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Stevens Thomson Mason (senator)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Stevens Thomson Mason
United States Senator
from Virginia
In office
November 18, 1794 – May 10, 1803
Preceded byJames Monroe
Succeeded byJohn Taylor
Member of the Virginia Senate from Loudoun and Fauquier Counties
In office
Member of the Virginia House of Delegates from Loudoun County
In office
In office
Personal details
Born(1760-12-29)December 29, 1760
Chopawamsic, Stafford County, Colony of Virginia
DiedMay 10, 1803(1803-05-10) (aged 42)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Political partyAnti-Administration Party
Democratic-Republican Party
Spouse(s)Mary Elizabeth Armistead
ChildrenJohn Thomson Mason
Armistead Thomson Mason
Stevens Thomson Mason
Mary Thomson Mason
Emily Rutger Mason
Catherine Mason
Alma materThe College of William & Mary

Stevens Thomson Mason (December 29, 1760 – May 10, 1803)[1][2] was a Colonel in the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War, a member of the Virginia state legislature and a Republican U.S. Senator from Virginia (1794–1803).

Early life and military career

Mason was born at Chopawamsic in Stafford County, Virginia[1] and attended College of William & Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia. He studied law, was admitted to the bar, and commenced practice in Dumfries, Virginia in Prince William County, Virginia. He served in the Continental Army as an aide to General George Washington at the Battle of Yorktown and was a brigadier general in the Virginia Militia.

Political career

He was a member of the Virginia State House of Delegates in 1783 and 1794, a member of the Virginia State Senate 1787–1790, and a delegate to the Virginia Ratification Convention in 1788. In 1794, Mason was elected to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of James Monroe. He was reelected in 1797 and again in 1803, serving from 18 November 1794, until his death in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

While in the Senate he handed a copy of the secret Jay Treaty to Pierre Adét, French minister to the United States. Since his country was at war with Great Britain and hated the idea of a treaty of “amity” between her and the United States, Adét gave the document to Benjamin Bache, publisher of The Aurora — a newspaper — with the hope of raising just the sort of public outcry that ensued—and even, perhaps, of blocking ratification of the treaty.

He is interred in the family burying ground at Raspberry Plain in Loudoun County, Virginia.

Marriage and children

Mason married Mary Elizabeth Armistead on May 1, 1783.[1][2] The couple had six children:[1]


Stevens Thomson Mason was a nephew of George Mason (1725–1792);[1][2] son of Thomson Mason (1733–1785);[1][2] brother of John Thomson Mason (1765–1824);[1][2] half-brother of William Temple Thomson Mason (1782–1862);[1][2] first cousin of George Mason V (1753–1796);[1][2] first cousin once removed of Thomson Francis Mason (1785–1838), George Mason VI (1786–1834), Richard Barnes Mason (1797–1850), and James Murray Mason (1798–1871);[1][2] father of Armistead Thomson Mason (1787–1819) and John Thomson Mason (1787–1850);[1][2] uncle of John Thomson Mason Jr. (1815–1873);[1][2] and grandfather of Stevens Thomson Mason (1811–1843).[1][2]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Gunston Hall. "Stevens Thomson Mason". Gunston Hall. Archived from the original on 2010-01-15. Retrieved 2009-11-14.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k The Political Graveyard (16 June 2008). "Mason family of Virginia". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved 2009-03-07.
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
James Monroe
 U.S. senator (Class 1) from Virginia
18 November 1794 – 10 May 1803
Served alongside: Henry Tazewell, Wilson C. Nicholas
Succeeded by
John Taylor
This page was last edited on 2 October 2020, at 19:49
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