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Pennsylvania's at-large congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Pennsylvania elected its United States representatives at-large on a general ticket for the first and third United States Congresses. General ticket representation was prohibited by the 1842 Apportionment Bill and subsequent legislation, most recently in 1967 (Pub.L. 90–196, 2 U.S.C. § 2c).

Some representatives, including Galusha A. Grow, served at-large after 1842 (in Grow's case, it was from 1894 to 1903). This was allowed because Pennsylvania had received an increase in the number of its representatives yet its legislature didn't pass an apportionment bill during those years.

List of representatives

1789–1795: Eight then thirteen seats

Representatives were elected statewide at-large on a general ticket.

Congress Seat A Seat B Seat C Seat D Seat E Seat F Seat G Seat H Seat I Seat J Seat K Seat L Seat M
1st
(1789–1791)
Thomas Fitzsimons.jpg

Thomas Fitzsimons
(Pro-Admin)

Elected in 1788.

Redistricted to the 1st district and re-elected.
Frederick Muhlenberg.jpg

Frederick Muhlenberg
(Pro-Admin)

Elected in 1788.

Redistricted to the 2nd district and re-elected.
Peter Muhlenberg2.jpg

Peter Muhlenberg
(Anti-Admin)

Elected in 1788.

Redistricted to the 3rd district and lost re-election.
3x4.svg

Daniel Hiester
(Anti-Admin)

Elected in 1788.

Redistricted to the 4th district and re-elected.
Henry Wynkoop.jpg

Henry Wynkoop
(Pro-Admin)

Elected in 1788.

Retired.
3x4.svg

Thomas Scott
(Pro-Admin)

Elected in 1788.

Retired.
Thomas Hartley 1748-1800.png

Thomas Hartley
(Pro-Admin)

Elected in 1788.

Redistricted to the 7th district and re-elected.
George Clymer.jpg

George Clymer
(Pro-Admin)

Elected in 1788.

Retired.
2nd
(1791–1793)
From 1791 to 1793, members were elected by districts.
3rd
(1793–1795)
In 1793, at-large representation was restored… … and five seats were added
Thomas Fitzsimons.jpg

Thomas Fitzsimons
(Pro-Admin)

Redistricted from the 1st district and re-elected in 1792.

Redistricted to the 1st district and lost re-election.
Frederick Muhlenberg.jpg

Frederick Muhlenberg
(Anti-Admin)

Redistricted from the 2nd district and re-elected in 1792.

Redistricted to the 2nd district and re-elected.
Peter Muhlenberg2.jpg

Peter Muhlenberg
(Anti-Admin)

Elected in 1792.

Redistricted to the 4th district and lost re-election.
3x4.svg

Daniel Hiester
(Anti-Admin)

Redistricted from the 4th district and re-elected in 1792.

Redistricted to the 5th district and re-elected.
3x4.svg

John W. Kittera
(Pro-Admin)

Redistricted from the 5th district and re-elected in 1792.

Redistricted to the 7th district and re-elected.
AndrewGregg.jpg

Andrew Gregg
(Anti-Admin)

Redistricted from the 6th district and re-elected in 1792.

Redistricted to the 9th district and re-elected.
Thomas Hartley 1748-1800.png

Thomas Hartley
(Pro-Admin)

Redistricted from the 7th district and re-elected in 1792.

Redistricted to the 8th district and re-elected.
William Findley.jpg

William Findley
(Anti-Admin)

Redistricted from the 8th district and re-elected in 1792.

Redistricted to the 11th district and re-elected.
3x4.svg

James Armstrong
(Pro-Admin)

Elected in 1792.

Retired.
General William Irvine 2.jpg

William Irvine
(Anti-Admin)

Elected in 1792.

Redistricted to the 9th district and lost re-election.
3x4.svg

Thomas Scott
(Pro-Admin)

Elected in 1792.

Redistricted to the 12th district and lost re-election.
3x4.svg

John Smilie
(Anti-Admin)

Elected in 1792.

Retired.
William Montgomery Danville, PA.jpg

William Montgomery
(Anti-Admin)

Elected in 1792.

Unknown if retired or lost re-election.

After 1795, most representatives were elected in districts. Occasionally, at-large representatives were also elected.

1873–1945

Cong
ress
Years Seat A Seat B Seat C Seat D
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
43 March 4, 1873 –
March 4, 1875
Charles Albright congressman - Brady-Handy.jpg

Charles Albright
Republican Elected in 1872.

Retired.
Glenni William Scofield - Brady-Handy.jpg

Glenni W. Scofield
Republican Redistricted from the 19th district
and re-elected in 1872.

Retired.
Lemuel Todd Republican Elected in 1872.

Retired.
No fourth seat
44 March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
No at-large seats
45 March 4, 1877 –
March 43 1879
46 March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1881
47 March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1883
48 March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1885
Mortimer F. Elliott Democratic Elected in 1882.

Lost re-election.
No second seat No third seat No fourth seat
49 March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1887
Edwin S. Osborne (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg

Edwin S. Osborne
Republican Elected in 1884.

Re-elected in 1886.

Redistricted to the 12th district.
50 March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1889
51 March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1891
No at-large seats
52 March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1893
53 March 4, 1893 –
December 1, 1893
Alexander McDowell.jpg

Alexander McDowell
Republican Elected in 1892.

Retired.
William Lilly Republican Elected in 1892

Died.
No third seat No fourth seat
December 1, 1893 –
February 26, 1894
Vacant
February 26, 1894 –
March 3, 1895
Galusha A. Grow - Brady-Handy.jpg

Galusha Grow
Republican Elected to fill Lilly's vacancy.

Elected to full term in 1894.

Re-elected in 1896.

Re-elected in 1898.

Re-elected in 1900.

Retired.
54 March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1897
George Franklin Huff.jpg

George F. Huff
Republican Elected in 1894.

Retired.
55 March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1899
Samuel A. Davenport Republican Elected in 1896.

Re-elected in 1898.

Retired.
56 March 4, 1899 –
March 3, 1901
57 March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1903
Robert H. Foerderer (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg

Robert H. Foerderer
Republican Elected in 1900.

Redistricted to the 4th district.
58 March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1905
No at-large seats
59 March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1907
60 March 4, 1907 –
March 3, 1909
61 March 4, 1909 –
March 3, 1911
62 March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1913
63 March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1915
Fred E. Lewis Republican Elected in 1912.

[Data unknown/missing.].
JohnMMorin.jpg

John M. Morin
Republican Elected in 1912.

Redistricted to the 31st district.
Anderson H. Walters Republican Elected in 1912.

Retired.
Arthur R. Rupley Republican Elected in 1912.

[Data unknown/missing.].
64 March 4, 1915 –
March 3, 1917
John R.K. Scott Republican Elected in 1914.

Re-elected in 1916.

Resigned.
Thomas S. Crago Republican Elected in 1914.

Re-elected in 1916.

Re-elected in 1918.

Retired.
Daniel Lafean (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg

Daniel F. Lafean
Republican Elected in 1914.

Retired.
Mahlon Morris Garland.jpg

Mahlon M. Garland
Republican Elected in 1914.

Re-elected in 1916.

Re-elected in 1918.

Died.
65 March 4, 1917 –
January 5, 1919
Joseph McLaughlin (June 9, 1867 – November 21, 1926) circa 1915.jpg

Joseph McLaughlin
Republican Elected in 1916.

Lost renomination.
January 6, 1919 –
March 3, 1919
Vacant
66 March 4, 1919 –
November 19, 1920
WilliamJosephBurke.jpg

William J. Burke
Republican Elected in 1918.

Re-elected in 1920.

Lost re-election.
Anderson H. Walters Republican Elected in 1918.

Re-elected in 1920.

Retired.
November 20, 1920 –
March 3, 1921
Vacant
67 March 4, 1921 –
September 20, 1921
Joseph McLaughlin (June 9, 1867 – November 21, 1926) circa 1915.jpg

Joseph McLaughlin
Republican Elected in 1920.

Retired.
September 20, 1921 –
March 3, 1923
Thomas S. Crago Republican Elected to finish Garland's term in 1921.

Retired.
68 March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1925
No at-large seats
69 March 4, 1925 –
March 4, 1927
70 March 4, 1927 –
March 3, 1929
71 March 4, 1929 –
March 3, 1931
72 March 4, 1931 –
March 3, 1933
73 March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1935
74 January 3, 1935 –
January 3, 1937
75 January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1939
76 January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1941
77 January 3, 1941 –
January 3, 1943
78 January 3, 1943 –
January 2, 1945
William I. Troutman Republican Elected in 1942.

Resigned.
No second seat No third seat No fourth seat
January 2, 1945 –
January 3, 1945
Vacant

No at-large representatives were apportioned after the 78th Congress.

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present

This page was last edited on 31 March 2019, at 21:28
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