Harris (Greenback) 12.43%[127]
Mississippi 3 Hernando Money Democratic 1874 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 4 Otho R. Singleton Democratic 1874 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 5 Charles E. Hooker Democratic 1874 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Charles E. Hooker (Democratic) 61.59%
  • J. Bots Deason (Independent Republican) 32.41%
  • Isaac N. Osborn (Republican) 4.84%
  • William Patterson (Greenback) 1.16%[130]
Mississippi 6 James R. Chalmers Democratic 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
Election successfully contested.
New member seated April 29, 1882.
Republican gain.

Missouri

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Missouri 1 Martin L. Clardy Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Missouri 2 Erastus Wells Democratic 1878 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Missouri 3 Richard G. Frost Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Election successfully contested.
New member seated March 2, 1883.
Republican gain.
Missouri 4 Lowndes H. Davis Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Missouri 5 Richard P. Bland Democratic 1872 Incumbent re-elected.
Missouri 6 James R. Waddill Democratic 1878 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Greenback gain.
Missouri 7 John F. Philips Democratic 1880 (special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Greenback gain.
Missouri 8 Samuel L. Sawyer Democratic 1878 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
  • Green tickY Robert T. Van Horn (Republican) 33.2%
  • D. C. Allen (Democratic) 31.6%
  • John T. Crisp (Independent Democratic) 30.8%
  • Frank H. Clark (Greenback) 4.8%[141]
Missouri 9 Nicholas Ford Greenback 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Missouri 10 Gideon F. Rothwell Democratic 1878 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Greenback gain.
Missouri 11 John B. Clark Jr. Democratic 1872 Incumbent re-elected.
Missouri 12 William H. Hatch Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Missouri 13 Aylett H. Buckner Democratic 1872 Incumbent re-elected.

Nebraska

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Nebraska at-large Edward K. Valentine Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.

Nevada

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Nevada at-large Rollin M. Daggett Republican 1878 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.

New Hampshire

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
New Hampshire 1 Joshua G. Hall Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
New Hampshire 2 James F. Briggs Republican 1877 Incumbent re-elected.
New Hampshire 3 Evarts W. Farr Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.

New Jersey

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
New Jersey 1 George M. Robeson Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
New Jersey 2 Hezekiah B. Smith Democratic 1878 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
New Jersey 3 Miles Ross Democratic 1874 Incumbent re-elected.
New Jersey 4 Alvah A. Clark Democratic 1876 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
New Jersey 5 Charles H. Voorhis Republican 1878 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
New Jersey 6 John L. Blake Republican 1878 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
New Jersey 7 Lewis A. Brigham Republican 1878 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.

New York

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
New York 1 James W. Covert Democratic 1876 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
New York 2 Daniel O'Reilly Independent Democratic 1878 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
New York 3 Simeon B. Chittenden Republican 1874 (special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Independent gain.
New York 4 Archibald M. Bliss Democratic 1874 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 5 Nicholas Muller Democratic 1876 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
New York 6 Samuel S. Cox Democratic 1873 (special) Incumbent re-elected.
New York 7 Edwin Einstein Republican 1878 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
New York 8 Anson G. McCook Republican 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 9 Fernando Wood Democratic 1866 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Fernando Wood (Democratic) 38.1%
  • John L. Hunt (Republican) 32.8%
  • John Hardy (Independent Democratic) 29.0%[167]
New York 10 James O'Brien Independent Democratic 1878 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
New York 11 Levi P. Morton Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 12 Waldo Hutchins Democratic 1879 (special) Incumbent re-elected.
New York 13 John H. Ketcham Republican 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 14 John W. Ferdon Republican 1878 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
  • Green tickY Lewis Beach (Democratic) 49.8%
  • Charles T. Pierson (Republican) 48.3%
  • Addison J. Clements (Greenback) 1.8%[172]
New York 15 William Lounsbery Democratic 1878 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
New York 16 John M. Bailey Republican 1878 (special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
New York 17 Walter A. Wood Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 18 John Hammond Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY John Hammond (Republican) 58.6%
  • Thaddeus H. Walker (Democratic) 38.4%
  • Daniel F. Keeffe (Greenback) 2.9%[176]
New York 19 Amaziah B. James Republican 1876 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
New York 20 John H. Starin Republican 1876 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
New York 21 David Wilber Republican 1878 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
New York 22 Warner Miller Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 23 Cyrus D. Prescott Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 24 Joseph Mason Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Joseph Mason (Republican) 58.7%
  • Benjamin F. Lewis (Democratic) 38.2%
  • Charles P. Nash (Greenback) 2.6%[182]
New York 25 Frank Hiscock Republican 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 26 John H. Camp Republican 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY John H. Camp (Republican) 56.4%
  • Frederick H. Van Auken (Democratic) 40.5%
  • Martin L. Walley (Greenback) 3.1%[184]
New York 27 Elbridge G. Lapham Republican 1874 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 28 Jeremiah W. Dwight Republican 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 29 David P. Richardson Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 30 John Van Voorhis Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 31 Richard Crowley Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 32 Vacant Rep. Ray V. Pierce (R) resigned September 18, 1880.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
New York 33 Henry Van Aernam Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Henry Van Aernam (Republican) 58.6%
  • George Van Campen (Democratic) 35.6%
  • John A. Gould (Greenback) 4.7%
  • Walter A. Sellers (Prohibition) 1.2%[191]

North Carolina

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
North Carolina 1 Jesse J. Yeates Democratic 1874 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
North Carolina 2 William H. Kitchin Democratic 1878 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
North Carolina 3 Daniel L. Russell Greenback 1878 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
North Carolina 4 Joseph J. Davis Democratic 1874 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
North Carolina 5 Alfred M. Scales Democratic 1874 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 6 Walter L. Steele Democratic 1876 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
North Carolina 7 Robert F. Armfield Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 8 Robert B. Vance Democratic 1872 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Robert B. Vance (Democratic) 64.9%
  • Nathaniel Atkinson (Independent Republican) 28.8%
  • Samuel L. Love (Greenback) 6.1%[199]

Ohio

Ohio held elections for its twenty members on October 12, 1880.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Ohio 1 Benjamin Butterworth Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 2 Thomas L. Young Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 3 William D. Hill
Redistricted from the 6th district
Democratic 1878 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Ohio 4 John A. McMahon
Redistricted from the 3rd district
Democratic 1874 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Ohio 5 Benjamin Le Fevre Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 6 Frank H. Hurd
Redistricted from the 7th district
Democratic 1878 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Ohio 7 Ebenezer B. Finley
Redistricted from the 8th district
Democratic 1878 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Ohio 8 J. Warren Keifer
Redistricted from the 4th district
Republican 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 9 Henry L. Dickey
Redistricted from the 11th district
Democratic 1878 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Ohio 10 Thomas Ewing Jr. Democratic 1876 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
  • Green tickY John B. Rice (Republican) 50.9%
  • Morgan Shaffer (Democratic) 47.1%
  • John J. Seitz (Greenback) 1.7%[209]
Ohio 11 Henry S. Neal
Redistricted from the 12th district
Republican 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 12 George L. Converse
Redistricted from the 9th district
Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 13 Gibson Atherton
Redistricted from the 14th district
Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 14 George W. Geddes
Redistricted from the 15th district
Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 15 Adoniram J. Warner
Redistricted from the 13th district
Democratic 1878 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Ohio 16 Jonathan T. Updegraff
Redistricted from the 18th district
Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 17 William McKinley
Redistricted from the 16th district
Republican 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 18 James Monroe
Redistricted from the 17th district
Republican 1870 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Ohio 19 James A. Garfield Republican 1862 Incumbent retired to run for U.S. President.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Ohio 20 Amos Townsend Republican 1876 Incumbent re-elected.

Oregon

Oregon held its election early on June 7, 1880.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Oregon at-large John Whiteaker Democratic 1878 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.

Pennsylvania

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Pennsylvania 1 Henry H. Bingham Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 2 Charles O'Neill Republican 1872 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Charles O'Neill (Republican) 60.9%
  • A. S. Hartranft (Democratic) 39.0%
  • J. W. Schuckers (Greenback) 0.1%[222]
Pennsylvania 3 Samuel J. Randall Democratic 1862 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 4 William D. Kelley Republican 1860 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 5 Alfred C. Harmer Republican 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 6 William Ward Republican 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY William Ward (Republican) 60.3%
  • R. Jones Monaghan (Democratic) 38.9%
  • Samuel Cornett (Prohibition) 0.7%[226]
Pennsylvania 7 William Godshalk Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 8 Hiester Clymer Democratic 1872 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Pennsylvania 9 A. Herr Smith Republican 1872 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 10 Reuben K. Bachman Democratic 1878 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Pennsylvania 11 Robert Klotz Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Robert Klotz (Democratic) 62.3%
  • William J. Scott (Republican) 36.1%
  • J. B. Robison (Greenback) 1.6%[231]
Pennsylvania 12 Hendrick B. Wright Greenback 1876 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Pennsylvania 13 John W. Ryon Democratic 1878 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Greenback gain.
Pennsylvania 14 John W. Killinger Republican 1876 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Pennsylvania 15 Edward Overton Jr. Republican 1876 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
  • Green tickY Cornelius C. Jadwin (Republican) 55.2%
  • Robert H. Packer (Democratic) 41.2%
  • Joshua Burrows (Greenback) 2.9%
  • L. A. Smith (Prohibition) 0.6%[235]
Pennsylvania 16 John I. Mitchell Republican 1876 Incumbent retired to run for U.S. senator.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Pennsylvania 17 Alexander H. Coffroth Democratic 1878 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Pennsylvania 18 Horatio G. Fisher Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 19 Frank E. Beltzhoover Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 20 Seth H. Yocum Greenback 1878 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Pennsylvania 21 Morgan W. Rise Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 22 Russell Errett Republican 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 23 Thomas M. Bayne Republican 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Thomas M. Bayne (Republican) 63.2%
  • George T. Miller (Democratic) 33.5%
  • Jonathan H. Stevenson (Greenback) 3.3%[243]
Pennsylvania 24 William S. Shallenberger Republican 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 25 Harry White Republican 1876 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Greenback gain.
Pennsylvania 26 Samuel B. Dick Republican 1878 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
  • Green tickY Samuel H. Miller (Republican) 47.9%
  • James H. Caldwell (Democratic) 40.7%
  • William C. Plummer (Greenback) 10.6%
  • Cyrus Cummings (Prohibition) 0.9%[246]
Pennsylvania 27 James H. Osmer Republican 1878 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.

Rhode Island

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Rhode Island 1 Nelson W. Aldrich Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Rhode Island 2 Latimer W. Ballou Republican 1874 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
  • Green tickY Jonathan Chace (Republican) 58.1%
  • Franklin Treat (Democratic) 41.2%
  • John F. Smith (Greenback) 0.6%[249]

South Carolina

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
South Carolina 1 John S. Richardson Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 2 Michael P. O'Connor Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 3 D. Wyatt Aiken Democratic 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 4 John H. Evins Democratic 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY John H. Evins (Democratic) 69.7%
  • A. Blythe (Republican) 29.3%
  • J. Hendrix McLane (Greenback) 1.0%
South Carolina 5 George D. Tillman Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.

Tennessee

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Tennessee 1 Robert L. Taylor Democratic 1878 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Tennessee 2 Leonidas C. Houk Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 3 George G. Dibrell Democratic 1874 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 4 Benton McMillin Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 5 John M. Bright Democratic 1870 Incumbent lost re-election as an Independent Democrat.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Tennessee 6 John F. House Democratic 1874 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY John F. House (Democratic) 60.57%
  • Andrew M. McClain (Republican) 36.38%
  • B. F. Brooks (Independent Democratic) 3.05%[255]
Tennessee 7 Washington C. Whitthorne Democratic 1870 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 8 John D. C. Atkins Democratic 1872 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 9 Charles B. Simonton Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 10 H. Casey Young Democratic 1874 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.

Texas

Texas held elections for its six members on June 1, 1880.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Texas 1 John H. Reagan Democratic 1874 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 2 David B. Culberson Democratic 1874 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 3 Olin Wellborn Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 4 Roger Q. Mills Democratic 1872 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 5 George W. Jones Greenback 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 6 Christopher C. Upson Democratic 1879 (special) Incumbent re-elected.

Vermont

Vermont held elections for its three members on September 7, 1880.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Vermont 1 Charles H. Joyce Republican 1874 Incumbent re-elected.
Vermont 2 James M. Tyler Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Vermont 3 Bradley Barlow Greenback 1878 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican gain.

Virginia

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Virginia 1 Richard L. T. Beale Democratic 1879 (special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Virginia 2 John Goode Democratic 1874 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Virginia 3 Joseph E. Johnston Democratic 1878 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Virginia 4 Joseph Jorgensen Republican 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 5 George Cabell Democratic 1874 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 6 John R. Tucker Democratic 1874 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 7 John T. Harris Democratic 1872 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Readjuster gain.
Virginia 8 Eppa Hunton Democratic 1872 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Virginia 9 James B. Richmond Democratic 1878 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Readjuster gain.

West Virginia

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
West Virginia 1 Benjamin Wilson Democratic 1874 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Benjamin Wilson (Democratic) 46.55%
  • John H. Hutchinson (Republican) 46.27%
  • James Bassell (Greenback) 7.18%[278]
West Virginia 2 Benjamin F. Martin Democratic 1876 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
West Virginia 3 John E. Kenna Democratic 1876 Incumbent re-elected.

Wisconsin

Wisconsin elected eight members of congress on Election Day, November 2, 1880.[281][282]

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Wisconsin 1 Charles G. Williams Republican 1872 Incumbent re-elected.
Wisconsin 2 Lucien B. Caswell Republican 1874 Incumbent re-elected.
Wisconsin 3 George C. Hazelton Republican 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
Wisconsin 4 Peter V. Deuster Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Wisconsin 5 Edward S. Bragg Democratic 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
Wisconsin 6 Gabriel Bouck Democratic 1876 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Wisconsin 7 Herman L. Humphrey Republican 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
Wisconsin 8 Thaddeus C. Pound Republican 1876 Incumbent re-elected.

Non-voting delegates

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Arizona Territory at-large John G. Campbell Democratic 1878 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Dakota Territory at-large Granville G. Bennett Republican 1878 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Idaho Territory at-large George Ainslie Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Montana Territory at-large Martin Maginnis Democratic 1872 Incumbent re-elected.
New Mexico Territory at-large Mariano S. Otero Republican 1878 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Utah Territory at-large George Q. Cannon Republican 1872 Incumbent re-elected.
Election successfully contested by Allen G. Campbell (D).
Congress refused to seat representative-elect.
Republican loss.
Washington Territory at-large Thomas H. Brents Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Wyoming Territory at-large Stephen W. Downey Republican 1878 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Dubin (p. 255) counts 147 Republicans, 135 Democrats, 2 Readjusters, 1 Independent Democrat, and 8 Greenbacks at the start of the 47th United States Congress.
  2. ^ Included 7 Independent Democrats.
  3. ^ Includes 1 Independent Democrat elected in Georgia.
  4. ^ Includes 1 Independent Democrat elected in the 9th district.
  5. ^ a b c d e Elections held early.
  6. ^ a b 1 Independent, J. Hyatt Smith elected to the 3rd district.
  7. ^ Includes 2 Readjuster Democrats, elected to the 7th district and 9th district.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Martis 1989, pp. 134–135
  2. ^ Martis 1989, pp. 136–137.
  3. ^ Kennedy, Robert C. "A Midsummer-Night's Dream Nomination". The Learning Network: The New York Times on the web. Retrieved August 11, 2019.
  4. ^ Hartman, Dorothy W. "Politics of the 1870s and 1880s". connerprairie.org. Fishers, Indiana: Conner Prairie. Retrieved August 11, 2019.
  5. ^ Statutes at Large, 28th Congress, 2nd Session, p. 721.
  6. ^ a b "MO District 7 - Special Election". December 17, 2007. Retrieved August 22, 2019 – via OurCampaigns.com.
  7. ^ a b c d "Forty-Sixth Congress March 4, 1883, to March 3, 1881". Clerk of the United States House of Representatives. Retrieved August 9, 2019.
  8. ^ a b "NY District 32 - Special Election". April 24, 2011. Retrieved August 22, 2019 – via OurCampaigns.com.
  9. ^ Congressional Quarterly's Guide to U.S. Elections. 1975. p. 642.
  10. ^ a b "OH District 19 - Special Election". April 18, 2008. Retrieved August 22, 2019 – via OurCampaigns.com.
  11. ^ a b "NH District 3 - Special Election". January 5, 2011. Retrieved August 9, 2019 – via OurCampaigns.com.
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  13. ^ a b "NH District 3 - Special Election". January 5, 2011. Retrieved August 9, 2019 – via OurCampaigns.com.
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  15. ^ "AL District 02". Our Campaigns. April 27, 2021.
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  21. ^ "AL District 08". Our Campaigns. April 27, 2021.
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  33. ^ "GA - District 01 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 1, 2005. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  34. ^ "GA - District 02 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 1, 2005. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  35. ^ "GA - District 03 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 1, 2005. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  36. ^ "GA - District 04 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 1, 2005. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  37. ^ "GA - District 05 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 1, 2005. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  38. ^ "GA - District 06 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 1, 2005. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  39. ^ "GA - District 07 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. March 23, 2008. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  40. ^ "GA - District 08 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 1, 2005. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  41. ^ "GA - District 09 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 1, 2005. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  42. ^ "IL District 01 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. April 26, 2009. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  43. ^ "IL District 02 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 22, 2010. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  44. ^ "IL District 03 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 1, 2005. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  45. ^ "IL District 04 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 1, 2005. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  46. ^ "IL District 05 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 23, 2010. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  47. ^ "IL District 06 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. April 7, 2007. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  48. ^ "IL District 07 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 1, 2005. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  49. ^ "IL District 08 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. June 12, 2007. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  50. ^ "IL District 09 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. February 25, 2010. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  51. ^ "IL District 10 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. July 29, 2015. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  52. ^ "IL District 11 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 1, 2005. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  53. ^ "IL District 12 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 2, 2005. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  54. ^ "IL District 13 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 2, 2005. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  55. ^ "IL District 14 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 2, 2005. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  56. ^ "IL District 15 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 2, 2005. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  57. ^ "IL District 16 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. October 2, 2007. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  58. ^ "IL District 17 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 2, 2005. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  59. ^ "IL District 18 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 2, 2005. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  60. ^ "IL District 19 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 2, 2005. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  61. ^ "IN District 01 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 2, 2005. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  62. ^ "IN District 02 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 2, 2005. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  63. ^ "IN District 03 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 2, 2005. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  64. ^ "IN District 04 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 2, 2005. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  65. ^ "IN District 05 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 2, 2005. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  66. ^ "IN District 06 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 2, 2005. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  67. ^ "IN District 07 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 6, 2010. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  68. ^ "IN District 08 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 2, 2005. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  69. ^ "IN District 09 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. December 1, 2015. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  70. ^ "IN District 10 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 8, 2010. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  71. ^ "IN District 11 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 8, 2010. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  72. ^ "IN District 12 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 8, 2010. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  73. ^ "IN District 13 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 8, 2010. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  74. ^ "IA - District 01 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. August 13, 2008. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  75. ^ "IA - District 02 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. August 14, 2008. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  76. ^ "IA - District 03 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. August 15, 2008. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  77. ^ "IA - District 04 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. August 19, 2008. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  78. ^ "IA - District 05 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. August 28, 2008. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  79. ^ "IA - District 06 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. September 16, 2008. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  80. ^ "IA - District 06 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. September 16, 2008. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  81. ^ "IA - District 07 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. September 19, 2008. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  82. ^ "IA - District 08 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. September 23, 2008. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  83. ^ "IA - District 09 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. September 24, 2008. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  84. ^ "KS - District 01 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. May 4, 2008. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  85. ^ "KS - District 02 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. May 4, 2008. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  86. ^ "KS - District 03 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. May 4, 2008. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  87. ^ "KY - District 01 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. February 22, 2010. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  88. ^ "KY - District 02 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. February 23, 2010. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  89. ^ "KY - District 03 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. February 24, 2010. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  90. ^ "KY - District 04 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. February 25, 2010. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  91. ^ "KY - District 05 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. March 1, 2010. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  92. ^ "KY - District 06 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. March 2, 2010. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  93. ^ "KY - District 07 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. March 3, 2010. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  94. ^ "KY - District 08 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. March 3, 2010. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  95. ^ "KY - District 09 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. March 16, 2010. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  96. ^ "KY - District 10 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. March 17, 2010. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  97. ^ "LA - District 01 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. October 11, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  98. ^ "LA - District 02 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. October 14, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  99. ^ "LA - District 03 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. October 15, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  100. ^ "LA - District 04 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. October 17, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  101. ^ "LA - District 05 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. October 19, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  102. ^ "LA - District 06 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. October 21, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  103. ^ "ME District 1 Race - Sep 13, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 2, 2009. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  104. ^ "ME District 2 Race - Sep 13, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 2, 2009. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  105. ^ "ME District 3 Race - Sep 13, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 2, 2009. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  106. ^ "ME District 4 Race - Sep 13, 1880". Our Campaigns. December 30, 2010. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  107. ^ "ME District 5 Race - Sep 13, 1880". Our Campaigns. December 30, 2010. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  108. ^ "MD District 1 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 9, 2004. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  109. ^ "MD District 2 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 27, 2004. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  110. ^ "MD District 3 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. February 4, 2011. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  111. ^ "MD District 4 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. February 1, 2011. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  112. ^ "MD District 5 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 31, 2011. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  113. ^ "MD District 6 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. March 10, 2004. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  114. ^ "MI - District 01 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 11, 2010. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  115. ^ "MI - District 02 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 11, 2010. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  116. ^ "MI - District 03 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 11, 2010. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  117. ^ "MI - District 04 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 11, 2010. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  118. ^ "MI - District 05 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 11, 2010. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  119. ^ "MI - District 06 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 12, 2010. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  120. ^ "MI - District 07 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 12, 2010. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  121. ^ "MI - District 08 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 12, 2010. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  122. ^ "MI - District 09 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 12, 2010. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  123. ^ "MN District 01 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. April 6, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  124. ^ "MN - District 02 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. July 23, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  125. ^ "MN - District 03 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. July 23, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  126. ^ "MS - District 01". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 12, 2021.
  127. ^ "MS - District 02". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 12, 2021.
  128. ^ "MS - District 03". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 12, 2021.
  129. ^ "MS - District 04". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 12, 2021.
  130. ^ "MS - District 05". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 12, 2021.
  131. ^ "MS - District 06". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 12, 2021.
  132. ^ "MS - District 06 (overturned)". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 12, 2021.
  133. ^ "MO District 1 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. December 15, 2007. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  134. ^ "MO District 2 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. November 30, 2007. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  135. ^ "MO District 3 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. December 15, 2007. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  136. ^ "MO District 3 - Revised Vote total Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. December 17, 2007. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  137. ^ "MO District 4 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. December 15, 2007. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  138. ^ "MO District 5 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. February 2, 2005. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  139. ^ "MO District 6 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. November 24, 2007. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  140. ^ "MO District 7 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. November 24, 2007. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  141. ^ "MO District 8 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. November 24, 2007. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  142. ^ "MO District 9 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. June 1, 2010. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  143. ^ "MO District 10 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. November 24, 2007. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  144. ^ "MO District 11 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. December 15, 2007. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  145. ^ "MO District 12 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. December 15, 2007. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  146. ^ "MO District 13 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. December 15, 2007. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  147. ^ "Our Campaigns - NE - District 01 Race - Nov 2, 1880". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved September 19, 2021.
  148. ^ "NV At-Large Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 29, 2006. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  149. ^ "NH District 1 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 5, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  150. ^ "NH District 2 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 5, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  151. ^ "NH District 3 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 5, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  152. ^ "NJ District 1 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. February 15, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  153. ^ "NJ District 2 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. February 15, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  154. ^ "NJ District 3 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. February 16, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  155. ^ "NJ District 4 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. February 16, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  156. ^ "NJ District 5 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. February 16, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  157. ^ "NJ District 6 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. February 14, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  158. ^ "NJ District 7 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. February 14, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  159. ^ "NY District 1 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. March 18, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  160. ^ "NY District 2 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. March 11, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  161. ^ "NY District 3 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. March 12, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  162. ^ "NY District 4 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. March 11, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  163. ^ "NY District 05 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. June 2, 2008. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  164. ^ "NY District 06 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. June 2, 2008. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  165. ^ "NY District 07 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. June 2, 2008. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  166. ^ "NY District 08 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. June 2, 2008. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  167. ^ "NY District 09 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. June 2, 2008. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  168. ^ "NY District 10 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. June 2, 2008. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  169. ^ "NY District 11 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. June 2, 2008. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  170. ^ "NY District 12 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. April 20, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  171. ^ "NY District 13 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. April 27, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  172. ^ "NY District 14 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. June 30, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  173. ^ "NY District 15 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. April 19, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  174. ^ "NY District 16 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. May 1, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  175. ^ "NY District 17 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. June 20, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  176. ^ "NY District 18 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. June 20, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  177. ^ "NY District 19 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. May 8, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  178. ^ "NY District 20 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. June 30, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  179. ^ "NY District 21 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. June 19, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  180. ^ "NY District 22 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. April 7, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  181. ^ "NY District 23 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. May 8, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  182. ^ "NY District 24 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. June 30, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  183. ^ "NY District 25 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. April 6, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  184. ^ "NY District 26 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. May 8, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  185. ^ "NY District 27 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. April 11, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  186. ^ "NY District 28 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. June 24, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  187. ^ "NY District 29 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. June 20, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  188. ^ "NY District 30 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. May 1, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  189. ^ "NY District 31 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. April 19, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  190. ^ "NY District 32 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. April 24, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  191. ^ "NY District 33 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. April 27, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  192. ^ "NC - District 1 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 6, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  193. ^ "NC District 02 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 6, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  194. ^ "NC District 03 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. November 16, 2021. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  195. ^ "NC - District 04 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 6, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  196. ^ "NC District 05 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 6, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  197. ^ "NC - District 06 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 6, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  198. ^ "NC - District 07 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 6, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  199. ^ "NC - District 08 Race - Nov 02, 1880". Our Campaigns. January 6, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  200. ^ "OH District 1 Race - Oct 12, 1880". Our Campaigns. April 18, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  201. ^ "OH District 02 Race - Oct 12, 1880". Our Campaigns. April 21, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  202. ^ "OH District 03 Race - Oct 12, 1880". Our Campaigns. April 21, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  203. ^ "OH District 04 Race - Oct 12, 1880". Our Campaigns. April 21, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  204. ^ "OH District 05 Race - Oct 12, 1880". Our Campaigns. April 21, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  205. ^ "OH District 06 Race - Oct 12, 1880". Our Campaigns. April 21, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  206. ^ "OH District 07 Race - Oct 12, 1880". Our Campaigns. April 21, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  207. ^ "OH District 08 Race - Oct 12, 1880". Our Campaigns. April 21, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  208. ^ "OH District 09 Race - Oct 12, 1880". Our Campaigns. April 21, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  209. ^ "OH District 10 Race - Oct 12, 1880". Our Campaigns. April 21, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  210. ^ "OH District 11 Race - Oct 12, 1880". Our Campaigns. April 21, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  211. ^ "OH District 12 Race - Oct 12, 1880". Our Campaigns. April 21, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  212. ^ "OH District 13 Race - Oct 12, 1880". Our Campaigns. April 21, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  213. ^ "OH District 14 Race - Oct 12, 1880". Our Campaigns. April 21, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  214. ^ "OH District 15 Race - Oct 12, 1880". Our Campaigns. April 21, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  215. ^ "OH District 16 Race - Oct 12, 1880". Our Campaigns. April 21, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  216. ^ "OH District 17 Race - Oct 12, 1880". Our Campaigns. May 24, 2004. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  217. ^ "OH District 18 Race - Oct 12, 1880". Our Campaigns. April 21, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  218. ^ "OH District 19 Race - Oct 12, 1880". Our Campaigns. April 21, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  219. ^ "OH District 20 Race - Oct 12, 1880". Our Campaigns. April 19, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  220. ^ "OR - District 01 Race - Jun 07, 1880". Our Campaigns. June 10, 2008. Retrieved February 3, 2022.
  221. ^ "PA District 1 Race - Nov 02, 1880". January 27, 2008. Retrieved February 9, 2022.
  222. ^ "PA District 2 Race - Nov 02, 1880". May 3, 2009. Retrieved February 9, 2022.
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Bibliography

External links

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